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Microsoft BASIC for 6502 Original Source Code [1978]
TITLE BASIC M6502 8K VER 1.1 BY MICRO-SOFT
SEARCH M6502
SALL
RADIX 10 ;THROUGHOUT ALL BUT MATH-PAK.
$Z:: ;STARTING POINT FOR M6502 SIMULATOR
ORG 0 ;START OFF AT LOCATION ZERO.
SUBTTL SWITCHES,MACROS.
REALIO=4 ;5=STM
;4=APPLE.
;3=COMMODORE.
;2=OSI
;1=MOS TECH,KIM
;0=PDP-10 SIMULATING 6502
INTPRC==1 ;INTEGER ARRAYS.
ADDPRC==1 ;FOR ADDITIONAL PRECISION.
LNGERR==0 ;LONG ERROR MESSAGES.
TIME== 0 ;CAPABILITY TO SET AND READ A CLK.
EXTIO== 0 ;EXTERNAL I/O.
DISKO== 0 ;SAVE AND LOAD COMMANDS
NULCMD==1 ;FOR THE "NULL" COMMAND
GETCMD==1
RORSW==1
ROMSW==1 ;TELLS IF THIS IS ON ROM.
CLMWID==14
LONGI==1 ;LONG INITIALIZATION SWITCH.
STKEND=511
BUFPAG==0
LINLEN==72 ;TERMINAL LINE LENGTH.
BUFLEN==72 ;INPUT BUFFER SIZE.
ROMLOC= ^O20000 ;ADDRESS OF START OF PURE SEGMENT.
KIMROM=1
IFE ROMSW,<KIMROM==0>
IFN REALIO-1,<KIMROM==0>
IFN ROMSW,<
RAMLOC= ^O40000 ;USED ONLY IF ROMSW=1
IFE REALIO,<ROMLOC= ^O20000 ;START AT 8K.
RAMLOC=^O1400>>
IFE REALIO-3,<
DISKO==1
RAMLOC==^O2000
ROMLOC=^O140000
NULCMD==0
GETCMD==1
linlen==40
BUFLEN==81
CQOPEN=^O177700
CQCLOS=^O177703
CQOIN= ^O177706 ;OPEN CHANNEL FOR INPUT
CQOOUT=^O177711 ;FILL FOR COMMO.
CQCCHN=^O177714
CQINCH=^O177717 ;INCHR'S CALL TO GET A CHARACTER
OUTCH= ^O177722
CQLOAD=^O177725
CQSAVE=^O177730
CQVERF=^O177733
CQSYS= ^O177736
ISCNTC=^O177741
CZGETL=^O177744 ;CALL POINT FOR "GET"
CQCALL=^O177747 ;CLOSE ALL CHANNELS
CQTIMR=^O215
BUFPAG==2
BUF==256*BUFPAG
STKEND==507
CQSTAT=^O226
CQHTIM=^O164104
EXTIO==1
TIME==1
GETCMD==1
CLMWID==10
PI=255 ;VALUE OF PI CHARACTER FOR COMMODORE.
ROMSW==1
RORSW==1
TRMPOS=^O306>
IFE REALIO-1,<GETCMD==1
DISKO==1
OUTCH=^O17240 ;1EA0
ROMLOC==^O20000
RORSW==0
CZGETL=^O17132>
IFE REALIO-2,<
RORSW==0
RAMLOC==^O1000
IFN ROMSW,<
RORSW==0
RAMLOC==^O100000>
OUTCH==^O177013>
IFE REALIO-4,<
RORSW==1
NULCMD==0
GETCMD==1
CQINLN==^O176547
CQPRMP==^O63
CQINCH==^O176414
CQCOUT==^O177315
CQCSIN==^O177375
BUFPAG==2
BUF=BUFPAG*256
ROMLOC=^O4000
RAMLOC=^O25000 ;PAGE 2A
OUTCH=^O176755
CZGETL=^O176414
LINLEN==40
BUFLEN==240
RORSW==1
STKEND=507>
IFE RORSW,<
DEFINE ROR (WD),<
LDAI 0
BCC .+4
LDAI ^O200
LSR WD
ORA WD
STA WD>>
DEFINE ACRLF,<
13
10>
DEFINE SYNCHK (Q),<
LDAI <Q>
JSR SYNCHR>
DEFINE DT(Q),<
IRPC Q,<IFDIF <Q><">,<EXP "Q">>>
DEFINE LDWD (WD),<
LDA WD
LDY <WD>+1>
DEFINE LDWDI (WD),<
LDAI <<WD>&^O377>
LDYI <<WD>/^O400>>
DEFINE LDWX (WD),<
LDA WD
LDX <WD>+1>
DEFINE LDWXI (WD),<
LDAI <<WD>&^O377>
LDXI <<WD>/^O400>>
DEFINE LDXY (WD),<
LDX WD
LDY <WD>+1>
DEFINE LDXYI (WD),<
LDXI <<WD>&^O377>
LDYI <<WD>/^O400>>
DEFINE STWD (WD),<
STA WD
STY <WD>+1>
DEFINE STWX (WD),<
STA WD
STX <WD>+1>
DEFINE STXY (WD),<
STX WD
STY <WD>+1>
DEFINE CLR (WD),<
LDAI 0
STA WD>
DEFINE COM (WD),<
LDA WD
EORI ^O377
STA WD>
DEFINE PULWD (WD),<
PLA
STA WD
PLA
STA <WD>+1>
DEFINE PSHWD (WD),<
LDA <WD>+1
PHA
LDA WD
PHA>
DEFINE JEQ (WD),<
BNE .+5
JMP WD>
DEFINE JNE (WD),<
BEQ .+5
JMP WD>
DEFINE BCCA(Q),< BCC Q> ;BRANCHES THAT ALWAYS BRANCH
DEFINE BCSA(Q),< BCS Q> ;THESE ARE USED ON THE 6502 BECAUSE
DEFINE BEQA(Q),< BEQ Q> ;THERE IS NO UNCONDITIONAL BRANCH
DEFINE BNEA(Q),< BNE Q>
DEFINE BMIA(Q),< BMI Q>
DEFINE BPLA(Q),< BPL Q>
DEFINE BVCA(Q),< BVC Q>
DEFINE BVSA(Q),< BVS Q>
DEFINE INCW(R),<
INC R
BNE %Q
INC R+1
%Q:>
DEFINE SKIP1, <XWD ^O1000,^O044> ;BIT ZERO PAGE TRICK.
DEFINE SKIP2, <XWD ^O1000,^O054> ;BIT ABS TRICK.
IF1,<
IFE REALIO,<PRINTX/SIMULATE/>
IFE REALIO-1,<PRINTX KIM>
IFE REALIO-2,<PRINTX OSI>
IFE REALIO-3,<PRINTX COMMODORE>
IFE REALIO-4,<PRINTX APPLE>
IFE REALIO-5,<PRINTX STM>
IFN ADDPRC,<PRINTX ADDITIONAL PRECISION>
IFN INTPRC,<PRINTX INTEGER ARRAYS>
IFN LNGERR,<PRINTX LONG ERRORS>
IFN DISKO,<PRINTX SAVE AND LOAD>
IFE ROMSW,<PRINTX RAM>
IFN ROMSW,<PRINTX ROM>
IFE RORSW,<PRINTX NO ROR>
IFN RORSW,<PRINTX ROR ASSUMED>>
PAGE
SUBTTL INTRODUCTION AND COMPILATION PARAMETERS.
COMMENT *
--------- ---- -- ---------
COPYRIGHT 1976 BY MICROSOFT
--------- ---- -- ---------
7/27/78 FIXED BUG WHERE FOR VARIABLE AT BYTE FF MATCHED RETURN SEARCHING
FOR GOSUB ENTRY ON STACK IN FNDFOR CALL BY CHANGING STA FORPNT
TO STA FORPNT+1. THIS IS A SERIOUS BUG IN ALL VERSIONS.
7/27/78 FIXED BUG AT NEWSTT UNDER IFN BUFPAG WHEN CHECK OF CURLIN
WAS DONE BEFORE CURLIN SET UP SO INPUT RETRIES OF FIRST STATEMENT
WAS GIVING SYNTAX ERROR INSTEAD OF REDO FROM START (CODE WAS 12/1/77 FIX)
7/1/78 SAVED A FEW BYTES IN INIT FOR COMMODORE (14)
7/1/78 FIXED BUG WHERE REPLACING A LINE OVERFLOWING MEMORY LEFT LINKS
IN A BAD STATE. (CODE AT NODEL AND FINI) BUG#4
7/1/78 FIXED BUG WHERE GARBAGE COLLECTION NEVER(!) COLLECTS TEMPS
(STY GRBPNT AT FNDVAR, LDA GRBPNT ORA GRBPNT+1 AT GRBPAS)
THIS WAS COMMODORE BUG #2
7/1/78 FIXED BUG WHERE DELETE/INSERT OF LINE COULD CAUSE A GARBAGE COLLECTION WITH BAD VARTAB IF OUT OF MEMORY
(LDWD MEMSIZ STWD FRETOP=JSR RUNC CLC ALSO AT NODEL)
3/9/78 EDIT TO FIX COMMO TRMPOS AND CHANGE LEFT$ AND RIGHT$ TO ALLOW A SECOND ARGUMENT OF 0 AND RETURN A NULL STRING
2/25/78 FIXED BUG THAT INPFLG WAS SET WRONG WHEN BUFPAG.NE.0
INCREASED NUMLEV FROM 19 TO 23
2/11/78 DISALLOWED SPACES IN RESERVED WORDS. PUT IN SPECIAL CHECK FOR "GO TO"
2/11/78 FIXED BUG WHERE ROUNDING OF THE FAC BEFORE PUSHING COULD CAUSE A STRING POINTER
IN THE FAC TO BE INCREMENTED
1/24/78 fixed problem where user defined function undefined check fix was smashing error number in [x]
12/1/77 FIXED PROBLEM WHERE PEEK WAS SMASHING (POKER) CAUSING POKE OF PEEK TO FAIL
12/1/77 FIXED PROBLEM WHERE PROBLEM WITH VARTXT=LINNUM=BUF-2 CAUSING BUF-1 COMMA TO DISAPPEAR
12/1/77 FIXED BUFPAG.NE.0 PROBLEM AT NEWSTT AND STOP : CODE WAS STILL
ASSUMING TXTPTR+1.EQ.0 IFF STATEMENT WAS DIRECT
*
NUMLEV==23 ;NUMBER OF STACK LEVELS RESERVED
;BY AN EXPLICIT CALL TO "GETSTK".
STRSIZ==3 ;# OF LOCS PER STRING DESCRIPTOR.
NUMTMP==3 ;NUMBER OF STRING TEMPORARIES.
CONTW==15 ;CHARACTER TO SUPPRESS OUTPUT.
PAGE
SUBTTL SOME EXPLANATION.
COMMENT *
M6502 BASIC CONFIGURES BASIC AS FOLLOWS
LOW LOCATIONS
PAGE ZERO
STARTUP:
INITIALLY A JMP TO INITIALIZATION CODE BUT
CHANGED TO A JMP TO "READY".
RESTARTING THE MACHINE AT LOC 0 DURING PROGRAM
EXECUTION CAN LEAVE THINGS MESSED UP.
LOC OF FAC TO INTEGER AND INTEGER TO FAC
ROUTINES.
"DIRECT" MEMORY:
THESE ARE THE MOST COMMONLY USED LOCATIONS.
THEY HOLD BOOKKEEPING INFO AND ALL OTHER
FREQUENTLY USED INFORMATION.
ALL TEMPORARIES, FLAGS, POINTERS, THE BUFFER AREA,
THE FLOATING ACCUMULATOR, AND ANYTHING ELSE THAT
IS USED TO STORE A CHANGING VALUE SHOULD BE LOCATED
IN THIS AREA. CARE MUST BE MADE IN MOVING LOCATIONS
IN THIS AREA SINCE THE JUXTAPOSITION OF TWO LOCATIONS
IS OFTEN DEPENDED UPON.
STILL IN RAM WE HAVE THE BEGINNING OF THE "CHRGET"
SUBROUTINE. IT IS HERE SO [TXTPTR] CAN BE THE
EXTENDED ADDRESS OF A LOAD INSTRUCTION.
THIS SAVES HAVING TO BOTHER ANY REGISTERS.
PAGE ONE
THE STACK.
STORAGE PAGE TWO AND ON
IN RAM VERSIONS THESE DATA STRUCTURES COME AT THE
END OF BASIC. IN ROM VERSON THEY ARE AT RAMLOC WHICH
CAN EITHER BE ABOVE OR BELOW ROMLOC, WHICH IS WHERE
BASIC ITSELF RESIDES.
A ZERO.
[TXTTAB] POINTER TO NEXT LINE'S POINTER.
LINE # OF THIS LINE (2 BYTES).
CHARACTERS ON THIS LINE.
ZERO.
POINTER AT NEXT LINE'S POINTER
(POINTED TO BY THE ABOVE POINTER).
... REPEATS ...
LAST LINE: POINTER AT ZERO POINTER.
LINE # OF THIS LINE.
CHARACTERS ON THIS LINE.
ZERO.
DOUBLE ZERO (POINTED TO BY THE ABOVE POINTER).
[VARTAB] SIMPLE VARIABLES. 6 BYTES PER VALUE.
2 BYTES GIVE THE NAME, 4 BYTES THE VALUE.
... REPEATS ...
[ARYTAB] ARRAY VARIABLES. 2 BYTES NAME, 2 BYTE
LENGTH, NUMBER OF DIMENSIONS , EXTENT OF
EACH DIMENSION (2BYTES/), VALUES
... REPEATS ...
[STREND] FREE SPACE.
... REPEATS ...
[FRETOP] STRING SPACE IN USE.
... REPEATS ...
[MEMSIZ] HIGHEST MACHINE LOCATION.
UNUSED EXCEPT BY THE VAL FUNCTION.
ROM -- CONSTANTS AND CODE.
FUNCTION DISPATCH ADDRESSES (AT ROMLOC)
"FUNDSP" CONTAINS THE ADDRESSES OF THE
FUNCTION ROUTINES IN THE ORDER OF THE
FUNCTION NAMES IN THE CRUNCH LIST.
THE FUNCTIONS THAT TAKE MORE THAN ONE ARGUMENT
ARE AT THE END. SEE THE EXPLANATION AT "ISFUN".
THE OPERATOR LIST
THE "OPTAB" LIST CONTAINS AN OPERATOR'S PRECEDENCE
FOLLOWED BY THE ADDRESS OF THE ROUTINE TO PERFORM
THE OPERATION. THE INDEX INTO THE
OPERATOR LIST IS MADE BY SUBTRACTING OFF THE CRUNCH VALUE
OF THE LOWEST NUMBERED OPERATOR. THE ORDER
OF OPERATORS IN THE CRUNCH LIST AND IN "OPTAB" IS IDENTICAL.
THE PRECEDENCES ARE ARBITRARY EXCEPT FOR THEIR
COMPARATIVE SIZES. NOTE THAT THE PRECEDENCE FOR
UNARY OPERATORS SUCH AS "NOT" AND NEGATION ARE
SETUP SPECIALLY WITHOUT USING THE LIST.
THE RESERVED WORD OR CRUNCH LIST
WHEN A COMMAND OR PROGRAM LINE IS TYPED IN
IT IS STORED IN "BUF". AS SOON AS THE WHOLE LINE
HAS BEEN TYPED IN ("INLIN" RETURNS) "CRUNCH" IS
CALLED TO CONVERT ALL RESERVED WORDS TO THEIR
CRUNCHED VALUES. THIS REDUCES THE SIZE OF THE
PROGRAM AND SPEEDS UP EXECUTION BY ALLOWING
LIST DISPATCHES TO PERFORM FUNCTIONS, STATEMENTS,
AND OPERATIONS. THIS IS BECAUSE ALL THE STATEMENT
NAMES ARE STORED CONSECUTIVELY IN THE CRUNCH LIST.
WHEN A MATCH IS FOUND BETWEEN A STRING
OF CHARACTERS AND A WORD IN THE CRUNCH LIST
THE ENTIRE TEXT OF THE MATCHED WORD IS TAKEN OUT OF
THE INPUT LINE AND A RESERVED WORD TOKEN IS PUT
IN ITS PLACE. A RESERVED WORD TOKEN IS ALWAYS EQUAL
TO OCTAL 200 PLUS THE POSITION OF THE MATCHED WORD
IN THE CRUNCH LIST.
STATEMENT DISPATCH ADDRESSES
WHEN A STATEMENT IS TO BE EXECUTED, THE FIRST
CHARACTER OF THE STATEMENT IS EXAMINED
TO SEE IF IT IS LESS THAN THE RESERVED
WORD TOKEN FOR THE LOWEST NUMBERED STATEMENT NAME.
IF SO, THE "LET" CODE IS CALLED TO
TREAT THE STATEMENT AS AN ASSIGNMENT STATEMENT.
OTHERWISE A CHECK IS MADE TO MAKE SURE THE
RESERVED WORD NUMBER IS NOT TOO LARGE TO BE A
STATEMENT TYPE NUMBER. IF NOT THE ADDRESS
TO DISPATCH TO IS FETCHED FROM "STMDSP" (THE STATEMENT
DISPATCH LIST) USING THE RESERVED WORD
NUMBER FOR THE STATEMENT TO CALCULATE AN INDEX INTO
THE LIST.
ERROR MESSAGES
WHEN AN ERROR CONDITION IS DETECTED,
[ACCX] MUST BE SET UP TO INDICATE WHICH ERROR
MESSAGE IS APPROPRIATE AND A BRANCH MUST BE MADE
TO "ERROR". THE STACK WILL BE RESET AND ALL
PROGRAM CONTEXT WILL BE LOST. VARIABLES
VALUES AND THE ACTUAL PROGRAM REMAIN INTACT.
ONLY THE VALUE OF [ACCX] IS IMPORTANT WHEN
THE BRANCH IS MADE TO ERROR. [ACCX] IS USED AS AN
INDEX INTO "ERRTAB" WHICH GIVES THE TWO
CHARACTER ERROR MESSAGE THAT WILL BE PRINTED ON THE
USER'S TERMINAL.
TEXTUAL MESSAGES
CONSTANT MESSAGES ARE STORED HERE. UNLESS
THE CODE TO CHECK IF A STRING MUST BE COPIED
IS CHANGED THESE STRINGS MUST BE STORED ABOVE
PAGE ZERO, OR ELSE THEY WILL BE COPIED BEFORE
THEY ARE PRINTED.
FNDFOR
MOST SMALL ROUTINES ARE FAIRLY SIMPLE
AND ARE DOCUMENTED IN PLACE. "FNDFOR" IS
USED FOR FINDING "FOR" ENTRIES ON
THE STACK. WHENEVER A "FOR" IS EXECUTED, A
16-BYTE ENTRY IS PUSHED ONTO THE STACK.
BEFORE THIS IS DONE, HOWEVER, A CHECK
MUST BE MADE TO SEE IF THERE
ARE ANY "FOR" ENTRIES ALREADY ON THE STACK
FOR THE SAME LOOP VARIABLE. IF SO, THAT "FOR" ENTRY
AND ALL OTHER "FOR" ENTRIES THAT WERE MADE AFTER IT
ARE ELIMINATED FROM THE STACK. THIS IS SO A
PROGRAM THAT JUMPS OUT OF THE MIDDLE
OF A "FOR" LOOP AND THEN RESTARTS THE LOOP AGAIN
AND AGAIN WON'T USE UP 18 BYTES OF STACK
SPACE EVERY TIME. THE "NEXT" CODE ALSO
CALLS "FNDFOR" TO SEARCH FOR A "FOR" ENTRY WITH
THE LOOP VARIABLE IN
THE "NEXT". AT WHATEVER POINT A MATCH IS FOUND
THE STACK IS RESET. IF NO MATCH IS FOUND A
"NEXT WITHOUT FOR" ERROR OCCURS. GOSUB EXECUTION
ALSO PUTS A 5-BYTE ENTRY ON STACK.
WHEN A RETURN IS EXECUTED "FNDFOR" IS
CALLED WITH A VARIABLE POINTER THAT CAN'T
BE MATCHED. WHEN "FNDFOR" HAS RUN
THROUGH ALL THE "FOR" ENTRIES ON THE STACK
IT RETURNS AND THE RETURN CODE MAKES
SURE THE ENTRY THAT WAS STOPPED
ON IS A GOSUB ENTRY. THIS ASSURES THAT
IF YOU GOSUB TO A SECTION OF CODE
IN WHICH A FOR LOOP IS ENTERED BUT NEVER
EXITED THE RETURN WILL STILL BE
ABLE TO FIND THE MOST RECENT
GOSUB ENTRY. THE "RETURN" CODE ELIMINATES THE
"GOSUB" ENTRY AND ALL "FOR" ENTRIES MADE AFTER
THE GOSUB ENTRY.
NON-RUNTIME STUFF
THE CODE TO INPUT A LINE, CRUNCH IT, GIVE ERRORS,
FIND A SPECIFIC LINE IN THE PROGRAM,
PERFORM A "NEW", "CLEAR", AND "LIST" ARE
ALL IN THIS AREA. GIVEN THE EXPLANATION OF
PROGRAM STORAGE SET FORTH ABOVE, THESE ARE
ALL STRAIGHTFORWARD.
NEWSTT
WHENEVER A STATEMENT FINISHES EXECUTION IT
DOES A "RTS" WHICH TAKES
EXECUTION BACK TO "NEWSTT". STATEMENTS THAT
CREATE OR LOOK AT SEMI-PERMANENT STACK ENTRIES
MUST GET RID OF THE RETURN ADDRESS OF "NEWSTT" AND
JMP TO "NEWSTT" WHEN DONE. "NEWSTT" ALWAYS
CHRGETS THE FIRST CHARACTER AFTER THE STATEMENT
NAME BEFORE DISPATCHING. WHEN RETURNING
BACK TO "NEWSTT" THE ONLY THING THAT
MUST BE SET UP IS THE TEXT POINTER IN
"TXTPTR". "NEWSTT" WILL CHECK TO MAKE SURE
"TXTPTR" IS POINTING TO A STATEMENT TERMINATOR.
IF A STATEMENT SHOULDN'T BE PERFORMED UNLESS
IT IS PROPERLY FORMATTED (I.E. "NEW") IT CAN
SIMPLY DO A RETURN AFTER READING ALL OF
ITS ARGUMENTS. SINCE THE ZERO FLAG
BEING OFF INDICATES THERE IS NOT
A STATEMENT TERMINATOR "NEWSTT" WILL
DO THE JMP TO THE "SYNTAX ERROR"
ROUTINE. IF A STATEMENT SHOULD BE STARTED
OVER IT CAN DO LDWD OLDTXT, STWD TXTPTR RTS SINCE THE TEXT PNTR
AT "NEWSTT" IS ALWAYS STORED IN "OLDTXT".
THE ^C CODE STORES [CURLIN] (THE
CURRENT LINE NUMBER) IN "OLDLIN" SINCE THE ^C CHECK
IS MADE BEFORE THE STATEMENT POINTED TO IS
EXECUTED. "STOP" AND "END" STORE THE TEXT POINTER
FROM "TXTPTR", WHICH POINTS AT THEIR TERMINATING
CHARACTER, IN "OLDTXT".
STATEMENT CODE
THE INDIVIDUAL STATEMENT CODE COMES
NEXT. THE APPROACH USED IN EXECUTING EACH
STATEMENT IS DOCUMENTED IN THE STATEMENT CODE
ITSELF.
FRMEVL, THE FORMULA EVALUATOR
GIVEN A TEXT POINTER POINTING TO THE STARTING
CHARACTER OF A FORMULA, "FRMEVL"
EVALUATES THE FORMULA AND LEAVES
THE VALUE IN THE FLOATING ACCUMULATOR (FAC).
"TXTPTR" IS RETURNED POINTING TO THE FIRST CHARACTER
THAT COULD NOT BE INTERPRETED AS PART OF THE
FORMULA. THE ALGORITHM USES THE STACK
TO STORE TEMPORARY RESULTS:
0. PUT A DUMMY PRECEDENCE OF ZERO ON
THE STACK.
1. READ LEXEME (CONSTANT,FUNCTION,
VARIABLE,FORMULA IN PARENS)
AND TAKE THE LAST PRECEDENCE VALUE
OFF THE STACK.
2. SEE IF THE NEXT CHARACTER IS AN OPERATOR.
IF NOT, CHECK PREVIOUS ONE. THIS MAY CAUSE
OPERATOR APPLICATION OR AN ACTUAL
RETURN FROM "FRMEVL".
3. IF IT IS, SEE WHAT PRECEDENCE IT HAS
AND COMPARE IT TO THE PRECEDENCE
OF THE LAST OPERATOR ON THE STACK.
4. IF = OR LESS REMEMBER THE OPERATOR
POINTER OF THIS OPERATOR
AND BRANCH TO "QCHNUM" TO CAUSE
APPLICATION OF THE LAST OPERATOR.
EVENTUALLY RETURN TO STEP 2
BY RETURNING TO JUST AFTER "DOPREC".
5. IF GREATER PUT THE LAST PRECEDENCE
BACK ON, SAVE THE OPERATOR ADDRESS,
CURRENT TEMPORARY RESULT,
AND PRECEDENCE AND RETURN TO STEP 1.
RELATIONAL OPERATORS ARE ALL HANDLED THROUGH
A COMMON ROUTINE. SPECIAL
CARE IS TAKEN TO DETECT TYPE MISMATCHES SUCH AS 3+"F".
EVAL -- THE ROUTINE TO READ A LEXEME
"EVAL" CHECKS FOR THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF
ENTITIES IT IS SUPPOSED TO DETECT.
LEADING PLUSES ARE IGNORED,
DIGITS AND "." CAUSE "FIN" (FLOATING INPUT)
TO BE CALLED. FUNCTION NAMES CAUSE THE
FORMULA INSIDE THE PARENTHESES TO BE EVALUATED
AND THE FUNCTION ROUTINE TO BE CALLED. VARIABLE
NAMES CAUSE "PTRGET" TO BE CALLED TO GET A POINTER
TO THE VALUE, AND THEN THE VALUE IS PUT INTO
THE FAC. AN OPEN PARENTHESIS CAUSES "FRMEVL"
TO BE CALLED (RECURSIVELY), AND THE ")" TO
BE CHECKED FOR. UNARY OPERATORS (NOT AND
NEGATION) PUT THEIR PRECEDENCE ON THE STACK
AND ENTER FORMULA EVALUATION AT STEP 1, SO
THAT EVERYTHING UP TO AN OPERATOR GREATER THAN
THEIR PRECEDENCE OR THE END OF THE FORMULA
WILL BE EVALUATED.
DIMENSION AND VARIABLE SEARCHING
SPACE IS ALLOCATED FOR VARIABLES AS THEY ARE
ENCOUNTERED. THUS "DIM" STATEMENTS MUST BE
EXECUTED TO HAVE EFFECT. 6 BYTES ARE ALLOCATED
FOR EACH SIMPLE VARIABLE, WHETHER IT IS A STRING,
NUMBER OR USER DEFINED FUNCTION. THE FIRST TWO
BYTES GIVE THE NAME OF THE VARIABLE AND THE LAST FOUR
GIVE ITS VALUE. [VARTAB] GIVES THE FIRST LOCATION
WHERE A SIMPLE VARIABLE NAME IS FOUND AND [ARYTAB]
GIVES THE LOCATION TO STOP SEARCHING FOR SIMPLE
VARIABLES. A "FOR" ENTRY HAS A TEXT POINTER
AND A POINTER TO A VARIABLE VALUE SO NEITHER
THE PROGRAM OR THE SIMPLE VARIABLES CAN BE
MOVED WHILE THERE ARE ACTIVE "FOR" ENTRIES ON THE STACK.
USER DEFINED FUNCTION VALUES ALSO CONTAIN
POINTERS INTO SIMPLE VARIABLE SPACE SO NO USER-DEFINED
FUNCTION VALUES CAN BE RETAINED IF SIMPLE VARIABLES
ARE MOVED. ADDING A SIMPLE VARIABLE IS JUST
ADDING SIX TO [ARYTAB] AND [STREND], BLOCK TRANSFERING
THE ARRAY VARIABLES UP BY SIX AND MAKING SURE THE
NEW [STREND] IS NOT TOO CLOSE TO THE STRINGS.
THIS MOVEMENT OF ARRAY VARIABLES MEANS
THAT NO POINTER TO AN ARRAY WILL STAY VALID WHEN
NEW SIMPLE VARIABLES CAN BE ENCOUNTERED. THIS IS
WHY ARRAY VARIABLES ARE NOT ALLOWED FOR "FOR"
LOOP VARIABLES. SETTING UP A NEW ARRAY VARIABLE
MERELY INVOLVES BUILDING THE DESCRIPTOR,
UPDATING [STREND], AND MAKING SURE THERE IS
STILL ENOUGH ROOM BETWEEN [STREND] AND STRING SPACE.
"PTRGET", THE ROUTINE WHICH RETURNS A POINTER
TO A VARIABLE VALUE, HAS TWO IMPORTANT FLAGS. ONE IS
"DIMFLG" WHICH INDICATES WHETHER "DIM" CALLED "PTRGET"
OR NOT. IF SO, NO PRIOR ENTRY FOR THE VARIABLE IN
QUESTION SHOULD BE FOUND, AND THE INDEX INDICATES
HOW MUCH SPACE TO SET ASIDE. SIMPLE VARIABLES CAN
BE "DIMENSIONED", BUT THE ONLY EFFECT WILL BE TO
SET ASIDE SPACE FOR THE VARIABLE IF IT HASN'T BEEN
ENCOUNTERED YET. THE OTHER IMPORTANT FLAG IS "SUBFLG"
WHICH INDICATES WHETHER A SUBSCRIPTED VARIABLE SHOULD BE
ALLOWED IN THE CURRENT CONTEXT. IF [SUBFLG] IS NON-ZERO
THE OPEN PARENTHESIS FOR A SUBSCRIPTED VARIABLE
WILL NOT BE SCANNED BY "PTRGET", AND "PTRGET" WILL RETURN
WITH A TEXT POINTER POINTING TO THE "(", IF
THERE WAS ONE.
STRINGS
IN THE VARIABLE TABLES STRINGS ARE STORED JUST LIKE
NUMERIC VARIABLES. SIMPLE STRINGS HAVE THREE VALUE
BYTES WHICH ARE INITIALIZED TO ALL ZEROS (WHICH
REPRESENTS THE NULL STRING). THE ONLY DIFFERENCE
IN HANDLING IS THAT WHEN "PTRGET" SEES A "$" AFTER THE
NAME OF A VARIABLE, "PTRGET" SETS [VALTYP]
TO NEGATIVE ONE AND TURNS
ON THE MSB (MOST-SIGNIFIGANT-BIT) OF THE VALUE OF
THE FIRST CHARACTER OF THE VARIABLE NAME.
HAVING THIS BIT ON IN THE NAME OF THE VARIABLE ENSURES
THAT THE SEARCH ROUTINE WILL NOT MATCH
'A' WITH 'A$' OR 'A$' WITH 'A'. THE MEANING OF
THE THREE VALUE BYTES ARE:
LOW
LENGTH OF THE STRING
LOW 8 BITS
HIGH 8 BITS OF THE ADDRESS
OF THE CHARACTERS IN THE
STRING IF LENGTH.NE.0.
MEANINGLESS OTHERWISE.
HIGH
THE VALUE OF A STRING VARIABLE (THESE 3 BYTES)
IS CALLED THE STRING DESCRIPTOR TO DISTINGUISH
IT FROM THE ACTUAL STRING DATA. WHENEVER A
STRING CONSTANT IS ENCOUNTERED IN A FORMULA OR AS
PART OF AN INPUT STRING, OR AS PART OF DATA, "STRLIT"
IS CALLED, CAUSING A DESCRIPTOR TO BE BUILT FOR
THE STRING. WHEN ASSIGNMENT IS MADE TO A STRING POINTING INTO
"BUF" THE VALUE IS COPIED INTO STRING SPACE SINCE [BUF]
IS ALWAYS CHANGING.
STRING FUNCTIONS AND THE ONE STRING OPERATOR "+"
ALWAYS RETURN THEIR VALUES IN STRING SPACE.
ASSIGNING A STRING A CONSTANT VALUE IN A PROGRAM
THROUGH A "READ" OR ASSIGNMENT STATEMENT
WILL NOT USE ANY STRING SPACE SINCE
THE STRING DESCRIPTOR WILL POINT INTO THE
PROGRAM ITSELF. IN GENERAL, COPYING IS DONE
WHEN A STRING VALUE IS IN "BUF", OR IT IS IN STRING
SPACE AND THERE IS AN ACTIVE POINTER TO IT.
THUS F$=G$ WILL CAUSE COPYING IF G$ HAS ITS
STRING DATA IN STRING SPACE. F$=CHR$(7)
WILL USE ONE BYTE OF STRING SPACE TO STORE THE
NEW ONE CHARACTER STRING CREATED BY "CHR$", BUT
THE ASSIGNMENT ITSELF WILL CAUSE NO COPYING SINCE
THE ONLY POINTER AT THE NEW STRING IS A
TEMPORARY DESCRIPTOR CREATED BY "FRMEVL" WHICH WILL
GO AWAY AS SOON AS THE ASSIGNMENT IS DONE.
IT IS THE NATURE OF GARBAGE COLLECTION THAT
DISALLOWS HAVING TWO STRING DESCRIPTORS POINT TO THE SAME
AREA IN STRING SPACE. STRING FUNCTIONS AND OPERATORS
MUST PROCEED AS FOLLOWS:
1) FIGURE OUT THE LENGTH OF THEIR RESULT.
2) CALL "GETSPA" TO FIND SPACE FOR THEIR
RESULT. THE ARGUMENTS TO THE FUNCTION
OR OPERATOR MAY CHANGE SINCE GARBAGE COLLECTION
MAY BE INVOKED. THE ONLY THING THAT CAN
BE SAVED DURING THE CALL TO "GETSPA" IS A POINTER
TO THE DESCRIPTORS OF THE ARGUMENTS.
3) CONSTRUCT THE RESULT DESCRIPTOR IN "DSCTMP".
"GETSPA" RETURNS THE LOCATION OF THE AVAILABLE
SPACE.
4) CREATE THE NEW VALUE BY COPYING PARTS
OF THE ARGUMENTS OR WHATEVER.
5) FREE UP THE ARGUMENTS BY CALLING "FRETMP".
6) JUMP TO "PUTNEW" TO GET THE DESCRIPTOR IN
"DSCTMP" TRANSFERRED INTO A NEW STRING TEMPORARY.
THE REASON FOR STRING TEMPORARIES IS THAT GARBAGE
COLLECTION HAS TO KNOW ABOUT ALL ACTIVE STRING DESCRIPTORS
SO IT KNOWS WHAT IS AND ISN'T IN USE. STRING TEMPORARIES ARE
USED TO STORE THE DESCRIPTORS OF STRING EXPRESSIONS.
INSTEAD OF HAVING AN ACTUAL VALUE STORED IN THE
FAC, AND HAVING THE VALUE OF A TEMPORARY RESULT
BEING SAVED ON THE STACK, AS HAPPENS WITH NUMERIC
VARIABLES, STRINGS HAVE THE POINTER TO A STRING DESCRIPTOR
STORED IN THE FAC, AND IT IS THIS POINTER
THAT GETS SAVED ON THE STACK BY FORMULA EVALUATION.
STRING FUNCTIONS CANNOT FREE THEIR ARGUMENTS UP RIGHT
AWAY SINCE "GETSPA" MAY FORCE
GARBAGE COLLECTION AND THE ARGUMENT STRINGS
MAY BE OVER-WRITTEN SINCE GARBAGE COLLECTION
WILL NOT BE ABLE TO FIND AN ACTIVE POINTER TO
THEM. FUNCTION AND OPERATOR RESULTS ARE BUILT IN
"DSCTMP" SINCE STRING TEMPORARIES ARE ALLOCATED
(PUTNEW) AND DEALLOCATED (FRETMP) IN A FIFO ORDERING
(I.E. A STACK) SO THE NEW TEMPORARY CANNOT
BE SET UP UNTIL THE OLD ONE(S) ARE FREED. TRYING
TO BUILD A RESULT IN A TEMPORARY AFTER
FREEING UP THE ARGUMENT TEMPORARIES COULD RESULT
IN ONE OF THE ARGUMENT TEMPORARIES BEING OVERWRITTEN
TOO SOON BY THE NEW RESULT.
STRING SPACE IS ALLOCATED AT THE VERY TOP
OF MEMORY. "MEMSIZ" POINTS BEYOND THE LAST LOCATION OF
STRING SPACE. STRINGS ARE STORED IN HIGH LOCATIONS
FIRST. WHENEVER STRING SPACE IS ALLOCATED (GETSPA).
[FRETOP], WHICH IS INITIALIZED TO [MEMSIZ], IS UPDATED
TO GIVE THE HIGHEST LOCATION IN STRING SPACE
THAT IS NOT IN USE. THE RESULT IS THAT
[FRETOP] GETS SMALLER AND SMALLER, UNTIL SOME
ALLOCATION WOULD MAKE [FRETOP] LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO
[STREND]. THIS MEANS STRING SPACE HAS RUN INTO THE
THE ARRAYS AND THAT GARBAGE COLLECTION MUST BE CALLED.
GARBAGE COLLECTION:
0. [MINPTR]=[STREND] [FRETOP]=[MEMSIZ]
1. [REMMIN]=0
2. FOR EACH STRING DESCRIPTOR
(TEMPORARIES, SIMPLE STRINGS, STRING ARRAYS)
IF THE STRING IS NOT NULL AND ITS POINTER IS
.GT.MINPTR AND .LT.FRETOP,
[MINPTR]=THIS STRING DESCRIPTOR'S POINTER,
[REMMIN]=POINTER AT THIS STRING DESCRIPTOR.
END.
3. IF REMMIN.NE.0 (WE FOUND AN UNCOLLECTED STRING),
BLOCK TRANSFER THE STRING DATA POINTED
TO IN THE STRING DESCRIPTOR POINTED TO BY "REMMIN"
SO THAT THE LAST BYTE OF STRING DATA IS AT
[FRETOP]. UPDATE [FRETOP] SO THAT IT
POINTS TO THE LOCATION JUST BELOW THE ONE
THE STRING DATA WAS MOVED INTO. UPDATE
THE POINTER IN THE DESCRIPTOR SO IT POINTS
TO THE NEW LOCATION OF THE STRING DATA.
GO TO STEP 1.
AFTER CALLING GARBAGE COLLECTION "GETSPA" AGAIN CHECKS
TO SEE IF [ACCA] CHARACTERS ARE AVAILABLE BETWEEN
[STREND] AND [FRETOP]; IF NOT, AN "OUT OF STRING"
ERROR IS INVOKED.
MATH PACKAGE
THE MATH PACKAGE CONTAINS FLOATING INPUT (FIN),
FLOATING OUTPUT (FOUT), FLOATING COMPARE (FCOMP)
... AND ALL THE NUMERIC OPERATORS AND FUNCTIONS.
THE FORMATS, CONVENTIONS AND ENTRY POINTS ARE ALL
DESCRIBED IN THE MATH PACKAGE ITSELF.
INIT -- THE INITIALIZATION ROUTINE
THE AMOUNT OF MEMORY,
TERMINAL WIDTH, AND WHICH FUNCTIONS TO BE RETAINED
ARE ASCERTAINED FROM THE USER. A ZERO IS PUT DOWN
AT THE FIRST LOCATION NOT USED BY THE MATH-PACKAGE
AND [TXTTAB] IS SET UP TO POINT AT THE NEXT LOCATION.
THIS DETERMINES WHERE PROGRAM STORAGE WILL START.
SPECIAL CHECKS ARE MADE TO MAKE SURE
ALL QUESTIONS IN "INIT" ARE ANSWERED REASONABLY, SINCE
ONCE "INIT" FINISHES, THE LOCATIONS IT USES ARE
USED FOR PROGRAM STORAGE. THE LAST THING "INIT" DOES IS
CHANGE LOCATION ZERO TO BE A JUMP TO "READY" INSTEAD
OF "INIT". ONCE THIS IS DONE THERE IS NO WAY TO RESTART
"INIT".
HIGH LOCATIONS
*
PAGE
SUBTTL PAGE ZERO.
IFN REALIO-3,<
START: JMP INIT ;INITIALIZE - SETUP CERTAIN LOCATIONS
;AND DELETE FUNCTIONS IF NOT NEEDED,
;AND CHANGE THIS TO "JMP READY"
;IN CASE USER RESTARTS AT LOC ZERO.
RDYJSR: JMP INIT ;CHANGED TO "JMP STROUT" BY "INIT"
;TO HANDLE ERRORS.
ADRAYI: ADR(AYINT) ;STORE HERE THE ADDR OF THE
;ROUTINE TO TURN THE FAC INTO A
;TWO BYTE SIGNED INTEGER IN [Y,A]
ADRGAY: ADR(GIVAYF)> ;STORE HERE THE ADDR OF THE
;ROUTINE TO CONVERT [Y,A] TO A FLOATING
;POINT NUMBER IN THE FAC.
IFN ROMSW,<
USRPOK: JMP FCERR> ;SET UP ORIG BY INIT.
;
; THIS IS THE "VOLATILE" STORAGE AREA AND NONE OF IT
; CAN BE KEPT IN ROM. ANY CONSTANTS IN THIS AREA CANNOT
; BE KEPT IN A ROM, BUT MUST BE LOADED IN BY THE
; PROGRAM INSTRUCTIONS IN ROM.
;
; --- GENERAL RAM ---:
CHARAC: BLOCK 1 ;A DELIMITING CHARACTER.
INTEGR= CHARAC ;A ONE-BYTE INTEGER FROM "QINT".
ENDCHR: BLOCK 1 ;THE OTHER DELIMITING CHARACTER.
COUNT: BLOCK 1 ;A GENERAL COUNTER.
; --- FLAGS ---:
DIMFLG: BLOCK 1 ;IN GETTING A POINTER TO A VARIABLE
;IT IS IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER WHETHER IT
;IS BEING DONE FOR "DIM" OR NOT.
;DIMFLG AND VALTYP MUST BE
;CONSECUTIVE LOCATIONS.
KIMY= DIMFLG ;PLACE TO PRESERVE Y DURING OUT.
VALTYP: BLOCK 1 ;THE TYPE INDICATOR.
;0=NUMERIC 1=STRING.
IFN INTPRC,<
INTFLG: BLOCK 1> ;TELLS IF INTEGER.
DORES: BLOCK 1 ;WHETHER CAN OR CAN'T CRUNCH RES'D WORDS.
;TURNED ON WHEN "DATA"
;BEING SCANNED BY CRUNCH SO UNQUOTED
;STRINGS WON'T BE CRUNCHED.
GARBFL= DORES ;WHETHER TO DO GARBAGE COLLECTION.
SUBFLG: BLOCK 1 ;FLAG WHETHER SUB'D VARIABLE ALLOWED.
;"FOR" AND USER-DEFINED FUNCTION
;POINTER FETCHING TURN
;THIS ON BEFORE CALLING "PTRGET"
;SO ARRAYS WON'T BE DETECTED.
;"STKINI" AND "PTRGET" CLEAR IT.
;ALSO DISALLOWS INTEGERS THERE.
INPFLG: BLOCK 1 ;FLAGS WHETHER WE ARE DOING "INPUT"
;OR "READ".
TANSGN: BLOCK 1 ;USED IN DETERMINING SIGN OF TANGENT.
IFN REALIO,<
CNTWFL: BLOCK 1> ;SUPPRESS OUTPUT FLAG.
;NON-ZERO MEANS SUPPRESS.
;RESET BY "INPUT", READY AND ERRORS.
;COMPLEMENTED BY INPUT OF ^O.
IFE REALIO-4,<ORG 80> ;ROOM FOR APPLE PAGE 0 STUFF.
; --- RAM DEALING WITH TERMINAL HANDLING ---:
IFN EXTIO,<
CHANNL: BLOCK 1> ;HOLDS CHANNEL NUMBER.
IFN NULCMD,<
NULCNT: 0> ;NUMBER OF NULLS TO PRINT.
IFN REALIO-3,<
TRMPOS: BLOCK 1> ;POSITION OF TERMINAL CARRIAGE.
LINWID: LINLEN ;LENGTH OF LINE (WIDTH).
NCMWID: NCMPOS ;POSITION BEYOND WHICH THERE ARE
;NO MORE FIELDS.
LINNUM: 0 ;LOCATION TO STORE LINE NUMBER BEFORE BUF
;SO THAT "BLTUC" CAN STORE IT ALL AWAY AT ONCE.
44 ;A COMMA (PRELOAD OR FROM ROM)
;USED BY INPUT STATEMENT SINCE THE
;DATA POINTER ALWAYS STARTS ON A
;COMMA OR TERMINATOR.
IFE BUFPAG,<
BUF: BLOCK BUFLEN> ;TYPE IN STORED HERE.
;DIRECT STATEMENTS EXECUTE OUT OF
;HERE. REMEMBER "INPUT" SMASHES BUF.
;MUST BE ON PAGE ZERO
;OR ASSIGNMENT OF STRING
;VALUES IN DIRECT STATEMENTS WON'T COPY
;INTO STRING SPACE -- WHICH IT MUST.
;N.B. TWO NONZERO BYTES MUST PRECEDE "BUFLNM".
; --- STORAGE FOR TEMPORARY THINGS ---:
TEMPPT: BLOCK 1 ;POINTER AT FIRST FREE TEMP DESCRIPTOR.
;INITIALIZED TO POINT TO TEMPST.
LASTPT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO LAST-USED STRING TEMPORARY.
TEMPST: BLOCK STRSIZ*NUMTMP ;STORAGE FOR NUMTMP TEMP DESCRIPTORS.
INDEX1: BLOCK 2 ;INDEXES.
INDEX= INDEX1
INDEX2: BLOCK 2
RESHO: BLOCK 1 ;RESULT OF MULTIPLIER AND DIVIDER.
IFN ADDPRC,<
RESMOH: BLOCK 1> ;ONE MORE BYTE.
RESMO: BLOCK 1
RESLO: BLOCK 1
ADDEND= RESMO ;TEMPORARY USED BY "UMULT".
0 ;OVERFLOW FOR RES.
; --- POINTERS INTO DYNAMIC DATA STRUCTURES ---;
TXTTAB: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO BEGINNING OF TEXT.
;DOESN'T CHANGE AFTER BEING
;SETUP BY "INIT".
VARTAB: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO START OF SIMPLE
;VARIABLE SPACE.
;UPDATED WHENEVER THE SIZE OF THE
;PROGRAM CHANGES, SET TO [TXTTAB]
;BY "SCRATCH" ("NEW").
ARYTAB: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO BEGINNING OF ARRAY
;TABLE.
;INCREMENTED BY 6 WHENEVER
;A NEW SIMPLE VARIABLE IS FOUND, AND
;SET TO [VARTAB] BY "CLEARC".
STREND: BLOCK 2 ;END OF STORAGE IN USE.
;INCREASED WHENEVER A NEW ARRAY
;OR SIMPLE VARIABLE IS ENCOUNTERED.
;SET TO [VARTAB] BY "CLEARC".
FRETOP: BLOCK 2 ;TOP OF STRING FREE SPACE.
FRESPC: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO NEW STRING.
MEMSIZ: BLOCK 2 ;HIGHEST LOCATION IN MEMORY.
; --- LINE NUMBERS AND TEXTUAL POINTERS ---:
CURLIN: BLOCK 2 ;CURRENT LINE #.
;SET TO 0,255 FOR DIRECT STATEMENTS.
OLDLIN: BLOCK 2 ;OLD LINE NUMBER (SETUP BY ^C,"STOP"
;OR "END" IN A PROGRAM).
POKER= LINNUM ;SET UP LOCATION USED BY POKE.
;TEMPORARY FOR INPUT AND READ CODE
OLDTXT: BLOCK 2 ;OLD TEXT POINTER.
;POINTS AT STATEMENT TO BE EXEC'D NEXT.
DATLIN: BLOCK 2 ;DATA LINE # -- REMEMBER FOR ERRORS.
DATPTR: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO DATA. INITIALIZED TO POINT
;AT THE ZERO IN FRONT OF [TXTTAB]
;BY "RESTORE" WHICH IS CALLED BY "CLEARC".
;UPDATED BY EXECUTION OF A "READ".
INPPTR: BLOCK 2 ;THIS REMEMBERS WHERE INPUT IS COMING FROM.
; --- STUFF USED IN EVALUATIONS ---:
VARNAM: BLOCK 2 ;VARIABLE'S NAME IS STORED HERE.
VARPNT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO VARIABLE IN MEMORY.
FDECPT= VARPNT ;POINTER INTO POWER OF TENS OF "FOUT".
FORPNT: BLOCK 2 ;A VARIABLE'S POINTER FOR "FOR" LOOPS
;AND "LET" STATEMENTS.
LSTPNT= FORPNT ;PNTR TO LIST STRING.
ANDMSK= FORPNT ;THE MASK USED BY WAIT FOR ANDING.
EORMSK= FORPNT+1 ;THE MASK FOR EORING IN WAIT.
OPPTR: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO CURRENT OP'S ENTRY IN "OPTAB".
VARTXT= OPPTR ;POINTER INTO LIST OF VARIABLES.
OPMASK: BLOCK 1 ;MASK CREATED BY CURRENT OPERATOR.
DOMASK=TANSGN ;MASK IN USE BY RELATION OPERATIONS.
DEFPNT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER USED IN FUNCTION DEFINITION.
GRBPNT= DEFPNT ;ANOTHER USED IN GARBAGE COLLECTION.
DSCPNT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO A STRING DESCRIPTOR.
IFN ADDPRC,<BLOCK 1> ;FOR TEMPF3.
FOUR6: EXP STRSIZ ;VARIABLE CONSTANT USED BY GARB COLLECT.
; --- ET CETERA ---:
JMPER: JMP 60000
SIZE= JMPER+1
OLDOV= JMPER+2 ;THE OLD OVERFLOW.
TEMPF3= DEFPNT ;A THIRD FAC TEMPORARY (4 BYTES).
TEMPF1:
IFN ADDPRC,<0> ;FOR TEMPF1S EXTRA BYTE.
HIGHDS: BLOCK 2 ;DESINATION OF HIGHEST ELEMENT IN BLT.
HIGHTR: BLOCK 2 ;SOURCE OF HIGHEST ELEMENT TO MOVE.
TEMPF2:
IFN ADDPRC,<0> ;FOR TEMPF2S EXTRA BYTE.
LOWDS: BLOCK 2 ;LOCATION OF LAST BYTE TRANSFERRED INTO.
LOWTR: BLOCK 2 ;LAST THING TO MOVE IN BLT.
ARYPNT= HIGHDS ;A POINTER USED IN ARRAY BUILDING.
GRBTOP= LOWTR ;A POINTER USED IN GARBAGE COLLECTION.
DECCNT= LOWDS ;NUMBER OF PLACES BEFORE DECIMAL POINT.
TENEXP= LOWDS+1 ;HAS A DPT BEEN INPUT?
DPTFLG= LOWTR ;BASE TEN EXPONENT.
EXPSGN= LOWTR+1 ;SIGN OF BASE TEN EXPONENT.
; --- THE FLOATING ACCUMULATOR ---:
FAC:
FACEXP: 0
FACHO: 0 ;MOST SIGNIFICANT BYTE OF MANTISSA.
IFN ADDPRC,<
FACMOH: 0> ;ONE MORE.
FACMO: 0 ;MIDDLE ORDER OF MANTISSA.
FACLO: 0 ;LEAST SIG BYTE OF MANTISSA.
FACSGN: 0 ;SIGN OF FAC (0 OR -1) WHEN UNPACKED.
SGNFLG: 0 ;SIGN OF FAC IS PRESERVED BERE BY "FIN".
DEGREE= SGNFLG ;A COUNT USED BY POLYNOMIALS.
DSCTMP= FAC ;THIS IS WHERE TEMP DESCS ARE BUILT.
INDICE= FACMO ;INDICE IS SET UP HERE BY "QINT".
BITS: 0 ;SOMETHING FOR "SHIFTR" TO USE.
; --- THE FLOATING ARGUMENT (UNPACKED) ---:
ARGEXP: 0
ARGHO: 0
IFN ADDPRC,<ARGMOH: 0>
ARGMO: 0
ARGLO: 0
ARGSGN: 0
ARISGN: 0 ;A SIGN REFLECTING THE RESULT.
FACOV: 0 ;OVERFLOW BYTE OF THE FAC.
STRNG1= ARISGN ;POINTER TO A STRING OR DESCRIPTOR.
FBUFPT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER INTO FBUFFR USED BY FOUT.
BUFPTR= FBUFPT ;POINTER TO BUF USED BY "CRUNCH".
STRNG2= FBUFPT ;POINTER TO STRING OR DESC.
POLYPT= FBUFPT ;POINTER INTO POLYNOMIAL COEFFICIENTS.
CURTOL= FBUFPT ;ABSOLUTE LINEAR INDEX IS FORMED HERE.
PAGE
SUBTTL RAM CODE.
; THIS CODE GETS CHANGED THROUGHOUT EXECUTION.
; IT IS MADE TO BE FAST THIS WAY.
; ALSO, [X] AND [Y] ARE NOT DISTURBED
;
; "CHRGET" USING [TXTPTR] AS THE CURRENT TEXT PNTR
; FETCHES A NEW CHARACTER INTO ACCA AFTER INCREMENTING [TXTPTR]
; AND SETS CONDITION CODES ACCORDING TO WHAT'S IN ACCA.
; NOT C= NUMERIC ("0" THRU "9")
; Z= ":" OR END-OF-LINE (A NULL)
;
; [ACCA] = NEW CHAR.
; [TXTPTR]=[TXTPTR]+1
;
; THE FOLLOWING EXISTS IN ROM IF ROM EXISTS AND IS LOADED
; DOWN HERE BY INIT. OTHERWISE IT IS JUST LOADED INTO THIS
; RAM LIKE ALL THE REST OF RAM IS LOADED.
;
CHRGET: INC CHRGET+7 ;INCREMENT THE WHOLE TXTPTR.
BNE CHRGOT
INC CHRGET+8
CHRGOT: LDA 60000 ;A LOAD WITH AN EXT ADDR.
TXTPTR= CHRGOT+1
CMPI " " ;SKIP SPACES.
BEQ CHRGET
QNUM: CMPI ":" ;IS IT A ":"?
BCS CHRRTS ;IT IS .GE. ":"
SEC
SBCI "0" ;ALL CHARS .GT. "9" HAVE RET'D SO
SEC
SBCI 256-"0" ;SEE IF NUMERIC.
;TURN CARRY ON IF NUMERIC.
;ALSO, SETZ IF NULL.
CHRRTS: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.
RNDX: 128 ;LOADED OR FROM ROM.
79 ;THE INITIAL RANDOM NUMBER.
199
82
IFN ADDPRC,<89> ;ONE MORE BYTE.
ORG 255 ;PAGE 1 STUFF COMING UP.
LOFBUF: BLOCK 1 ;THE LOW FAC BUFFER. COPYABLE.
;--- PAGE ZERO/ONE BOUNDARY ---.
;MUST HAVE 13 CONTIGUOUS BYTES.
FBUFFR: BLOCK 3*ADDPRC+13 ;BUFFER FOR "FOUT".
;ON PAGE 1 SO THAT STRING IS NOT COPIED.
;STACK IS LOCATED HERE. IE FROM THE END OF FBUFFR TO STKEND.
PAGE
SUBTTL DISPATCH TABLES, RESERVED WORDS, AND ERROR TEXTS.
ORG ROMLOC
STMDSP: ADR(END-1)
ADR(FOR-1)
ADR(NEXT-1)
ADR(DATA-1)
IFN EXTIO,<
ADR(INPUTN-1)>
ADR(INPUT-1)
ADR(DIM-1)
ADR(READ-1)
ADR(LET-1)
ADR(GOTO-1)
ADR(RUN-1)
ADR(IF-1)
ADR(RESTORE-1)
ADR(GOSUB-1)
ADR(RETURN-1)
ADR(REM-1)
ADR(STOP-1)
ADR(ONGOTO-1)
IFN NULCMD,<
ADR(NULL-1)>
ADR(FNWAIT-1)
IFN DISKO,<
IFE REALIO-3,<
ADR(CQLOAD-1)
ADR(CQSAVE-1)
ADR(CQVERF-1)>
IFN REALIO,<
IFN REALIO-2,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
IFN REALIO-5,<
ADR(LOAD-1)
ADR(SAVE-1)>>>>
IFN REALIO-1,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
IFN REALIO-4,<
ADR(511) ;ADDRESS OF LOAD
ADR(511)>>>> ;ADDRESS OF SAVE
ADR(DEF-1)
ADR(POKE-1)
IFN EXTIO,<
ADR(PRINTN-1)>
ADR(PRINT-1)
ADR(CONT-1)
IFE REALIO,<
ADR(DDT-1)>
ADR(LIST-1)
ADR(CLEAR-1)
IFN EXTIO,<
ADR(CMD-1)
ADR(CQSYS-1)
ADR(CQOPEN-1)
ADR(CQCLOS-1)>
IFN GETCMD,<
ADR(GET-1)> ;FILL W/ GET ADDR.
ADR(SCRATH-1)
FUNDSP: ADR(SGN)
ADR(INT)
ADR(ABS)
IFE ROMSW,<
USRLOC: ADR(FCERR)> ;INITIALLY NO USER ROUTINE.
IFN ROMSW,<
USRLOC: ADR(USRPOK)>
ADR(FRE)
ADR(POS)
ADR(SQR)
ADR(RND)
ADR(LOG)
ADR(EXP)
IFN KIMROM,<
REPEAT 4,<
ADR(FCERR)>>
IFE KIMROM,<
COSFIX: ADR(COS)
SINFIX: ADR(SIN)
TANFIX: ADR(TAN)
ATNFIX: ADR(ATN)>
ADR(PEEK)
ADR(LEN)
ADR(STR)
ADR(VAL)
ADR(ASC)
ADR(CHR)
ADR(LEFT)
ADR(RIGHT)
ADR(MID)
OPTAB: 121
ADR(FADDT-1)
121
ADR(FSUBT-1)
123
ADR(FMULTT-1)
123
ADR(FDIVT-1)
127
ADR(FPWRT-1)
80
ADR(ANDOP-1)
70
ADR(OROP-1)
NEGTAB: 125
ADR(NEGOP-1)
NOTTAB: 90
ADR(NOTOP-1)
PTDORL: 100 ;PRECEDENCE.
ADR (DOREL-1) ;OPERATOR ADDRESS.
;
; TOKENS FOR RESERVED WORDS ALWAYS HAVE THE MOST
; SIGNIFICANT BIT ON.
; THE LIST OF RESERVED WORDS:
;
Q=128-1
DEFINE DCI(A),<Q=Q+1
DC(A)>
RESLST: DCI"END"
ENDTK==Q
DCI"FOR"
FORTK==Q
DCI"NEXT"
DCI"DATA"
DATATK==Q
IFN EXTIO,<
DCI"INPUT#">
DCI"INPUT"
DCI"DIM"
DCI"READ"
DCI"LET"
DCI"GOTO"
GOTOTK==Q
DCI"RUN"
DCI"IF"
DCI"RESTORE"
DCI"GOSUB"
GOSUTK=Q
DCI"RETURN"
DCI"REM"
REMTK=Q
DCI"STOP"
DCI"ON"
IFN NULCMD,<
DCI"NULL">
DCI"WAIT"
IFN DISKO,<
DCI"LOAD"
DCI"SAVE"
IFE REALIO-3,<
DCI"VERIFY">>
DCI"DEF"
DCI"POKE"
IFN EXTIO,<
DCI"PRINT#">
DCI"PRINT"
PRINTK==Q
DCI"CONT"
IFE REALIO,<
DCI"DDT">
DCI"LIST"
IFN REALIO-3,<
DCI"CLEAR">
IFE REALIO-3,<
DCI"CLR">
IFN EXTIO,<
DCI"CMD"
DCI"SYS"
DCI"OPEN"
DCI"CLOSE">
IFN GETCMD,<
DCI"GET">
DCI"NEW"
SCRATK=Q
; END OF COMMAND LIST.
"T"
"A"
"B"
"("+128
Q=Q+1
TABTK=Q
DCI"TO"
TOTK==Q
DCI"FN"
FNTK==Q
"S"
"P"
"C"
"("+128 ;MACRO DOESNT LIKE ('S IN ARGUMENTS.
Q=Q+1
SPCTK==Q
DCI"THEN"
THENTK=Q
DCI"NOT"
NOTTK==Q
DCI"STEP"
STEPTK=Q
DCI"+"
PLUSTK=Q
DCI"-"
MINUTK=Q
DCI"*"
DCI"/"
DCI"^"
DCI"AND"
DCI"OR"
190 ;A GREATER THAN SIGN
Q=Q+1
GREATK=Q
DCI"="
EQULTK=Q
188
Q=Q+1 ;A LESS THAN SIGN
LESSTK=Q
;
; NOTE DANGER OF ONE RESERVED WORD BEING A PART
; OF ANOTHER:
; IE . . IF 2 GREATER THAN F OR T=5 THEN...
; WILL NOT WORK!!! SINCE "FOR" WILL BE CRUNCHED!!
; IN ANY CASE MAKE SURE THE SMALLER WORD APPEARS
; SECOND IN THE RESERVED WORD TABLE ("INP" AND "INPUT")
; ANOTHER EXAMPLE: IF T OR Q THEN ... "TO" IS CRUNCHED
;
DCI"SGN"
ONEFUN=Q
DCI"INT"
DCI"ABS"
DCI"USR"
DCI"FRE"
DCI"POS"
DCI"SQR"
DCI"RND"
DCI"LOG"
DCI"EXP"
DCI"COS"
DCI"SIN"
DCI"TAN"
DCI"ATN"
DCI"PEEK"
DCI"LEN"
DCI"STR$"
DCI"VAL"
DCI"ASC"
DCI"CHR$"
LASNUM==Q ;NUMBER OF LAST FUNCTION
;THAT TAKES ONE ARG
DCI"LEFT$"
DCI"RIGHT$"
DCI"MID$"
DCI"GO"
GOTK==Q
0 ;MARKS END OF RESERVED WORD LIST
IFE LNGERR,<
Q=0-2
DEFINE DCE(X),<Q=Q+2
DC(X)>
ERRTAB: DCE"NF"
ERRNF==Q ;NEXT WITHOUT FOR.
DCE"SN"
ERRSN==Q ;SYNTAX
DCE"RG"
ERRRG==Q ;RETURN WITHOUT GOSUB.
DCE"OD"
ERROD==Q ;OUT OF DATA.
DCE"FC"
ERRFC==Q ;ILLEGAL QUANTITY.
DCE"OV"
ERROV==Q ;OVERFLOW.
DCE"OM"
ERROM==Q ;OUT OF MEMORY.
DCE"US"
ERRUS==Q ;UNDEFINED STATEMENT.
DCE"BS"
ERRBS==Q ;BAD SUBSCRIPT.
DCE"DD"
ERRDD==Q ;REDIMENSIONED ARRAY.
DCE"/0"
ERRDV0==Q ;DIVISION BY ZERO.
DCE"ID"
ERRID==Q ;ILLEGAL DIRECT.
DCE"TM"
ERRTM==Q ;TYPE MISMATCH.
DCE"LS"
ERRLS==Q ;STRING TOO LONG.
IFN EXTIO,<
DCE"FD" ;FILE DATA.
ERRBD==Q>
DCE"ST"
ERRST==Q ;STRING FORMULA TOO COMPLEX.
DCE"CN"
ERRCN==Q ;CAN'T CONTINUE.
DCE"UF"
ERRUF==Q> ;UNDEFINED FUNCTION.
IFN LNGERR,<
Q=0
; NOTE: THIS ERROR COUNT TECHNIQUE WILL NOT WORK IF THERE ARE MORE
; THAN 256 CHARACTERS OF ERROR MESSAGES
ERRTAB: DC"NEXT WITHOUT FOR"
ERRNF==Q
Q=Q+16
DC"SYNTAX"
ERRSN==Q
Q=Q+6
DC"RETURN WITHOUT GOSUB"
ERRRG==Q
Q=Q+20
DC"OUT OF DATA"
ERROD==Q
Q=Q+11
DC"ILLEGAL QUANTITY"
ERRFC==Q
Q=Q+16
DC"OVERFLOW"
ERROV==Q
Q=Q+8
DC"OUT OF MEMORY"
ERROM==Q
Q=Q+13
DC"UNDEF'D STATEMENT"
ERRUS==Q
Q=Q+17
DC"BAD SUBSCRIPT"
ERRBS==Q
Q=Q+13
DC"REDIM'D ARRAY"
ERRDD==Q
Q=Q+13
DC"DIVISION BY ZERO"
ERRDV0==Q
Q=Q+16
DC"ILLEGAL DIRECT"
ERRID==Q
Q=Q+14
DC"TYPE MISMATCH"
ERRTM==Q
Q=Q+13
DC"STRING TOO LONG"
ERRLS==Q
Q=Q+15
IFN EXTIO,<
DC"FILE DATA"
ERRBD==Q
Q=Q+9>
DC"FORMULA TOO COMPLEX"
ERRST==Q
Q=Q+19
DC"CAN'T CONTINUE"
ERRCN==Q
Q=Q+14
DC"UNDEF'D FUNCTION"
ERRUF==Q>
;
; NEEDED FOR MESSAGES IN ALL VERSIONS.
;
ERR: DT" ERROR"
0
INTXT: DT" IN "
0
REDDY: ACRLF
IFE REALIO-3,<
DT"READY.">
IFN REALIO-3,<
DT"OK">
ACRLF
0
BRKTXT: ACRLF
DT"BREAK"
0
PAGE
SUBTTL GENERAL STORAGE MANAGEMENT ROUTINES.
;
; FIND A "FOR" ENTRY ON THE STACK VIA "VARPNT".
;
FORSIZ==2*ADDPRC+16
FNDFOR: TSX ;LOAD XREG WITH STK PNTR.
REPEAT 4,<INX> ;IGNORE ADR(NEWSTT) AND RTS ADDR.
FFLOOP: LDA 257,X ;GET STACK ENTRY.
CMPI FORTK ;IS IT A "FOR" TOKEN?
BNE FFRTS ;NO, NO "FOR" LOOPS WITH THIS PNTR.
LDA FORPNT+1 ;GET HIGH.
BNE CMPFOR
LDA 258,X ;PNTR IS ZERO, SO ASSUME THIS ONE.
STA FORPNT
LDA 259,X
STA FORPNT+1
CMPFOR: CMP 259,X
BNE ADDFRS ;NOT THIS ONE.
LDA FORPNT ;GET DOWN.
CMP 258,X
BEQ FFRTS ;WE GOT IT! WE GOT IT!
ADDFRS: TXA
CLC ;ADD 16 TO X.
ADCI FORSIZ
TAX ;RESULT BACK INTO X.
BNE FFLOOP
FFRTS: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.
;
; THIS IS THE BLOCK TRANSFER ROUTINE.
; IT MAKES SPACE BY SHOVING EVERYTHING FORWARD.
;
; ON ENTRY:
; [Y,A]=[HIGHDS] (FOR REASON).
; [HIGHDS]= DESTINATION OF [HIGH ADDRESS].
; [LOWTR]= LOWEST ADDR TO BE TRANSFERRED.
; [HIGHTR]= HIGHEST ADDR TO BE TRANSFERRED.
;
; A CHECK IS MADE TO ASCERTAIN THAT A REASONABLE
; AMOUNT OF SPACE REMAINS BETWEEN THE BOTTOM
; OF THE STRINGS AND THE HIGHEST LOCATION TRANSFERRED INTO.
;
; ON EXIT:
; [LOWTR] ARE UNCHANGED.
; [HIGHTR]=[LOWTR]-200 OCTAL.
; [HIGHDS]=LOWEST ADDR TRANSFERRED INTO MINUS 200 OCTAL.
;
BLTU: JSR REASON ;ASCERTAIN THAT STRING SPACE WON'T
;BE OVERRUN.
STWD STREND
BLTUC: SEC ;PREPARE TO SUBTRACT.
LDA HIGHTR
SBC LOWTR ;COMPUTE NUMBER OF THINGS TO MOVE.
STA INDEX ;SAVE FOR LATER.
TAY
LDA HIGHTR+1
SBC LOWTR+1
TAX ;PUT IT IN A COUNTER REGISTER.
INX ;SO THAT COUNTER ALGORITHM WORKS.
TYA ;SEE IF LOW PART OF COUNT IS ZERO.
BEQ DECBLT ;YES, GO START MOVING BLOCKS.
LDA HIGHTR ;NO, MUST MODIFY BASE ADDR.
SEC
SBC INDEX ;BORROW IS OFF SINCE [HIGHTR].GT.[LOWTR].
STA HIGHTR ;SAVE MODIFIED BASE ADDR.
BCS BLT1 ;IF NO BORROW, GO SHOVE IT.
DEC HIGHTR+1 ;BORROW IMPLIES SUB 1 FROM HIGH ORDER.
SEC
BLT1: LDA HIGHDS ;MOD BASE OF DEST ADDR.
SBC INDEX
STA HIGHDS
BCS MOREN1 ;NO BORROW.
DEC HIGHDS+1 ;DECREMENT HIGH ORDER BYTE.
BCC MOREN1 ;ALWAYS SKIP.
BLTLP: LDADY HIGHTR ;FETCH BYTE TO MOVE
STADY HIGHDS ;MOVE IT IN, MOVE IT OUT.
MOREN1: DEY
BNE BLTLP
LDADY HIGHTR ;MOVE LAST OF THE BLOCK.
STADY HIGHDS
DECBLT: DEC HIGHTR+1
DEC HIGHDS+1 ;START ON NEW BLOCKS.
DEX
BNE MOREN1
RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.
;
; THIS ROUTINE IS USED TO ASCERTAIN THAT A GIVEN
; NUMBER OF LOCS REMAIN AVAILABLE FOR THE STACK.
; THE CALL IS:
; LDAI NUMBER OF 2-BYTE ENTRIES NEEDED.
; JSR GETSTK
;
; THIS ROUTINE MUST BE CALLED BY ANY ROUTINE WHICH PUTS
; AN ARBITRARY AMOUNT OF STUFF ON THE STACK,
; I.E., ANY RECURSIVE ROUTINE LIKE "FRMEVL".
; IT IS ALSO CALLED BY ROUTINES SUCH AS "GOSUB" AND "FOR"
; WHICH MAKE PERMANENT ENTRIES ON THE STACK.
;
; ROUTINES WHICH MERELY USE AND FREE UP THE GUARANTEED
; NUMLEV LOCATIONS NEED NOT CALL THIS.
;
;
; ON EXIT:
; [A] AND [X] HAVE BEEN MODIFIED.
;
GETSTK: ASL A, ;MULT [A] BY 2. NB, CLEARS C BIT.
ADCI 2*NUMLEV+<3*ADDPRC>+13 ;MAKE SURE 2*NUMLEV+13 LOCS
;(13 BECAUSE OF FBUFFR)
BCS OMERR ;WILL REMAIN IN STACK.
STA INDEX
TSX ;GET STACKED.
CPX INDEX ;COMPARE.
BCC OMERR ;IF STACK.LE.INDEX1, OM.
RTS
;
; [Y,A] IS A CERTAIN ADDRESS. "REASON" MAKES SURE
; IT IS LESS THAN [FRETOP].
;
REASON: CPY FRETOP+1
BCC REARTS
BNE TRYMOR ;GO GARB COLLECT.
CMP FRETOP
BCC REARTS
TRYMOR: PHA
LDXI 8+ADDPRC ;IF TEMPF2 HAS ZERO IN BETWEEN.
TYA
REASAV: PHA
LDA HIGHDS-1,X ;SAVE HIGHDS ON STACK.
DEX
BPL REASAV ;PUT 8 OF THEM ON STK.
JSR GARBA2 ;GO GARB COLLECT.
LDXI 256-8-ADDPRC
REASTO: PLA
STA HIGHDS+8+ADDPRC,X ;RESTORE AFTER GARB COLLECT.
INX
BMI REASTO
PLA
TAY
PLA ;RESTORE A AND Y.
CPY FRETOP+1 ;COMPARE HIGHS
BCC REARTS
BNE OMERR ;HIGHER IS BAD.
CMP FRETOP ;AND THE LOWS.
BCS OMERR
REARTS: RTS
PAGE
SUBTTL ERROR HANDLER, READY, TERMINAL INPUT, COMPACTIFY, NEW, REINIT.
OMERR: LDXI ERROM
ERROR:
IFN REALIO,<
LSR CNTWFL> ;FORCE OUTPUT.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL ;CLOSE NON-TERMINAL CHANNEL.
BEQ ERRCRD
JSR CQCCHN ;CLOSE IT.
LDAI 0
STA CHANNL>
ERRCRD: JSR CRDO ;OUTPUT CRLF.
JSR OUTQST ;PRINT A QUESTION MARK
IFE LNGERR,<
LDA ERRTAB,X, ;GET FIRST CHR OF ERR MSG.
JSR OUTDO ;OUTPUT IT.
LDA ERRTAB+1,X, ;GET SECOND CHR.
JSR OUTDO> ;OUTPUT IT.
IFN LNGERR,<
GETERR: LDA ERRTAB,X
PHA
ANDI 127 ;GET RID OF HIGH BIT.
JSR OUTDO ;OUTPUT IT.
INX
PLA ;LAST CHAR OF MESSAGE?
BPL GETERR> ;NO. GO GET NEXT AND OUTPUT IT.
TYPERR: JSR STKINI ;RESET THE STACK AND FLAGS.
LDWDI ERR ;GET PNTR TO " ERROR".
ERRFIN: JSR STROUT ;OUTPUT IT.
LDY CURLIN+1
INY ;WAS NUMBER 64000?
BEQ READY ;YES, DON'T TYPE LINE NUMBER.
JSR INPRT
READY:
IFN REALIO,<
LSR CNTWFL> ;TURN OUTPUT BACK ON IF SUPRESSED
LDWDI REDDY ;SAY "OK".
IFN REALIO-3,<
JSR RDYJSR> ;OR GO TO INIT IF INIT ERROR.
IFE REALIO-3,<
JSR STROUT> ;NO INIT ERRORS POSSIBLE.
MAIN: JSR INLIN ;GET A LINE FROM TERMINAL.
STXY TXTPTR
JSR CHRGET
TAX ;SET ZERO FLAG BASED ON [A]
;THIS DISTINGUISHES ":" AND 0
BEQ MAIN ;IF BLANK LINE, GET ANOTHER.
LDXI 255 ;SET DIRECT LINE NUMBER.
STX CURLIN+1
BCC MAIN1 ;IS A LINE NUMBER. NOT DIRECT.
JSR CRUNCH ;COMPACTIFY.
JMP GONE ;EXECUTE IT.
MAIN1: JSR LINGET ;READ LINE NUMBER INTO "LINNUM".
JSR CRUNCH
STY COUNT ;RETAIN CHARACTER COUNT.
JSR FNDLIN
BCC NODEL ;NO MATCH, SO DON'T DELETE.
LDYI 1
LDADY LOWTR
STA INDEX1+1
LDA VARTAB
STA INDEX1
LDA LOWTR+1 ;SET TRANSFER TO.
STA INDEX2+1
LDA LOWTR
DEY
SBCDY LOWTR ;COMPUTE NEGATIVE LENGTH.
CLC
ADC VARTAB ;COMPUTE NEW VARTAB.
STA VARTAB
STA INDEX2 ;SET LOW OF TRANS TO.
LDA VARTAB+1
ADCI 255
STA VARTAB+1 ;COMPUTE HIGH OF VARTAB.
SBC LOWTR+1 ;COMPUTE NUMBER OF BLOCKS TO MOVE.
TAX
SEC
LDA LOWTR
SBC VARTAB ;COMPUTE OFFSET.
TAY
BCS QDECT1 ;IF VARTAB.LE.LOWTR,
INX ;DECR DUE TO CARRY, AND
DEC INDEX2+1 ;DECREMENT STORE SO CARRY WORKS.
QDECT1: CLC
ADC INDEX1
BCC MLOOP
DEC INDEX1+1
CLC ;FOR LATER ADCQ
MLOOP: LDADY INDEX1
STADY INDEX2
INY
BNE MLOOP ;BLOCK DONE?
INC INDEX1+1
INC INDEX2+1
DEX
BNE MLOOP ;DO ANOTHER BLOCK. ALWAYS.
NODEL: JSR RUNC ;RESET ALL VARIABLE INFO SO GARBAGE
;COLLECTION CAUSED BY REASON WILL WORK
JSR LNKPRG ;FIX UP THE LINKS
LDA BUF ;SEE IF ANYTHNG THERE
BEQ MAIN
CLC
LDA VARTAB
STA HIGHTR ;SETUP HIGHTR.
ADC COUNT ;ADD LENGTH OF LINE TO INSERT.
STA HIGHDS ;THIS GIVES DEST ADDR.
LDY VARTAB+1
STY HIGHTR+1 ;SAME FOR HIGH ORDERS.
BCC NODELC
INY
NODELC: STY HIGHDS+1
JSR BLTU
IFN BUFPAG,<
LDWD LINNUM ;POSITION THE BINARY LINE NUMBER
STWD BUF-2> ;IN FRONT OF BUF
LDWD STREND
STWD VARTAB
LDY COUNT
DEY
STOLOP: LDA BUF-4,Y
STADY LOWTR
DEY
BPL STOLOP
FINI: JSR RUNC ;DO CLEAR & SET UP STACK.
;AND SET [TXTPTR] TO [TXTTAB]-1.
JSR LNKPRG ;FIX UP PROGRAM LINKS
JMP MAIN
LNKPRG: LDWD TXTTAB ;SET [INDEX] TO [TXTTAB].
STWD INDEX
CLC
;
; CHEAD GOES THROUGH PROGRAM STORAGE AND FIXES
; UP ALL THE LINKS. THE END OF EACH LINE IS FOUND
; BY SEARCHING FOR THE ZERO AT THE END.
; THE DOUBLE ZERO LINK IS USED TO DETECT THE END OF THE PROGRAM.
;
CHEAD: LDYI 1
LDADY INDEX ;ARRIVED AT DOUBLE ZEROES?
BEQ LNKRTS
LDYI 4
CZLOOP: INY ;THERE IS AT LEAST ONE BYTE.
LDADY INDEX
BNE CZLOOP ;NO, CONTINUE SEARCHING.
INY ;GO ONE BEYOND.
TYA
ADC INDEX
TAX
LDYI 0
STADY INDEX
LDA INDEX+1
ADCI 0
INY
STADY INDEX
STX INDEX
STA INDEX+1
BCCA CHEAD ;ALWAYS BRANCHES.
LNKRTS: RTS
;
; THIS IS THE LINE INPUT ROUTINE.
; IT READS CHARACTERS INTO BUF USING BACKARROW (UNDERSCORE, OR
; SHIFT O) AS THE DELETE CHARACTER AND @ AS THE
; LINE DELETE CHARACTER. IF MORE THAN BUFLEN CHARACTERS
; ARE TYPED, NO ECHOING IS DONE UNTIL A BACKARROW OR @ OR CR
; IS TYPED. CONTROL-G WILL BE TYPED FOR EACH EXTRA CHARACTER.
; THE ROUTINE IS ENTERED AT INLIN.
;
IFE REALIO-4,<
INLIN: LDXI 128 ;NO PROMPT CHARACTER
STX CQPRMP
JSR CQINLN ;GET A LINE ONTO PAGE 2
CPXI BUFLEN-1
BCS GDBUFS ;NOT TOO MANY CHARACTERS
LDXI BUFLEN-1
GDBUFS: LDAI 0 ;PUT A ZERO AT THE END
STA BUF,X
TXA
BEQ NOCHR
LOPBHT: LDA BUF-1,X
ANDI 127
STA BUF-1,X
DEX
BNE LOPBHT
NOCHR: LDAI 0
LDXYI <BUF-1> ;POINT AT THE BEGINNING
RTS>
IFN REALIO-4,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
LINLIN: IFE REALIO-2,<
JSR OUTDO> ;ECHO IT.
DEX ;BACKARROW SO BACKUP PNTR AND
BPL INLINC ;GET ANOTHER IF COUNT IS POSITIVE.
INLINN: IFE REALIO-2,<
JSR OUTDO> ;PRINT THE @ OR A SECOND BACKARROW
;IF THERE WERE TOO MANY.
JSR CRDO>
INLIN: LDXI 0
INLINC: JSR INCHR ;GET A CHARACTER.
IFN REALIO-3,<
CMPI 7 ;IS IT BOB ALBRECHT RINGING THE BELL
;FOR SCHOOL KIDS?
BEQ GOODCH>
CMPI 13 ;CARRIAGE RETURN?
BEQ FININ1 ;YES, FINISH UP.
IFN REALIO-3,<
CMPI 32 ;CHECK FOR FUNNY CHARACTERS.
BCC INLINC
CMPI 125 ;IS IT TILDA OR DELETE?
BCS INLINC ;BIG BAD ONES TOO.
CMPI "@" ;LINE DELETE?
BEQ INLINN ;YES.
CMPI "_" ;CHARACTER DELETE?
BEQ LINLIN> ;YES.
GOODCH:
IFN REALIO-3,<
CPXI BUFLEN-1 ;LEAVE ROOM FOR NULL.
;COMMO ASSURES US NEVER MORE THAN BUFLEN.
BCS OUTBEL>
STA BUF,X
INX
IFE REALIO-2,<SKIP2>
IFN REALIO-2,<BNE INLINC>
IFN REALIO-3,<
OUTBEL: LDAI 7
IFN REALIO,<
JSR OUTDO> ;ECHO IT.
BNE INLINC> ;CYCLE ALWAYS.
FININ1: JMP FININL> ;GO TO FININL FAR, FAR AWAY.
INCHR:
IFE REALIO-3,<
JSR CQINCH> ;FOR COMMODORE.
IFE REALIO-2,<
INCHRL: LDA ^O176000
REPEAT 4,<NOP>
LSR A,
BCC INCHRL
LDA ^O176001 ;GET THE CHARACTER.
REPEAT 4,<NOP>
ANDI 127>
IFE REALIO-1,<
JSR ^O17132> ;1E5A FOR MOS TECH.
IFE REALIO-4,<
JSR CQINCH ;FD0C FOR APPLE COMPUTER.
ANDI 127>
IFE REALIO,<
TJSR INSIM##> ;GET A CHARACTER FROM SIMULATOR
IFN REALIO,<
IFN EXTIO,<
LDY CHANNL ;CNT-O HAS NO EFFECT IF NOT FROM TERM.
BNE INCRTS>
CMPI CONTW ;SUPPRESS OUTPUT CHARACTER (^W).
BNE INCRTS ;NO, RETURN.
PHA
COM CNTWFL ;COMPLEMENT ITS STATE.
PLA>
INCRTS: RTS ;END OF INCHR.
;
; ALL "RESERVED" WORDS ARE TRANSLATED INTO SINGLE
; BYTES WITH THE MSB ON. THIS SAVES SPACE AND TIME
; BY ALLOWING FOR TABLE DISPATCH DURING EXECUTION.
; THEREFORE ALL STATEMENTS APPEAR TOGETHER IN THE
; RESERVED WORD LIST IN THE SAME ORDER THEY
; APPEAR IN STMDSP.
;
BUFOFS=0 ;THE AMOUNT TO OFFSET THE LOW BYTE
;OF THE TEXT POINTER TO GET TO BUF
;AFTER TXTPTR HAS BEEN SETUP TO POINT INTO BUF
IFN BUFPAG,<
BUFOFS=<BUF/256>*256>
CRUNCH: LDX TXTPTR ;SET SOURCE POINTER.
LDYI 4 ;SET DESTINATION OFFSET.
STY DORES ;ALLOW CRUNCHING.
KLOOP: LDA BUFOFS,X
IFE REALIO-3,<
BPL CMPSPC ;GO LOOK AT SPACES.
CMPI PI ;PI??
BEQ STUFFH ;GO SAVE IT.
INX ;SKIP NO PRINTING.
BNE KLOOP> ;ALWAYS GOES.
CMPSPC: CMPI " " ;IS IT A SPACE TO SAVE?
BEQ STUFFH ;YES, GO SAVE IT.
STA ENDCHR ;IF IT'S A QUOTE, THIS WILL
;STOP LOOP WHEN OTHER QUOTE APPEARS.
CMPI 34 ;QUOTE SIGN?
BEQ STRNG ;YES, DO SPECIAL STRING HANDLING.
BIT DORES ;TEST FLAG.
BVS STUFFH ;NO CRUNCH, JUST STORE.
CMPI "?" ;A QMARK?
BNE KLOOP1
LDAI PRINTK ;YES, STUFF A "PRINT" TOKEN.
BNE STUFFH ;ALWAYS GO TO STUFFH.
KLOOP1: CMPI "0" ;SKIP NUMERICS.
BCC MUSTCR
CMPI 60 ;":" AND ";" ARE ENTERED STRAIGHTAWAY.
BCC STUFFH
MUSTCR: STY BUFPTR ;SAVE BUFFER POINTER.
LDYI 0 ;LOAD RESLST POINTER.
STY COUNT ;ALSO CLEAR COUNT.
DEY
STX TXTPTR ;SAVE TEXT POINTER FOR LATER USE.
DEX
RESER: INY
RESPUL: INX
RESCON: LDA BUFOFS,X
SEC ;PREPARE TO SUBSTARCT.
SBC RESLST,Y ;CHARACTERS EQUAL?
BEQ RESER ;YES, CONTINUE SEARCH.
CMPI 128 ;NO BUT MAYBE THE END IS HERE.
BNE NTHIS ;NO, TRULY UNEQUAL.
ORA COUNT
GETBPT: LDY BUFPTR ;GET BUFFER PNTR.
STUFFH: INX
INY
STA BUF-5,Y
LDA BUF-5,Y
BEQ CRDONE ;NULL IMPLIES END OF LINE.
SEC ;PREPARE TO SUBSTARCT.
SBCI ":" ;IS IT A ":"?
BEQ COLIS ;YES, ALLOW CRUNCHING AGAIN.
CMPI DATATK-":" ;IS IT A DATATK?
BNE NODATT ;NO, SEE IF IT IS REM TOKEN.
COLIS: STA DORES ;SETUP FLAG.
NODATT: SEC ;PREP TO SBCQ
SBCI REMTK-":" ;REM ONLY STOPS ON NULL.
BNE KLOOP ;NO, CONTINUE CRUNCHING.
STA ENDCHR ;REM STOPS ONLY ON NULL, NOT : OR ".
STR1: LDA BUFOFS,X
BEQ STUFFH ;YES, END OF LINE, SO DONE.
CMP ENDCHR ;END OF GOBBLE?
BEQ STUFFH ;YES, DONE WITH STRING.
STRNG: INY ;INCREMENT BUFFER POINTER.
STA BUF-5,Y
INX
BNE STR1 ;PROCESS NEXT CHARACTER.
NTHIS: LDX TXTPTR ;RESTORE TEXT POINTER.
INC COUNT ;INCREMENT RES WORD COUNT.
NTHIS1: INY
LDA RESLST-1,Y, ;GET RES CHARACTER.
BPL NTHIS1 ;END OF ENTRY?
LDA RESLST,Y, ;YES. IS IT THE END?
BNE RESCON ;NO, TRY THE NEXT WORD.
LDA BUFOFS,X ;YES, END OF TABLE. GET 1ST CHR.
BPL GETBPT ;STORE IT AWAY (ALWAYS BRANCHES).
CRDONE: STA BUF-3,Y, ;SO THAT IF THIS IS A DIR STATEMENT
;ITS END WILL LOOK LIKE END OF PROGRAM.
IFN <<BUF+BUFLEN>/256>-<<BUF-1>/256>,<
DEC TXTPTR+1>
LDAI <BUF&255>-1 ;MAKE TXTPTR POINT TO
STA TXTPTR ;CRUNCHED LINE.
LISTRT: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.
;
; FNDLIN SEARCHES THE PROGRAM TEXT FOR THE LINE
; WHOSE NUMBER IS PASSED IN "LINNUM".
; THERE ARE TWO POSSIBLE RETURNS:
;
; 1) CARRY SET.
; LOWTR POINTS TO THE LINK FIELD IN THE LINE
; WHICH IS THE ONE SEARCHED FOR.
;
; 2) CARRY NOT SET.
; LINE NOT FOUND. [LOWTR] POINTS TO THE LINE IN THE
; PROGRAM GREATER THAN THE ONE SOUGHT AFTER.
;
FNDLIN: LDWX TXTTAB ;LOAD [X,A] WITH [TXTTAB]
FNDLNC: LDYI 1
STWX LOWTR ;STORE [X,A] INTO LOWTR
LDADY LOWTR ;SEE IF LINK IS 0
BEQ FLINRT
INY
INY
LDA LINNUM+1 ;COMP HIGH ORDERS OF LINE NUMBERS.
CMPDY LOWTR
BCC FLNRTS ;NO SUCH LINE NUMBER.
BEQ FNDLO1
DEY
BNE AFFRTS ;ALWAYS BRANCH.
FNDLO1: LDA LINNUM
DEY
CMPDY LOWTR ;COMPARE LOW ORDERS.
BCC FLNRTS ;NO SUCH NUMBER.
BEQ FLNRTS ;GO TIT.
AFFRTS: DEY
LDADY LOWTR ;FETCH LINK.
TAX
DEY
LDADY LOWTR
BCS FNDLNC ;ALWAYS BRANCHES.
FLINRT: CLC ;C MAY BE HIGH.
FLNRTS: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.
;
; THE "NEW" COMMAND CLEARS THE PROGRAM TEXT AS WELL
; AS VARIABLE SPACE.
;
SCRATH: BNE FLNRTS ;MAKE SURE THERE IS A TERMINATOR.
SCRTCH: LDAI 0 ;GET A CLEARER.
TAY ;SET UP INDEX.
STADY TXTTAB ;CLEAR FIRST LINK.
INY
STADY TXTTAB
LDA TXTTAB
CLC
ADCI 2
STA VARTAB ;SETUP [VARTAB].
LDA TXTTAB+1
ADCI 0
STA VARTAB+1
RUNC: JSR STXTPT
LDAI 0 ;SET ZERO FLAG
;
; THIS CODE IS FOR THE CLEAR COMMAND.
;
CLEAR: BNE STKRTS ;SYNTAX ERROR IF NO TERMINATOR.
;
; CLEAR INITIALIZES THE VARIABLE AND
; ARRAY SPACE BY RESETING ARYTAB (THE END OF SIMPLE VARIABLE SPACE)
; AND STREND (THE END OF ARRAY STORAGE). IT FALLS INTO "STKINI"
; WHICH RESETS THE STACK.
;
CLEARC: LDWD MEMSIZ ;FREE UP STRING SPACE.
STWD FRETOP
IFN EXTIO,<
JSR CQCALL> ;CLOSE ALL OPEN FILES.
LDWD VARTAB ;LIBERATE THE
STWD ARYTAB ;VARIABLES AND
STWD STREND ;ARRAYS.
FLOAD: JSR RESTOR ;RESTORE DATA.
;
; STKINI RESETS THE STACK POINTER ELIMINATING
; GOSUB AND FOR CONTEXT. STRING TEMPORARIES ARE FREED
; UP, SUBFLG IS RESET. CONTINUING IS PROHIBITED.
; AND A DUMMY ENTRY IS LEFT AT THE BOTTOM OF THE STACK SO "FNDFOR" WILL ALWAYS
; FIND A NON-"FOR" ENTRY AT THE BOTTOM OF THE STACK.
;
STKINI: LDXI TEMPST ;INITIALIZE STRING TEMPORARIES.
STX TEMPPT
PLA ;SETUP RETURN ADDRESS.
TAY
PLA
LDXI STKEND-257
TXS
PHA
TYA
PHA
LDAI 0
STA OLDTXT+1 ;DISALLOWING CONTINUING
STA SUBFLG ;ALLOW SUBSCRIPTS.
STKRTS: RTS
STXTPT: CLC
LDA TXTTAB
ADCI 255
STA TXTPTR
LDA TXTTAB+1
ADCI 255
STA TXTPTR+1 ;SETUP TEXT POINTER.
RTS
PAGE
SUBTTL THE "LIST" COMMAND.
LIST: BCC GOLST ;IT IS A DIGIT.
BEQ GOLST ;IT IS A TERMINATOR.
CMPI MINUTK ;DASH PRECEDING?
BNE STKRTS ;NO, SO SYNTAX ERROR.
GOLST: JSR LINGET ;GET LINE NUMBER INTO NUMLIN.
JSR FNDLIN ;FIND LINE .GE. [NUMLIN].
JSR CHRGOT ;GET LAST CHARACTER.
BEQ LSTEND ;IF END OF LINE, # IS THE END.
CMPI MINUTK ;DASH?
BNE FLNRTS ;IF NOT, SYNTAX ERROR.
JSR CHRGET ;GET NEXT CHAR.
JSR LINGET ;GET END #.
BNE FLNRTS ;IF NOT TERMINATOR, ERROR.
LSTEND: PLA
PLA ;GET RID OF "NEWSTT" RTS ADDR.
LDA LINNUM ;SEE IF IT WAS EXISTENT.
ORA LINNUM+1
BNE LIST4 ;IT WAS TYPED.
LDAI 255
STA LINNUM
STA LINNUM+1 ;MAKE IT HUGE.
LIST4: LDYI 1
IFE REALIO-3,<
STY DORES>
LDADY LOWTR ;IS LINK ZERO?
BEQ GRODY ;YES, GO TO READY.
IFN REALIO,<
JSR ISCNTC> ;LISTEN FOR CONT-C.
JSR CRDO ;PRINT CRLF TO START WITH.
INY
LDADY LOWTR
TAX
INY
LDADY LOWTR ;GET LINE NUMBER.
CMP LINNUM+1 ;SEE IF BEYOND LAST.
BNE TSTDUN ;GO DETERMINE RELATION.
CPX LINNUM ;WAS EQUAL SO TEST LOW ORDER.
BEQ TYPLIN ;EQUAL, SO LIST IT.
TSTDUN: BCS GRODY ;IF LINE IS GR THAN LAST, THEN DUNE.
TYPLIN: STY LSTPNT
JSR LINPRT ;PRINT AS INT WITHOUT LEADING SPACE.
LDAI " " ;ALWAYS PRINT SPACE AFTER NUMBER.
PRIT4: LDY LSTPNT ;GET POINTER TO LINE BACK.
ANDI 127
PLOOP: JSR OUTDO ;PRINT CHAR.
IFE REALIO-3,<
CMPI 34
BNE PLOOP1
COM DORES> ;IF QUOTE, COMPLEMENT FLAG.
PLOOP1: INY
BEQ GRODY ;IF WE HAVE PRINTED 256 CHARACTERS
;THE PROGRAM MUST BE MISFORMATED IN
;MEMORY DUE TO A BAD LOAD OR BAD
;HARDWARE. LET THE GUY RECOVER
LDADY LOWTR ;GET NEXT CHAR. IS IT ZERO?
BNE QPLOP ;YES. END OF LINE.
TAY
LDADY LOWTR
TAX
INY
LDADY LOWTR
STX LOWTR
STA LOWTR+1
BNE LIST4 ;BRANCH IF SOMETHING TO LIST.
GRODY: JMP READY
;IS IT A TOKEN?
QPLOP: BPL PLOOP ;NO, HEAD FOR PRINTER.
IFE REALIO-3,<
CMPI PI
BEQ PLOOP
BIT DORES ;INSIDE QUOTE MARKS?
BMI PLOOP> ;YES, JUST TYPE THE CHARACTER.
SEC
SBCI 127 ;GET RID OF SIGN BIT AND ADD 1.
TAX ;MAKE IT A COUNTER.
STY LSTPNT ;SAVE POINTER TO LINE.
LDYI 255 ;LOOK AT RES'D WORD LIST.
RESRCH: DEX ;IS THIS THE RES'D WORD?
BEQ PRIT3 ;YES, GO TOSS IT UP..
RESCR1: INY
LDA RESLST,Y, ;END OF ENTRY?
BPL RESCR1 ;NO, CONTINUE PASSING.
BMI RESRCH
PRIT3: INY
LDA RESLST,Y
BMI PRIT4 ;END OF RESERVED WORD.
JSR OUTDO ;PRINT IT.
BNE PRIT3 ;END OF ENTRY? NO, TYPE REST.
PAGE
SUBTTL THE "FOR" STATEMENT.
;
; A "FOR" ENTRY ON THE STACK HAS THE FOLLOWING FORMAT:
;
; LOW ADDRESS
; TOKEN (FORTK) 1 BYTE
; A POINTER TO THE LOOP VARIABLE 2 BYTES
; THE STEP 4+ADDPRC BYTES
; A BYTE REFLECTING THE SIGN OF THE INCREMENT 1 BYTE
; THE UPPER VALUE 4+ADDPRC BYTES
; THE LINE NUMBER OF THE "FOR" STATEMENT 2 BYTES
; A TEXT POINTER INTO THE "FOR" STATEMENT 2 BYTES
; HIGH ADDRESS
;
; TOTAL 16+2*ADDPRC BYTES.
;
FOR: LDAI 128 ;DON'T RECOGNIZE
STA SUBFLG ;SUBSCRIPTED VARIABLES.
JSR LET ;READ THE VARIABLE AND ASSIGN IT
;THE CORRECT INITIAL VALUE AND STORE
;A POINTER TO THE VARIABLE IN VARPNT.
JSR FNDFOR ;PNTR IS IN VARPNT, AND FORPNT.
BNE NOTOL ;IF NO MATCH, DON'T ELIMINATE ANYTHING.
TXA ;MAKE IT ARITHMETICAL.
ADCI FORSIZ-3 ;ELIMINATE ALMOST ALL.
TAX ;NOTE C=1, THEN PLA, PLA.
TXS ;MANIFEST.
NOTOL: PLA ;GET RID OF NEWSTT RETURN ADDRESS
PLA ;IN CASE THIS IS A TOTALLY NEW ENTRY.
LDAI 8+ADDPRC
JSR GETSTK ;MAKE SURE 16 BYTES ARE AVAILABLE.
JSR DATAN ;GET A COUNT IN [Y] OF THE NUMBER OF
;CHACRACTERS LEFT IN THE "FOR" STATEMENT
;[TXTPTR] IS UNAFFECTED.
CLC ;PREP TO ADD.
TYA ;SAVE IT FOR PUSHING.
ADC TXTPTR
PHA
LDA TXTPTR+1
ADCI 0
PHA
PSHWD CURLIN ;PUT LINE NUMBER ON STACK.
SYNCHK TOTK ;"TO" IS NECESSARY.
JSR CHKNUM ;VALUE MUST BE A NUMBER.
JSR FRMNUM ;GET UPPER VALUE INTO FAC.
LDA FACSGN ;PACK FAC.
ORAI 127
AND FACHO
STA FACHO ;SET PACKED SIGN BIT.
LDWDI LDFONE
STWD INDEX1
JMP FORPSH ;PUT FAC ONTO STACK, PACKED.
LDFONE: LDWDI FONE ;PUT 1.0 INTO FAC.
JSR MOVFM
JSR CHRGOT
CMPI STEPTK ;A STEP IS GIVEN?
BNE ONEON ;NO. ASSUME 1.0.
JSR CHRGET ;YES. ADVANCE POINTER.
JSR FRMNUM ;READ THE STEP.
ONEON: JSR SIGN ;GET SIGN IN ACCA.
JSR PUSHF ;PUSH FAC ONTO STACK (THRU A).
PSHWD FORPNT ;PUT PNTR TO VARIABLE ON STACK.
NXTCON: LDAI FORTK ;PUT A FORTK ONTO STACK.
PHA
; BNEA NEWSTT ;SIMULATE BNE TO NEWSTT. JUST FALL IN.
PAGE
SUBTTL NEW STATEMENT FETCHER.
;
; BACK HERE FOR NEW STATEMENT. CHARACTER POINTED TO BY TXTPTR
; IS ":" OR END-OF-LINE. THE ADDRESS OF THIS LOC IS LEFT
; ON THE STACK WHEN A STATEMENT IS EXECUTED SO THAT
; IT CAN MERELY DO A RTS WHEN IT IS DONE.
;
NEWSTT: IFN REALIO,<
JSR ISCNTC> ;LISTEN FOR CONTROL-C.
LDWD TXTPTR ;LOOK AT CURRENT CHARACTER.
IFN BUFPAG,<
CPYI BUFPAG> ;SEE IF IT WAS DIRECT BY CHECK FOR BUF'S PAGE NUMBER
BEQ DIRCON
STWD OLDTXT ;SAVE IN CASE OF RESTART BY INPUT.
IFN BUFPAG,<DIRCON:>
LDYI 0
IFE BUFPAG,<DIRCON:>
LDADY TXTPTR
BNE MORSTS ;NOT NULL -- CHECK WHAT IT IS
LDYI 2 ;LOOK AT LINK.
LDADY TXTPTR ;IS LINK 0?
CLC ;CLEAR CARRY FOR ENDCON AND MATH THAT FOLLOWS
JEQ ENDCON ;YES - RAN OFF THE END.
INY ;PUT LINE NUMBER IN CURLIN.
LDADY TXTPTR
STA CURLIN
INY
LDADY TXTPTR
STA CURLIN+1
TYA
ADC TXTPTR
STA TXTPTR
BCC GONE
INC TXTPTR+1
GONE: JSR CHRGET ;GET THE STATEMENT TYPE.
JSR GONE3
JMP NEWSTT
GONE3: BEQ ISCRTS ;IF TERMINATOR, TRY AGAIN.
;NO NEED TO SET UP CARRY SINCE IT WILL
;BE ON IF NON-NUMERIC AND NUMERICS
;WILL CAUSE A SYNTAX ERROR LIKE THEY SHOULD
GONE2: SBCI ENDTK ;" ON ... GOTO AND GOSUB" COME HERE.
BCC GLET
CMPI SCRATK-ENDTK+1
BCS SNERRX ;SOME RES'D WORD BUT NOT
;A STATEMENT RES'D WORD.
ASL A, ;MULTIPLY BY TWO.
TAY ;MAKE AN INDEX.
LDA STMDSP+1,Y
PHA
LDA STMDSP,Y
PHA ;PUT DISP ADDR ONTO STACK.
JMP CHRGET
GLET: JMP LET ;MUST BE A LET
MORSTS: CMPI ":"
BEQ GONE ;IF A ":" CONTINUE STATEMENT
SNERR1: JMP SNERR ;NEITHER 0 OR ":" SO SYNTAX ERROR
SNERRX: CMPI GOTK-ENDTK
BNE SNERR1
JSR CHRGET ;READ IN THE CHARACTER AFTER "GO "
SYNCHK TOTK
JMP GOTO
PAGE
SUBTTL RESTORE,STOP,END,CONTINUE,NULL,CLEAR.
RESTOR: SEC
LDA TXTTAB
SBCI 1
LDY TXTTAB+1
BCS RESFIN
DEY
RESFIN: STWD DATPTR ;READ FINISHES COME TO "RESFIN".
ISCRTS: RTS
IFE REALIO-1,<
ISCNTC: LDAI 1
BIT ^O13500
BMI ISCRTS
LDXI 8
LDAI 3
CMPI 3>
IFE REALIO-2,<
ISCNTC: LDA ^O176000
REPEAT 4,<NOP>
LSR A,
BCC ISCRTS
JSR INCHR ;EAT CHAR THAT WAS TYPED
CMPI 3> ;WAS IT A CONTROL-C??
IFE REALIO-4,<
ISCNTC: LDA ^O140000 ;CHECK THE CHARACTER
CMPI ^O203
BEQ ISCCAP
RTS
ISCCAP: JSR INCHR
CMPI ^O203>
STOP: BCS STOPC ;MAKE [C] NONZERO AS A FLAG.
END: CLC
STOPC: BNE CONTRT ;RETURN IF NOT CONT-C OR
;IF NO TERMINATOR FOR STOP OR END.
;[C]=0 SO WILL NOT PRINT "BREAK".
LDWD TXTPTR
IFN BUFPAG,<
LDX CURLIN+1
INX>
BEQ DIRIS
STWD OLDTXT
STPEND: LDWD CURLIN
STWD OLDLIN
DIRIS: PLA ;POP OFF NEWSTT ADDR.
PLA
ENDCON: LDWDI BRKTXT
IFN REALIO,<
LDXI 0
STX CNTWFL>
BCC GORDY ;CARRY CLEAR SO DON'T PRINT "BREAK".
JMP ERRFIN
GORDY: JMP READY ;TYPE "READY".
IFE REALIO,<
DDT: PLA ;GET RID OF NEWSTT RETURN.
PLA
HRRZ 14,.JBDDT##
JRST 0(14)>
CONT: BNE CONTRT ;MAKE SURE THERE IS A TERMINATOR.
LDXI ERRCN ;CONTINUE ERROR.
LDY OLDTXT+1 ;A STORED TXTPTR OF ZERO IS SETUP
;BY STKINI AND INDICATES THERE IS
;NOTHING TO CONTINUE.
JEQ ERROR ;"STOP", "END", TYPING CRLF TO
;"INPUT" AND ^C SETUP OLDTXT.
LDA OLDTXT
STWD TXTPTR
LDWD OLDLIN
STWD CURLIN
CONTRT: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.
IFN NULCMD,<
NULL: JSR GETBYT
BNE CONTRT ;MAKE SURE THERE IS TERMINATOR.
INX
CPXI 240 ;IS THE NUMBER REASONABLE?
BCS FCERR1 ;"FUNCTION CALL" ERROR.
DEX ;BACK -1
STX NULCNT
RTS
FCERR1: JMP FCERR>
PAGE
SUBTTL LOAD AND SAVE SUBROUTINES.
IFE REALIO-1,< ;KIM CASSETTE I/O
SAVE: TSX ;SAVE STACK POINTER
STX INPFLG
LDAI STKEND-256-200
STA ^O362 ;SETUP DUMMY STACK FOR KIM MONITOR
LDAI 254 ;MAKE ID BYTE EQUAL TO FF HEX
STA ^O13771 ;STORE INTO KIM ID
LDWD TXTTAB ;START DUMPING FROM TXTTAB
STWD ^O13765 ;SETUP SAL,SAH
LDWD VARTAB ;STOP AT VARTAB
STWD ^O13767 ;SETUP EAL,EAH
JMP ^O14000
RETSAV: LDX INPFLG ;RESORE THE REAL STACK POINTER
TXS
LDWDI TAPMES ;SAY IT WAS DONE
JMP STROUT
GLOAD: DT"LOADED"
0
TAPMES: DT"SAVED"
ACRLF
0
PATSAV: BLOCK 20
LOAD: LDWD TXTTAB ;START DUMPING IN AT TXTTAB
STWD ^O13765 ;SETUP SAL,SAH
LDAI 255
STA ^O13771
LDWDI RTLOAD
STWD ^O1 ;SET UP RETURN ADDRESS FOR LOAD
JMP ^O14163 ;GO READ THE DATA IN
RTLOAD: LDXI STKEND-256 ;RESET THE STACK
TXS
LDWDI READY
STWD ^O1
LDWDI GLOAD ;TELL HIM IT WORKED
JSR STROUT
LDXY ^O13755 ;GET LAST LOCATION
TXA ;ITS ONE TOO BIG
BNE DECVRT ;DECREMENT [X,Y]
NOP
DECVRT: NOP
STXY VARTAB ;SETUP NEW VARIABLE LOCATION
JMP FINI> ;RELINK THE PROGRAM
IFE REALIO-4,<
SAVE: SEC ;CALCLUATE PROGRAM SIZE IN POKER
LDA VARTAB
SBC TXTTAB
STA POKER
LDA VARTAB+1
SBC TXTTAB+1
STA POKER+1
JSR VARTIO
JSR CQCOUT ;WRITE PROGRAM SIZE [POKER]
JSR PROGIO
JMP CQCOUT ;WRITE PROGRAM.
LOAD: JSR VARTIO
JSR CQCSIN ;READ SIZE OF PROGRAM INTO POKER
CLC
LDA TXTTAB ;CALCULATE VARTAB FROM SIZE AND
ADC POKER ;TXTTAB
STA VARTAB
LDA TXTTAB+1
ADC POKER+1
STA VARTAB+1
JSR PROGIO
JSR CQCSIN ;READ PROGRAM.
LDWDI TPDONE
JSR STROUT
JMP FINI
TPDONE: DT"LOADED"
0
VARTIO: LDWDI POKER
STWD ^O74
LDAI POKER+2
STWD ^O76
RTS
PROGIO: LDWD TXTTAB
STWD ^O74
LDWD VARTAB
STWD ^O76
RTS>
PAGE
SUBTTL RUN,GOTO,GOSUB,RETURN.
RUN: JEQ RUNC ;IF NO LINE # ARGUMENT.
JSR CLEARC ;CLEAN UP -- RESET THE STACK.
JMP RUNC2 ;MUST REPLACE RTS ADDR.
;
; A GOSUB ENTRY ON THE STACK HAS THE FOLLOWING FORMAT:
;
; LOW ADDRESS:
; THE GOSUTK ONE BYTE
; THE LINE NUMBER OF THE GOSUB STATEMENT TWO BYTES
; A POINTER INTO THE TEXT OF THE GOSUB TWO BYTES
;
; HIGH ADDRESS.
;
; TOTAL FIVE BYTES.
;
GOSUB: LDAI 3
JSR GETSTK ;MAKE SURE THERE IS ROOM.
PSHWD TXTPTR ;PUSH ON THE TEXT POINTER.
PSHWD CURLIN ;PUSH ON THE CURRENT LINE NUMBER.
LDAI GOSUTK
PHA ;PUSH ON A GOSUB TOKEN.
RUNC2: JSR CHRGOT ;GET CHARACTER AND SET CODES FOR LINGET.
JSR GOTO ;USE RTS SCHEME TO "NEWSTT".
JMP NEWSTT
GOTO: JSR LINGET ;PICK UP THE LINE NUMBER IN "LINNUM".
JSR REMN ;SKIP TO END OF LINE.
LDA CURLIN+1
CMP LINNUM+1
BCS LUK4IT
TYA
SEC
ADC TXTPTR
LDX TXTPTR+1
BCC LUKALL
INX
BCSA LUKALL ;ALWAYS GOES.
LUK4IT: LDWX TXTTAB
LUKALL: JSR FNDLNC ;[X,A] ARE ALL SET UP.
QFOUND: BCC USERR ;GOTO LINE IS NONEXISTANT.
LDA LOWTR
SBCI 1
STA TXTPTR
LDA LOWTR+1
SBCI 0
STA TXTPTR+1
GORTS: RTS ;PROCESS THE STATEMENT.
;
; "RETURN" RESTORES THE LINE NUMBER AND TEXT PNTR FROM THE STACK
; AND ELIMINATES ALL THE "FOR" ENTRIES IN FRONT OF THE "GOSUB" ENTRY.
;
RETURN: BNE GORTS ;NO TERMINATOR=BLOW HIM UP.
LDAI 255
STA FORPNT+1 ;MAKE SURE THE VARIABLE'S PNTR
;NEVER GETS MATCHED.
JSR FNDFOR ;GO PAST ALL THE "FOR" ENTRIES.
TXS
CMPI GOSUTK ;RETURN WITHOUT GOSUB?
BEQ RETU1
LDXI ERRRG
SKIP2
USERR: LDXI ERRUS ;NO MATCH SO "US" ERROR.
JMP ERROR ;YES.
SNERR2: JMP SNERR
RETU1: PLA ;REMOVE GOSUTK.
PULWD CURLIN ;GET LINE NUMBER "GOSUB" WAS FROM.
PULWD TXTPTR ;GET TEXT PNTR FROM "GOSUB".
DATA: JSR DATAN ;SKIP TO END OF STATEMENT,
;SINCE WHEN "GOSUB" STUCK THE TEXT PNTR
;ONTO THE STACK, THE LINE NUMBER ARG
;HADN'T BEEN READ YET.
ADDON: TYA
CLC
ADC TXTPTR
STA TXTPTR
BCC REMRTS
INC TXTPTR+1
REMRTS: RTS ;"NEWSTT" RTS ADDR IS STILL THERE.
DATAN: LDXI ":" ;"DATA" TERMINATES ON ":" AND NULL.
SKIP2
REMN: LDXI 0 ;THE ONLY TERMINATOR IS NULL.
STX CHARAC ;PRESERVE IT.
LDYI 0 ;THIS MAKES CHARAC=0 AFTER SWAP.
STY ENDCHR
EXCHQT: LDA ENDCHR
LDX CHARAC
STA CHARAC
STX ENDCHR
REMER: LDADY TXTPTR
BEQ REMRTS ;NULL ALWAYS TERMINATES.
CMP ENDCHR ;IS IT THE OTHER TERMINATOR?
BEQ REMRTS ;YES, IT'S FINISHED.
INY ;PROGRESS TO NEXT CHARACTER.
CMPI 34 ;IS IT A QUOTE?
BNE REMER ;NO, JUST CONTINUE.
BEQA EXCHQT ;YES, TIME TO TRADE.
PAGE
SUBTTL "IF ... THEN" CODE.
IF: JSR FRMEVL ;EVALUATE A FORMULA.
JSR CHRGOT ;GET CURRENT CHARACTER.
CMPI GOTOTK ;IS TERMINATING CHARACTER A GOTOTK?
BEQ OKGOTO ;YES.
SYNCHK THENTK ;NO, IT MUST BE "THEN".
OKGOTO: LDA FACEXP ;0=FALSE. ALL OTHERS TRUE.
BNE DOCOND ;TRUE !
REM: JSR REMN ;SKIP REST OF STATEMENT.
BEQA ADDON ;WILL ALWAYS BRANCH.
DOCOND: JSR CHRGOT ;TEST CURRENT CHARACTER.
BCS DOCO ;IF A NUMBER, GOTO IT.
JMP GOTO
DOCO: JMP GONE3 ;INTERPRET NEW STATEMENT.
PAGE
SUBTTL "ON ... GO TO ..." CODE.
ONGOTO: JSR GETBYT ;GET VALUE IN FACLO.
PHA ;SAVE FOR LATER.
CMPI GOSUTK ;AN "ON ... GOSUB" PERHAPS?
BEQ ONGLOP ;YES.
SNERR3: CMPI GOTOTK ;MUST BE "GOTOTK".
BNE SNERR2
ONGLOP: DEC FACLO
BNE ONGLP1 ;SKIP ANOTHER LINE NUMBER.
PLA ;GET DISPATCH CHARACTER.
JMP GONE2
ONGLP1: JSR CHRGET ;ADVANCE AND SET CODES.
JSR LINGET
CMPI 44 ;IS IT A COMMA?
BEQ ONGLOP
PLA ;REMOVE STACK ENTRY (TOKEN).
ONGRTS: RTS ;EITHER END-OF-LINE OR SYNTAX ERROR.
PAGE
SUBTTL LINGET -- READ A LINE NUMBER INTO LINNUM
;
; "LINGET" READS A LINE NUMBER FROM THE CURRENT TEXT POSITION.
;
; LINE NUMBERS RANGE FROM 0 TO 64000-1.
;
; THE ANSWER IS RETURNED IN "LINNUM".
; "TXTPTR" IS UPDATED TO POINT TO THE TERMINATING CHARCTER
; AND [A] = THE TERMINATING CHARACTER WITH CONDITION
; CODES SET UP TO REFLECT ITS VALUE.
;
LINGET: LDXI 0
STX LINNUM ;INITIALIZE LINE NUMBER TO ZERO.
STX LINNUM+1
MORLIN: BCS ONGRTS ;IT IS NOT A DIGIT.
SBCI "0"-1 ;-1 SINCE C=0.
STA CHARAC ;SAVE CHARACTER.
LDA LINNUM+1
STA INDEX
CMPI 25 ;LINE NUMBER WILL BE .LT. 64000?
BCS SNERR3
LDA LINNUM
ASL A, ;MULTIPLY BY 10.
ROL INDEX
ASL A
ROL INDEX
ADC LINNUM
STA LINNUM
LDA INDEX
ADC LINNUM+1
STA LINNUM+1
ASL LINNUM
ROL LINNUM+1
LDA LINNUM
ADC CHARAC ;ADD IN DIGIT.
STA LINNUM
BCC NXTLGC
INC LINNUM+1
NXTLGC: JSR CHRGET
JMP MORLIN
PAGE
SUBTTL "LET" CODE.
LET: JSR PTRGET ;GET PNTR TO VARIABLE INTO "VARPNT".
STWD FORPNT ;PRESERVE POINTER.
SYNCHK EQULTK ;"=" IS NECESSARY.
IFN INTPRC,<
LDA INTFLG ;SAVE FOR LATER.
PHA>
LDA VALTYP ;RETAIN THE VARIABLE'S VALUE TYPE.
PHA
JSR FRMEVL ;GET VALUE OF FORMULA INTO "FAC".
PLA
ROL A, ;CARRY SET FOR STRING, OFF FOR
;NUMERIC.
JSR CHKVAL ;MAKE SURE "VALTYP" MATCHES CARRY.
;AND SET ZERO FLAG FOR NUMERIC.
BNE COPSTR ;IF NUMERIC, COPY IT.
COPNUM:
IFN INTPRC,<
PLA ;GET NUMBER TYPE.
QINTGR: BPL COPFLT ;STORE A FLTING NUMBER.
JSR ROUND ;ROUND INTEGER.
JSR AYINT ;MAKE 2-BYTE NUMBER.
LDYI 0
LDA FACMO ;GET HIGH.
STADY FORPNT ;STORE IT.
INY
LDA FACLO ;GET LOW.
STADY FORPNT
RTS>
COPFLT: JMP MOVVF ;PUT NUMBER @FORPNT.
COPSTR:
IFN INTPRC,<PLA> ;IF STRING, NO INTFLG.
INPCOM:
IFN TIME,<
LDY FORPNT+1 ;TI$?
CPYI ZERO/256 ;ONLY TI$ CAN BE THIS ON ASSIG.
BNE GETSPT ; WAS NOT TI$.
JSR FREFAC ;WE WONT NEEDIT.
CMPI 6 ;LENGTH CORRECT?
BNE FCERR2
LDYI 0 ;YES. DO SETUP.
STY FACEXP ;ZERO FAC TO START WITH.
STY FACSGN
TIMELP: STY FBUFPT ;SAVE POSOTION.
JSR TIMNUM ;GET A DIGIT.
JSR MUL10 ;WHOLE QTY BY 10.
INC FBUFPT
LDY FBUFPT
JSR TIMNUM
JSR MOVAF
TAX ;IF NUM=0 THEN NO MULT.
BEQ NOML6 ;IF =0, GO TIT.
INX ;MULT BY TWO.
TXA
JSR FINML6 ;ADD IN AND MULT BY 2 GIVES *6.
NOML6: LDY FBUFPT
INY
CPYI 6 ;DONE ALL SIX?
BNE TIMELP
JSR MUL10 ;ONE LAST TIME.
JSR QINT ;SHIFT IT OVER TO THE RIGHT.
LDXI 2
SEI ;DISALLOW INTERRUPTS.
TIMEST: LDA FACMOH,X
STA CQTIMR,X
DEX
BPL TIMEST ;LOOP 3 TIMES.
CLI ;TURN ON INTS AGAIN.
RTS
TIMNUM: LDADY INDEX ;INDEX SET UP BY FREFAC.
JSR QNUM
BCC GOTNUM
FCERR2: JMP FCERR ;MUST BE NUMERIC STRING.
GOTNUM: SBCI "0"-1 ;C IS OFF.
JMP FINLOG> ;ADD IN DIGIT TO FAC.
GETSPT: LDYI 2 ;GET PNTR TO DESCRIPTOR.
LDADY FACMO
CMP FRETOP+1 ;SEE IF IT POINTS INTO STRING SPACE.
BCC DNTCPY ;IF [FRETOP],GT.[2&3,FACMO], DON'T COPY.
BNE QVARIA ;IT IS LESS.
DEY
LDADY FACMO
CMP FRETOP ;COMPARE LOW ORDERS.
BCC DNTCPY
QVARIA: LDY FACLO
CPY VARTAB+1 ;IF [VARTAB].GT.[FACMO], DON'T COPY.
BCC DNTCPY
BNE COPY ;IT IS LESS.
LDA FACMO
CMP VARTAB ;COMPARE LOW ORDERS.
BCS COPY
DNTCPY: LDWD FACMO
JMP COPYZC
COPY: LDYI 0
LDADY FACMO
JSR STRINI ;GET ROOM TO COPY STRING INTO.
LDWD DSCPNT ;GET POINTER TO OLD DESCRIPTOR, SO
STWD STRNG1 ;MOVINS CAN FIND STRING.
JSR MOVINS ;COPY IT.
LDWDI DSCTMP ;GET POINTER TO OLD DESCRIPTOR.
COPYZC: STWD DSCPNT ;REMEMBER POINTER TO DESCRIPTOR.
JSR FRETMS ;FREE UP THE TEMPORARY WITHOUT
;FREEING UP ANY STRING SPACE.
LDYI 0
LDADY DSCPNT
STADY FORPNT
INY ;POINT TO STRING PNTR.
LDADY DSCPNT
STADY FORPNT
INY
LDADY DSCPNT
STADY FORPNT
RTS
PAGE
SUBTTL PRINT CODE.
IFN EXTIO,<
PRINTN: JSR CMD ;DOCMD
JMP IODONE ;RELEASE CHANNEL.
CMD: JSR GETBYT
BEQ SAVEIT
SYNCHK 44 ;COMMA?
SAVEIT: PHP
JSR CQOOUT ;CHECK AND OPEN OUTPUT CHANNL.
STX CHANNL ;CHANNL TO OUTPUT ON.
PLP ;GET STATUS BACK.
JMP PRINT>
STRDON: JSR STRPRT
NEWCHR: JSR CHRGOT ;REGET LAST CHARACTER.
PRINT: BEQ CRDO ;TERMINATOR SO TYPE CRLF.
PRINTC: BEQ PRTRTS ;HERE AFTER SEEING TAB(X) OR , OR ;
;IN WHICH CASE A TERMINATOR DOES NOT
;MEAN TYPE A CRLF BUT JUST RTS.
CMPI TABTK ;TAB FUNCTION?
BEQ TABER ;YES.
CMPI SPCTK ;SPACE FUNCTION?
CLC
BEQ TABER
CMPI 44 ;A COMMA?
BEQ COMPRT ;YES.
CMPI 59 ;A SEMICOLON?
BEQ NOTABR ;YES.
JSR FRMEVL ;EVALUATE THE FORMULA.
BIT VALTYP ;A STRING?
BMI STRDON ;YES.
JSR FOUT
JSR STRLIT ;BUILD DESCRIPTOR.
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDYI 0 ;GET THE POINTER.
LDADY FACMO
CLC
ADC TRMPOS ;MAKE SURE LEN+POS.LT.WIDTH.
CMP LINWID ;GREATER THAN LINE LENGTH?
;REMEMBER SPACE PRINTED AFTER NUMBER.
BCC LINCHK ;GO TYPE.
JSR CRDO> ;YES, TYPE CRLF FIRST.
LINCHK: JSR STRPRT ;PRINT THE NUMBER.
JSR OUTSPC ;PRINT A SPACE
BNEA NEWCHR ;ALWAYS GOES.
IFN REALIO-4,<
IFN BUFPAG,<
FININL: LDAI 0
STA BUF,X
LDXYI BUF-1>
IFE BUFPAG,<
FININL: LDYI 0 ;PUT A ZERO AT END OF BUF.
STY BUF,X
LDXI BUF-1> ;SETUP POINTER.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL ;NO CRDO IF NOT TERMINAL.
BNE PRTRTS>>
CRDO:
IFE EXTIO,<
LDAI 13 ;MAKE TRMPOS LESS THAN LINE LENGTH.
STA TRMPOS>
IFN EXTIO,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDA CHANNL
BNE GOCR
STA TRMPOS>
GOCR: LDAI 13> ;X AND Y MUST BE PRESERVED.
JSR OUTDO
LDAI 10
JSR OUTDO
CRFIN:
IFN EXTIO,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDA CHANNL
BNE PRTRTS>>
IFE NULCMD,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDAI 0
STA TRMPOS>
EORI 255>
IFN NULCMD,<
TXA ;PRESERVE [ACCX]. SOME NEED IT.
PHA
LDX NULCNT ;GET NUMBER OF NULLS.
BEQ CLRPOS
LDAI 0
PRTNUL: JSR OUTDO
DEX ;DONE WITH NULLS?
BNE PRTNUL
CLRPOS: STX TRMPOS
PLA
TAX>
PRTRTS: RTS
COMPRT: LDA TRMPOS
NCMPOS==<<<LINLEN/CLMWID>-1>*CLMWID> ;CLMWID BEYOND WHICH THERE ARE
IFN REALIO-3,<
;NO MORE COMMA FIELDS.
CMP NCMWID ;SO ALL COMMA DOES IS "CRDO".
BCC MORCOM
JSR CRDO ;TYPE CRLF.
JMP NOTABR> ;AND QUIT IF BEYOND LAST FIELD.
MORCOM: SEC
MORCO1: SBCI CLMWID ;GET [A] MODULUS CLMWID.
BCS MORCO1
EORI 255 ;FILL PRINT POS OUT TO EVEN CLMWID SO
ADCI 1
BNE ASPAC ;PRINT [A] SPACES.
TABER: PHP ;REMEMBER IF SPC OR TAB FUNCTION.
JSR GTBYTC ;GET VALUE INTO ACCX.
CMPI 41
BNE SNERR4
PLP
BCC XSPAC ;PRINT [X] SPACES.
TXA
SBC TRMPOS
BCC NOTABR ;NEGATIVE, DON'T PRINT ANY.
ASPAC: TAX
XSPAC: INX
XSPAC2: DEX ;DECREMENT THE COUNT.
BNE XSPAC1
NOTABR: JSR CHRGET ;REGET LAST CHARACTER.
JMP PRINTC ;DON'T CALL CRDO.
XSPAC1: JSR OUTSPC
BNEA XSPAC2
;
; PRINT THE STRING POINTED TO BY [Y,A] WHICH ENDS WITH A ZERO.
; IF THE STRING IS BELOW DSCTMP IT WILL BE COPIED INTO STRING SPACE.
;
STROUT: JSR STRLIT ;GET A STRING LITERAL.
;
; PRINT THE STRING WHOSE DESCRIPTOR IS POINTED TO BY FACMO.
;
STRPRT: JSR FREFAC ;RETURN TEMP POINTER.
TAX ;PUT COUNT INTO COUNTER.
LDYI 0
INX ;MOVE ONE AHEAD.
STRPR2: DEX
BEQ PRTRTS ;ALL DONE.
LDADY INDEX ;PNTR TO ACT STRNG SET BY FREFAC.
JSR OUTDO
INY
CMPI 13
BNE STRPR2
JSR CRFIN ;TYPE REST OF CARRIAGE RETURN.
JMP STRPR2 ;AND ON AND ON.
;
; OUTDO OUTPUTS THE CHARACTER IN ACCA, USING CNTWFL
; (SUPPRESS OR NOT), TRMPOS (PRINT HEAD POSITION),
; TIMING, ETCQ. NO REGISTERS ARE CHANGED.
;
OUTSPC:
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDAI " ">
IFE REALIO-3,<
LDA CHANNL
BEQ CRTSKP
LDAI " "
SKIP2
CRTSKP: LDAI 29> ;COMMODORE'S SKIP CHARACTER.
SKIP2
OUTQST: LDAI "?"
OUTDO: IFN REALIO,<
BIT CNTWFL ;SHOULDN'T AFFECT CHANNEL I/O!
BMI OUTRTS>
IFN REALIO-3,<
PHA
CMPI 32 ;IS THIS A PRINTING CHAR?
BCC TRYOUT ;NO, DON'T INCLUDE IT IN TRMPOS.
LDA TRMPOS
CMP LINWID ;LENGTH = TERMINAL WIDTH?
BNE OUTDO1
JSR CRDO ;YES, TYPE CRLF
OUTDO1:
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL
BNE TRYOUT>
INCTRM: INC TRMPOS ;INCREMENT COUNT.
TRYOUT: PLA> ;RESTORE THE A REGISTER
IFE REALIO-1,<
STY KIMY> ;PRESERVE Y.
IFE REALIO-4,<ORAI ^O200> ;TURN ON B7 FOR APPLE.
IFN REALIO,<
OUTLOC: JSR OUTCH> ;OUTPUT THE CHARACTER.
IFE REALIO-1,<
LDY KIMY> ;GET Y BACK.
IFE REALIO-2,<REPEAT 4,<NOP>>
IFE REALIO-4,<ANDI ^O177> ;GET [A] BACK FROM APPLE.
IFE REALIO,<
TJSR OUTSIM##> ;CALL SIMULATOR OUTPUT ROUTINE
OUTRTS: ANDI 255 ;SET Z=0.
GETRTS: RTS
PAGE
SUBTTL INPUT AND READ CODE.
;
; HERE WHEN THE DATA THAT WAS TYPED IN OR IN "DATA" STATEMENTS
; IS IMPROPERLY FORMATTED. FOR "INPUT" WE START AGAIN.
; FOR "READ" WE GIVE A SYNTAX ERROR AT THE DATA LINE.
;
TRMNOK: LDA INPFLG
BEQ TRMNO1 ;IF INPUT TRY AGAIN.
IFN GETCMD,<
BMI GETDTL
LDYI 255 ;MAKE IT LOOK DIRECT.
BNEA STCURL ;ALWAYS GOES.
GETDTL:>
LDWD DATLIN ;GET DATA LINE NUMBER.
STCURL: STWD CURLIN ;MAKE IT CURRENT LINE.
SNERR4: JMP SNERR
TRMNO1:
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL ;IF NOT TERMINAL, GIVE BAD DATA.
BEQ DOAGIN
LDXI ERRBD
JMP ERROR>
DOAGIN: LDWDI TRYAGN
JSR STROUT ;PRINT "?REDO FROM START".
LDWD OLDTXT ;POINT AT START
STWD TXTPTR ;OF THIS CURRENT LINE.
RTS ;GO TO "NEWSTT".
IFN GETCMD,<
GET: JSR ERRDIR ;DIRECT IS NOT OK.
IFN EXTIO,<
CMPI "#" ;SEE IF "GET#".
BNE GETTTY ;NO, JUST GET TTY INPUT.
JSR CHRGET ;MOVE UP TO NEXT BYTE.
JSR GETBYT ;GET CHANNEL INTO X
SYNCHK 44 ;COMMA?
JSR CQOIN ;GET CHANNEL OPEN FOR INPUT.
STX CHANNL>
GETTTY: LDXYI BUF+1 ;POINT TO 0.
IFN BUFPAG,<
LDAI 0 ;TO STUFF AND TO POINT.
STA BUF+1>
IFE BUFPAG,<
STY BUF+1> ;ZERO IT.
LDAI 64 ;TURN ON V-BIT.
JSR INPCO1 ;DO THE GET.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDX CHANNL
BNE IORELE> ;RELEASE.
RTS>
IFN EXTIO,<
INPUTN: JSR GETBYT ;GET CHANNEL NUMBER.
SYNCHK 44 ;A COMMA?
JSR CQOIN ;GO WHERE COMMODORE CHECKS IN OPEN.
STX CHANNL
JSR NOTQTI ;DO INPUT TO VARIABLES.
IODONE: LDA CHANNL ;RELEASE CHANNEL.
IORELE: JSR CQCCHN
LDXI 0 ;RESET CHANNEL TO TERMINAL.
STX CHANNL
RTS>
INPUT: IFN REALIO,<
LSR CNTWFL> ;BE TALKATIVE.
CMPI 34 ;A QUOTE?
BNE NOTQTI ;NO MESSAGE.
JSR STRTXT ;LITERALIZE THE STRING IN TEXT
SYNCHK 59 ;MUST END WITH SEMICOLON.
JSR STRPRT ;PRINT IT OUT.
NOTQTI: JSR ERRDIR ;USE COMMON ROUTINE SINCE DEF DIRECT
LDAI 44 ;GET COMMA.
STA BUF-1
;IS ALSO ILLEGAL.
GETAGN: JSR QINLIN ;TYPE "?" AND INPUT A LINE OF TEXT.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL
BEQ BUFFUL
LDA CQSTAT ;GET STATUS BYTE.
ANDI 2
BEQ BUFFUL ;A-OK.
JSR IODONE ;BAD. CLOSE CHANNEL.
JMP DATA ;SKIP REST OF INPUT.
BUFFUL:>
LDA BUF ;ANYTHING INPUT?
BNE INPCON ;YES, CONTINUE.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL ;BLANK LINE MEANS GET ANOTHER.
BNE GETAGN> ;IF NOT TERMINAL.
CLC ;MAKE SURE DONT PRINT BREAK
JMP STPEND ;NO, STOP.
QINLIN:
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL
BNE GINLIN>
JSR OUTQST
JSR OUTSPC
GINLIN: JMP INLIN
READ: LDXY DATPTR ;GET LAST DATA LOCATION.
XWD ^O1000,^O251 ;LDAI TYA TO MAKE IT NONZERO.
IFE BUFPAG,<
INPCON: >
TYA
IFN BUFPAG,<
SKIP2
INPCON: LDAI 0> ;SET FLAG THAT THIS IS INPUT
INPCO1: STA INPFLG ;STORE THE FLAG.
;
; IN THE PROCESSING OF DATA AND READ STATEMENTS:
; ONE POINTER POINTS TO THE DATA (IE, THE NUMBERS BEING FETCHED)
; AND ANOTHER POINTS TO THE LIST OF VARIABLES.
;
; THE POINTER INTO THE DATA ALWAYS STARTS POINTING TO A
; TERMINATOR -- A , : OR END-OF-LINE.
;
; AT THIS POINT TXTPTR POINTS TO LIST OF VARIABLES AND
; [Y,X] POINTS TO DATA OR INPUT LINE.
;
STXY INPPTR
INLOOP: JSR PTRGET ;READ VARIABLE LIST.
STWD FORPNT ;SAVE POINTER FOR "LET" STRING STUFFING.
;RETURNS PNTR TOP VAR IN VARPNT.
LDWD TXTPTR ;SAVE TEXT PNTR.
STWD VARTXT
LDXY INPPTR
STXY TXTPTR
JSR CHRGOT ;GET IT AND SET Z IF TERM.
BNE DATBK1
BIT INPFLG
IFN GETCMD,<
BVC QDATA
JSR CZGETL ;DON'T WANT INCHR. JUST ONE.
IFE REALIO-4,<
ANDI 127>
STA BUF ;MAKE IT FIRST CHARACTER.
LDXYI <BUF-1> ;POINT JUST BEFORE IT.
IFE BUFPAG,<
BEQA DATBK>
IFN BUFPAG,<
BNEA DATBK>> ;GO PROCESS.
QDATA: BMI DATLOP ;SEARCH FOR ANOTHER DATA STATEMENT.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL
BNE GETNTH>
JSR OUTQST
GETNTH: JSR QINLIN ;GET ANOTHER LINE.
DATBK: STXY TXTPTR ;SET FOR "CHRGET".
DATBK1: JSR CHRGET
BIT VALTYP ;GET VALUE TYPE.
BPL NUMINS ;INPUT A NUMBER IF NUMERIC.
IFN GETCMD,<
BIT INPFLG ;GET?
BVC SETQUT ;NO, GO SET QUOTE.
INX
STX TXTPTR
LDAI 0 ;ZERO TERMINATORS.
STA CHARAC
BEQA RESETC>
SETQUT: STA CHARAC ;ASSUME QUOTED STRING.
CMPI 34 ;TERMINATORS OK?
BEQ NOWGET ;YES.
LDAI ":" ;SET TERMINATORS TO ":" AND
STA CHARAC
LDAI 44 ;COMMA.
RESETC: CLC
NOWGET: STA ENDCHR
LDWD TXTPTR
ADCI 0 ;C IS SET PROPERLY ABOVE.
BCC NOWGE1
INY
NOWGE1: JSR STRLT2 ;MAKE A STRING DESCRIPTOR FOR THE VALUE
;AND COPY IF NECESSARY.
JSR ST2TXT ;SET TEXT POINTER.
JSR INPCOM ;DO ASSIGNMENT.
JMP STRDN2
NUMINS: JSR FIN
IFE INTPRC,<
JSR MOVVF>
IFN INTPRC,<
LDA INTFLG ;SET CODES ON FLAG.
JSR QINTGR> ;GO DECIDE ON FLOAT.
STRDN2: JSR CHRGOT ;READ LAST CHARACTER.
BEQ TRMOK ;":" OR EOL IS OK.
CMPI 44 ;A COMMA?
JNE TRMNOK
TRMOK: LDWD TXTPTR
STWD INPPTR ;SAVE FOR MORE READS.
LDWD VARTXT
STWD TXTPTR ;POINT TO VARIABLE LIST.
JSR CHRGOT ;LOOK AT LAST VARIABLE LIST CHARACTER.
BEQ VAREND ;THAT'S THE END OF THE LIST.
JSR CHKCOM ;NOT END. CHECK FOR COMMA.
JMP INLOOP
;
; SUBROUTINE TO FIND DATA
; THE SEARCH IS MADE BY USING THE EXECUTION CODE FOR DATA TO
; SKIP OVER STATEMENTS. THE START WORD OF EACH STATEMENT
; IS COMPARED WITH "DATATK". EACH NEW LINE NUMBER
; IS STORED IN "DATLIN" SO THAT IF AN ERROR OCCURS
; WHILE READING DATA THE ERROR MESSAGE CAN GIVE THE LINE
; NUMBER OF THE ILL-FORMATTED DATA.
;
DATLOP: JSR DATAN ;SKIP SOME TEXT.
INY
TAX ;END OF LINE?
BNE NOWLIN ;SHO AIN'T.
LDXI ERROD ;YES = "NO DATA" ERROR.
INY
LDADY TXTPTR
BEQ ERRGO5
INY
LDADY TXTPTR ;GET HIGH BYTE OF LINE NUMBER.
STA DATLIN
INY
LDADY TXTPTR ;GET LOW BYTE.
INY
STA DATLIN+1
NOWLIN: LDADY TXTPTR ;HOW IS IT?
TAX
JSR ADDON ;ADD [Y] TO [TXTPTR].
CPXI DATATK ;IS IT A "DATA" STATEMENT.
BNE DATLOP ;NOT QUITE RIGHT. KEEP LOOKING.
JMP DATBK1 ;THIS IS THE ONE !
VAREND: LDWD INPPTR ;PUT AWAY A NEW DATA PNTR MAYBE.
LDX INPFLG
BPL VARY0
JMP RESFIN
VARY0: LDYI 0
LDADY INPPTR ;LAST DATA CHR COULD HAVE BEEN
;COMMA OR COLON BUT SHOULD BE NULL.
BEQ INPRTS ;IT IS NULL.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL ;IF NOT TERMINAL, NO TYPE.
BNE INPRTS>
LDWDI EXIGNT
JMP STROUT ;TYPE "?EXTRA IGNORED"
INPRTS: RTS ;DO NEXT STATEMENT.
EXIGNT: DT"?EXTRA IGNORED"
ACRLF
0
TRYAGN: DT"?REDO FROM START"
ACRLF
0
PAGE
SUBTTL THE NEXT CODE IS THE "NEXT CODE"
;
; A "FOR" ENTRY ON THE STACK HAS THE FOLLOWING FORMAT:
;
; LOW ADDRESS