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Macbook Arch Guide

Macbook Arch Guide

Installation

cgdisk /dev/sda

# Setup Partitions
# 1 100MiB EFI partition # Hex code ef00
# 2 250MiB Boot partition # Hex code 8300
# 3 4GiB Swap partition # Hex code 8200
# 3 100% size partiton # Hex code 8300

# format paritions
mkfs.vfat -F32 /dev/sda1
mkfs.ext2 /dev/sda2
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda4

# setup swap
mkswap /dev/sda3
swapon /dev/sda3

# mount paritions
mount /dev/sda4 /mnt
mkdir /mnt/boot
mount /dev/sda2 /mnt/boot
mkdir /mnt/boot/efi
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/boot/efi

# install arch linux
pacstrap /mnt base base-devel grub-efi-x86_64 zsh zsh-completions vim git efibootmgr dialog wpa_supplicant

# fstab
genfstab -pU /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab

# enter the new system
arch-chroot /mnt /bin/bash

# set hostname
echo MYHOSTNAME > /etc/hostname

# set locale
echo LANG=en_US.UTF-8 >> /etc/locale.conf
echo LANGUAGE=en_US >> /etc/locale.conf
echo LC_ALL=C >> /etc/locale.conf

vim /etc/locale.gen
# uncomment en_US.UTF-8
locale-gen

# set root password
passwd

# create user
useradd -m -g users -G wheel,storage,power -s /bin/zsh MYUSERNAME
passwd MYUSERNAME

# Regenerate initrd image
mkinitcpio -p linux

# setup grub
grub-install
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

# unmount paritions and restart (remove usb)
exit
umount -R /mnt
reboot

General Setup

XOrg

pacman -S xorg-server xorg-xinit xorg-server-utils mesa
pacman -S xorg-twm xorg-xclock xterm # basic components

XMonad

pacman -S xmonad xmonad-contrib xmobar trayer

Awesome WM

sudo pacman -S awesome vicious

XFCE 4 (Backup + Utilities)

sudo pacman -S xfce4 xfce4-goodies

Start WM with X

echo "exec xmonad" >> ~/.xinitrc # OR
echo "exec awesome" >> ~/.xinitrc # OR
echo "exec startxfce4" >> ~/.xinitrc

Create Awesome Config

mkdir -p ~/.config/awesome/
cp /etc/xdg/awesome/rc.lua ~/.config/awesome/ # basic config

Community Packages

sudo pacman -S yaourt

Enable 64-bit wrapped 32-bit packages + community repo (uncomment / add)

vim /etc/pacman.conf

# [multilib]
# Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlists

# [archlinuxfr]
# SigLevel = Never
# Server = http://repo.archlinux.fr/$arch

Suspend

systemctl suspend

System Time

Set Time

tzselect  $ US -> Eastern
sudo ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/US/Eastern /etc/localtime
hwclock --systohc --utc

Display

Brightness

yaourt -S light-git
light -S 50  # sets brightness to 50%
light -U 10 # decrease by 10%
light -A 10 # increase by 10%

XScreensaver

sudo pacman -S xscreensaver
xscreensaver-demo

Lock Screen (On suspend/hibernate)

yaourt -S xss-lock
xss-lock -- /usr/bin/xscreensaver-command -lock &

Lock

xscreensaver-command --lock

Disable LID Wakeup (Prevents proper suspend when lid open)

sudo vim etc/tmpfiles.d/disable-lid0-wake.conf

# w /proc/acpi/wakeup - - - - LID0

Keyboard

Backlight (startup)

kbdlight max

Fix Tilde Key & Fix F# Keys

sudo vim /etc/modprobe.d/hid_apple.conf

# options hid_apple iso_layout=0
# options hid_apple fnmode=2

Touchpad

Basic Support

pacman -S xf86-input-synaptics

Natural Scrolling

xinput set-button-map 12 1 2 3 5 4 7 6

Sound

PulseAudio

sudo pacman -S pulseaudio pulseaudio-bluetooth pulseaudio-alsa paprefs
yaourt -S pasystray

Control

sudo pacman -S alsa-utils
alsamixer

Volume Applet

sudo pacman -S pasystray

Bluetooth

Install Bluetooth Packages

sudo pacman -S bluez bluez-utils

Start and Enable Bluetooth Service

systemctl enable bluetooth
systemctl start bluetooth

Install and Run Blueman

sudo pacman -S blueman blueman-applet

Start Blueman Applet (startup)

blueman-applet

Facetime HD

Install Experimental Facetime HD Driver

yaourt -S bcwc-pcie-git

Networking

Broadcom Drivers

yaourt -S broadcom-wl

Wifi Menu (Terminal)

sudo wifi-menu

Network Manager

sudo pacman -S networkmanager
sudo pacman -S network-manager-applet
sudo pacman -S networkmanager-openvpn
sudo pacman -S gnome-keyring

systemctl enable NetworkManager
systemctl start NetworkManager

Start Network Manager Applet (startup)

nm-applet --sm-disable

SSH

sudo pacman -S openssh
sudo systemctl enable sshd
sudo systemctl start sshd

Power

Enable MBP Fan Usage

yaourt -S mbpfan-git
sudo systemctl enable mbpfan
sudo systemctl start mbpfan

Enable Automated Power Regulation

sudo pacman -S tlp
sudo systemctl enable tlp

Enable thermald (overheat shutoff)

yaourt -S thermald
sudo systemctl enable thermald
sudo systemctl start thermald

Install Powertop

sudo pacman -S powertop
sudo vim /etc/systemd/system/powertop.service

#[Unit]
#Description=Powertop tunings

#[Service]
#Type=oneshot
#ExecStart=/usr/bin/powertop --auto-tune

#[Install]
#WantedBy=multi-user.target

systemctl enable powertop

Printing

Install CUPS + HP Drivers

sudo pacman -S cups ghostscript gsfonts hplip
yaourt -S libcups

Enable CUPS Services

systemctl enable org.cups.cupsd.service
systemctl start org.cups.cupsd.service

systemctl enable org.cups.cupsd-browsed.service
systemctl start org.cups.cupsd-browsed.service

Access Web Interface

firefox http://localhost:631/

Random

Increase FS Watchers and Instances (Dropbox)

sudo echo 'fs.inotify.max_user_watches = 1048576' >> /usr/lib/sysctl.d/50-default.conf
sudo echo 'fs.inotify.max_user_instances = 256' >> /usr/lib/sysctl.d/50-default.conf

Ranger Configuration

ranger --copy-config=all
  • Ascii Art Preview

      sudo pacman -S libcaca
    
  • Foxit Reader (default pdf viewer)

      vim ~/.config/ranger/rifle.conf
      # ext pdf = foxitreader "$@"
    

Appearance

Awesome Themes

git clone https://github.com/mikar/awesome-themes.git
git clone https://github.com/copycat-killer/awesome-copycats.git

XFCE4 Windows Settings (background)

xfsettingsd

Compositor

yaourt -S compton

Start Compositor (background startup)

compton -b

HiDPI

XFCE

xfce4-appearance-settings
# Fonts -> Custom DPI Setting -> 130

Spotify

sudo vim /usr/bin/spotify
# add: --force-device-scale-factor=1.5

Xresources

vim .Xresources
# Xft.dpi: 120

QT

export QT_DEVICE_PIXEL_RATIO=1.2

Firefox / Thunderbird

# about:config
layout.css.devPixelsPerPx = 1.5

Xmonad Startup

Set Desktop Wallpaper

feh --bg-scale /path/to/wallpaper.jpg

Initialize Cursor

xsetroot -cursor_name left_ptr

Start Trayer (System Tray)

trayer --edge top --align right --SetDockType true --SetPartialStrut true --expand true --width 10 --height 27 --transparent true --alpha 0 --tint 0x242424

Packages

Installing

Install from Arch Repository

sudo pacman -S <package-name>

Install from Arch User Repository (AUR)

yaourt -S <package-name>

Updating Packages / Repositories

Update from Arch Repository

sudo pacman -Syu

Update from Arch User Repository

sudo yaourt -Syu --aur

GUI

  • URxvt (Default terminal): rxvt-unicode urxvt-perls
  • Firefox (Developer): firefox-developer (aur)
  • Sublime Text 3: sublim-text-dev (aur)
  • Google Chrome: google-chrome (aur)
  • Dropbox: dropbox (aur)
  • Thunar-Dropbox: thunar-dropbox (aur)
  • Telegram: telegram-desktop-bin (aur)
  • Slack: slack-desktop (aur)
  • Steam: steam (aur)
  • Termite (terminal): termite
  • Spotify: spotify (aur)
  • Datagrip: datagrip (aur)
  • Parcellite (Clipboart Manager): parcellite
  • VLC: vlc
  • Feh (lightweight image viewer): feh
  • XArchiver: xarchiver
  • Meld: meld
  • Deepin Screenshot: deepin-screenshot
  • rofi (awesome launcher): rofi
  • Zoom (meetings): zoom (aur)
  • Zeal (Dash clone): zeal (aur)
  • Hexchat (IRC): hexchat
  • Geary (email): geary
  • Corebird (twitter): corebird
  • Transmission (torrent): transmission-gtk
  • Inkscape (vector art): inkscape
  • Gimp: gimp
  • Libre Office: libreoffice-fresh
  • Open Broadcaster: obs-studio (aur)
  • VirtualBox: virtualbox (aur)
    • sudo modprobe vboxdrv

CLI

  • Archey (System Info): archey-plus (aur)
  • Speedtest CLI: speedtest-cli (aur)
  • htop: htop
  • mlocate: mlocate
    • sudo updatedb # create search database
    • locate file # searches filesystem for 'file'
  • tree: tree
  • vnstat: vnstat
  • z: z-git (aur)
  • mutt: mutt5
  • gcalcli (GCal): gcalcli (aur)
  • ranger (file browser): ranger
  • wavemon (wifi analyzer): wavemon
  • cli-visualizer (audio visualizer): cli-visualizer (aur)
  • imagemagick: imagemagick
    • convert file1.png file2.png file3.png +append combined.png # concatenate three images
  • jq (json cli tool): jq
    • cat file.json | jq '.' # format json file
  • mtr: mtr
  • ncmpcpp (cli mpd music player client): ncmpcpp
  • nmap (network scanner): nmap
    • nmap 10.0.1.0/24 # Scan 256 address beginning with 10.0.1.0
  • w3m (browser): w3m

Other

  • Meslo Font: ttf-meslo (aur)
  • Java Web Plugin: icedtea-web
  • Flash Plugin: flashplugin
  • Flat Studio GTK: gtk-theme-flatstudio (aur)
  • Trayer SRG: trayer-srg (aur)
  • Mopidy + Spotify (Music Daemon): mopidy mopidy-spotify (aur)

Keybindings

Window Mgmt (Xmonad - Custom)

  • Switch Workspace: <cmd> + <l/r arrow>
  • Move App Workspace: <cmd> + <shift> + <l/r arrow>
  • Switch Screen: <cmd> + <u/d arrow>
  • Move App Screen: <cmd> + <shift> + <u/d arrow>
  • Switch Pane: <cmd> + j/k
  • Move App Pane: <cmd> + <shift> + j/k
  • Switch n Workspace: <cmd> + n
  • Switch Screen (1/2/3): <cmd> + w/e/r
  • Cycle Layout: <cmd> + <space>
  • Adjust Layout Master Pane Size: <cmd> + h/l
  • Adjust Master Pane Include Count <cmd> + ,/.
  • Move Selected Pane to Master: <cmd> + <enter>
  • Rofi App Launcher: <cmd> + p

Window Mgmt (awesome)

  • Client == Window
  • Tag == Screen
  • Switch Tag (Screen): <cmd> + <arrow>
  • Switch Previous Client (Window): <cmd> + j
  • Switch Next Client (Window): <cmd> + k
    • Move Client: add modifier
  • Toggle Client Floating: <cmd> + <ctrl> + <space>
  • Maximize Client: <cmd> + m
  • Minimize Client: <cmd> + n
  • Fullscreen Client: <cmd> + f
  • Restore All Minimized Clients: <cmd> + <ctrl> + n
  • Switch Layout: <cmd> + <space>
  • Move Client to Tag: <cmd> + <shift> + <num>

Editing

  • Home: <fn> + <left arrow>
  • End: <fn> + <right arrow>
  • Page Up: <fn> + <up arrow>
  • Page Down: <fn> + <down arrow>
  • Beginning: <fn> + <ctrl> + <left arrow>
  • End: <fn> + <ctrl> + <right arrow>
  • Next Tab: <fn> + <ctrl> + <down arrow>
  • Prev Tab: <fn> + <ctrl> + <up arrow>
@santigz

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santigz commented Oct 13, 2019

Your pacstrap is missing the packages linux and linux-firmware

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