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Tomcat 7 Debian LSB Script
#!/bin/sh
#
# /etc/init.d/tomcat -- startup script for the Tomcat 7 servlet engine
#
# Modified init-Script from Ubuntu Tomcat init-script
#
# 2010 - Sebastian Mogilowski - http://www.mogilowski.net/2010/12/11/install-tomcat-7-on-debian-lenny-with-virtual-hosts-and-apache2-integration/
# 2012 - Collin Peters - Added debug option
#
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides: tomcat
# Required-Start: $local_fs $remote_fs $network
# Required-Stop: $local_fs $remote_fs $network
# Should-Start: $named
# Should-Stop: $named
# Default-Start: 2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start Tomcat.
# Description: Start the Tomcat servlet engine.
### END INIT INFO
set -e
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/opt/tomcat
NAME=tomcat
DESC="Tomcat servlet engine"
# If /etc/default/tomcat exists then variables defined there will override defaults
DEFAULT=/etc/default/$NAME
JVM_TMP=/tmp/tomcat-tmp
DEBUG_PORT=10001
if [ `id -u` -ne 0 ]; then
echo "You need root privileges to run this script"
exit 1
fi
# Make sure tomcat is started with system locale
if [ -r /etc/default/locale ]; then
. /etc/default/locale
export LANG
fi
. /lib/lsb/init-functions
if [ -r /etc/default/rcS ]; then
. /etc/default/rcS
fi
# The following variables can be overwritten in $DEFAULT
# Run Tomcat 7 as this user ID and group ID
TOMCAT_USER=tomcat
TOMCAT_GROUP=tomcat
# The first existing directory is used for JAVA_HOME (if JAVA_HOME is not
# defined in $DEFAULT)
JDK_DIRS="/usr/lib/jvm/java-6-openjdk /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-sun /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.5.0-sun /usr/lib/j2sdk1.5-sun /usr/lib/j2sdk1.5-ibm"
# Look for the right JVM to use
for jdir in $JDK_DIRS; do
if [ -r "$jdir/bin/java" -a -z "${JAVA_HOME}" ]; then
JAVA_HOME="$jdir"
fi
done
export JAVA_HOME
# Directory where the Tomcat binary distribution resides
CATALINA_HOME=/opt/$NAME
# Directory for per-instance configuration files and webapps
CATALINA_BASE=/opt/$NAME
# Use the Java security manager? (yes/no)
TOMCAT_SECURITY=no
# Default Java options
# Set java.awt.headless=true if JAVA_OPTS is not set so the
# Xalan XSL transformer can work without X11 display on JDK 1.4+
# It also looks like the default heap size of 64M is not enough for most cases
# so the maximum heap size is set to 128M
if [ -z "$JAVA_OPTS" ]; then
JAVA_OPTS="-Djava.awt.headless=true -Xmx128M"
fi
# End of variables that can be overwritten in $DEFAULT
# overwrite settings from default file
if [ -f "$DEFAULT" ]; then
. "$DEFAULT"
fi
if [ ! -f "$CATALINA_HOME/bin/bootstrap.jar" ]; then
log_failure_msg "$NAME is not installed"
exit 1
fi
POLICY_CACHE="$CATALINA_BASE/work/catalina.policy"
if [ -z "$CATALINA_TMPDIR" ]; then
CATALINA_TMPDIR="$JVM_TMP"
fi
# Set the JSP compiler if set in the tomcat.default file
if [ -n "$JSP_COMPILER" ]; then
JAVA_OPTS="$JAVA_OPTS -Dbuild.compiler=\"$JSP_COMPILER\""
fi
SECURITY=""
if [ "$TOMCAT_SECURITY" = "yes" ]; then
SECURITY="-security"
fi
# Define other required variables
CATALINA_PID="/var/run/$NAME.pid"
CATALINA_SH="$CATALINA_HOME/bin/catalina.sh"
# Look for Java Secure Sockets Extension (JSSE) JARs
if [ -z "${JSSE_HOME}" -a -r "${JAVA_HOME}/jre/lib/jsse.jar" ]; then
JSSE_HOME="${JAVA_HOME}/jre/"
fi
catalina_sh() {
# Add DEBUG_JAVA_OPTS
if [ ! -z "${DEBUG_JAVA_OPTS}" ]; then
JAVA_OPTS="${JAVA_OPTS} ${DEBUG_JAVA_OPTS}";
fi
# Always add -XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError
JAVA_OPTS="${JAVA_OPTS} -XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError";
# Escape any double quotes in the value of JAVA_OPTS
JAVA_OPTS="$(echo $JAVA_OPTS | sed 's/\"/\\\"/g')"
AUTHBIND_COMMAND=""
if [ "$AUTHBIND" = "yes" -a "$1" = "start" ]; then
JAVA_OPTS="$JAVA_OPTS -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true"
AUTHBIND_COMMAND="/usr/bin/authbind --deep /bin/bash -c "
fi
# Define the command to run Tomcat's catalina.sh as a daemon
# set -a tells sh to export assigned variables to spawned shells.
TOMCAT_SH="set -a; JAVA_HOME=\"$JAVA_HOME\"; source \"$DEFAULT\"; \
CATALINA_HOME=\"$CATALINA_HOME\"; \
CATALINA_BASE=\"$CATALINA_BASE\"; \
JAVA_OPTS=\"$JAVA_OPTS\"; \
CATALINA_PID=\"$CATALINA_PID\"; \
CATALINA_TMPDIR=\"$CATALINA_TMPDIR\"; \
LANG=\"$LANG\"; JSSE_HOME=\"$JSSE_HOME\"; \
cd \"$CATALINA_BASE\"; \
\"$CATALINA_SH\" $@"
if [ "$AUTHBIND" = "yes" -a "$1" = "start" ]; then
TOMCAT_SH="'$TOMCAT_SH'"
fi
# Run the catalina.sh script as a daemon
set +e
touch "$CATALINA_PID" "$CATALINA_BASE"/logs/catalina.out
chown $TOMCAT_USER "$CATALINA_PID" "$CATALINA_BASE"/logs/catalina.out
start-stop-daemon --start -b -u "$TOMCAT_USER" -g "$TOMCAT_GROUP" \
-c "$TOMCAT_USER" -d "$CATALINA_TMPDIR" \
-p "$CATALINA_PID" \
-x /bin/bash -- -c "$AUTHBIND_COMMAND $TOMCAT_SH"
status="$?"
set +a -e
return $status
}
# See how we were called.
case "$1" in
start)
if [ -z "$JAVA_HOME" ]; then
log_failure_msg "no JDK found - please set JAVA_HOME"
exit 1
fi
if [ ! -d "$CATALINA_BASE/conf" ]; then
log_failure_msg "invalid CATALINA_BASE: $CATALINA_BASE"
exit 1
fi
log_daemon_msg "Starting $DESC" "$NAME"
if start-stop-daemon --test --start --pidfile "$CATALINA_PID" \
--user $TOMCAT_USER --exec "$JAVA_HOME/bin/java" \ >/dev/null; then
# Regenerate POLICY_CACHE file
umask 022
echo "// AUTO-GENERATED FILE from /opt/tomcat/" \
> "$POLICY_CACHE"
echo "" >> "$POLICY_CACHE"
cat $CATALINA_BASE/conf/*.policy \
>> "$POLICY_CACHE"
# Remove / recreate JVM_TMP directory
rm -rf "$JVM_TMP"
mkdir -p "$JVM_TMP" || {
log_failure_msg "could not create JVM temporary directory"
exit 1
}
chown $TOMCAT_USER "$JVM_TMP"
catalina_sh start $SECURITY
sleep 5
if start-stop-daemon --test --start --pidfile "$CATALINA_PID" \
--user $TOMCAT_USER --exec "$JAVA_HOME/bin/java" \
>/dev/null; then
if [ -f "$CATALINA_PID" ]; then
rm -f "$CATALINA_PID"
fi
log_end_msg 1
else
log_end_msg 0
fi
else
log_progress_msg "(already running)"
log_end_msg 0
fi
;;
debug)
export DEBUG_JAVA_OPTS="${JAVA_OPTS} -Xdebug -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,address=${DEBUG_PORT},server=y,suspend=n"
$0 start
;;
stop)
log_daemon_msg "Stopping $DESC" "$NAME"
set +e
if [ -f "$CATALINA_PID" ]; then
start-stop-daemon --stop --pidfile "$CATALINA_PID" \
--user "$TOMCAT_USER" \
--retry=TERM/20/KILL/5 >/dev/null
if [ $? -eq 1 ]; then
log_progress_msg "$DESC is not running but pid file exists, cleaning up"
elif [ $? -eq 3 ]; then
PID="`cat $CATALINA_PID`"
log_failure_msg "Failed to stop $NAME (pid $PID)"
exit 1
fi
rm -f "$CATALINA_PID"
rm -rf "$JVM_TMP"
else
log_progress_msg "(not running)"
fi
log_end_msg 0
set -e
;;
status)
set +e
start-stop-daemon --test --start --pidfile "$CATALINA_PID" \
--user $TOMCAT_USER --exec "$JAVA_HOME/bin/java" \
>/dev/null 2>&1
if [ "$?" = "0" ]; then
if [ -f "$CATALINA_PID" ]; then
log_success_msg "$DESC is not running, but pid file exists."
exit 1
else
log_success_msg "$DESC is not running."
exit 3
fi
else
log_success_msg "$DESC is running with pid `cat $CATALINA_PID`"
fi
set -e
;;
restart|force-reload)
if [ -f "$CATALINA_PID" ]; then
$0 stop
sleep 1
fi
$0 start
;;
try-restart)
if start-stop-daemon --test --start --pidfile "$CATALINA_PID" \
--user $TOMCAT_USER --exec "$JAVA_HOME/bin/java" \
>/dev/null; then
$0 start
fi
;;
*)
log_success_msg "Usage: $0 {start|debug|stop|restart|try-restart|force-reload|status}"
exit 1
;;
esac
exit 0

Thx. Nice template for tomcat service configuration!

Thanks, very useful :)

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