Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

@fevangelou
Last active May 23, 2024 15:15
Show Gist options
  • Save fevangelou/fb72f36bbe333e059b66 to your computer and use it in GitHub Desktop.
Save fevangelou/fb72f36bbe333e059b66 to your computer and use it in GitHub Desktop.
Optimized my.cnf configuration for MySQL/MariaDB (on Ubuntu, CentOS, Almalinux etc. servers)
# === Optimized my.cnf configuration for MySQL/MariaDB (on Ubuntu, CentOS, Almalinux etc. servers) ===
#
# by Fotis Evangelou, developer of Engintron (engintron.com)
#
# ~ Updated December 2021 ~
#
#
# The settings provided below are a starting point for a 8-16 GB RAM server with 4-8 CPU cores.
# If you have different resources available you should adjust accordingly to save CPU, RAM & disk I/O usage.
#
# The settings marked with a specific comment or the word "UPD" (after the value)
# should be adjusted for your system by using database diagnostics tools like:
#
# https://github.com/major/MySQLTuner-perl
# or
# https://github.com/BMDan/tuning-primer.sh
#
# Run either of these scripts before optimizing your database, at least 1 hr after the optimization & finally
# at least once a day for 3 days (without restarting the database) to see how your server performs and if you need
# to re-adjust anything. The more MySQL/MariaDB runs without restarting, the more usage data it gathers, so these
# diagnostics scripts will report in mode detail how MySQL/MariaDB performs.
#
#
# IMPORTANT NOTE: If there is NO comment after a setting value, then 99,9% of the times you won't need to adjust it.
#
#
# --- THINGS TO DO AFTER YOU UPDATE MY.CNF - TROUBLESHOOTING ---
#
# If any terminal commands are mentioned, make sure you execute them as "root" user.
#
# If MySQL or MariaDB cannot start (or restart), then perform the following actions.
#
# 1. If the server had the stock database configuration and you added or updated any
# "innodb_log_*" settings (as suggested below), then execute these commands ONLY
# the first time you apply this configuration:
#
# $ rm -rvf /var/lib/mysql/ib_logfile*
# $ chown -R mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql
# $ service mysql restart
#
# or use the shorthand command:
# $ rm -rvf /var/lib/mysql/ib_logfile*; chown -R mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql; service mysql restart
#
# 2. If the setting "bind-address" is not commented out, then make sure the file /etc/hosts is
# properly configured. A good example of a "clean" /etc/hosts file is something like this:
#
# 127.0.0.1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
# ::1 localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
# 1.2.3.4 hostname.domain.tld hostname # <-- Replace accordingly!
#
# Finally restart the database service:
#
# $ service mysql restart
#
# 3. If the database service cannot restart even after the first 2 steps, make sure the database data folder
# (common for either MySQL or MariaDB) "/var/lib/mysql" is owned by the "mysql" user AND group.
# Additionally, the folder itself can have 0751 or 0755 file permissions. To fix it, simply do this:
# $ chown -R mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql
# $ chmod 0755 /var/lib/mysql
#
# Finally restart the database service:
#
# $ service mysql restart
#
#
# ~ FIN ~
[mysql]
port = 3306
socket = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
[mysqld]
# === Required Settings ===
basedir = /usr
bind_address = 127.0.0.1 # Change to 0.0.0.0 to allow remote connections
datadir = /var/lib/mysql
#default_authentication_plugin = mysql_native_password # Enable in MySQL 8+ or MariaDB 10.6+ for backwards compatibility with common CMSs
max_allowed_packet = 256M
max_connect_errors = 1000000
pid_file = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
port = 3306
skip_external_locking
skip_name_resolve
socket = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
tmpdir = /tmp
user = mysql
# === SQL Compatibility Mode ===
# Enable for b/c with databases created in older MySQL/MariaDB versions
# (e.g. when using null dates)
#sql_mode = ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,ONLY_FULL_GROUP_BY,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES
# Crappy SQL queries/schema? Go bold!
#sql_mode = ""
# === InnoDB Settings ===
default_storage_engine = InnoDB
innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 4 # Use 1 instance per 1GB of InnoDB pool size - max is 64
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 4G # Use up to 70-80% of RAM
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 0
innodb_flush_method = O_DIRECT
innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M
innodb_log_file_size = 1G
innodb_sort_buffer_size = 4M # UPD - Defines how much data is read into memory for sorting operations before writing to disk (default is 1M / max is 64M)
innodb_stats_on_metadata = 0
#innodb_use_fdatasync = 1 # Only (!) for MySQL v8.0.26+
#innodb_temp_data_file_path = ibtmp1:64M:autoextend:max:20G # Control the maximum size for the ibtmp1 file
#innodb_thread_concurrency = 4 # Optional: Set to the number of CPUs on your system (minus 1 or 2) to better
# contain CPU usage. E.g. if your system has 8 CPUs, try 6 or 7 and check
# the overall load produced by MySQL/MariaDB.
innodb_read_io_threads = 64
innodb_write_io_threads = 64
#innodb_io_capacity = 2000 # Depends on the storage tech - use 2000 for SSD, more for NVMe
#innodb_io_capacity_max = 4000 # Usually double the value of innodb_io_capacity
# === MyISAM Settings ===
# The following 3 options are ONLY supported by MariaDB & up to MySQL 5.7
# Do NOT un-comment on MySQL 8.x+
#query_cache_limit = 4M # UPD
#query_cache_size = 64M # UPD
#query_cache_type = 1 # Enabled by default
key_buffer_size = 24M # UPD
low_priority_updates = 1
concurrent_insert = 2
# === Connection Settings ===
max_connections = 100 # UPD - Important: high no. of connections = high RAM consumption
back_log = 512
thread_cache_size = 100
thread_stack = 192K
interactive_timeout = 180
wait_timeout = 180
# For MySQL 5.7+ only (disabled by default)
#max_execution_time = 90000 # Set a timeout limit for SELECT statements (value in milliseconds).
# This option may be useful to address aggressive crawling on large sites,
# but it can also cause issues (e.g. with backups). So use with extreme caution and test!
# More info at: https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/server-system-variables.html#sysvar_max_execution_time
# For MariaDB 10.1.1+ only (disabled by default)
#max_statement_time = 90 # The equivalent of "max_execution_time" in MySQL 5.7+ (set above)
# The variable is of type double, thus you can use subsecond timeout.
# For example you can use value 0.01 for 10 milliseconds timeout.
# More info at: https://mariadb.com/kb/en/aborting-statements/
# === Buffer Settings ===
# Handy tip for managing your database's RAM usage:
# The following values should be treated carefully as they are added together and then multiplied by your "max_connections" value.
# Other options will also add up to RAM consumption (e.g. tmp_table_size). So don't go switching your "join_buffer_size" to 1G, it's harmful & inefficient.
# Use one of the database diagnostics tools mentioned at the top of this file to count your database's potential total RAM usage, so you know if you are within
# reasonable limits. Remember that other services will require enough RAM to operate properly (like Apache or PHP-FPM), so set your limits wisely.
join_buffer_size = 4M # UPD
read_buffer_size = 3M # UPD
read_rnd_buffer_size = 4M # UPD
sort_buffer_size = 4M # UPD
# === Table Settings ===
# In systemd managed systems like Ubuntu 16.04+ or CentOS 7+, you need to perform an extra action for table_open_cache & open_files_limit
# to be overriden (also see comment next to open_files_limit).
# E.g. for MySQL 5.7, please check: https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/using-systemd.html
# and for MariaDB check: https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/
table_definition_cache = 40000 # UPD
table_open_cache = 40000 # UPD
open_files_limit = 60000 # UPD - This can be 2x to 3x the table_open_cache value or match the system's
# open files limit usually set in /etc/sysctl.conf and /etc/security/limits.conf
# In systemd managed systems this limit must also be set in:
# - /etc/systemd/system/mysql.service.d/override.conf (for MySQL 5.7+ in Ubuntu) or
# - /etc/systemd/system/mysqld.service.d/override.conf (for MySQL 5.7+ in CentOS) or
# - /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d/override.conf (for MariaDB)
# otherwise changing open_files_limit will have no effect.
#
# To edit the right file execute:
# $ systemctl edit mysql (or mysqld or mariadb)
# and set "LimitNOFILE=" to something like 100000 or more (depending on your system limits for MySQL)
# or use "LimitNOFILE=infinity" for MariaDB only.
# Finally merge the changes with:
# $ systemctl daemon-reload; systemctl restart mysql (or mysqld or mariadb)
max_heap_table_size = 128M # Increase to 256M or 512M if you have lots of temporary tables because of missing indices in JOINs
tmp_table_size = 128M # Use same value as max_heap_table_size
# === Search Settings ===
ft_min_word_len = 3 # Minimum length of words to be indexed for search results
# === Binary Logging ===
disable_log_bin = 1 # Binary logging disabled by default
#log_bin # To enable binary logging, uncomment this line & only one of the following 2 lines
# that corresponds to your actual MySQL/MariaDB version.
# Remember to comment out the line with "disable_log_bin".
#expire_logs_days = 1 # Keep logs for 1 day - For MySQL 5.x & MariaDB before 10.6 only
#binlog_expire_logs_seconds = 86400 # Keep logs for 1 day (in seconds) - For MySQL 8+ & MariaDB 10.6+ only
# === Error & Slow Query Logging ===
log_error = /var/lib/mysql/mysql_error.log
log_queries_not_using_indexes = 0 # Disabled on production
long_query_time = 5
slow_query_log = 0 # Disabled on production
slow_query_log_file = /var/lib/mysql/mysql_slow.log
[mysqldump]
# Variable reference
# For MySQL 5.7+: https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/mysqldump.html
# For MariaDB: https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/mysqldump/
quick
quote_names
max_allowed_packet = 1024M
@alexlii1971
Copy link

Hello @fevangelou ,

I am quite fresh on Mysql optimization, and really expect your professional guide based on the following service info, mysqltuner, and the my.cnf in used:

8 GB Memory / 4 AMD vCPUs / 160 GB Disk /Ubuntu 22.04 (LTS) x64

mysqltuner
 >>  MySQLTuner 2.1.7
         * Jean-Marie Renouard <jmrenouard@gmail.com>
         * Major Hayden <major@mhtx.net>
 >>  Bug reports, feature requests, and downloads at http://mysqltuner.pl/
 >>  Run with '--help' for additional options and output filtering

[--] Skipped version check for MySQLTuner script
[OK] Logged in using credentials from Debian maintenance account.
 
[OK] Currently running supported MySQL version 10.6.14-MariaDB-1:10.6.14+maria~ubu2204-log
[OK] Operating on 64-bit architecture
 
-------- Log file Recommendations ------------------------------------------------------------------
[!!] Log file  doesn't exist
 
-------- Storage Engine Statistics -----------------------------------------------------------------
[--] Status: +Aria +CSV +InnoDB +MEMORY +MRG_MyISAM +MyISAM +PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA +SEQUENCE 
[--] Data in InnoDB tables: 2.9G (Tables: 502)
[--] Data in MEMORY tables: 0B (Tables: 1)
[--] Data in Aria tables: 32.0K (Tables: 1)
[OK] Total fragmented tables: 0
 
-------- Analysis Performance Metrics --------------------------------------------------------------
[--] innodb_stats_on_metadata: OFF
[OK] No stat updates during querying INFORMATION_SCHEMA.
 
-------- Views Metrics -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------- Triggers Metrics --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------- Routines Metrics --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
-------- Security Recommendations ------------------------------------------------------------------
[OK] There are no anonymous accounts for any database users
[OK] All database users have passwords assigned
[!!] There is no basic password file list!
 
-------- CVE Security Recommendations --------------------------------------------------------------
[--] Skipped due to --cvefile option undefined
 
-------- Performance Metrics -----------------------------------------------------------------------
[--] Up for: 1d 3h 14m 54s (15M q [153.221 qps], 15K conn, TX: 224G, RX: 2G)
[--] Reads / Writes: 98% / 2%
[--] Binary logging is disabled
[--] Physical Memory     : 7.8G
[--] Max MySQL memory    : 1.4G
[--] Other process memory: 0B
[--] Total buffers: 632.0M global + 7.6M per thread (100 max threads)
[--] Performance_schema Max memory usage: 0B
[--] Galera GCache Max memory usage: 0B
[OK] Maximum reached memory usage: 1.4G (17.59% of installed RAM)
[OK] Maximum possible memory usage: 1.4G (17.49% of installed RAM)
[OK] Overall possible memory usage with other process is compatible with memory available
[OK] Slow queries: 0% (82/15M)
[!!] Highest connection usage: 100% (101/100)
[OK] Aborted connections: 0.52% (80/15307)
[!!] Name resolution is active: a reverse name resolution is made for each new connection which can reduce performance
[OK] Query cache is disabled by default due to mutex contention on multiprocessor machines.
[OK] Sorts requiring temporary tables: 0% (1 temp sorts / 2M sorts)
[!!] Joins performed without indexes: 15633
[OK] Temporary tables created on disk: 7% (169K on disk / 2M total)
[OK] Thread cache hit rate: 98% (206 created / 15K connections)
[OK] Table cache hit rate: 99% (19M hits / 19M requests)
[!!] table_definition_cache (400) is less than number of tables (795) 
[OK] Open file limit used: 0% (60/500K)
[OK] Table locks acquired immediately: 100% (334 immediate / 334 locks)
 
-------- Performance schema ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[!!] Performance_schema should be activated.
[--] Sys schema is installed.
 
-------- ThreadPool Metrics ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[--] ThreadPool stat is disabled.
 
-------- MyISAM Metrics ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
[--] No MyISAM table(s) detected ....
 
-------- InnoDB Metrics ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
[--] InnoDB is enabled.
[OK] InnoDB File per table is activated
[!!] InnoDB buffer pool / data size: 384.0M / 2.9G
[!!] Ratio InnoDB log file size / InnoDB Buffer pool size (9.375%): 36.0M * 1 / 384.0M should be equal to 25%
[--] Number of InnoDB Buffer Pool Chunk: 3 for 1 Buffer Pool Instance(s)
[OK] Innodb_buffer_pool_size aligned with Innodb_buffer_pool_chunk_size & Innodb_buffer_pool_instances
[OK] InnoDB Read buffer efficiency: 99.91% (2735358498 hits / 2737839948 total)
[!!] InnoDB Write Log efficiency: 61.14% (50001 hits / 81784 total)
[OK] InnoDB log waits: 0.00% (0 waits / 131785 writes)
 
-------- Aria Metrics ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[--] Aria Storage Engine is enabled.
[OK] Aria pagecache size / total Aria indexes: 128.0M/352.0K
[!!] Aria pagecache hit rate: 93.9% (2M cached / 159K reads)
 
-------- TokuDB Metrics ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
[--] TokuDB is disabled.
 
-------- XtraDB Metrics ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
[--] XtraDB is disabled.
 
-------- Galera Metrics ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
[--] Galera is disabled.
 
-------- Replication Metrics -----------------------------------------------------------------------
[--] Galera Synchronous replication: NO
[--] No replication slave(s) for this server.
[--] Binlog format: ROW
[--] XA support enabled: ON
[--] Semi synchronous replication Master: OFF
[--] Semi synchronous replication Slave: OFF
[--] This is a standalone server
 
-------- Recommendations ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
General recommendations:
    Reduce or eliminate persistent connections to reduce connection usage
    Configure your accounts with ip or subnets only, then update your configuration with skip-name-resolve=OFF
    We will suggest raising the 'join_buffer_size' until JOINs not using indexes are found.
             See https://dev.mysql.com/doc/internals/en/join-buffer-size.html
             (specially the conclusions at the bottom of the page).
    Performance schema should be activated for better diagnostics
    Before changing innodb_log_file_size and/or innodb_log_files_in_group read this: https://bit.ly/2TcGgtU
Variables to adjust:
    max_connections (> 100)
    wait_timeout (< 60)
    interactive_timeout (< 28800)
    skip-name-resolve=OFF
    join_buffer_size (> 256.0K, or always use indexes with JOINs)
    table_definition_cache (400) > 795 or -1 (autosizing if supported)
    performance_schema=ON
    innodb_buffer_pool_size (>= 2.9G) if possible.
    innodb_log_file_size should be (=96M) if possible, so InnoDB total log file size equals 25% of buffer pool size.

my.cnf

# MariaDB database server configuration file.
# Optimized by WordOps 3.16.3
#
# You can copy this file to one of:
# - "/etc/mysql/my.cnf" to set global options,
# - "~/.my.cnf" to set user-specific options.
#
# One can use all long options that the program supports.
# Run program with --help to get a list of available options and with
# --print-defaults to see which it would actually understand and use.
#
# For explanations see
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/server-system-variables.html

# This will be passed to all mysql clients
# It has been reported that passwords should be enclosed with ticks/quotes
# escpecially if they contain "#" chars...
# Remember to edit /etc/mysql/debian.cnf when changing the socket location.
[client]
port		= 3306
socket		= /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock

# Here is entries for some specific programs
# The following values assume you have at least 32M ram

# This was formally known as [safe_mysqld]. Both versions are currently parsed.
[mysqld_safe]
socket		= /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
nice		= 0

[mysqld]
#
# * Basic Settings
#
user		= mysql
pid-file	= /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
socket		= /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
port		= 3306
basedir		= /usr
datadir		= /var/lib/mysql
tmpdir		= /tmp
lc_messages_dir	= /usr/share/mysql
lc_messages	= en_US
skip-external-locking
#
# Instead of skip-networking the default is now to listen only on
# localhost which is more compatible and is not less secure.
bind-address		= localhost
#
# * Fine Tuning
#
max_connections		= 100
connect_timeout		= 5
wait_timeout		= 60
max_allowed_packet	= 64M
thread_cache_size		 = 128
sort_buffer_size	= 4M
bulk_insert_buffer_size	= 16M
tmp_table_size		= 32M
max_heap_table_size	= 32M
#
# * MyISAM
#
# This replaces the startup script and checks MyISAM tables if needed
# the first time they are touched. On error, make copy and try a repair.
myisam_recover_options = BACKUP
key_buffer_size		= 16M
open-files-limit	= 500000
table_open_cache	= 16000
myisam_sort_buffer_size	= 128M
concurrent_insert	= 2
read_buffer_size	= 2M
read_rnd_buffer_size	= 1M
#
# * Query Cache Configuration
#
# Cache only tiny result sets, so we can fit more in the query cache.
query_cache_limit		= 128K
query_cache_size		= 0
# for more write intensive setups, set to DEMAND or OFF
query_cache_type		= 0
#
# * Logging and Replication
#
# Both location gets rotated by the cronjob.
# Be aware that this log type is a performance killer.
# As of 5.1 you can enable the log at runtime!
#general_log_file        = /var/log/mysql/mysql.log
#general_log             = 1
#
# Error logging goes to syslog due to /etc/mysql/conf.d/mysqld_safe_syslog.cnf.
#
# we do want to know about network errors and such
log_warnings		= 2
#
# Enable the slow query log to see queries with especially long duration
slow_query_log = 1
slow_query_log_file	= /var/log/mysql/mariadb-slow.log
long_query_time = 10
#log_slow_rate_limit	= 1000
log_slow_verbosity	= query_plan

#log-queries-not-using-indexes
#log_slow_admin_statements
#
# The following can be used as easy to replay backup logs or for replication.
# note: if you are setting up a replication slave, see README.Debian about
#       other settings you may need to change.
#server-id		= 1
#report_host		= master1
#auto_increment_increment = 2
#auto_increment_offset	= 1
#log_bin			= /var/log/mysql/mariadb-bin
#log_bin_index		= /var/log/mysql/mariadb-bin.index
# not fab for performance, but safer
#sync_binlog		= 1
#expire_logs_days	= 10
#max_binlog_size         = 100M
transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED
binlog_format = ROW

# slaves
#relay_log		= /var/log/mysql/relay-bin
#relay_log_index	= /var/log/mysql/relay-bin.index
#relay_log_info_file	= /var/log/mysql/relay-bin.info
#log_slave_updates
#read_only
#
# If applications support it, this stricter sql_mode prevents some
# mistakes like inserting invalid dates etc.
#sql_mode		= NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,TRADITIONAL
#
# * InnoDB
#
# InnoDB is enabled by default with a 10MB datafile in /var/lib/mysql/.
# Read the manual for more InnoDB related options. There are many!
default_storage_engine	= InnoDB
# you can't just change log file size, requires special procedure
innodb_log_file_size	= 36M
innodb_buffer_pool_size	= 290M
innodb_log_buffer_size	= 72M
innodb_file_per_table	= 1
innodb_open_files	= 500000
innodb_io_capacity	= 500000
innodb_flush_method	= O_DIRECT
#
# * Security Features
#
# Read the manual, too, if you want chroot!
# chroot = /var/lib/mysql/
#
# For generating SSL certificates I recommend the OpenSSL GUI "tinyca".
#
# ssl-ca=/etc/mysql/cacert.pem
# ssl-cert=/etc/mysql/server-cert.pem
# ssl-key=/etc/mysql/server-key.pem

#
# * Galera-related settings
#
[galera]
# Mandatory settings
#wsrep_on=ON
#wsrep_provider=
#wsrep_cluster_address=
#binlog_format=row
#default_storage_engine=InnoDB
#innodb_autoinc_lock_mode=2
#
# Allow server to accept connections on all interfaces.
#
#bind-address=0.0.0.0
#
# Optional setting
#wsrep_slave_threads=1
#innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=0

[mysqldump]
quick
quote-names
max_allowed_packet	= 64M

[mysql]
#no-auto-rehash	# faster start of mysql but no tab completion

[isamchk]
key_buffer		= 16M

#
# * IMPORTANT: Additional settings that can override those from this file!
#   The files must end with '.cnf', otherwise they'll be ignored.
#


@jokottenweb
Copy link

I try since weeks, but can't get cpu down.

my.cnf

The MariaDB configuration file

The MariaDB/MySQL tools read configuration files in the following order:

0. "/etc/mysql/my.cnf" symlinks to this file, reason why all the rest is read.

1. "/etc/mysql/mariadb.cnf" (this file) to set global defaults,

2. "/etc/mysql/conf.d/*.cnf" to set global options.

3. "/etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/*.cnf" to set MariaDB-only options.

4. "~/.my.cnf" to set user-specific options.

If the same option is defined multiple times, the last one will apply.

One can use all long options that the program supports.

Run program with --help to get a list of available options and with

--print-defaults to see which it would actually understand and use.

If you are new to MariaDB, check out https://mariadb.com/kb/en/basic-mariadb-articles/

This group is read both by the client and the server

use it for options that affect everything

[client-server]

Port or socket location where to connect

port = 3306

socket = /run/mysqld/mysqld.sock

Import all .cnf files from configuration directory

!includedir /etc/mysql/conf.d/
!includedir /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/
[mysqld]
sql_mode=ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION
bind-address = ::ffff:127.0.0.1
local-infile=0

performance_schema = ON

wait_timeout = 31536000
max_allowed_packet=500M
max_connect_errors = 100000

table-definition-cache=10000
table_open_cache=1000

open_files_limit = 65536

max_heap_table_size = 512M # Increase to 256M or 512M if you have lots of temporary tables because of missing indices in JOINs
tmp_table_size = 512M

max_write_lock_count=16
join_buffer_size = 256K
read_buffer_size = 128K # UPD
read_rnd_buffer_size = 2M # UPD
sort_buffer_size = 2M # UPD

low_priority_updates=1
concurrent_insert=ALWAYS

query_cache_type = 0
query_cache_size = 0
#query_cache_limit = OFF

for more write intensive setups, set to DEMAND or OFF

key_buffer_size = 50M
max_connections=60
thread_cache_size=100
thread_stack = 192K
log_warnings=2

innodb_thread_concurrency=0
innodb_buffer_pool_size=5G
innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 4
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=0
innodb_flush_method=O_DIRECT

innodb_log_buffer_size=16M
innodb_log_file_size=1G
innodb_io_capacity=10000
innodb_read_io_threads = 64
innodb_write_io_threads = 64
innodb_change_buffer_max_size=10
innodb_sort_buffer_size=4M

wait_timeout=80

log_error = /var/lib/mysql/mysql_error.log
log_queries_not_using_indexes = ON # Disabled on production
long_query_time = 1
slow_query_log = 1 # Disabled on production
log_queries_not_using_indexes = ON
slow_query_log_file = /var/lib/mysql/mysql_slow.log
log_slow_verbosity = query_plan

mysql-auslastung

@jamesautodude
Copy link

jamesautodude commented Nov 7, 2023

For me I had to comment these lines out:

#pid_file                        = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
#socket                          = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock

Then it started normally and I was able to access through phpmyadmin :)

Also for anyone using AlmaLinux, the my.cnf is located in:
etc/my.cnf

And if you're using MariaDB, I recommend re-adding this:

#
# include *.cnf from the config directory
#
!includedir /etc/my.cnf.d

Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment