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Expand the Edinburgh Twitter FSD corpus

Expand The Edinburgh Twitter FSD Corpus

The Python scripts attached here take care of the following tedious work, and should help one quickly get started with some real work on the corpus:

  • Respect the Twitter API rate limits and throttle API hits.
  • Don't hit the API for already expanded tweet ID's, so you can resume tweet expansion after stopping midway.
  • Parse the API response and dump it into the correct column in the sqlite3 database.
  • Gracefully handle exceptions while acquiring tweets from the API.
  • Wrap version 1.1 of the Twitter API.
  • Start from a specified tweet ID, assuming the input file is sorted in increasing order of tweet ID.

Note that the python-twitter module has not been updated to match v1.1 of the Twitter API yet. For now, I've monkey-patched the module to update just the methods required for our purpose.

Data Description

The Edinburgh Twitter FSD corpus contains around 52 million tweets collected between July and mid-September, 2011, labelled with their corresponding events. You can find the corpus here in the post titled FSD corpus of tweets.

Citation:

Saša Petrović, Miles Osborne, and Victor Lavrenko. 2012. Using paraphrases for improving first story detection in news and Twitter. In Proceedings of the 2012 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies (NAACL HLT '12). Association for Computational Linguistics, Stroudsburg, PA, USA, 338-346.

There are 2 files in the corpus ZIP: tweet_ids and relevance_judgements.

tweet_ids

This contains all the 52 million tweets, one per line, in the form <tweetid: Long> <username: String>. A snippet:

...
86383662232375296 Nil_Volentibus
86383662215598080 Bette_Fernandes
86383666405707776 SiiennaRose
86383666397315073 __Kaylenn
...

relevance_judgements

This contains 3034 labelled tweets in the form <tweetid: Long> <eventindex: Int, in range [1, 27]>. The larger fraction of unlabelled tweets that are not in this file are not labelled with any event (i.e., they are noise, random chatter, or false rumors). The event index is an integer between 1 and 27, corresponding to 27 different events. A snippet:

...
94801731006894080 1
94801873634213888 1
94802733437169664 1
94803010257039361 1
...

Data Expansion

  • Join the tweets and relevance judgements into a single file:
sort -k1 relevance_judgments > sjudgements
sort -k1 tweet_ids > stweets
join -1 1 -2 1 -a 1 -a 2 -e '0' -o '0,1.2,2.2' stweets sjudgements > tweets_and_judgements

Note that this will place a 0 in the column for event index where there is no event corresponding to a tweet.

You will need your consumer key, consumer secret, access token and access token secret.

  • Ensure you have downloaded the 2 Python scripts into the working directory

  • Run the Python script:

python tweets-to-sqlite.py \
    --dbfile fsd.db \
    --tweetsfile tweets_and_judgements \
    --consumerkey <...> \
    --consumersecret <...> \
    --accesstoken <...> \
    --accesstokensecret <...>
#!/usr/bin/env python
import sys
import argparse
import sqlite3
import twitter
import json
import time
def tweetexists(tweetid, cur):
rows = cur.execute("SELECT id FROM tweets WHERE id = ?", (tweetid, )).fetchall()
return (len(rows) > 0)
def resetsleeptime(api):
ratelimitstats = api.GetRateLimitStatus()
showstatuslimits = ratelimitstats['resources']['statuses']['/statuses/show/:id']
hitsremaining = showstatuslimits['remaining']
resettime = showstatuslimits['reset']
sleeptime = int((int(resettime) - time.time()) / int(hitsremaining))
print "Sleeping", sleeptime, "seconds between API hits until", resettime
return sleeptime, resettime
def main(dbfile, tweetsfile, consumerkey,
consumersecret, accesstoken, accesstokensecret,
starttweetid=-1):
api = twitter.Api(consumer_key=consumerkey,
consumer_secret=consumersecret,
access_token_key=accesstoken,
access_token_secret=accesstokensecret)
conn = sqlite3.connect(dbfile, isolation_level=None)
cur = conn.cursor()
createtable(cur);
[sleeptime, resettime] = resetsleeptime(api)
with open(tweetsfile) as infile:
for line in infile:
[tweetid, username, eventindex] = line.split()
if (int(tweetid) < int(starttweetid)):
continue
if tweetexists(tweetid, cur):
print "Tweet with id:", tweetid, " is already expanded"
continue
try:
print str(int(time.time())) + " Expanding tweet with id:", tweetid, "event:", eventindex
tweet = api.GetStatus(tweetid, include_entities=False)
inserttweet(tweet, eventindex, cur)
except twitter.TwitterError as err:
print str(int(time.time())) + " Error reading tweet id:", tweetid
print str(err)
time.sleep(sleeptime)
if (time.time() >= resettime):
[sleeptime, resettime] = resetsleeptime(api);
conn.close()
def boolToInt(bool):
if (bool):
return 1
else:
return 0
def createtable(cur):
cur.execute("""CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS tweets(
created_at TEXT,
eventindex INT,
favorited INT,
id INT PRIMARY KEY,
text TEXT,
location TEXT,
in_reply_to_screen_name TEXT,
in_reply_to_user_id TEXT,
in_reply_to_status_id TEXT,
truncated INT,
source TEXT,
urls TEXT,
user_mentions TEXT,
hashtags TEXT,
geo TEXT,
place TEXT,
coordinates TEXT,
contributors TEXT,
retweeted INT,
retweeted_status TEXT,
retweet_count INT,
user_id INT,
user_name TEXT,
user_screen_name TEXT,
user_location TEXT,
user_description TEXT,
user_profile_image_url TEXT,
user_profile_background_tile INT,
user_profile_background_image_url TEXT,
user_profile_sidebar_fill_color TEXT,
user_profile_background_color TEXT,
user_profile_link_color TEXT,
user_profile_text_color TEXT,
user_protected INT,
user_utc_offset INT,
user_time_zone TEXT,
user_followers_count INT,
user_friends_count INT,
user_statuses_count INT,
user_favourites_count INT,
user_url TEXT,
user_status TEXT,
user_geo_enabled INT,
user_verified INT,
user_lang TEXT,
user_notifications INT,
user_contributors_enabled INT,
user_created_at TEXT,
user_listed_count INT
)""")
def inserttweet(tweet, eventindex, cur):
cur.execute('INSERT INTO tweets VALUES('
'?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, '
'?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, '
'?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, '
'?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, '
'?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, ?) ',
(tweet.created_at,
eventindex,
boolToInt(tweet.favorited),
tweet.id,
tweet.text,
str(tweet.location),
tweet.in_reply_to_screen_name,
tweet.in_reply_to_user_id,
tweet.in_reply_to_status_id,
boolToInt(tweet.truncated),
tweet.source,
str(tweet.urls),
str(tweet.user_mentions),
str(tweet.hashtags),
str(tweet.geo),
str(tweet.place),
str(tweet.coordinates),
str(tweet.contributors),
boolToInt(tweet.retweeted),
str(tweet.retweeted_status),
tweet.retweet_count,
tweet.user.id,
tweet.user.name,
tweet.user.screen_name,
tweet.user.location,
tweet.user.description,
tweet.user.profile_image_url,
boolToInt(tweet.user.profile_background_tile),
tweet.user.profile_background_image_url,
tweet.user.profile_sidebar_fill_color,
tweet.user.profile_background_color,
tweet.user.profile_link_color,
tweet.user.profile_text_color,
boolToInt(tweet.user.protected),
tweet.user.utc_offset,
tweet.user.time_zone,
tweet.user.followers_count,
tweet.user.friends_count,
tweet.user.statuses_count,
tweet.user.favourites_count,
tweet.user.url,
tweet.user.status,
boolToInt(tweet.user.geo_enabled),
boolToInt(tweet.user.verified),
tweet.user.lang,
boolToInt(tweet.user.notifications),
boolToInt(tweet.user.contributors_enabled),
tweet.user.created_at,
tweet.user.listed_count,))
if __name__ == "__main__":
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument('--dbfile', help='The sqlite3 database file to create and write to', required=True)
parser.add_argument('--tweetsfile', help='The joined tweets and judgements file to read from', required=True)
parser.add_argument('--consumerkey', help='The Twitter app consumer key', required=True)
parser.add_argument('--consumersecret', help='The Twitter app consumer secret', required=True)
parser.add_argument('--accesstoken', help='The Twitter app API token', required=True)
parser.add_argument('--accesstokensecret', help='The Twitter app API token secret', required=True)
parser.add_argument('--starttweetid', help='The tweet ID to start hitting the API from', required=False)
args = parser.parse_args()
main(args.dbfile, args.tweetsfile, args.consumerkey,
args.consumersecret, args.accesstoken, args.accesstokensecret,
args.starttweetid)
#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# Copyright 2007 The Python-Twitter Developers
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
'''A library that provides a Python interface to the Twitter API'''
__author__ = 'python-twitter@googlegroups.com'
__version__ = '0.8.6-MONKEYPATCHED'
import calendar
import datetime
import httplib
import os
import rfc822
import sys
import tempfile
import textwrap
import time
import urllib
import urllib2
import urlparse
import gzip
import StringIO
try:
# Python >= 2.6
import json as simplejson
except ImportError:
try:
# Python < 2.6
import simplejson
except ImportError:
try:
# Google App Engine
from django.utils import simplejson
except ImportError:
raise ImportError, "Unable to load a json library"
# parse_qsl moved to urlparse module in v2.6
try:
from urlparse import parse_qsl, parse_qs
except ImportError:
from cgi import parse_qsl, parse_qs
try:
from hashlib import md5
except ImportError:
from md5 import md5
import oauth2 as oauth
CHARACTER_LIMIT = 140
# A singleton representing a lazily instantiated FileCache.
DEFAULT_CACHE = object()
REQUEST_TOKEN_URL = 'https://api.twitter.com/oauth/request_token'
ACCESS_TOKEN_URL = 'https://api.twitter.com/oauth/access_token'
AUTHORIZATION_URL = 'https://api.twitter.com/oauth/authorize'
SIGNIN_URL = 'https://api.twitter.com/oauth/authenticate'
class TwitterError(Exception):
'''Base class for Twitter errors'''
@property
def message(self):
'''Returns the first argument used to construct this error.'''
return self.args[0]
class Status(object):
'''A class representing the Status structure used by the twitter API.
The Status structure exposes the following properties:
status.created_at
status.created_at_in_seconds # read only
status.favorited
status.in_reply_to_screen_name
status.in_reply_to_user_id
status.in_reply_to_status_id
status.truncated
status.source
status.id
status.text
status.location
status.relative_created_at # read only
status.user
status.urls
status.user_mentions
status.hashtags
status.geo
status.place
status.coordinates
status.contributors
'''
def __init__(self,
created_at=None,
favorited=None,
id=None,
text=None,
location=None,
user=None,
in_reply_to_screen_name=None,
in_reply_to_user_id=None,
in_reply_to_status_id=None,
truncated=None,
source=None,
now=None,
urls=None,
user_mentions=None,
hashtags=None,
media=None,
geo=None,
place=None,
coordinates=None,
contributors=None,
retweeted=None,
retweeted_status=None,
retweet_count=None):
'''An object to hold a Twitter status message.
This class is normally instantiated by the twitter.Api class and
returned in a sequence.
Note: Dates are posted in the form "Sat Jan 27 04:17:38 +0000 2007"
Args:
created_at:
The time this status message was posted. [Optional]
favorited:
Whether this is a favorite of the authenticated user. [Optional]
id:
The unique id of this status message. [Optional]
text:
The text of this status message. [Optional]
location:
the geolocation string associated with this message. [Optional]
relative_created_at:
A human readable string representing the posting time. [Optional]
user:
A twitter.User instance representing the person posting the
message. [Optional]
now:
The current time, if the client chooses to set it.
Defaults to the wall clock time. [Optional]
urls:
user_mentions:
hashtags:
geo:
place:
coordinates:
contributors:
retweeted:
retweeted_status:
retweet_count:
'''
self.created_at = created_at
self.favorited = favorited
self.id = id
self.text = text
self.location = location
self.user = user
self.now = now
self.in_reply_to_screen_name = in_reply_to_screen_name
self.in_reply_to_user_id = in_reply_to_user_id
self.in_reply_to_status_id = in_reply_to_status_id
self.truncated = truncated
self.retweeted = retweeted
self.source = source
self.urls = urls
self.user_mentions = user_mentions
self.hashtags = hashtags
self.media = media
self.geo = geo
self.place = place
self.coordinates = coordinates
self.contributors = contributors
self.retweeted_status = retweeted_status
self.retweet_count = retweet_count
def GetCreatedAt(self):
'''Get the time this status message was posted.
Returns:
The time this status message was posted
'''
return self._created_at
def SetCreatedAt(self, created_at):
'''Set the time this status message was posted.
Args:
created_at:
The time this status message was created
'''
self._created_at = created_at
created_at = property(GetCreatedAt, SetCreatedAt,
doc='The time this status message was posted.')
def GetCreatedAtInSeconds(self):
'''Get the time this status message was posted, in seconds since the epoch.
Returns:
The time this status message was posted, in seconds since the epoch.
'''
return calendar.timegm(rfc822.parsedate(self.created_at))
created_at_in_seconds = property(GetCreatedAtInSeconds,
doc="The time this status message was "
"posted, in seconds since the epoch")
def GetFavorited(self):
'''Get the favorited setting of this status message.
Returns:
True if this status message is favorited; False otherwise
'''
return self._favorited
def SetFavorited(self, favorited):
'''Set the favorited state of this status message.
Args:
favorited:
boolean True/False favorited state of this status message
'''
self._favorited = favorited
favorited = property(GetFavorited, SetFavorited,
doc='The favorited state of this status message.')
def GetId(self):
'''Get the unique id of this status message.
Returns:
The unique id of this status message
'''
return self._id
def SetId(self, id):
'''Set the unique id of this status message.
Args:
id:
The unique id of this status message
'''
self._id = id
id = property(GetId, SetId,
doc='The unique id of this status message.')
def GetInReplyToScreenName(self):
return self._in_reply_to_screen_name
def SetInReplyToScreenName(self, in_reply_to_screen_name):
self._in_reply_to_screen_name = in_reply_to_screen_name
in_reply_to_screen_name = property(GetInReplyToScreenName, SetInReplyToScreenName,
doc='')
def GetInReplyToUserId(self):
return self._in_reply_to_user_id
def SetInReplyToUserId(self, in_reply_to_user_id):
self._in_reply_to_user_id = in_reply_to_user_id
in_reply_to_user_id = property(GetInReplyToUserId, SetInReplyToUserId,
doc='')
def GetInReplyToStatusId(self):
return self._in_reply_to_status_id
def SetInReplyToStatusId(self, in_reply_to_status_id):
self._in_reply_to_status_id = in_reply_to_status_id
in_reply_to_status_id = property(GetInReplyToStatusId, SetInReplyToStatusId,
doc='')
def GetTruncated(self):
return self._truncated
def SetTruncated(self, truncated):
self._truncated = truncated
truncated = property(GetTruncated, SetTruncated,
doc='')
def GetRetweeted(self):
return self._retweeted
def SetRetweeted(self, retweeted):
self._retweeted = retweeted
retweeted = property(GetRetweeted, SetRetweeted,
doc='')
def GetSource(self):
return self._source
def SetSource(self, source):
self._source = source
source = property(GetSource, SetSource,
doc='')
def GetText(self):
'''Get the text of this status message.
Returns:
The text of this status message.
'''
return self._text
def SetText(self, text):
'''Set the text of this status message.
Args:
text:
The text of this status message
'''
self._text = text
text = property(GetText, SetText,
doc='The text of this status message')
def GetLocation(self):
'''Get the geolocation associated with this status message
Returns:
The geolocation string of this status message.
'''
return self._location
def SetLocation(self, location):
'''Set the geolocation associated with this status message
Args:
location:
The geolocation string of this status message
'''
self._location = location
location = property(GetLocation, SetLocation,
doc='The geolocation string of this status message')
def GetRelativeCreatedAt(self):
'''Get a human readable string representing the posting time
Returns:
A human readable string representing the posting time
'''
fudge = 1.25
delta = long(self.now) - long(self.created_at_in_seconds)
if delta < (1 * fudge):
return 'about a second ago'
elif delta < (60 * (1/fudge)):
return 'about %d seconds ago' % (delta)
elif delta < (60 * fudge):
return 'about a minute ago'
elif delta < (60 * 60 * (1/fudge)):
return 'about %d minutes ago' % (delta / 60)
elif delta < (60 * 60 * fudge) or delta / (60 * 60) == 1:
return 'about an hour ago'
elif delta < (60 * 60 * 24 * (1/fudge)):
return 'about %d hours ago' % (delta / (60 * 60))
elif delta < (60 * 60 * 24 * fudge) or delta / (60 * 60 * 24) == 1:
return 'about a day ago'
else:
return 'about %d days ago' % (delta / (60 * 60 * 24))
relative_created_at = property(GetRelativeCreatedAt,
doc='Get a human readable string representing '
'the posting time')
def GetUser(self):
'''Get a twitter.User representing the entity posting this status message.
Returns:
A twitter.User representing the entity posting this status message
'''
return self._user
def SetUser(self, user):
'''Set a twitter.User representing the entity posting this status message.
Args:
user:
A twitter.User representing the entity posting this status message
'''
self._user = user
user = property(GetUser, SetUser,
doc='A twitter.User representing the entity posting this '
'status message')
def GetNow(self):
'''Get the wallclock time for this status message.
Used to calculate relative_created_at. Defaults to the time
the object was instantiated.
Returns:
Whatever the status instance believes the current time to be,
in seconds since the epoch.
'''
if self._now is None:
self._now = time.time()
return self._now
def SetNow(self, now):
'''Set the wallclock time for this status message.
Used to calculate relative_created_at. Defaults to the time
the object was instantiated.
Args:
now:
The wallclock time for this instance.
'''
self._now = now
now = property(GetNow, SetNow,
doc='The wallclock time for this status instance.')
def GetGeo(self):
return self._geo
def SetGeo(self, geo):
self._geo = geo
geo = property(GetGeo, SetGeo,
doc='')
def GetPlace(self):
return self._place
def SetPlace(self, place):
self._place = place
place = property(GetPlace, SetPlace,
doc='')
def GetCoordinates(self):
return self._coordinates
def SetCoordinates(self, coordinates):
self._coordinates = coordinates
coordinates = property(GetCoordinates, SetCoordinates,
doc='')
def GetContributors(self):
return self._contributors
def SetContributors(self, contributors):
self._contributors = contributors
contributors = property(GetContributors, SetContributors,
doc='')
def GetRetweeted_status(self):
return self._retweeted_status
def SetRetweeted_status(self, retweeted_status):
self._retweeted_status = retweeted_status
retweeted_status = property(GetRetweeted_status, SetRetweeted_status,
doc='')
def GetRetweetCount(self):
return self._retweet_count
def SetRetweetCount(self, retweet_count):
self._retweet_count = retweet_count
retweet_count = property(GetRetweetCount, SetRetweetCount,
doc='')
def __ne__(self, other):
return not self.__eq__(other)
def __eq__(self, other):
try:
return other and \
self.created_at == other.created_at and \
self.id == other.id and \
self.text == other.text and \
self.location == other.location and \
self.user == other.user and \
self.in_reply_to_screen_name == other.in_reply_to_screen_name and \
self.in_reply_to_user_id == other.in_reply_to_user_id and \
self.in_reply_to_status_id == other.in_reply_to_status_id and \
self.truncated == other.truncated and \
self.retweeted == other.retweeted and \
self.favorited == other.favorited and \
self.source == other.source and \
self.geo == other.geo and \
self.place == other.place and \
self.coordinates == other.coordinates and \
self.contributors == other.contributors and \
self.retweeted_status == other.retweeted_status and \
self.retweet_count == other.retweet_count
except AttributeError:
return False
def __str__(self):
'''A string representation of this twitter.Status instance.
The return value is the same as the JSON string representation.
Returns:
A string representation of this twitter.Status instance.
'''
return self.AsJsonString()
def AsJsonString(self):
'''A JSON string representation of this twitter.Status instance.
Returns:
A JSON string representation of this twitter.Status instance
'''
return simplejson.dumps(self.AsDict(), sort_keys=True)
def AsDict(self):
'''A dict representation of this twitter.Status instance.
The return value uses the same key names as the JSON representation.
Return:
A dict representing this twitter.Status instance
'''
data = {}
if self.created_at:
data['created_at'] = self.created_at
if self.favorited:
data['favorited'] = self.favorited
if self.id:
data['id'] = self.id
if self.text:
data['text'] = self.text
if self.location:
data['location'] = self.location
if self.user:
data['user'] = self.user.AsDict()
if self.in_reply_to_screen_name:
data['in_reply_to_screen_name'] = self.in_reply_to_screen_name
if self.in_reply_to_user_id:
data['in_reply_to_user_id'] = self.in_reply_to_user_id
if self.in_reply_to_status_id:
data['in_reply_to_status_id'] = self.in_reply_to_status_id
if self.truncated is not None:
data['truncated'] = self.truncated
if self.retweeted is not None:
data['retweeted'] = self.retweeted
if self.favorited is not None:
data['favorited'] = self.favorited
if self.source:
data['source'] = self.source
if self.geo:
data['geo'] = self.geo
if self.place:
data['place'] = self.place
if self.coordinates:
data['coordinates'] = self.coordinates
if self.contributors:
data['contributors'] = self.contributors
if self.hashtags:
data['hashtags'] = [h.text for h in self.hashtags]
if self.retweeted_status:
data['retweeted_status'] = self.retweeted_status.AsDict()
if self.retweet_count:
data['retweet_count'] = self.retweet_count
if self.urls:
data['urls'] = dict([(url.url, url.expanded_url) for url in self.urls])
if self.user_mentions:
data['user_mentions'] = [um.AsDict() for um in self.user_mentions]
return data
@staticmethod
def NewFromJsonDict(data):
'''Create a new instance based on a JSON dict.
Args:
data: A JSON dict, as converted from the JSON in the twitter API
Returns:
A twitter.Status instance
'''
if 'user' in data:
user = User.NewFromJsonDict(data['user'])
else:
user = None
if 'retweeted_status' in data:
retweeted_status = Status.NewFromJsonDict(data['retweeted_status'])
else:
retweeted_status = None
urls = None
user_mentions = None
hashtags = None
media = None
if 'entities' in data:
if 'urls' in data['entities']:
urls = [Url.NewFromJsonDict(u) for u in data['entities']['urls']]
if 'user_mentions' in data['entities']:
user_mentions = [User.NewFromJsonDict(u) for u in data['entities']['user_mentions']]
if 'hashtags' in data['entities']:
hashtags = [Hashtag.NewFromJsonDict(h) for h in data['entities']['hashtags']]
if 'media' in data['entities']:
media = data['entities']['media']
else:
media = []
return Status(created_at=data.get('created_at', None),
favorited=data.get('favorited', None),
id=data.get('id', None),
text=data.get('text', None),
location=data.get('location', None),
in_reply_to_screen_name=data.get('in_reply_to_screen_name', None),
in_reply_to_user_id=data.get('in_reply_to_user_id', None),
in_reply_to_status_id=data.get('in_reply_to_status_id', None),
truncated=data.get('truncated', None),
retweeted=data.get('retweeted', None),
source=data.get('source', None),
user=user,
urls=urls,
user_mentions=user_mentions,
hashtags=hashtags,
media=media,
geo=data.get('geo', None),
place=data.get('place', None),
coordinates=data.get('coordinates', None),
contributors=data.get('contributors', None),
retweeted_status=retweeted_status,
retweet_count=data.get('retweet_count', None))
class User(object):
'''A class representing the User structure used by the twitter API.
The User structure exposes the following properties:
user.id
user.name
user.screen_name
user.location
user.description
user.profile_image_url
user.profile_background_tile
user.profile_background_image_url
user.profile_sidebar_fill_color
user.profile_background_color
user.profile_link_color
user.profile_text_color
user.protected
user.utc_offset
user.time_zone
user.url
user.status
user.statuses_count
user.followers_count
user.friends_count
user.favourites_count
user.geo_enabled
user.verified
user.lang
user.notifications
user.contributors_enabled
user.created_at
user.listed_count
'''
def __init__(self,
id=None,
name=None,
screen_name=None,
location=None,
description=None,
profile_image_url=None,
profile_background_tile=None,
profile_background_image_url=None,
profile_sidebar_fill_color=None,
profile_background_color=None,
profile_link_color=None,
profile_text_color=None,
protected=None,
utc_offset=None,
time_zone=None,
followers_count=None,
friends_count=None,
statuses_count=None,
favourites_count=None,
url=None,
status=None,
geo_enabled=None,
verified=None,
lang=None,
notifications=None,
contributors_enabled=None,
created_at=None,
listed_count=None):
self.id = id
self.name = name
self.screen_name = screen_name
self.location = location
self.description = description
self.profile_image_url = profile_image_url
self.profile_background_tile = profile_background_tile
self.profile_background_image_url = profile_background_image_url
self.profile_sidebar_fill_color = profile_sidebar_fill_color
self.profile_background_color = profile_background_color
self.profile_link_color = profile_link_color
self.profile_text_color = profile_text_color
self.protected = protected
self.utc_offset = utc_offset
self.time_zone = time_zone
self.followers_count = followers_count
self.friends_count = friends_count
self.statuses_count = statuses_count
self.favourites_count = favourites_count
self.url = url
self.status = status
self.geo_enabled = geo_enabled
self.verified = verified
self.lang = lang
self.notifications = notifications
self.contributors_enabled = contributors_enabled
self.created_at = created_at
self.listed_count = listed_count
def GetId(self):
'''Get the unique id of this user.
Returns:
The unique id of this user
'''
return self._id
def SetId(self, id):
'''Set the unique id of this user.
Args:
id: The unique id of this user.
'''
self._id = id
id = property(GetId, SetId,
doc='The unique id of this user.')
def GetName(self):
'''Get the real name of this user.
Returns:
The real name of this user
'''
return self._name
def SetName(self, name):
'''Set the real name of this user.
Args:
name: The real name of this user
'''
self._name = name
name = property(GetName, SetName,
doc='The real name of this user.')
def GetScreenName(self):
'''Get the short twitter name of this user.
Returns:
The short twitter name of this user
'''
return self._screen_name
def SetScreenName(self, screen_name):
'''Set the short twitter name of this user.
Args:
screen_name: the short twitter name of this user
'''
self._screen_name = screen_name
screen_name = property(GetScreenName, SetScreenName,
doc='The short twitter name of this user.')
def GetLocation(self):
'''Get the geographic location of this user.
Returns:
The geographic location of this user
'''
return self._location
def SetLocation(self, location):
'''Set the geographic location of this user.
Args:
location: The geographic location of this user
'''
self._location = location
location = property(GetLocation, SetLocation,
doc='The geographic location of this user.')
def GetDescription(self):
'''Get the short text description of this user.
Returns:
The short text description of this user
'''
return self._description
def SetDescription(self, description):
'''Set the short text description of this user.
Args:
description: The short text description of this user
'''
self._description = description
description = property(GetDescription, SetDescription,
doc='The short text description of this user.')
def GetUrl(self):
'''Get the homepage url of this user.
Returns:
The homepage url of this user
'''
return self._url
def SetUrl(self, url):
'''Set the homepage url of this user.
Args:
url: The homepage url of this user
'''
self._url = url
url = property(GetUrl, SetUrl,
doc='The homepage url of this user.')
def GetProfileImageUrl(self):
'''Get the url of the thumbnail of this user.
Returns:
The url of the thumbnail of this user
'''
return self._profile_image_url
def SetProfileImageUrl(self, profile_image_url):
'''Set the url of the thumbnail of this user.
Args:
profile_image_url: The url of the thumbnail of this user
'''
self._profile_image_url = profile_image_url
profile_image_url= property(GetProfileImageUrl, SetProfileImageUrl,
doc='The url of the thumbnail of this user.')
def GetProfileBackgroundTile(self):
'''Boolean for whether to tile the profile background image.
Returns:
True if the background is to be tiled, False if not, None if unset.
'''
return self._profile_background_tile
def SetProfileBackgroundTile(self, profile_background_tile):
'''Set the boolean flag for whether to tile the profile background image.
Args:
profile_background_tile: Boolean flag for whether to tile or not.
'''
self._profile_background_tile = profile_background_tile
profile_background_tile = property(GetProfileBackgroundTile, SetProfileBackgroundTile,
doc='Boolean for whether to tile the background image.')
def GetProfileBackgroundImageUrl(self):
return self._profile_background_image_url
def SetProfileBackgroundImageUrl(self, profile_background_image_url):
self._profile_background_image_url = profile_background_image_url
profile_background_image_url = property(GetProfileBackgroundImageUrl, SetProfileBackgroundImageUrl,
doc='The url of the profile background of this user.')
def GetProfileSidebarFillColor(self):
return self._profile_sidebar_fill_color
def SetProfileSidebarFillColor(self, profile_sidebar_fill_color):
self._profile_sidebar_fill_color = profile_sidebar_fill_color
profile_sidebar_fill_color = property(GetProfileSidebarFillColor, SetProfileSidebarFillColor)
def GetProfileBackgroundColor(self):
return self._profile_background_color
def SetProfileBackgroundColor(self, profile_background_color):
self._profile_background_color = profile_background_color
profile_background_color = property(GetProfileBackgroundColor, SetProfileBackgroundColor)
def GetProfileLinkColor(self):
return self._profile_link_color
def SetProfileLinkColor(self, profile_link_color):
self._profile_link_color = profile_link_color
profile_link_color = property(GetProfileLinkColor, SetProfileLinkColor)
def GetProfileTextColor(self):
return self._profile_text_color
def SetProfileTextColor(self, profile_text_color):
self._profile_text_color = profile_text_color
profile_text_color = property(GetProfileTextColor, SetProfileTextColor)
def GetProtected(self):
return self._protected
def SetProtected(self, protected):
self._protected = protected
protected = property(GetProtected, SetProtected)
def GetUtcOffset(self):
return self._utc_offset
def SetUtcOffset(self, utc_offset):
self._utc_offset = utc_offset
utc_offset = property(GetUtcOffset, SetUtcOffset)
def GetTimeZone(self):
'''Returns the current time zone string for the user.
Returns:
The descriptive time zone string for the user.
'''
return self._time_zone
def SetTimeZone(self, time_zone):
'''Sets the user's time zone string.
Args:
time_zone:
The descriptive time zone to assign for the user.
'''
self._time_zone = time_zone
time_zone = property(GetTimeZone, SetTimeZone)
def GetStatus(self):
'''Get the latest twitter.Status of this user.
Returns:
The latest twitter.Status of this user
'''
return self._status
def SetStatus(self, status):
'''Set the latest twitter.Status of this user.
Args:
status:
The latest twitter.Status of this user
'''
self._status = status
status = property(GetStatus, SetStatus,
doc='The latest twitter.Status of this user.')
def GetFriendsCount(self):
'''Get the friend count for this user.
Returns:
The number of users this user has befriended.
'''
return self._friends_count
def SetFriendsCount(self, count):
'''Set the friend count for this user.
Args:
count:
The number of users this user has befriended.
'''
self._friends_count = count
friends_count = property(GetFriendsCount, SetFriendsCount,
doc='The number of friends for this user.')
def GetListedCount(self):
'''Get the listed count for this user.
Returns:
The number of lists this user belongs to.
'''
return self._listed_count
def SetListedCount(self, count):
'''Set the listed count for this user.
Args:
count:
The number of lists this user belongs to.
'''
self._listed_count = count
listed_count = property(GetListedCount, SetListedCount,
doc='The number of lists this user belongs to.')
def GetFollowersCount(self):
'''Get the follower count for this user.
Returns:
The number of users following this user.
'''
return self._followers_count
def SetFollowersCount(self, count):
'''Set the follower count for this user.
Args:
count:
The number of users following this user.
'''
self._followers_count = count
followers_count = property(GetFollowersCount, SetFollowersCount,
doc='The number of users following this user.')
def GetStatusesCount(self):
'''Get the number of status updates for this user.
Returns:
The number of status updates for this user.
'''
return self._statuses_count
def SetStatusesCount(self, count):
'''Set the status update count for this user.
Args:
count:
The number of updates for this user.
'''
self._statuses_count = count
statuses_count = property(GetStatusesCount, SetStatusesCount,
doc='The number of updates for this user.')
def GetFavouritesCount(self):
'''Get the number of favourites for this user.
Returns:
The number of favourites for this user.
'''
return self._favourites_count
def SetFavouritesCount(self, count):
'''Set the favourite count for this user.
Args:
count:
The number of favourites for this user.
'''
self._favourites_count = count
favourites_count = property(GetFavouritesCount, SetFavouritesCount,
doc='The number of favourites for this user.')
def GetGeoEnabled(self):
'''Get the setting of geo_enabled for this user.
Returns:
True/False if Geo tagging is enabled
'''
return self._geo_enabled
def SetGeoEnabled(self, geo_enabled):
'''Set the latest twitter.geo_enabled of this user.
Args:
geo_enabled:
True/False if Geo tagging is to be enabled
'''
self._geo_enabled = geo_enabled
geo_enabled = property(GetGeoEnabled, SetGeoEnabled,
doc='The value of twitter.geo_enabled for this user.')
def GetVerified(self):
'''Get the setting of verified for this user.
Returns:
True/False if user is a verified account
'''
return self._verified
def SetVerified(self, verified):
'''Set twitter.verified for this user.
Args:
verified:
True/False if user is a verified account
'''
self._verified = verified
verified = property(GetVerified, SetVerified,
doc='The value of twitter.verified for this user.')
def GetLang(self):
'''Get the setting of lang for this user.
Returns:
language code of the user
'''
return self._lang
def SetLang(self, lang):
'''Set twitter.lang for this user.
Args:
lang:
language code for the user
'''
self._lang = lang
lang = property(GetLang, SetLang,
doc='The value of twitter.lang for this user.')
def GetNotifications(self):
'''Get the setting of notifications for this user.
Returns:
True/False for the notifications setting of the user
'''
return self._notifications
def SetNotifications(self, notifications):
'''Set twitter.notifications for this user.
Args:
notifications:
True/False notifications setting for the user
'''
self._notifications = notifications
notifications = property(GetNotifications, SetNotifications,
doc='The value of twitter.notifications for this user.')
def GetContributorsEnabled(self):
'''Get the setting of contributors_enabled for this user.
Returns:
True/False contributors_enabled of the user
'''
return self._contributors_enabled
def SetContributorsEnabled(self, contributors_enabled):
'''Set twitter.contributors_enabled for this user.
Args:
contributors_enabled:
True/False contributors_enabled setting for the user
'''
self._contributors_enabled = contributors_enabled
contributors_enabled = property(GetContributorsEnabled, SetContributorsEnabled,
doc='The value of twitter.contributors_enabled for this user.')
def GetCreatedAt(self):
'''Get the setting of created_at for this user.
Returns:
created_at value of the user
'''
return self._created_at
def SetCreatedAt(self, created_at):
'''Set twitter.created_at for this user.
Args:
created_at:
created_at value for the user
'''
self._created_at = created_at
created_at = property(GetCreatedAt, SetCreatedAt,
doc='The value of twitter.created_at for this user.')
def __ne__(self, other):
return not self.__eq__(other)
def __eq__(self, other):
try:
return other and \
self.id == other.id and \
self.name == other.name and \
self.screen_name == other.screen_name and \
self.location == other.location and \
self.description == other.description and \
self.profile_image_url == other.profile_image_url and \
self.profile_background_tile == other.profile_background_tile and \
self.profile_background_image_url == other.profile_background_image_url and \
self.profile_sidebar_fill_color == other.profile_sidebar_fill_color and \
self.profile_background_color == other.profile_background_color and \
self.profile_link_color == other.profile_link_color and \
self.profile_text_color == other.profile_text_color and \
self.protected == other.protected and \
self.utc_offset == other.utc_offset and \
self.time_zone == other.time_zone and \
self.url == other.url and \
self.statuses_count == other.statuses_count and \
self.followers_count == other.followers_count and \
self.favourites_count == other.favourites_count and \
self.friends_count == other.friends_count and \
self.status == other.status and \
self.geo_enabled == other.geo_enabled and \
self.verified == other.verified and \
self.lang == other.lang and \
self.notifications == other.notifications and \
self.contributors_enabled == other.contributors_enabled and \
self.created_at == other.created_at and \
self.listed_count == other.listed_count
except AttributeError:
return False
def __str__(self):
'''A string representation of this twitter.User instance.
The return value is the same as the JSON string representation.
Returns:
A string representation of this twitter.User instance.
'''
return self.AsJsonString()
def AsJsonString(self):
'''A JSON string representation of this twitter.User instance.
Returns:
A JSON string representation of this twitter.User instance
'''
return simplejson.dumps(self.AsDict(), sort_keys=True)
def AsDict(self):
'''A dict representation of this twitter.User instance.
The return value uses the same key names as the JSON representation.
Return:
A dict representing this twitter.User instance
'''
data = {}
if self.id:
data['id'] = self.id
if self.name:
data['name'] = self.name
if self.screen_name:
data['screen_name'] = self.screen_name
if self.location:
data['location'] = self.location
if self.description:
data['description'] = self.description
if self.profile_image_url:
data['profile_image_url'] = self.profile_image_url
if self.profile_background_tile is not None:
data['profile_background_tile'] = self.profile_background_tile
if self.profile_background_image_url:
data['profile_sidebar_fill_color'] = self.profile_background_image_url
if self.profile_background_color:
data['profile_background_color'] = self.profile_background_color
if self.profile_link_color:
data['profile_link_color'] = self.profile_link_color
if self.profile_text_color:
data['profile_text_color'] = self.profile_text_color
if self.protected is not None:
data['protected'] = self.protected
if self.utc_offset:
data['utc_offset'] = self.utc_offset
if self.time_zone:
data['time_zone'] = self.time_zone
if self.url:
data['url'] = self.url
if self.status:
data['status'] = self.status.AsDict()
if self.friends_count:
data['friends_count'] = self.friends_count
if self.followers_count:
data['followers_count'] = self.followers_count
if self.statuses_count:
data['statuses_count'] = self.statuses_count
if self.favourites_count:
data['favourites_count'] = self.favourites_count
if self.geo_enabled:
data['geo_enabled'] = self.geo_enabled
if self.verified:
data['verified'] = self.verified
if self.lang:
data['lang'] = self.lang
if self.notifications:
data['notifications'] = self.notifications
if self.contributors_enabled:
data['contributors_enabled'] = self.contributors_enabled
if self.created_at:
data['created_at'] = self.created_at
if self.listed_count:
data['listed_count'] = self.listed_count
return data
@staticmethod
def NewFromJsonDict(data):
'''Create a new instance based on a JSON dict.
Args:
data:
A JSON dict, as converted from the JSON in the twitter API
Returns:
A twitter.User instance
'''
if 'status' in data:
status = Status.NewFromJsonDict(data['status'])
else:
status = None
return User(id=data.get('id', None),
name=data.get('name', None),
screen_name=data.get('screen_name', None),
location=data.get('location', None),
description=data.get('description', None),
statuses_count=data.get('statuses_count', None),
followers_count=data.get('followers_count', None),
favourites_count=data.get('favourites_count', None),
friends_count=data.get('friends_count', None),
profile_image_url=data.get('profile_image_url_https', data.get('profile_image_url', None)),
profile_background_tile = data.get('profile_background_tile', None),
profile_background_image_url = data.get('profile_background_image_url', None),
profile_sidebar_fill_color = data.get('profile_sidebar_fill_color', None),
profile_background_color = data.get('profile_background_color', None),
profile_link_color = data.get('profile_link_color', None),
profile_text_color = data.get('profile_text_color', None),
protected = data.get('protected', None),
utc_offset = data.get('utc_offset', None),
time_zone = data.get('time_zone', None),
url=data.get('url', None),
status=status,
geo_enabled=data.get('geo_enabled', None),
verified=data.get('verified', None),
lang=data.get('lang', None),
notifications=data.get('notifications', None),
contributors_enabled=data.get('contributors_enabled', None),
created_at=data.get('created_at', None),
listed_count=data.get('listed_count', None))
class List(object):
'''A class representing the List structure used by the twitter API.
The List structure exposes the following properties:
list.id
list.name
list.slug
list.description
list.full_name
list.mode
list.uri
list.member_count
list.subscriber_count
list.following
'''
def __init__(self,
id=None,
name=None,
slug=None,
description=None,
full_name=None,
mode=None,
uri=None,
member_count=None,
subscriber_count=None,
following=None,
user=None):
self.id = id
self.name = name
self.slug = slug
self.description = description
self.full_name = full_name
self.mode = mode
self.uri = uri
self.member_count = member_count
self.subscriber_count = subscriber_count
self.following = following
self.user = user
def GetId(self):
'''Get the unique id of this list.
Returns:
The unique id of this list
'''
return self._id
def SetId(self, id):
'''Set the unique id of this list.
Args:
id:
The unique id of this list.
'''
self._id = id
id = property(GetId, SetId,
doc='The unique id of this list.')
def GetName(self):
'''Get the real name of this list.
Returns:
The real name of this list
'''
return self._name
def SetName(self, name):
'''Set the real name of this list.
Args:
name:
The real name of this list
'''
self._name = name
name = property(GetName, SetName,
doc='The real name of this list.')
def GetSlug(self):
'''Get the slug of this list.
Returns:
The slug of this list
'''
return self._slug
def SetSlug(self, slug):
'''Set the slug of this list.
Args:
slug:
The slug of this list.
'''
self._slug = slug
slug = property(GetSlug, SetSlug,
doc='The slug of this list.')
def GetDescription(self):
'''Get the description of this list.
Returns:
The description of this list
'''
return self._description
def SetDescription(self, description):
'''Set the description of this list.
Args:
description:
The description of this list.
'''
self._description = description
description = property(GetDescription, SetDescription,
doc='The description of this list.')
def GetFull_name(self):
'''Get the full_name of this list.
Returns:
The full_name of this list
'''
return self._full_name
def SetFull_name(self, full_name):
'''Set the full_name of this list.
Args:
full_name:
The full_name of this list.
'''
self._full_name = full_name
full_name = property(GetFull_name, SetFull_name,
doc='The full_name of this list.')
def GetMode(self):
'''Get the mode of this list.
Returns:
The mode of this list
'''
return self._mode
def SetMode(self, mode):
'''Set the mode of this list.
Args:
mode:
The mode of this list.
'''
self._mode = mode
mode = property(GetMode, SetMode,
doc='The mode of this list.')
def GetUri(self):
'''Get the uri of this list.
Returns:
The uri of this list
'''
return self._uri
def SetUri(self, uri):
'''Set the uri of this list.
Args:
uri:
The uri of this list.
'''
self._uri = uri
uri = property(GetUri, SetUri,
doc='The uri of this list.')
def GetMember_count(self):
'''Get the member_count of this list.
Returns:
The member_count of this list
'''
return self._member_count
def SetMember_count(self, member_count):
'''Set the member_count of this list.
Args:
member_count:
The member_count of this list.
'''
self._member_count = member_count
member_count = property(GetMember_count, SetMember_count,
doc='The member_count of this list.')
def GetSubscriber_count(self):
'''Get the subscriber_count of this list.
Returns:
The subscriber_count of this list
'''
return self._subscriber_count
def SetSubscriber_count(self, subscriber_count):
'''Set the subscriber_count of this list.
Args:
subscriber_count:
The subscriber_count of this list.
'''
self._subscriber_count = subscriber_count
subscriber_count = property(GetSubscriber_count, SetSubscriber_count,
doc='The subscriber_count of this list.')
def GetFollowing(self):
'''Get the following status of this list.
Returns:
The following status of this list
'''
return self._following
def SetFollowing(self, following):
'''Set the following status of this list.
Args:
following:
The following of this list.
'''
self._following = following
following = property(GetFollowing, SetFollowing,
doc='The following status of this list.')
def GetUser(self):
'''Get the user of this list.
Returns:
The owner of this list
'''
return self._user
def SetUser(self, user):
'''Set the user of this list.
Args:
user:
The owner of this list.
'''
self._user = user
user = property(GetUser, SetUser,
doc='The owner of this list.')
def __ne__(self, other):
return not self.__eq__(other)
def __eq__(self, other):
try:
return other and \
self.id == other.id and \
self.name == other.name and \
self.slug == other.slug and \
self.description == other.description and \
self.full_name == other.full_name and \
self.mode == other.mode and \
self.uri == other.uri and \
self.member_count == other.member_count and \
self.subscriber_count == other.subscriber_count and \
self.following == other.following and \
self.user == other.user
except AttributeError:
return False
def __str__(self):
'''A string representation of this twitter.List instance.
The return value is the same as the JSON string representation.
Returns:
A string representation of this twitter.List instance.
'''
return self.AsJsonString()
def AsJsonString(self):
'''A JSON string representation of this twitter.List instance.
Returns:
A JSON string representation of this twitter.List instance
'''
return simplejson.dumps(self.AsDict(), sort_keys=True)
def AsDict(self):
'''A dict representation of this twitter.List instance.
The return value uses the same key names as the JSON representation.
Return:
A dict representing this twitter.List instance
'''
data = {}
if self.id:
data['id'] = self.id
if self.name:
data['name'] = self.name
if self.slug:
data['slug'] = self.slug
if self.description:
data['description'] = self.description
if self.full_name:
data['full_name'] = self.full_name
if self.mode:
data['mode'] = self.mode
if self.uri:
data['uri'] = self.uri
if self.member_count is not None:
data['member_count'] = self.member_count
if self.subscriber_count is not None:
data['subscriber_count'] = self.subscriber_count
if self.following is not None:
data['following'] = self.following
if self.user is not None:
data['user'] = self.user
return data
@staticmethod
def NewFromJsonDict(data):
'''Create a new instance based on a JSON dict.
Args:
data:
A JSON dict, as converted from the JSON in the twitter API
Returns:
A twitter.List instance
'''
if 'user' in data:
user = User.NewFromJsonDict(data['user'])
else:
user = None
return List(id=data.get('id', None),
name=data.get('name', None),
slug=data.get('slug', None),
description=data.get('description', None),
full_name=data.get('full_name', None),
mode=data.get('mode', None),
uri=data.get('uri', None),
member_count=data.get('member_count', None),
subscriber_count=data.get('subscriber_count', None),
following=data.get('following', None),
user=user)
class DirectMessage(object):
'''A class representing the DirectMessage structure used by the twitter API.
The DirectMessage structure exposes the following properties:
direct_message.id
direct_message.created_at
direct_message.created_at_in_seconds # read only
direct_message.sender_id
direct_message.sender_screen_name
direct_message.recipient_id
direct_message.recipient_screen_name
direct_message.text
'''
def __init__(self,
id=None,
created_at=None,
sender_id=None,
sender_screen_name=None,
recipient_id=None,
recipient_screen_name=None,
text=None):
'''An object to hold a Twitter direct message.
This class is normally instantiated by the twitter.Api class and
returned in a sequence.
Note: Dates are posted in the form "Sat Jan 27 04:17:38 +0000 2007"
Args:
id:
The unique id of this direct message. [Optional]
created_at:
The time this direct message was posted. [Optional]
sender_id:
The id of the twitter user that sent this message. [Optional]
sender_screen_name:
The name of the twitter user that sent this message. [Optional]
recipient_id:
The id of the twitter that received this message. [Optional]
recipient_screen_name:
The name of the twitter that received this message. [Optional]
text:
The text of this direct message. [Optional]
'''
self.id = id
self.created_at = created_at
self.sender_id = sender_id
self.sender_screen_name = sender_screen_name
self.recipient_id = recipient_id
self.recipient_screen_name = recipient_screen_name
self.text = text
def GetId(self):
'''Get the unique id of this direct message.
Returns:
The unique id of this direct message
'''
return self._id
def SetId(self, id):
'''Set the unique id of this direct message.
Args:
id:
The unique id of this direct message
'''
self._id = id
id = property(GetId, SetId,
doc='The unique id of this direct message.')
def GetCreatedAt(self):
'''Get the time this direct message was posted.
Returns:
The time this direct message was posted
'''
return self._created_at
def SetCreatedAt(self, created_at):
'''Set the time this direct message was posted.
Args:
created_at:
The time this direct message was created
'''
self._created_at = created_at
created_at = property(GetCreatedAt, SetCreatedAt,
doc='The time this direct message was posted.')
def GetCreatedAtInSeconds(self):
'''Get the time this direct message was posted, in seconds since the epoch.
Returns:
The time this direct message was posted, in seconds since the epoch.
'''
return calendar.timegm(rfc822.parsedate(self.created_at))
created_at_in_seconds = property(GetCreatedAtInSeconds,
doc="The time this direct message was "
"posted, in seconds since the epoch")
def GetSenderId(self):
'''Get the unique sender id of this direct message.
Returns:
The unique sender id of this direct message
'''
return self._sender_id
def SetSenderId(self, sender_id):
'''Set the unique sender id of this direct message.
Args:
sender_id:
The unique sender id of this direct message
'''
self._sender_id = sender_id
sender_id = property(GetSenderId, SetSenderId,
doc='The unique sender id of this direct message.')
def GetSenderScreenName(self):
'''Get the unique sender screen name of this direct message.
Returns:
The unique sender screen name of this direct message
'''
return self._sender_screen_name
def SetSenderScreenName(self, sender_screen_name):
'''Set the unique sender screen name of this direct message.
Args:
sender_screen_name:
The unique sender screen name of this direct message
'''
self._sender_screen_name = sender_screen_name
sender_screen_name = property(GetSenderScreenName, SetSenderScreenName,
doc='The unique sender screen name of this direct message.')
def GetRecipientId(self):
'''Get the unique recipient id of this direct message.
Returns:
The unique recipient id of this direct message
'''
return self._recipient_id
def SetRecipientId(self, recipient_id):
'''Set the unique recipient id of this direct message.
Args:
recipient_id:
The unique recipient id of this direct message
'''
self._recipient_id = recipient_id
recipient_id = property(GetRecipientId, SetRecipientId,
doc='The unique recipient id of this direct message.')
def GetRecipientScreenName(self):
'''Get the unique recipient screen name of this direct message.
Returns:
The unique recipient screen name of this direct message
'''
return self._recipient_screen_name
def SetRecipientScreenName(self, recipient_screen_name):
'''Set the unique recipient screen name of this direct message.
Args:
recipient_screen_name:
The unique recipient screen name of this direct message
'''
self._recipient_screen_name = recipient_screen_name
recipient_screen_name = property(GetRecipientScreenName, SetRecipientScreenName,
doc='The unique recipient screen name of this direct message.')
def GetText(self):
'''Get the text of this direct message.
Returns:
The text of this direct message.
'''
return self._text
def SetText(self, text):
'''Set the text of this direct message.
Args:
text:
The text of this direct message
'''
self._text = text
text = property(GetText, SetText,
doc='The text of this direct message')
def __ne__(self, other):
return not self.__eq__(other)
def __eq__(self, other):
try:
return other and \
self.id == other.id and \
self.created_at == other.created_at and \
self.sender_id == other.sender_id and \
self.sender_screen_name == other.sender_screen_name and \
self.recipient_id == other.recipient_id and \
self.recipient_screen_name == other.recipient_screen_name and \
self.text == other.text
except AttributeError:
return False
def __str__(self):
'''A string representation of this twitter.DirectMessage instance.
The return value is the same as the JSON string representation.
Returns:
A string representation of this twitter.DirectMessage instance.
'''
return self.AsJsonString()
def AsJsonString(self):
'''A JSON string representation of this twitter.DirectMessage instance.
Returns:
A JSON string representation of this twitter.DirectMessage instance
'''
return simplejson.dumps(self.AsDict(), sort_keys=True)
def AsDict(self):
'''A dict representation of this twitter.DirectMessage instance.
The return value uses the same key names as the JSON representation.
Return:
A dict representing this twitter.DirectMessage instance
'''
data = {}
if self.id:
data['id'] = self.id
if self.created_at:
data['created_at'] = self.created_at
if self.sender_id:
data['sender_id'] = self.sender_id
if self.sender_screen_name:
data['sender_screen_name'] = self.sender_screen_name
if self.recipient_id:
data['recipient_id'] = self.recipient_id
if self.recipient_screen_name:
data['recipient_screen_name'] = self.recipient_screen_name
if self.text:
data['text'] = self.text
return data
@staticmethod
def NewFromJsonDict(data):
'''Create a new instance based on a JSON dict.
Args:
data:
A JSON dict, as converted from the JSON in the twitter API
Returns:
A twitter.DirectMessage instance
'''
return DirectMessage(created_at=data.get('created_at', None),
recipient_id=data.get('recipient_id', None),
sender_id=data.get('sender_id', None),
text=data.get('text', None),
sender_screen_name=data.get('sender_screen_name', None),
id=data.get('id', None),
recipient_screen_name=data.get('recipient_screen_name', None))
class Hashtag(object):
''' A class representing a twitter hashtag
'''
def __init__(self,
text=None):
self.text = text
@staticmethod
def NewFromJsonDict(data):
'''Create a new instance based on a JSON dict.
Args:
data:
A JSON dict, as converted from the JSON in the twitter API
Returns:
A twitter.Hashtag instance
'''
return Hashtag(text = data.get('text', None))
class Trend(object):
''' A class representing a trending topic
'''
def __init__(self, name=None, query=None, timestamp=None):
self.name = name
self.query = query
self.timestamp = timestamp
def __str__(self):
return 'Name: %s\nQuery: %s\nTimestamp: %s\n' % (self.name, self.query, self.timestamp)
def __ne__(self, other):
return not self.__eq__(other)
def __eq__(self, other):
try:
return other and \
self.name == other.name and \
self.query == other.query and \
self.timestamp == other.timestamp
except AttributeError:
return False
@staticmethod
def NewFromJsonDict(data, timestamp = None):
'''Create a new instance based on a JSON dict
Args:
data:
A JSON dict
timestamp:
Gets set as the timestamp property of the new object
Returns:
A twitter.Trend object
'''
return Trend(name=data.get('name', None),
query=data.get('query', None),
timestamp=timestamp)
class Url(object):
'''A class representing an URL contained in a tweet'''
def __init__(self,
url=None,
expanded_url=None):
self.url = url
self.expanded_url = expanded_url
@staticmethod
def NewFromJsonDict(data):
'''Create a new instance based on a JSON dict.
Args:
data:
A JSON dict, as converted from the JSON in the twitter API
Returns:
A twitter.Url instance
'''
return Url(url=data.get('url', None),
expanded_url=data.get('expanded_url', None))
class Api(object):
'''A python interface into the Twitter API
By default, the Api caches results for 1 minute.
Example usage:
To create an instance of the twitter.Api class, with no authentication:
>>> import twitter
>>> api = twitter.Api()
To fetch the most recently posted public twitter status messages:
>>> statuses = api.GetPublicTimeline()
>>> print [s.user.name for s in statuses]
[u'DeWitt', u'Kesuke Miyagi', u'ev', u'Buzz Andersen', u'Biz Stone'] #...
To fetch a single user's public status messages, where "user" is either
a Twitter "short name" or their user id.
>>> statuses = api.GetUserTimeline(user)
>>> print [s.text for s in statuses]
To use authentication, instantiate the twitter.Api class with a
consumer key and secret; and the oAuth key and secret:
>>> api = twitter.Api(consumer_key='twitter consumer key',
consumer_secret='twitter consumer secret',
access_token_key='the_key_given',
access_token_secret='the_key_secret')
To fetch your friends (after being authenticated):
>>> users = api.GetFriends()
>>> print [u.name for u in users]
To post a twitter status message (after being authenticated):
>>> status = api.PostUpdate('I love python-twitter!')
>>> print status.text
I love python-twitter!
There are many other methods, including:
>>> api.PostUpdates(status)
>>> api.PostDirectMessage(user, text)
>>> api.GetUser(user)
>>> api.GetReplies()
>>> api.GetUserTimeline(user)
>>> api.GetStatus(id)
>>> api.DestroyStatus(id)
>>> api.GetFriendsTimeline(user)
>>> api.GetFriends(user)
>>> api.GetFollowers()
>>> api.GetFeatured()
>>> api.GetDirectMessages()
>>> api.GetSentDirectMessages()
>>> api.PostDirectMessage(user, text)
>>> api.DestroyDirectMessage(id)
>>> api.DestroyFriendship(user)
>>> api.CreateFriendship(user)
>>> api.GetUserByEmail(email)
>>> api.VerifyCredentials()
'''
DEFAULT_CACHE_TIMEOUT = 60 # cache for 1 minute
_API_REALM = 'Twitter API'
def __init__(self,
consumer_key=None,
consumer_secret=None,
access_token_key=None,
access_token_secret=None,
input_encoding=None,
request_headers=None,
cache=DEFAULT_CACHE,
shortner=None,
base_url=None,
use_gzip_compression=False,
debugHTTP=False):
'''Instantiate a new twitter.Api object.
Args:
consumer_key:
Your Twitter user's consumer_key.
consumer_secret:
Your Twitter user's consumer_secret.
access_token_key:
The oAuth access token key value you retrieved
from running get_access_token.py.
access_token_secret:
The oAuth access token's secret, also retrieved
from the get_access_token.py run.
input_encoding:
The encoding used to encode input strings. [Optional]
request_header:
A dictionary of additional HTTP request headers. [Optional]
cache:
The cache instance to use. Defaults to DEFAULT_CACHE.
Use None to disable caching. [Optional]
shortner:
The shortner instance to use. Defaults to None.
See shorten_url.py for an example shortner. [Optional]
base_url:
The base URL to use to contact the Twitter API.
Defaults to https://api.twitter.com. [Optional]
use_gzip_compression:
Set to True to tell enable gzip compression for any call
made to Twitter. Defaults to False. [Optional]
debugHTTP:
Set to True to enable debug output from urllib2 when performing
any HTTP requests. Defaults to False. [Optional]
'''
self.SetCache(cache)
self._urllib = urllib2
self._cache_timeout = Api.DEFAULT_CACHE_TIMEOUT
self._input_encoding = input_encoding
self._use_gzip = use_gzip_compression
self._debugHTTP = debugHTTP
self._oauth_consumer = None
self._shortlink_size = 19
self._InitializeRequestHeaders(request_headers)
self._InitializeUserAgent()
self._InitializeDefaultParameters()
if base_url is None:
self.base_url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1'
else:
self.base_url = base_url
if consumer_key is not None and (access_token_key is None or
access_token_secret is None):
print >> sys.stderr, 'Twitter now requires an oAuth Access Token for API calls.'
print >> sys.stderr, 'If your using this library from a command line utility, please'
print >> sys.stderr, 'run the the included get_access_token.py tool to generate one.'
raise TwitterError('Twitter requires oAuth Access Token for all API access')
self.SetCredentials(consumer_key, consumer_secret, access_token_key, access_token_secret)
def SetCredentials(self,
consumer_key,
consumer_secret,
access_token_key=None,
access_token_secret=None):
'''Set the consumer_key and consumer_secret for this instance
Args:
consumer_key:
The consumer_key of the twitter account.
consumer_secret:
The consumer_secret for the twitter account.
access_token_key:
The oAuth access token key value you retrieved
from running get_access_token.py.
access_token_secret:
The oAuth access token's secret, also retrieved
from the get_access_token.py run.
'''
self._consumer_key = consumer_key
self._consumer_secret = consumer_secret
self._access_token_key = access_token_key
self._access_token_secret = access_token_secret
self._oauth_consumer = None
if consumer_key is not None and consumer_secret is not None and \
access_token_key is not None and access_token_secret is not None:
self._signature_method_plaintext = oauth.SignatureMethod_PLAINTEXT()
self._signature_method_hmac_sha1 = oauth.SignatureMethod_HMAC_SHA1()
self._oauth_token = oauth.Token(key=access_token_key, secret=access_token_secret)
self._oauth_consumer = oauth.Consumer(key=consumer_key, secret=consumer_secret)
def ClearCredentials(self):
'''Clear the any credentials for this instance
'''
self._consumer_key = None
self._consumer_secret = None
self._access_token_key = None
self._access_token_secret = None
self._oauth_consumer = None
def GetSearch(self,
term=None,
geocode=None,
since_id=None,
max_id=None,
until=None,
per_page=15,
page=1,
lang=None,
show_user="true",
result_type="mixed",
include_entities=None,
query_users=False):
'''Return twitter search results for a given term.
Args:
term:
term to search by. Optional if you include geocode.
since_id:
Returns results with an ID greater than (that is, more recent
than) the specified ID. There are limits to the number of
Tweets which can be accessed through the API. If the limit of
Tweets has occurred since the since_id, the since_id will be
forced to the oldest ID available. [Optional]
max_id:
Returns only statuses with an ID less than (that is, older
than) or equal to the specified ID. [Optional]
until:
Returns tweets generated before the given date. Date should be
formatted as YYYY-MM-DD. [Optional]
geocode:
geolocation information in the form (latitude, longitude, radius)
[Optional]
per_page:
number of results to return. Default is 15 [Optional]
page:
Specifies the page of results to retrieve.
Note: there are pagination limits. [Optional]
lang:
language for results as ISO 639-1 code. Default is None (all languages)
[Optional]
show_user:
prefixes screen name in status
result_type:
Type of result which should be returned. Default is "mixed". Other
valid options are "recent" and "popular". [Optional]
include_entities:
If True, each tweet will include a node called "entities,".
This node offers a variety of metadata about the tweet in a
discreet structure, including: user_mentions, urls, and
hashtags. [Optional]
query_users:
If set to False, then all users only have screen_name and
profile_image_url available.
If set to True, all information of users are available,
but it uses lots of request quota, one per status.
Returns:
A sequence of twitter.Status instances, one for each message containing
the term
'''
# Build request parameters
parameters = {}
if since_id:
try:
parameters['since_id'] = long(since_id)
except:
raise TwitterError("since_id must be an integer")
if max_id:
try:
parameters['max_id'] = long(max_id)
except:
raise TwitterError("max_id must be an integer")
if until:
parameters['until'] = until
if lang:
parameters['lang'] = lang
if term is None and geocode is None:
return []
if term is not None:
parameters['q'] = term
if geocode is not None:
parameters['geocode'] = ','.join(map(str, geocode))
if include_entities:
parameters['include_entities'] = 1
parameters['show_user'] = show_user
parameters['rpp'] = per_page
parameters['page'] = page
if result_type in ["mixed", "popular", "recent"]:
parameters['result_type'] = result_type
# Make and send requests
url = 'http://search.twitter.com/search.json'
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
results = []
for x in data['results']:
temp = Status.NewFromJsonDict(x)
if query_users:
# Build user object with new request
temp.user = self.GetUser(urllib.quote(x['from_user']))
else:
temp.user = User(screen_name=x['from_user'], profile_image_url=x['profile_image_url_https'])
results.append(temp)
# Return built list of statuses
return results # [Status.NewFromJsonDict(x) for x in data['results']]
def GetTrendsCurrent(self, exclude=None):
'''Get the current top trending topics
Args:
exclude:
Appends the exclude parameter as a request parameter.
Currently only exclude=hashtags is supported. [Optional]
Returns:
A list with 10 entries. Each entry contains the twitter.
'''
parameters = {}
if exclude:
parameters['exclude'] = exclude
url = '%s/trends/current.json' % self.base_url
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
trends = []
for t in data['trends']:
for item in data['trends'][t]:
trends.append(Trend.NewFromJsonDict(item, timestamp = t))
return trends
def GetTrendsWoeid(self, woeid, exclude=None):
'''Return the top 10 trending topics for a specific WOEID, if trending
information is available for it.
Args:
woeid:
the Yahoo! Where On Earth ID for a location.
exclude:
Appends the exclude parameter as a request parameter.
Currently only exclude=hashtags is supported. [Optional]
Returns:
A list with 10 entries. Each entry contains a Trend.
'''
parameters = {}
if exclude:
parameters['exclude'] = exclude
url = '%s/trends/%s.json' % (self.base_url, woeid)
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
trends = []
timestamp = data[0]['as_of']
for trend in data[0]['trends']:
trends.append(Trend.NewFromJsonDict(trend, timestamp = timestamp))
return trends
def GetTrendsDaily(self, exclude=None, startdate=None):
'''Get the current top trending topics for each hour in a given day
Args:
startdate:
The start date for the report.
Should be in the format YYYY-MM-DD. [Optional]
exclude:
Appends the exclude parameter as a request parameter.
Currently only exclude=hashtags is supported. [Optional]
Returns:
A list with 24 entries. Each entry contains the twitter.
Trend elements that were trending at the corresponding hour of the day.
'''
parameters = {}
if exclude:
parameters['exclude'] = exclude
if not startdate:
startdate = time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d', time.gmtime())
parameters['date'] = startdate
url = '%s/trends/daily.json' % self.base_url
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
trends = []
for i in xrange(24):
trends.append(None)
for t in data['trends']:
idx = int(time.strftime('%H', time.strptime(t, '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M')))
trends[idx] = [Trend.NewFromJsonDict(x, timestamp = t)
for x in data['trends'][t]]
return trends
def GetTrendsWeekly(self, exclude=None, startdate=None):
'''Get the top 30 trending topics for each day in a given week.
Args:
startdate:
The start date for the report.
Should be in the format YYYY-MM-DD. [Optional]
exclude:
Appends the exclude parameter as a request parameter.
Currently only exclude=hashtags is supported. [Optional]
Returns:
A list with each entry contains the twitter.
Trend elements of trending topics for the corresponding day of the week
'''
parameters = {}
if exclude:
parameters['exclude'] = exclude
if not startdate:
startdate = time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d', time.gmtime())
parameters['date'] = startdate
url = '%s/trends/weekly.json' % self.base_url
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
trends = []
for i in xrange(7):
trends.append(None)
# use the epochs of the dates as keys for a dictionary
times = dict([(calendar.timegm(time.strptime(t, '%Y-%m-%d')),t)
for t in data['trends']])
cnt = 0
# create the resulting structure ordered by the epochs of the dates
for e in sorted(times.keys()):
trends[cnt] = [Trend.NewFromJsonDict(x, timestamp = times[e])
for x in data['trends'][times[e]]]
cnt +=1
return trends
def GetFriendsTimeline(self,
user=None,
count=None,
page=None,
since_id=None,
retweets=None,
include_entities=None):
'''Fetch the sequence of twitter.Status messages for a user's friends
The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated if the user is private.
Args:
user:
Specifies the ID or screen name of the user for whom to return
the friends_timeline. If not specified then the authenticated
user set in the twitter.Api instance will be used. [Optional]
count:
Specifies the number of statuses to retrieve. May not be
greater than 100. [Optional]
page:
Specifies the page of results to retrieve.
Note: there are pagination limits. [Optional]
since_id:
Returns results with an ID greater than (that is, more recent
than) the specified ID. There are limits to the number of
Tweets which can be accessed through the API. If the limit of
Tweets has occurred since the since_id, the since_id will be
forced to the oldest ID available. [Optional]
retweets:
If True, the timeline will contain native retweets. [Optional]
include_entities:
If True, each tweet will include a node called "entities,".
This node offers a variety of metadata about the tweet in a
discreet structure, including: user_mentions, urls, and
hashtags. [Optional]
Returns:
A sequence of twitter.Status instances, one for each message
'''
if not user and not self._oauth_consumer:
raise TwitterError("User must be specified if API is not authenticated.")
url = '%s/statuses/friends_timeline' % self.base_url
if user:
url = '%s/%s.json' % (url, user)
else:
url = '%s.json' % url
parameters = {}
if count is not None:
try:
if int(count) > 100:
raise TwitterError("'count' may not be greater than 100")
except ValueError:
raise TwitterError("'count' must be an integer")
parameters['count'] = count
if page is not None:
try:
parameters['page'] = int(page)
except ValueError:
raise TwitterError("'page' must be an integer")
if since_id:
parameters['since_id'] = since_id
if retweets:
parameters['include_rts'] = True
if include_entities:
parameters['include_entities'] = 1
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
return [Status.NewFromJsonDict(x) for x in data]
def GetUserTimeline(self,
id=None,
user_id=None,
screen_name=None,
since_id=None,
max_id=None,
count=None,
page=None,
include_rts=None,
trim_user=None,
include_entities=None,
exclude_replies=None):
'''Fetch the sequence of public Status messages for a single user.
The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated if the user is private.
Args:
id:
Specifies the ID or screen name of the user for whom to return
the user_timeline. [Optional]
user_id:
Specifies the ID of the user for whom to return the
user_timeline. Helpful for disambiguating when a valid user ID
is also a valid screen name. [Optional]
screen_name:
Specifies the screen name of the user for whom to return the
user_timeline. Helpful for disambiguating when a valid screen
name is also a user ID. [Optional]
since_id:
Returns results with an ID greater than (that is, more recent
than) the specified ID. There are limits to the number of
Tweets which can be accessed through the API. If the limit of
Tweets has occurred since the since_id, the since_id will be
forced to the oldest ID available. [Optional]
max_id:
Returns only statuses with an ID less than (that is, older
than) or equal to the specified ID. [Optional]
count:
Specifies the number of statuses to retrieve. May not be
greater than 200. [Optional]
page:
Specifies the page of results to retrieve.
Note: there are pagination limits. [Optional]
include_rts:
If True, the timeline will contain native retweets (if they
exist) in addition to the standard stream of tweets. [Optional]
trim_user:
If True, statuses will only contain the numerical user ID only.
Otherwise a full user object will be returned for each status.
[Optional]
include_entities:
If True, each tweet will include a node called "entities,".
This node offers a variety of metadata about the tweet in a
discreet structure, including: user_mentions, urls, and
hashtags. [Optional]
exclude_replies:
If True, this will prevent replies from appearing in the returned
timeline. Using exclude_replies with the count parameter will mean you
will receive up-to count tweets - this is because the count parameter
retrieves that many tweets before filtering out retweets and replies.
This parameter is only supported for JSON and XML responses. [Optional]
Returns:
A sequence of Status instances, one for each message up to count
'''
parameters = {}
if id:
url = '%s/statuses/user_timeline/%s.json' % (self.base_url, id)
elif user_id:
url = '%s/statuses/user_timeline.json?user_id=%d' % (self.base_url, user_id)
elif screen_name:
url = ('%s/statuses/user_timeline.json?screen_name=%s' % (self.base_url,
screen_name))
elif not self._oauth_consumer:
raise TwitterError("User must be specified if API is not authenticated.")
else:
url = '%s/statuses/user_timeline.json' % self.base_url
if since_id:
try:
parameters['since_id'] = long(since_id)
except:
raise TwitterError("since_id must be an integer")
if max_id:
try:
parameters['max_id'] = long(max_id)
except:
raise TwitterError("max_id must be an integer")
if count:
try:
parameters['count'] = int(count)
except:
raise TwitterError("count must be an integer")
if page:
try:
parameters['page'] = int(page)
except:
raise TwitterError("page must be an integer")
if include_rts:
parameters['include_rts'] = 1
if include_entities:
parameters['include_entities'] = 1
if trim_user:
parameters['trim_user'] = 1
if exclude_replies:
parameters['exclude_replies'] = 1
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
return [Status.NewFromJsonDict(x) for x in data]
def GetStatus(self, id, include_entities=None):
'''Returns a single status message.
The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated if the
status message is private.
Args:
id:
The numeric ID of the status you are trying to retrieve.
include_entities:
If True, each tweet will include a node called "entities".
This node offers a variety of metadata about the tweet in a
discreet structure, including: user_mentions, urls, and
hashtags. [Optional]
Returns:
A twitter.Status instance representing that status message
'''
try:
if id:
long(id)
except:
raise TwitterError("id must be an long integer")
parameters = {}
if include_entities:
parameters['include_entities'] = 1
url = '%s/statuses/show/%s.json' % (self.base_url, id)
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
return Status.NewFromJsonDict(data)
def DestroyStatus(self, id):
'''Destroys the status specified by the required ID parameter.
The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated and the
authenticating user must be the author of the specified status.
Args:
id:
The numerical ID of the status you're trying to destroy.
Returns:
A twitter.Status instance representing the destroyed status message
'''
try:
if id:
long(id)
except:
raise TwitterError("id must be an integer")
url = '%s/statuses/destroy/%s.json' % (self.base_url, id)
json = self._FetchUrl(url, post_data={'id': id})
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
return Status.NewFromJsonDict(data)
@classmethod
def _calculate_status_length(cls, status, linksize=19):
dummy_link_replacement = 'https://-%d-chars%s/' % (linksize, '-'*(linksize - 18))
shortened = ' '.join([x if not (x.startswith('http://') or
x.startswith('https://'))
else
dummy_link_replacement
for x in status.split(' ')])
return len(shortened)
def PostUpdate(self, status, in_reply_to_status_id=None, latitude=None, longitude=None):
'''Post a twitter status message from the authenticated user.
The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated.
Args:
status:
The message text to be posted.
Must be less than or equal to 140 characters.
in_reply_to_status_id:
The ID of an existing status that the status to be posted is
in reply to. This implicitly sets the in_reply_to_user_id
attribute of the resulting status to the user ID of the
message being replied to. Invalid/missing status IDs will be
ignored. [Optional]
latitude:
Latitude coordinate of the tweet in degrees. Will only work
in conjunction with longitude argument. Both longitude and
latitude will be ignored by twitter if the user has a false
geo_enabled setting. [Optional]
longitude:
Longitude coordinate of the tweet in degrees. Will only work
in conjunction with latitude argument. Both longitude and
latitude will be ignored by twitter if the user has a false
geo_enabled setting. [Optional]
Returns:
A twitter.Status instance representing the message posted.
'''
if not self._oauth_consumer:
raise TwitterError("The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated.")
url = '%s/statuses/update.json' % self.base_url
if isinstance(status, unicode) or self._input_encoding is None:
u_status = status
else:
u_status = unicode(status, self._input_encoding)
if self._calculate_status_length(u_status, self._shortlink_size) > CHARACTER_LIMIT:
raise TwitterError("Text must be less than or equal to %d characters. "
"Consider using PostUpdates." % CHARACTER_LIMIT)
data = {'status': status}
if in_reply_to_status_id:
data['in_reply_to_status_id'] = in_reply_to_status_id
if latitude != None and longitude != None:
data['lat'] = str(latitude)
data['long'] = str(longitude)
json = self._FetchUrl(url, post_data=data)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
return Status.NewFromJsonDict(data)
def PostUpdates(self, status, continuation=None, **kwargs):
'''Post one or more twitter status messages from the authenticated user.
Unlike api.PostUpdate, this method will post multiple status updates
if the message is longer than 140 characters.
The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated.
Args:
status:
The message text to be posted.
May be longer than 140 characters.
continuation:
The character string, if any, to be appended to all but the
last message. Note that Twitter strips trailing '...' strings
from messages. Consider using the unicode \u2026 character
(horizontal ellipsis) instead. [Defaults to None]
**kwargs:
See api.PostUpdate for a list of accepted parameters.
Returns:
A of list twitter.Status instance representing the messages posted.
'''
results = list()
if continuation is None:
continuation = ''
line_length = CHARACTER_LIMIT - len(continuation)
lines = textwrap.wrap(status, line_length)
for line in lines[0:-1]:
results.append(self.PostUpdate(line + continuation, **kwargs))
results.append(self.PostUpdate(lines[-1], **kwargs))
return results
def GetUserRetweets(self, count=None, since_id=None, max_id=None, include_entities=False):
'''Fetch the sequence of retweets made by a single user.
The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated.
Args:
count:
The number of status messages to retrieve. [Optional]
since_id:
Returns results with an ID greater than (that is, more recent
than) the specified ID. There are limits to the number of
Tweets which can be accessed through the API. If the limit of
Tweets has occurred since the since_id, the since_id will be
forced to the oldest ID available. [Optional]
max_id:
Returns results with an ID less than (that is, older than) or
equal to the specified ID. [Optional]
include_entities:
If True, each tweet will include a node called "entities,".
This node offers a variety of metadata about the tweet in a
discreet structure, including: user_mentions, urls, and
hashtags. [Optional]
Returns:
A sequence of twitter.Status instances, one for each message up to count
'''
url = '%s/statuses/retweeted_by_me.json' % self.base_url
if not self._oauth_consumer:
raise TwitterError("The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated.")
parameters = {}
if count is not None:
try:
if int(count) > 100:
raise TwitterError("'count' may not be greater than 100")
except ValueError:
raise TwitterError("'count' must be an integer")
if count:
parameters['count'] = count
if since_id:
parameters['since_id'] = since_id
if include_entities:
parameters['include_entities'] = True
if max_id:
try:
parameters['max_id'] = long(max_id)
except:
raise TwitterError("max_id must be an integer")
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
return [Status.NewFromJsonDict(x) for x in data]
def GetReplies(self, since=None, since_id=None, page=None):
'''Get a sequence of status messages representing the 20 most
recent replies (status updates prefixed with @twitterID) to the
authenticating user.
Args:
since_id:
Returns results with an ID greater than (that is, more recent
than) the specified ID. There are limits to the number of
Tweets which can be accessed through the API. If the limit of
Tweets has occurred since the since_id, the since_id will be
forced to the oldest ID available. [Optional]
page:
Specifies the page of results to retrieve.
Note: there are pagination limits. [Optional]
since:
Returns:
A sequence of twitter.Status instances, one for each reply to the user.
'''
url = '%s/statuses/replies.json' % self.base_url
if not self._oauth_consumer:
raise TwitterError("The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated.")
parameters = {}
if since:
parameters['since'] = since
if since_id:
parameters['since_id'] = since_id
if page:
parameters['page'] = page
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
return [Status.NewFromJsonDict(x) for x in data]
def GetRetweets(self, statusid):
'''Returns up to 100 of the first retweets of the tweet identified
by statusid
Args:
statusid:
The ID of the tweet for which retweets should be searched for
Returns:
A list of twitter.Status instances, which are retweets of statusid
'''
if not self._oauth_consumer:
raise TwitterError("The twitter.Api instsance must be authenticated.")
url = '%s/statuses/retweets/%s.json?include_entities=true&include_rts=true' % (self.base_url, statusid)
parameters = {}
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
return [Status.NewFromJsonDict(s) for s in data]
def GetRetweetsOfMe(self,
count=None,
since_id=None,
max_id=None,
trim_user=False,
include_entities=True,
include_user_entities=True):
'''Returns up to 100 of the most recent tweets of the user that have been
retweeted by others.
Args:
count:
The number of retweets to retrieve, up to 100. If omitted, 20 is
assumed.
since_id:
Returns results with an ID greater than (newer than) this ID.
max_id:
Returns results with an ID less than or equal to this ID.
trim_user:
When True, the user object for each tweet will only be an ID.
include_entities:
When True, the tweet entities will be included.
include_user_entities:
When True, the user entities will be included.
'''
if not self._oauth_consumer:
raise TwitterError("The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated.")
url = '%s/statuses/retweets_of_me.json' % self.base_url
parameters = {}
if count is not None:
try:
if int(count) > 100:
raise TwitterError("'count' may not be greater than 100")
except ValueError:
raise TwitterError("'count' must be an integer")
if count:
parameters['count'] = count
if since_id:
parameters['since_id'] = since_id
if max_id:
parameters['max_id'] = max_id
if trim_user:
parameters['trim_user'] = trim_user
if not include_entities:
parameters['include_entities'] = include_entities
if not include_user_entities:
parameters['include_user_entities'] = include_user_entities
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
return [Status.NewFromJsonDict(s) for s in data]
def GetFriends(self, user=None, cursor=-1):
'''Fetch the sequence of twitter.User instances, one for each friend.
The twitter.Api instance must be authenticated.
Args:
user:
The twitter name or id of the user whose friends you are fetching.
If not specified, defaults to the authenticated user. [Optional]
Returns:
A sequence of twitter.User instances, one for each friend
'''
if not user and not self._oauth_consumer:
raise TwitterError("twitter.Api instance must be authenticated")
if user:
url = '%s/statuses/friends/%s.json' % (self.base_url, user)
else:
url = '%s/statuses/friends.json' % self.base_url
result = []
parameters = {}
while True:
parameters['cursor'] = cursor
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
result += [User.NewFromJsonDict(x) for x in data['users']]
if 'next_cursor' in data:
if data['next_cursor'] == 0 or data['next_cursor'] == data['previous_cursor']:
break
else:
cursor = data['next_cursor']
else:
break
return result
def GetFriendIDs(self, user=None, cursor=-1):
'''Returns a list of twitter user id's for every person
the specified user is following.
Args:
user:
The id or screen_name of the user to retrieve the id list for
[Optional]
Returns:
A list of integers, one for each user id.
'''
if not user and not self._oauth_consumer:
raise TwitterError("twitter.Api instance must be authenticated")
if user:
url = '%s/friends/ids/%s.json' % (self.base_url, user)
else:
url = '%s/friends/ids.json' % self.base_url
parameters = {}
parameters['cursor'] = cursor
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
return data
def GetFollowerIDs(self, user=None, cursor=-1):
'''Returns a list of twitter user id's for every person
that is following the specified user.
Args:
user:
The id or screen_name of the user to retrieve the id list for
[Optional]
Returns:
A list of integers, one for each user id.
'''
if not user and not self._oauth_consumer:
raise TwitterError("twitter.Api instance must be authenticated")
if user:
url = '%s/followers/ids/%s.json' % (self.base_url, user)
else:
url = '%s/followers/ids.json' % self.base_url
parameters = {}
parameters['cursor'] = cursor
json = self._FetchUrl(url, parameters=parameters)
data = self._ParseAndCheckTwitter(json)
return data
def GetFollowers(self, user=None, cursor=-1):
'''Fetch the sequence of twitter.User instances, one for each follower