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Draw a full NBA basketball court in R with lattice
# NBA courts are 50ft sideline-to-sideline
# and 94ft end to end. This will plot a court
# with the sidelines on the y-axis, centered
# on the halfcourt circle. Measurement units
# are in feet. The basket at the bottom is
# centered on {x = 0, y = -41.75} and at the
# top on {x = 0, y = 41.75}
library(lattice)
xyplot(NA~NA,ylab='',xlab='',aspect='iso',xlim=c(-25,25),ylim=c(-47,47),
### remove outside box and ticks, there must be a better way:
par.settings = list(axis.line = list(col = "transparent")), par.box = c(col = "transparent"),
scales=list(draw=F),
panel=function(...){
#outside box:
panel.lines(x=c(-25,-25,25,25,-25),y=c(-47,47,47,-47,-47))
#halfcourt line
panel.lines(x=c(-25,25),y=c(0,0))
#solid FT semicircle above FT line:
panel.lines(x=c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000),y=c(-28+sqrt(6^2-c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000)^2)))
panel.lines(x=c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000),y=c(28-sqrt(6^2-c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000)^2)))
#dashed FT semicircle below FT line:
panel.lines(x=c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000),y=c(-28-sqrt(6^2-c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000)^2)),lty=2)
panel.lines(x=c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000),y=c(28+sqrt(6^2-c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000)^2)),lty=2)
#key:
panel.lines(x=c(-8,-8,8,8,-8),y=c(-47,-28,-28,-47,-47))
panel.lines(x=c(-8,-8,8,8,-8),y=c(47,28,28,47,47))
#box inside the key:
panel.lines(x=c(-6,-6,6,6,-6),y=c(-47,-28,-28,-47,-47))
panel.lines(x=c(-6,-6,6,6,-6),y=c(47,28,28,47,47))
# restricted area semicircle:
panel.lines(x=c(-47000:(-1)/1000,1:4000/1000),y=c(1.25+sqrt(4^2-c(-47000:(-1)/1000,1:4000/1000)^2))-43)
panel.lines(x=c(-47000:(-1)/1000,1:4000/1000),y=c(1.25-sqrt(4^2-c(-47000:(-1)/1000,1:4000/1000)^2))+40.5)
# halfcourt semicircle:
panel.lines(x=c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000),y=c(-sqrt(6^2-c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000)^2)))
panel.lines(x=c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000),y=c(sqrt(6^2-c(-6000:(-1)/1000,1:6000/1000)^2)))
# rim:
panel.rect(-5/24,-43,5/24,54/12-47)
panel.rect(-5/24,43,5/24,47-54/12)
panel.lines(x=c(-750:(-1)/1000,1:750/1000,750:1/1000,-1:-750/1000),y=c(c(1.25+sqrt(0.75^2-c(-750:(-1)/1000,1:750/1000)^2)),c(1.25-sqrt(0.75^2-c(750:1/1000,-1:-750/1000)^2)))-43)
panel.lines(x=c(-750:(-1)/1000,1:750/1000,750:1/1000,-1:-750/1000),y=c(c(1.25-sqrt(0.75^2-c(-750:(-1)/1000,1:750/1000)^2)),c(1.25+sqrt(0.75^2-c(750:1/1000,-1:-750/1000)^2)))+40.5)
#backboard:
panel.lines(x=c(-3,3),y=c(-43,-43))
panel.lines(x=c(-3,3),y=c(43,43))
#three-point line:
panel.lines(x=c(-22,-22,-22000:(-1)/1000,1:22000/1000,22,22),y=c(-43,169/12-43,1.25+sqrt(23.75^2-c(-22000:(-1)/1000,1:22000/1000)^2),169/12-43,-43)-43)
panel.lines(x=c(-22,-22,-22000:(-1)/1000,1:22000/1000,22,22),y=c(43,169/12+43,1.25-sqrt(23.75^2-c(-22000:(-1)/1000,1:22000/1000)^2),169/12+43,43)+43)
})
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