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Spark.io Tinker/Neopixel sketch - fails after first colorWipe call
/* tinker_neopixel v1.3 */
/* Includes ------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#include "application.h"
/* Function prototypes -------------------------------------------------------*/
int tinkerDigitalRead(String pin);
int tinkerDigitalWrite(String command);
int tinkerAnalogRead(String pin);
int tinkerAnalogWrite(String command);
class Adafruit_NeoPixel {
public:
// Constructor: number of LEDs, pin number, LED type
Adafruit_NeoPixel(uint16_t n, uint8_t p=6);
~Adafruit_NeoPixel();
void
begin(void),
show(void),
setPin(uint8_t p),
setPixelColor(uint16_t n, uint8_t r, uint8_t g, uint8_t b),
setPixelColor(uint16_t n, uint32_t c),
setBrightness(uint8_t);
uint8_t
*getPixels() const;
uint16_t
numPixels(void) const;
static uint32_t
Color(uint8_t r, uint8_t g, uint8_t b);
uint32_t
getPixelColor(uint16_t n) const;
private:
const uint16_t
numLEDs, // Number of RGB LEDs in strip
numBytes; // Size of 'pixels' buffer below
uint8_t
pin, // Output pin number
brightness,
*pixels; // Holds LED color values (3 bytes each)
uint32_t
endTime; // Latch timing reference
};
/* ======================= Adafruit_NeoPixel.cpp ======================= */
Adafruit_NeoPixel::Adafruit_NeoPixel(uint16_t n, uint8_t p) : numLEDs(n), numBytes(n), pin(p), pixels(NULL)
{
if((pixels = (uint8_t *)malloc(numBytes))) {
memset(pixels, 0, numBytes);
}
}
Adafruit_NeoPixel::~Adafruit_NeoPixel() {
if(pixels) free(pixels);
pinMode(pin, INPUT);
}
void Adafruit_NeoPixel::begin(void) {
pinMode(pin, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(pin, LOW);
}
void Adafruit_NeoPixel::show(void) {
if(!pixels) return;
while((micros() - endTime) < 50L);
__disable_irq(); // Need 100% focus on instruction timing
volatile uint32_t
c, // 24-bit pixel color
mask; // 8-bit mask
volatile uint16_t i = numBytes; // Output loop counter
volatile uint8_t
j, // 8-bit inner loop counter
*ptr = pixels, // Pointer to next byte
g, // Current green byte value
r, // Current red byte value
b; // Current blue byte value
while(i) { // While bytes left... (3 bytes = 1 pixel)
mask = 0x800000; // reset the mask
i--; // decrement bytes remaining
g = *ptr++; // Next green byte value
r = *ptr++; // Next red byte value
b = *ptr++; // Next blue byte value
c = ((uint32_t)g << 16) | ((uint32_t)r << 8) | b; // Pack the next 3 bytes to keep timing tight
j = 0; // reset the 24-bit counter
do {
PIN_MAP[pin].gpio_peripheral->BSRR = PIN_MAP[pin].gpio_pin; // HIGH
if (c & mask) { // if masked bit is high
// 700ns HIGH (meas. 694ns)
asm volatile(
"mov r0, r0" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
::: "r0", "cc", "memory");
// 600ns LOW (meas. 598ns)
PIN_MAP[pin].gpio_peripheral->BRR = PIN_MAP[pin].gpio_pin; // LOW
asm volatile(
"mov r0, r0" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
::: "r0", "cc", "memory");
}
else { // else masked bit is low
// 350ns HIGH (meas. 346ns)
asm volatile(
"mov r0, r0" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
::: "r0", "cc", "memory");
// 800ns LOW (meas. 792ns)
PIN_MAP[pin].gpio_peripheral->BRR = PIN_MAP[pin].gpio_pin; // LOW
asm volatile(
"mov r0, r0" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
"nop" "\n\t" "nop" "\n\t"
::: "r0", "cc", "memory");
}
mask >>= 1;
} while ( ++j < 24 ); // ... pixel done
} // end while(i) ... no more pixels
__enable_irq();
endTime = micros(); // Save EOD time for latch on next call
}
// Set the output pin number
void Adafruit_NeoPixel::setPin(uint8_t p) {
pinMode(pin, INPUT);
pin = p;
pinMode(p, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(p, LOW);
}
// Set pixel color from separate R,G,B components:
void Adafruit_NeoPixel::setPixelColor(
uint16_t n, uint8_t r, uint8_t g, uint8_t b) {
if(n < numLEDs) {
if(brightness) { // See notes in setBrightness()
r = (r * brightness) >> 8;
g = (g * brightness) >> 8;
b = (b * brightness) >> 8;
}
uint8_t *p = &pixels[n * 3];
*p++ = g;
*p++ = r;
*p = b;
}
}
// Set pixel color from 'packed' 32-bit RGB color:
void Adafruit_NeoPixel::setPixelColor(uint16_t n, uint32_t c) {
if(n < numLEDs) {
uint8_t
r = (uint8_t)(c >> 16),
g = (uint8_t)(c >> 8),
b = (uint8_t)c;
if(brightness) { // See notes in setBrightness()
r = (r * brightness) >> 8;
g = (g * brightness) >> 8;
b = (b * brightness) >> 8;
}
uint8_t *p = &pixels[n * 3];
*p++ = g;
*p++ = r;
*p = b;
}
}
// Convert separate R,G,B into packed 32-bit RGB color.
// Packed format is always RGB, regardless of LED strand color order.
uint32_t Adafruit_NeoPixel::Color(uint8_t r, uint8_t g, uint8_t b) {
return ((uint32_t)r << 16) | ((uint32_t)g << 8) | b;
}
// Query color from previously-set pixel (returns packed 32-bit RGB value)
uint32_t Adafruit_NeoPixel::getPixelColor(uint16_t n) const {
if(n < numLEDs) {
uint16_t ofs = n * 3;
return (uint32_t)(pixels[ofs + 2]) |
((uint32_t)(pixels[ofs ]) << 8) |
((uint32_t)(pixels[ofs + 1]) << 16);
}
return 0; // Pixel # is out of bounds
}
uint8_t *Adafruit_NeoPixel::getPixels(void) const {
return pixels;
}
uint16_t Adafruit_NeoPixel::numPixels(void) const {
return numLEDs;
}
void Adafruit_NeoPixel::setBrightness(uint8_t b) {
uint8_t newBrightness = b + 1;
if(newBrightness != brightness) { // Compare against prior value
// Brightness has changed -- re-scale existing data in RAM
uint8_t c,
*ptr = pixels,
oldBrightness = brightness - 1; // De-wrap old brightness value
uint16_t scale;
if(oldBrightness == 0) scale = 0; // Avoid /0
else if(b == 255) scale = 65535 / oldBrightness;
else scale = (((uint16_t)newBrightness << 8) - 1) / oldBrightness;
for(uint16_t i=0; i<numBytes; i++) {
c = *ptr;
*ptr++ = (c * scale) >> 8;
}
brightness = newBrightness;
}
}
/* ======================= SparkPixel.cpp ======================= */
#define PIN D0
Adafruit_NeoPixel strip = Adafruit_NeoPixel(20, PIN);
int cRed=0;
int cGrn=0;
int cBlu=0;
int timOut = 0;
int countdown;
bool colorUpdated = 0;
void showColor() {
RGB.control(true);
RGB.color(cRed, cGrn, cBlu);
colorUpdated = 1;
countdown = 1000;
}
void setup(){
Spark.function("digitalwrite", chageLEDPattern);
Spark.function("analogwrite", updateRGBLEDColor);
strip.begin();
strip.show(); // Initialize all pixels to 'off'
}
void loop(){
if( colorUpdated == 1){
colorWipe( strip.Color(cRed, cGrn, cBlu), timOut);
colorUpdated = 0;
}
if (0 == countdown)
RGB.control(false);
if (0 <= countdown)
--countdown;
}
/*******************************************************************************
* Function Name : updateRGBLEDColor
* Description : Overrides analogWrite for display purposes
* Input : Pin and Value (0 to 255)
* Output : None.
* Return : 1 on success and a negative number on failure
*******************************************************************************/
int updateRGBLEDColor(String pinAndValue) {
int pinNumber = pinAndValue.charAt(1) - '0';
int value = pinAndValue.substring(3).toInt();
if (5 == pinNumber)
cRed = value;
else if (6 == pinNumber)
cGrn = value;
else if (7 == pinNumber)
cBlu = value;
else if(0 == pinNumber)
timOut = value;
showColor();
return 0;
}
/*******************************************************************************
* Function Name : changeLEDPattern
* Description : Override digitalWrite call
* Input : Pin and value
* Output : None.
* Return : 1 on success and a negative number on failure
*******************************************************************************/
int chageLEDPattern(String command)
{
return 0;
/* Deal with this later...
bool value = 0;
//convert ascii to integer
int pinNumber = command.charAt(1) - '0';
//Sanity check to see if the pin numbers are within limits
if (pinNumber< 0 || pinNumber >7) return -1;
if(command.substring(3,7) == "HIGH") value = 1;
else if(command.substring(3,6) == "LOW") value = 0;
else return -2;
if(command.startsWith("D"))
{
pinMode(pinNumber, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(pinNumber, value);
return 1;
}
else if(command.startsWith("A"))
{
pinMode(pinNumber+10, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(pinNumber+10, value);
return 1;
}
else return -3;
*/
}
/*******************************************************************************
* NEOPIXEL FUNCTIONS
*******************************************************************************/
// Set all pixels in the strip to a solid color, then wait (ms)
void colorAll(uint32_t c, uint8_t wait) {
uint16_t i;
for(i=0; i<strip.numPixels(); i++) {
strip.setPixelColor(i, c);
}
strip.show();
delay(wait);
}
// Fill the dots one after the other with a color, wait (ms) after each one
void colorWipe(uint32_t c, uint8_t wait) {
for(uint16_t i=0; i<strip.numPixels(); i++) {
strip.setPixelColor(i, c);
strip.show();
delay(wait);
}
}
void rainbow(uint8_t wait) {
uint16_t i, j;
for(j=0; j<256; j++) {
for(i=0; i<strip.numPixels(); i++) {
strip.setPixelColor(i, Wheel((i+j) & 255));
}
strip.show();
delay(wait);
}
}
// Slightly different, this makes the rainbow equally distributed throughout, then wait (ms)
void rainbowCycle(uint8_t wait) {
uint16_t i, j;
for(j=0; j<256; j++) { // 1 cycle of all colors on wheel
for(i=0; i< strip.numPixels(); i++) {
strip.setPixelColor(i, Wheel(((i * 256 / strip.numPixels()) + j) & 255));
}
strip.show();
delay(wait);
}
}
// Input a value 0 to 255 to get a color value.
// The colours are a transition r - g - b - back to r.
uint32_t Wheel(byte WheelPos) {
if(WheelPos < 85) {
return strip.Color(WheelPos * 3, 255 - WheelPos * 3, 0);
} else if(WheelPos < 170) {
WheelPos -= 85;
return strip.Color(255 - WheelPos * 3, 0, WheelPos * 3);
} else {
WheelPos -= 170;
return strip.Color(0, WheelPos * 3, 255 - WheelPos * 3);
}
}
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