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# Fancy ID generator that creates 20-character string identifiers with the following properties:
# 1. They're based on timestamp so that they sort *after* any existing ids.
# 2. They contain 72-bits of random data after the timestamp so that IDs won't collide with other clients' IDs.
# 3. They sort *lexicographically* (so the timestamp is converted to characters that will sort properly).
# 4. They're monotonically increasing. Even if you generate more than one in the same timestamp, the
# latter ones will sort after the former ones. We do this by using the previous random bits
# but "incrementing" them by 1 (only in the case of a timestamp collision).
# Based on
# Nim version by H. Raaf / GitHub: OderWat
import times, math
# Modeled after base64 web-safe chars, but ordered by ASCII.
const PUSH_CHARS = "-0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ_abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
# Timestamp of last push, used to prevent local collisions if you push twice in one ms.
var lastPushTime = 0
# We generate 72-bits of randomness which get turned into 12 characters and appended to the
# timestamp to prevent collisions with other clients. We store the last characters we
# generated because in the event of a collision, we'll use those same characters except
# "incremented" by one.
var lastRandChars: array[12, int8]
proc generatePushID: array[21, char] =
var now = int(getTime().toSeconds())
let duplicateTime = now == lastPushTime
lastPushTime = now
for i in countdown(7, 0):
result[i] = PUSH_CHARS[now mod 64]
now = now div 64
assert now == 0 # We should have converted the entire timestamp.
if not duplicateTime:
for c in lastRandChars.mitems:
c = int8(random(64))
# If the timestamp hasn't changed since last push,
# use the same random number, except incremented by 1.
var i = lastRandChars.high
while i >= 0 and lastRandChars[i] == 63:
lastRandChars[i] = 0
dec i
inc lastRandChars[i]
for i, o in lastRandChars:
result[8+i] = PUSH_CHARS[o]
when isMainModule:
randomize() # Needed for pseudo-random numbers
echo generatePushID()
echo generatePushID()
echo generatePushID()
for i in 1..1_000_000:
discard generatePushID()
echo generatePushID()
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