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Fork of Alfred Klomp's excellent shrinkPdf.sh

Usage

Download the script by clicking the filename at the top of the box. Make it executable. If you run it with no arguments, it prints a usage summary. If you run it with a single argument – the name of the pdf to shrink – it writes the result to stdout:

./shrinkpdf.sh in.pdf > out.pdf

You can also provide a second filename for the output:

./shrinkpdf.sh in.pdf out.pdf

And an output resolution in DPI (default is 72 DPI):

./shrinkpdf.sh in.pdf out.pdf 90

If both the input and the output are regular files, the script checks if the output is actually smaller. If not, it writes a message to stderr and copies the input over the output.

Sorry, Windows users; this one is Linux only. A Windows adaptation of this script can be found on this blog. It's a bit more user-friendly than my barebones version and also supports drag-and-drop.

License and acknowledgements The script is licensed under the BSD 3-clause license.

I didn't invent the wheel, just packaged it nicely. All credits go to the Ghostscript team.

Many thanks to Dr. Alun J. Carr for fixing a portability issue on Mac OS X regarding leading whitespace in the output of wc.

#!/bin/sh
# http://www.alfredklomp.com/programming/shrinkpdf
# Licensed under the 3-clause BSD license:
#
# Copyright (c) 2014, Alfred Klomp
# All rights reserved.
#
# Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
# modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
# 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
# this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
# 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
# this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
# and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
# 3. Neither the name of the copyright holder nor the names of its contributors
# may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
# without specific prior written permission.
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
# AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
# IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
# ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
# LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
# CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
# SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
# INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
# CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
# ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
# POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
shrink ()
{
gs \
-q -dNOPAUSE -dBATCH -dSAFER \
-sDEVICE=pdfwrite \
-dCompatibilityLevel=1.3 \
-dPDFSETTINGS=/screen \
-dEmbedAllFonts=true \
-dSubsetFonts=true \
-dAutoRotatePages=/None \
-dColorImageDownsampleType=/Bicubic \
-dColorImageResolution=$3 \
-dGrayImageDownsampleType=/Bicubic \
-dGrayImageResolution=$3 \
-dMonoImageDownsampleType=/Bicubic \
-dMonoImageResolution=$3 \
-sOutputFile="$2" \
"$1"
}
check_smaller ()
{
# If $1 and $2 are regular files, we can compare file sizes to
# see if we succeeded in shrinking. If not, we copy $1 over $2:
if [ ! -f "$1" -o ! -f "$2" ]; then
return 0;
fi
ISIZE="$(echo $(wc -c "$1") | cut -f1 -d\ )"
OSIZE="$(echo $(wc -c "$2") | cut -f1 -d\ )"
if [ "$ISIZE" -lt "$OSIZE" ]; then
echo "Input smaller than output, doing straight copy" >&2
cp "$1" "$2"
fi
}
usage ()
{
echo "Reduces PDF filesize by lossy recompressing with Ghostscript."
echo "Not guaranteed to succeed, but usually works."
echo " Usage: $1 infile [outfile] [resolution_in_dpi]"
}
IFILE="$1"
# Need an input file:
if [ -z "$IFILE" ]; then
usage "$0"
exit 1
fi
# Output filename defaults to "-" (stdout) unless given:
if [ ! -z "$2" ]; then
OFILE="$2"
else
OFILE="-"
fi
# Output resolution defaults to 72 unless given:
if [ ! -z "$3" ]; then
res="$3"
else
res="72"
fi
shrink "$IFILE" "$OFILE" "$res" || exit $?
check_smaller "$IFILE" "$OFILE"
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