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Sending Messages to Game Windows Through DirectInput and Win32API
import os
import ctypes
import win32api
w = WindowMgr()
PUL = ctypes.POINTER(ctypes.c_ulong)
class KeyBdInput(ctypes.Structure):
_fields_ = [("wVk", ctypes.c_ushort),
("wScan", ctypes.c_ushort),
("dwFlags", ctypes.c_ulong),
("time", ctypes.c_ulong),
("dwExtraInfo", PUL)]
class HardwareInput(ctypes.Structure):
_fields_ = [("uMsg", ctypes.c_ulong),
("wParamL", ctypes.c_short),
("wParamH", ctypes.c_ushort)]
class MouseInput(ctypes.Structure):
_fields_ = [("dx", ctypes.c_long),
("dy", ctypes.c_long),
("mouseData", ctypes.c_ulong),
("dwFlags", ctypes.c_ulong),
("time", ctypes.c_ulong),
("dwExtraInfo", PUL)]
class Input_I(ctypes.Union):
_fields_ = [("ki", KeyBdInput),
("mi", MouseInput),
("hi", HardwareInput)]
class Input(ctypes.Structure):
_fields_ = [("type", ctypes.c_ulong),
("ii", Input_I)]
def press_key(key):
extra = ctypes.c_ulong(0)
ii_ = Input_I()
flags = 0x0008 = KeyBdInput(0, key, flags, 0, ctypes.pointer(extra))
x = Input(ctypes.c_ulong(1), ii_)
ctypes.windll.user32.SendInput(1, ctypes.pointer(x), ctypes.sizeof(x))
def release_key(key):
extra = ctypes.c_ulong(0)
ii_ = Input_I()
flags = 0x0008 | 0x0002 = KeyBdInput(0, key, flags, 0, ctypes.pointer(extra))
x = Input(ctypes.c_ulong(1), ii_)
ctypes.windll.user32.SendInput(1, ctypes.pointer(x), ctypes.sizeof(x))
def get_game_window():
w.find_window_wildcard("Minecraft 1*") # Game window is named 'Minecraft 1.13.1' for example.
# Character map
char_map = {
'q': 0x10, 'w': 0x11, 'e': 0x12, 'r': 0x13, 't': 0x14, 'z': 0x15, 'u': 0x16, 'i': 0x17, 'o': 0x18, 'p':0x19,
'a': 0x1E, 's': 0x1F, 'd': 0x20, 'f': 0x21, 'g': 0x22, 'h': 0x23, 'j': 0x24, 'k': 0x25, 'l': 0x26,
'y': 0x2C, 'x': 0x2D, 'c': 0x2E, 'v': 0x2F, 'b': 0x30, 'n': 0x31, 'm': 0x32 }
# Sending the message using the character map
press_key(char_map['t']) # t - opens chat
press_key(char_map['h']);release_key(char_map['h']); # h
press_key(char_map['e']);release_key(char_map['e']); # e
press_key(char_map['l']);release_key(char_map['l']); # l
press_key(char_map['l']);release_key(char_map['l']); # l
press_key(char_map['o']);release_key(char_map['o']); # o
press_key(0x1C);release_key(0x1C); # Submit it (0x1C is ENTER key -> possible char_map extension? ;))
import win32gui
import re
class WindowMgr:
"""Encapsulates some calls to the winapi for window management"""
def __init__ (self):
self._handle = None
def find_window(self, class_name, window_name=None):
"""find a window by its class_name"""
self._handle = win32gui.FindWindow(class_name, window_name)
def _window_enum_callback(self, hwnd, wildcard):
"""Pass to win32gui.EnumWindows() to check all the opened windows"""
if re.match(wildcard, str(win32gui.GetWindowText(hwnd))) is not None:
self._handle = hwnd
def find_window_wildcard(self, wildcard):
"""find a window whose title matches the wildcard regex"""
self._handle = None
win32gui.EnumWindows(self._window_enum_callback, wildcard)
def set_foreground(self):
"""put the window in the foreground"""
def get_hwnd(self):
"""returns hwnd for further use"""
return self._handle
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i am trying to make it work on linux, could it work? or am i stupid for trying.

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dusekdan commented Nov 25, 2021

Hi @ape-devil, unfortunatelly, this will not work on linux - win32* is a windows dependency and the whole mechanics of obtaining window handle etc. leverages windows API, which is not available on Linux.

In your use case, try searching for something along the lines of "X11 get window handle" (X11 is a name for window system on Linux; in python this has many interfaces that can be used to interact with it, but I have personally never used it (yet)). Other possible terms that could help on your search: xlib, x11 interface python, x11 python get window handle.

What game are you trying to automate, by the way? :)

Also, definitely not stupid for trying! I am sure you will learn a lot of stuff while working on whatever project it is that you are working on. This is usually the best way to learn - to have a project or a problem at mind and do your best to work it out.

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Thank you for the quick response, i really appreciate it.
splitgate and 0.A.D, but that just for testing.

I am building something like a splitkeyboard / joystick-controller for pc. The brain of the project is an arduino pro micro. I am using it in combination with firmata and python.

I decided to use python because i wanna have more than on setup / layout, for each programm it's own layout.
For example I would like to have a layout for blender, inkscape or for gaming, but one layout for each game or program.

could you give me more advices how to get it to work?

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