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SQLAlchemy demonstration of the "FetchedValue" feature
"""
This file demonstrated using the "FetchedValue" feature of SQLAlchemy for
values which are generated by the DB, without knowing *how* they are generated
in the DB.
"""
from sqlalchemy import Column, DateTime, FetchedValue, Unicode, create_engine
from sqlalchemy.ext.declarative import declarative_base
from sqlalchemy.orm import sessionmaker
Base = declarative_base()
class Foo(Base):
__tablename__ = "foo"
# mapper-args are necessary to tell SA to use the "RETURNING" statements.
# Note that this will cause overhead on DBs which don't support "RETURNING"
__mapper_args__ = {"eager_defaults": True}
name = Column(Unicode, primary_key=True)
# Assuming the server assigns a value by default, using "FetchedValue"
# marks this column as a column that should be added in a "RETURNING"
# statement. On DBs not supporting "RETURNING", this will cause an
# additional SELECT
created = Column(DateTime, server_default=FetchedValue())
engine = create_engine('postgresql://malbert@/malbert', echo=True)
Session = sessionmaker(bind=engine)
session = Session()
instance = Foo(name="foo")
session.add(instance)
session.flush() # Flush is needed. FetchedValue does not trigger autoflush
print('>>---', instance.created)
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