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TensorFlow Sequence Classification
# Working example for my blog post at:
import functools
import sets
import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow.models.rnn import rnn_cell
from tensorflow.models.rnn import rnn
def lazy_property(function):
attribute = '_' + function.__name__
def wrapper(self):
if not hasattr(self, attribute):
setattr(self, attribute, function(self))
return getattr(self, attribute)
return wrapper
class SequenceClassification:
def __init__(self, data, target, dropout, num_hidden=200, num_layers=3): = data = target
self.dropout = dropout
self._num_hidden = num_hidden
self._num_layers = num_layers
def prediction(self):
# Recurrent network.
network = rnn_cell.GRUCell(self._num_hidden)
network = rnn_cell.DropoutWrapper(
network, output_keep_prob=self.dropout)
network = rnn_cell.MultiRNNCell([network] * self._num_layers)
output, _ = rnn.dynamic_rnn(network, data, dtype=tf.float32)
# Select last output.
output = tf.transpose(output, [1, 0, 2])
last = tf.gather(output, int(output.get_shape()[0]) - 1)
# Softmax layer.
weight, bias = self._weight_and_bias(
self._num_hidden, int([1]))
prediction = tf.nn.softmax(tf.matmul(last, weight) + bias)
return prediction
def cost(self):
cross_entropy = -tf.reduce_sum( * tf.log(self.prediction))
return cross_entropy
def optimize(self):
learning_rate = 0.003
optimizer = tf.train.RMSPropOptimizer(learning_rate)
return optimizer.minimize(self.cost)
def error(self):
mistakes = tf.not_equal(
tf.argmax(, 1), tf.argmax(self.prediction, 1))
return tf.reduce_mean(tf.cast(mistakes, tf.float32))
def _weight_and_bias(in_size, out_size):
weight = tf.truncated_normal([in_size, out_size], stddev=0.01)
bias = tf.constant(0.1, shape=[out_size])
return tf.Variable(weight), tf.Variable(bias)
if __name__ == '__main__':
# We treat images as sequences of pixel rows.
train, test = sets.Mnist()
_, rows, row_size =
num_classes =[1]
data = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, [None, rows, row_size])
target = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, [None, num_classes])
dropout = tf.placeholder(tf.float32)
model = SequenceClassification(data, target, dropout)
sess = tf.Session()
for epoch in range(10):
for _ in range(100):
batch = train.sample(10), {
data:, target:, dropout: 0.5})
error =, {
data:, target:, dropout: 1})
print('Epoch {:2d} error {:3.1f}%'.format(epoch + 1, 100 * error))
wirth6 commented Dec 19, 2016 edited

If it's not a problem, I'd have a question about the learn rate: does the value 0.003 being wired in mean that the learn rate will be the same in every epoch? Also, I'm fairly new to python and tensorflow, so I don't quite understand what @lazy_property actually does. Can anyone tell me where to read about constructs like this?

wirth6 commented Jan 3, 2017

And another thing I've been wondering about: shouldn't the data in the following line be instead?
output, _ = rnn.dynamic_rnn(network, data, dtype=tf.float32)

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