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Created December 1, 2011 22:04
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htpasswd script in python (no need to install apache utils)
"""Replacement for htpasswd"""
# Original author: Eli Carter
import os
import sys
import random
from optparse import OptionParser
# We need a crypt module, but Windows doesn't have one by default. Try to find
# one, and tell the user if we can't.
import crypt
except ImportError:
import fcrypt as crypt
except ImportError:
sys.stderr.write("Cannot find a crypt module. "
def salt():
"""Returns a string of 2 randome letters"""
letters = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz' \
return random.choice(letters) + random.choice(letters)
class HtpasswdFile:
"""A class for manipulating htpasswd files."""
def __init__(self, filename, create=False):
self.entries = []
self.filename = filename
if not create:
if os.path.exists(self.filename):
raise Exception("%s does not exist" % self.filename)
def load(self):
"""Read the htpasswd file into memory."""
lines = open(self.filename, 'r').readlines()
self.entries = []
for line in lines:
username, pwhash = line.split(':')
entry = [username, pwhash.rstrip()]
def save(self):
"""Write the htpasswd file to disk"""
open(self.filename, 'w').writelines(["%s:%s\n" % (entry[0], entry[1])
for entry in self.entries])
def update(self, username, password):
"""Replace the entry for the given user, or add it if new."""
pwhash = crypt.crypt(password, salt())
matching_entries = [entry for entry in self.entries
if entry[0] == username]
if matching_entries:
matching_entries[0][1] = pwhash
self.entries.append([username, pwhash])
def delete(self, username):
"""Remove the entry for the given user."""
self.entries = [entry for entry in self.entries
if entry[0] != username]
def main():
"""%prog [-c] -b filename username password
Create or update an htpasswd file"""
# For now, we only care about the use cases that affect tests/
parser = OptionParser(usage=main.__doc__)
parser.add_option('-b', action='store_true', dest='batch', default=False,
help='Batch mode; password is passed on the command line IN THE CLEAR.'
parser.add_option('-c', action='store_true', dest='create', default=False,
help='Create a new htpasswd file, overwriting any existing file.')
parser.add_option('-D', action='store_true', dest='delete_user',
default=False, help='Remove the given user from the password file.')
options, args = parser.parse_args()
def syntax_error(msg):
"""Utility function for displaying fatal error messages with usage
sys.stderr.write("Syntax error: " + msg)
if not options.batch:
syntax_error("Only batch mode is supported\n")
# Non-option arguments
if len(args) < 2:
syntax_error("Insufficient number of arguments.\n")
filename, username = args[:2]
if options.delete_user:
if len(args) != 2:
syntax_error("Incorrect number of arguments.\n")
password = None
if len(args) != 3:
syntax_error("Incorrect number of arguments.\n")
password = args[2]
passwdfile = HtpasswdFile(filename, create=options.create)
if options.delete_user:
passwdfile.update(username, password)
if __name__ == '__main__':
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johankj commented Feb 16, 2013

You should probably use

#!/usr/bin/env python

instead of


for better cross-platform support.

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ggl commented Feb 17, 2013

And here's one in Perl:

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