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Download shapefiles at the census tract and block level for all of urban Mexico—more than 5 GB of data!
# Author: Diego Valle-Jones
# Web:
# Purpose: Download shapefiles of manzanas (blocks), agebs (census areas), ejes
# viales (streets), interesting areas and a whole bunch of other stuff
# Note that you'll need a recent version of innoextract
#, one that can work with files
# created by version 5.5 of Inno Setup, the one in Ubuntu universe is
# not recent enough. The version available at
# is good enough.
# sudo add-apt-repository ppa:arx/release
# sudo apt-get update
# sudo apt-get install innoextract
# chmod +x
# As of now, this script has not been tested on Windows and Mac
# systems, only on Ubuntu. The script will create a directory
# called 'shps' where all the shapefiles are located, if something
# goes wrong when dowloading be sure to delete it and try again
set -e
# Projection compatible with Google Maps
PROJECTION="+proj=longlat +ellps=WGS84 +no_defs +towgs84=0,0,0"
# wget command
CURL="curl -fsS --retry 3 "
# The list of shapefiles of manzanas, agebs, etc
declare -a files=("ageb_urb" "eje_vial" "estatal" "loc_rur" "loc_urb"
"manzanas" "municipal" "servicios_a" "servicios_l" "servicios_p")
# List of files for the national (not state level) data
declare -a national_files=("estatal" "loc_urb" "nacional" "loc_rur" "municipal" "zonas_metro")
# State abbreviations
declare -a states=("national" "ags" "bc" "bcs" "camp" "coah" "col" "chis" "chih"
"df" "dgo" "gto" "gro" "hgo" "jal" "mex" "mich" "mor" "nay" "nl" "oax"
"pue" "qro" "qroo" "slp" "sin" "son" "tab" "tamps" "tlax" "ver" "yuc"
# Use gdal to reproject, and then rename the shapefiles to include
# a user friendly abbreviation instead of a number
# First argument: directory of shapefiles shps/state_abbreviation
# Second argument: the state abbreviation
# TODO: convert the encoding from windows-1252 to utf-8
function reproject {
for i in "${arr[@]}"
ogr2ogr "$1/$2_$i.shp" "$1"/$i.shp -t_srs "$PROJECTION"
rm "$1"/$i*
# rename the extra census data that comes with the shapefiles
cd "$1/tablas"
rename "s/^cpv2010/$2_cpv2010/" cpv2010*
rm -rf cpv2010*
cd ../../..
# For each of the 32 states (and national data == 00) download and reproject
for i in $(seq 0 32);
# The INEGI uses a leading zero for all one digit numbers
if [ "$i" -lt 10 ]
# download the files from the inegi server. 'idusr' is the id you get
# when you register at the INEGI (yes, I'm 12 years old)
$CURL "$FILENUM.exe&idusr=80085" -o ${states[$i]}_scince.exe
# Extract the shapefiles from the inno setup installer windows
# executable (note that it doesn't allow you to specify the
# directory to extract the files)
innoextract --lowercase --silent ${states[$i]}_scince.exe
# Create a directory called "shps" to store the shapefiles
mkdir -p shps/${states[$i]}
# Copy the shapefiles to the new directory
cp -r app/"$FILENUM"/* shps/${states[$i]}
# Delete the temp files from innoextract
rm -rf app
rm -rf tmp
rm -rf ${states[$i]}_scince.exe
# call the reproject function above
if [ "$i" -eq 0 ]
reproject shps/${states[$i]} ${states[$i]} national_files
reproject shps/${states[$i]} ${states[$i]} files
# give the server a rest before downloading the next file
sleep 20
# You could use the code below to merge all the states into one giant
# shapefile of Mexico. Change '_manzanas' to '_agebs' or '_eje_vial' or whatever
#for file in $(find shps -maxdepth 2 -name "*_manzanas.shp" )
# ogr2ogr -update -append mexico_manzanas.shp $file -f "esri shapefile" -nln merge
# Filter attributes (e.g. only include total population in the dbf)
#ogr2ogr -select POB1 mexico_manazanas.shp merge.shp
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