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This script reads pre-formatted tweets from a text file and posts them at defined intervals. It uses the Twython library (wrapper for Twitter API). More information at www.movingelectrons.net
#!/usr/local/bin/python2.7
import datetime
import time
import re
import os
from twython import Twython
import sys
import traceback
import httplib, urllib #used in the Pushover code
#sys.stdout = open('twitter.log', 'a') #Outputs to file instead of Standard Output.
# Path to Dropbox Sync Folder
folderPath = '/home/USERNAME/Dropbox/Scripts/Twitter/'
folderAttach = '/home/USERNAME/Dropbox/Scripts/Twitter/attach/'
schFile = 'TweetSchedule.txt'
#Posts only if current time is within 59 min of predefined post time in text file.
#The script has been setup in crontab to run every hour.
postInterval = 3540
# Twitter Credentials
App_Key='INCLUDE_YOURS_HERE'
App_Secret='INCLUDE_YOURS_HERE'
Oauth_Token='INCLUDE_YOURS_HERE'
Oauth_Token_Secret='INCLUDE_YOURS_HERE'
def pushover(msg):
conn = httplib.HTTPSConnection("api.pushover.net:443")
conn.request("POST", "/1/messages.json",
urllib.urlencode({
"token": "'INCLUDE_YOURS_HERE'",
"user": "'INCLUDE_YOURS_HERE'",
"message": msg,
}), { "Content-type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded" })
conn.getresponse()
def postTweets(tweetText, tweetAttach):
twitter = Twython(App_Key, App_Secret, Oauth_Token, Oauth_Token_Secret)
try:
if tweetAttach=='':
twitter.update_status(status=tweetText)
print 'Successfully tweeted!'
else:
completeAttPath = folderAttach+tweetAttach
attachment=open(completeAttPath, 'rb')
response = twitter.upload_media(media=attachment)
twitter.update_status(media_ids=[response['media_id']], status=tweetText)
attachment.close()
print 'Successfully tweeted!'
except:
er = traceback.format_exc()
print 'Warning: tweet -> '+tweetText+'<- could not be tweeted'
print 'Error:\n'+er
msg = 'Tweet: '+tweetText+'\nError: '+er[-180:]
pushover(msg)
return
def isItTime(freq): #receives string in the form XXX@XX:XX@XX:XX or XXXX-XX-XX@XX:XX@XX:XX per day
now = datetime.datetime.now()
postFlag = False
days = freq.split(",")
for day in days:
rightDay = False
times = day.split("@")
# Determining if it is the correct date/week day:
# ---
#takes 1st item in the list - which is the date/week day - and determines which type of date it is:
if re.match('^[0-9]{4}-[0-9]{2}-[0-9]{2}$',times[0]):
print 'Processing date in xxxx-xx-xx format'
if times[0]==now.strftime("%Y-%m-%d"):
rightDay = True
print 'It\'s the right day'
elif re.match('^[a-zA-Z]{3}$',times[0]):
print 'Processing date in XXX format'
if times[0]==now.strftime("%a"): #Weekday's as local's abbreviated name: Mon, Tue, etc.
rightDay = True
print 'It\'s the right day'
else:
print times[0]+' -> Wrong date format!'
# Determining if it is the correct time:
# ---
if rightDay:
for time in times[1:]: #doesn't iterate over the 1st element which is the day
if re.match('^[0-9]{1,2}:[0-9]{2}',time):
nowStr = now.strftime("%H:%M") #Converts datetime object to string (so that it can be converted to a time object below)
postTime = datetime.datetime.strptime(time,'%H:%M') #Converts the string into a time object
nowTime = datetime.datetime.strptime(nowStr,'%H:%M')
diffTime = nowTime - postTime
diffTimeSeconds = diffTime.total_seconds()
if diffTimeSeconds>=0 and diffTimeSeconds<postInterval:
postFlag = True
print 'It\'s the right time'
else:
print time+' -> Wrong time format!'
return postFlag
#Main Script
schTweets = open(folderPath+schFile,'rU') #IMPORTANT: rU Opens the file with Universal Newline Support, so \n and/or \r is recognized as a new line.
tweetList = schTweets.readlines()
schTweets.close()
print '\n%s Running script...' % datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S")
for tweet in tweetList:
tweet = tweet.strip('\n')
try:
tStatus, tText, tAttach, tTimes = tweet.split('|')
if tStatus=='a':
print 'Checking time interval '+tTimes
if isItTime(tTimes):
print 'Trying to post...'
postTweet(tText, tAttach)
else:
print 'Not right time to tweet'
except ValueError:
print 'Incorrect line format. There might not be a | character in the line'
pass
@contradirony

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contradirony commented Mar 26, 2017

Differences from original are:

  • for attaching image to tweet, update_status_with_media is deprecated - updated with upload_media instead
  • readability formatting
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