Create a gist now

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

What would you like to do?
Create vHost Ubuntu Lamp-Server (bash and python)
#! /usr/bin/python
from sys import argv
from os.path import exists
from os import makedirs
from os import symlink
from os import system
import getopt
#
# Show Usage, Output to STDERR
#
def show_usage():
print """
Create a new vHost in Ubuntu Server
Assumes /etc/apache2/sites-available and /etc/apache2/sites-enabled setup used
-d DocumentRoot - i.e. /var/www/yoursite
-h Help - Show this menu.
-s ServerName - i.e. example.com or sub.example.com
"""
exit(1)
#
# Output vHost skeleton, fill with userinput
# To be outputted into new file
#
def create_vhost(documentroot, servername):
out = """<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
ServerName %s
DocumentRoot %s
<Directory %s>
Options -Indexes +FollowSymLinks +MultiViews
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
Require all granted
</Directory>
ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/%s-error.log
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
LogLevel warn
CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/%s-access.log combined
</VirtualHost>""" % (servername, documentroot, documentroot, servername, servername)
return out
#Parse flags, fancy python way. Long options also!
try:
opts, args = getopt.getopt(argv[1:], "hd:s:", ["help", "document-root=", 'server-name='])
except getopt.GetoptError, err:
print str(err)
show_usage()
#Sanity check - make sure there are arguments
if opts.__len__() == 0:
show_usage()
documentRoot = None
serverName = None
#Get values from flags
for option, value in opts:
if option in ('-h', '--help'):
show_usage()
elif option in ('-d', '--document-root'):
documentRoot = value
elif option in ('-s', '--server-name'):
serverName = value
else:
print "Unknown parameter used"
show_usage()
if exists(documentRoot) == False:
makedirs(documentRoot, 0755)
#chown USER:USER $DocumentRoot #POSSIBLE IMPLEMENTATION, new flag -u ?
#from pwd import getpwnam -> inspect: getpwnam('someuser')
if exists('%s/%s.conf' % (documentRoot, serverName)):
print 'vHost already exists. Aborting'
show_usage()
else:
target = open('/etc/apache2/sites-available/%s.conf' % serverName, 'w')
target.write(create_vhost(documentRoot, serverName))
target.close()
srcLink = '/etc/apache2/sites-available/%s.conf' % serverName
destLink = '/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/%s.conf' % serverName
symlink(srcLink, destLink)
system('service apache2 reload')
#! /bin/bash
# Run this as sudo!
# I move this file to /usr/local/bin/vhost and run command 'vhost' from anywhere, using sudo.
#
# Show Usage, Output to STDERR
#
function show_usage {
cat <<- _EOF_
Create a new vHost in Ubuntu Server
Assumes /etc/apache2/sites-available and /etc/apache2/sites-enabled setup used
-d DocumentRoot - i.e. /var/www/yoursite
-h Help - Show this menu.
-s ServerName - i.e. example.com or sub.example.com
-a ServerAlias - i.e. *.example.com or another domain altogether
-p File path to the SSL certificate. Directories only, no file name.
If using an SSL Certificate, also creates a port :443 vhost as well.
This *ASSUMES* a .crt and a .key file exists
at file path /provided-file-path/your-server-or-cert-name.[crt|key].
Otherwise you can except Apache errors when you reload Apache.
Ensure Apache's mod_ssl is enabled via "sudo a2enmod ssl".
-c Certificate filename. "xip.io" becomes "xip.io.key" and "xip.io.crt".
Example Usage. Serve files from /var/www/xip.io at http(s)://192.168.33.10.xip.io
using ssl files from /etc/ssl/xip.io/xip.io.[key|crt]
sudo vhost -d /var/www/xip.io -s 192.168.33.10.xip.io -p /etc/ssl/xip.io -c xip.io
_EOF_
exit 1
}
#
# Output vHost skeleton, fill with userinput
# To be outputted into new file
#
function create_vhost {
cat <<- _EOF_
<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
ServerName $ServerName
$ServerAlias
DocumentRoot $DocumentRoot
# Uncomment this to proxy pass to fastcgi
# Assumes Apache 2.4 with mod_proxy_fcgi
# ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php(/.*)?)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000$DocumentRoot/$1
<Directory $DocumentRoot>
Options -Indexes +FollowSymLinks +MultiViews
AllowOverride All
Require all granted
</Directory>
ErrorLog \${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/$ServerName-error.log
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
LogLevel warn
CustomLog \${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/$ServerName-access.log combined
#ProxyPassMatch
</VirtualHost>
_EOF_
}
function create_ssl_vhost {
cat <<- _EOF_
<VirtualHost *:443>
ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
ServerName $ServerName
$ServerAlias
DocumentRoot $DocumentRoot
# Uncomment this to proxy pass to fastcgi
# Assumes Apache 2.4 with mod_proxy_fcgi
# ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php(/.*)?)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000$DocumentRoot/$1
<Directory $DocumentRoot>
Options -Indexes +FollowSymLinks +MultiViews
AllowOverride All
Require all granted
</Directory>
ErrorLog \${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/$ServerName-error.log
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
LogLevel warn
CustomLog \${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/$ServerName-access.log combined
#ProxyPassMatch
SSLEngine on
SSLCertificateFile $CertPath/$CertName.crt
SSLCertificateKeyFile $CertPath/$CertName.key
<FilesMatch "\.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php)$">
SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
</FilesMatch>
BrowserMatch "MSIE [2-6]" \\
nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown \\
downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0
# MSIE 7 and newer should be able to use keepalive
BrowserMatch "MSIE [17-9]" ssl-unclean-shutdown
</VirtualHost>
_EOF_
}
#Sanity Check - are there two arguments with 2 values?
if [ "$#" -lt 4 ]; then
show_usage
fi
CertPath=""
#Parse flags
while getopts "d:s:a:p:c:h" OPTION; do
case $OPTION in
h)
show_usage
;;
d)
DocumentRoot=$OPTARG
;;
s)
ServerName=$OPTARG
;;
a)
Alias=$OPTARG
;;
p)
CertPath=$OPTARG
;;
c)
CertName=$OPTARG
;;
*)
show_usage
;;
esac
done
# If alias is set:
if [ "$Alias" != "" ]; then
ServerAlias="ServerAlias "$Alias
else
ServerAlias=""
fi
# If CertName doesn't get set, set it to ServerName
if [ "$CertName" == "" ]; then
CertName=$ServerName
fi
if [ ! -d $DocumentRoot ]; then
mkdir -p $DocumentRoot
#chown USER:USER $DocumentRoot #POSSIBLE IMPLEMENTATION, new flag -u ?
fi
if [ -f "$DocumentRoot/$ServerName.conf" ]; then
echo 'vHost already exists. Aborting'
show_usage
else
create_vhost > /etc/apache2/sites-available/${ServerName}.conf
# Add :443 handling
if [ "$CertPath" != "" ]; then
create_ssl_vhost >> /etc/apache2/sites-available/${ServerName}.conf
fi
# Enable Site
cd /etc/apache2/sites-available/ && a2ensite ${ServerName}.conf
service apache2 reload
fi
Owner

fideloper commented Aug 2, 2013

Updates:

8.2.2013

  • Updated bash script to latest Options syntax for Apache 2.4+
  • Updated bash script to use a2ensite instead of creating symlink "manually"
  • Updated bash script to reload apache2 rather than making user do it manually
  • Updates, as usual here, assume a Debian installation
Owner

fideloper commented Jan 26, 2014

Usage

Install:

curl https://gist.github.com/fideloper/2710970/raw/5d7efd74628a1e3261707056604c99d7747fe37d/vhost.sh > vhost
chmod guo+x vhost
sudo mv vhost /usr/local/bin

Use:

# See Help Menu
vhost -h
# Create virtual host for "myproject.local"
sudo vhost -d /var/www/myproject  -s myproject.local

kl4us commented Feb 13, 2014

At line 97 of vhost.py is

system('service apache2 reload')

and not

os.system('service apache2 reload')

Good work anyway.

Owner

fideloper commented Feb 17, 2014

@kl4us - Thanks!

Under Install:
chmos guo+x vhost
should be
chmod guo+x vhost

Owner

fideloper commented Apr 2, 2014

Updated, ty

aranw commented Apr 4, 2014

Could you by any chances add ServerAlias as a option? That way in Vaprobash could add the ability to use the Vhost config option and the xip.io option as well.

sb-lc commented Sep 15, 2015

yes this script misses out a very important step which is to add the server alias to the /etc/hosts file

sb-lc commented Sep 15, 2015

echo ${Alias} >> /etc/hosts

add this line to the end of the script (before the last 'fi')

this is for ubuntu

sb-lc commented Sep 15, 2015

sorry i meant add this:

echo 127.0.1.1 ${Alias} >> /etc/hosts

tnrn9b commented May 13, 2016

This rocks. In order to add the localhost information to the beginning of /etc/hosts, add this instead:

                    echo 127.0.0.1 ${Alias} | cat - /etc/hosts > /tmp/out && mv /tmp/out /etc/hosts

This generates a file with the new localhost information added to the top. Great scripts.

Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment