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Created September 21, 2022 19:10
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Set up postgres + database on MacOS (M1)

Based on this blogpost.

Install with Homebrew:

$ brew install postgresql

Run server:

$ pg_ctl -D /opt/homebrew/var/postgres start

Note: if you’re on Intel, the /opt/homebrew probably is /usr/local.

Start psql and open database postgres, which is the database postgres uses itself to store roles, permissions, and structure:

$ psql postgres

Create role for application, give login and CREATEDB permissions:

postgres-# CREATE ROLE myuser WITH LOGIN;
postgres-# ALTER ROLE myuser CREATEDB;

Note that the user has no password. Listing users \du should look like this:

postgres-# \du
                                    List of roles
  Role name  |                         Attributes                         | Member of 
 <root user> | Superuser, Create role, Create DB, Replication, Bypass RLS | {}
 myuser      | Create DB                                                  | {}

Quit psql, because we will login with the new role (=user) to create a database:

postgres-# \q

On shell, open psql with postgres database with user myuser:

$ psql postgres -U myuser

Note that the postgres prompt looks different, because we’re not logged in as a root user anymore. We’ll create a database and grant all privileges to our user:

postgres-> CREATE DATABASE mydatabase;
postgres-> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON DATABASE mydatabase TO myuser;

List databases to verify:

postgres-> \list

If you want to connect to a database and list all tables:

postgres-> \c mydatabase
mydatabase-> \dt

...should print Did not find any relations. for an empty database. To quit the postgres CLI:

mydatabase-> \q

Finally, in a .env file for Node.js software development, your database connection string should look like this:

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