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Promise chaining example
// `promise` is some operation that may succeed (fulfill) or fail (reject)
var newPromise = promise.then(
function () {
return delay(1000);
// If `promise` fulfills, `newPromise` will fulfill in 1000 ms.
// If `promise` rejects and writing to the error log succeeds,
// `newPromise` will fulfill: you transformed the rejection into fulfillment by handling it,
// similar to `try`/`catch`.
// If `promise` rejects and writing to the error log fails,
// `newPromise` will reject with the filesystem-related error: just as if
// code inside your `catch` block had thrown.
// Writes to errors.log, returning a promise that will be fulfilled if the write succeeds
// or rejected if the write fails.
function writeError(errMessage) {
var deferred = Q.defer();
fs.writeFile("errors.log", errMessage, function (err) {
if (err) {
} else {
return deferred.promise;
// (or, using Q.nfcall:)
function writeError(errMessage) {
return Q.nfcall(fs.writeFile, "errors.log", errMessage);
// returns a promise that will be fulfilled in `ms` milliseconds
function delay(ms) {
var deferred = Q.defer();
setTimeout(deferred.resolve, ms);
return deferred.promise;

I think, now i got it. Great example.


simple and instructive


To be useful as an example it needs to be complete. This is incomplete since it provides no caller that uses the example functions, and a promise is not provided to which triggers "newPromise". So I disagree, this is bad example code IMHO.


@stefaneg -- agreed, this example isn't that great. Here's one that i made that introduces chaining in q.


Thanks @stefaneg. Your example helped out a lot. A combination of yours and the one that followed that shows how to pass args from promise to promise along with some rejection handling would be a perfect example.


I dont think the examples are good either. It would have been great to find one very simple (i find some regarding SQL of 50-100 lines for instance, and some with the Q.delay) working example (with requirements) that synchronise the output (I can't find a clear consensus of what is needed as a return value (some sort of Q object?) say an integer value from one async function to another async function that prints that value). It would have been great if this was in nodeJS instead of for instance coffee script.


Lame incomplete examples....

var newPromise = promise.then(
ReferenceError: promise is not defined
at Object. (/promises.js:13:18)
at Module._compile (module.js:460:26)
at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:478:10)
at Module.load (module.js:355:32)
at Function.Module._load (module.js:310:12)
at Function.Module.runMain (module.js:501:10)
at startup (node.js:129:16)
at node.js:814:3

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