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JS Interview
1. Write poly-fill of Object.create and explain why it worked:
if(typeof Object.create != "function") {
Object.create = function(param) {
var Fun = function(){};
Fun.prototype = param;
return new Fun();
}
}
What new does when we create instance, what if we do not add it etc.
2. Write poly-fill of bind and extend it to support following functionality:
var obj = { x: 1, y: 2 };
function sum (arg1, arg2, arg3) {
return this.x + this.y + arg1 + arg2 + arg3;
}
var myCaller = sum.bind(obj, 4);
myCaller(5, 6); //18 is the answer
Function.prototype.bind = function() {
var arg = [].slice.call(arguments);
var that = arg[0];
var items = arg.slice(1);
var self = this;
return function () {
var elements = Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments);
return self.apply(that, items.concat(elements));
}
}
3. Flat an n level array - [[1, 2], [[3], [4]], 5] should return [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
4. Implement curry function:
var temp = curry(avg, 1, 2, 3);
temp(10); //4 - stores 1, 2, 3 in closures and adds 10 for average
temp(1, 2); //1.8 - stores 1, 2, 3 in closures and add 1, 2 for average
//Average function:
var avg = function (...param) {
var sum = 0;
for(var i = 0; i < param.length; i++) {
sum += param[i];
}
return param.length > 0 ? sum / param.length : 0;
}
var curry = function (fn, ...m) {
return function (...n) {
return fn.apply(this, m.concat(n));
}
}
5. Memory leaks in closures? Where closure variable are stored?
6. Implement jQuery, underscore like library?
7. Design a library or component - Carousel, auto-complete, game timer, split - wise, lazy loading etc.
8. Implement Design pattern - Pub/Sub, Mixin, Observer, revealing module pattern?
9. Difference between classical and prototype inheritence? If you design a language, which one will you choose?
10. Testing framework in detail - How will you test ajax request, fixtures, mocking, spy, stub etc.
11. Why immutability is important? How will you bring immutability in JS?
12. const obj = { "a" : 1 }
Can I change obj.a and why can I change it if const means that variable cannot be reassigned or re-declared?
13. Object.freeze and Object.seal. Another way of asking is, how will you prevent object property value to be updated or added?
14. Event loop in JavaScript
15. In what order will the numbers 1-4 be logged to the console when the code below is executed? Why?
(function() {
console.log(1);
setTimeout(function(){console.log(2)}, 1000);
setTimeout(function(){console.log(3)}, 0);
console.log(4);
})();
16. What is the output out of the following code? Explain your answer.
var a={},
b={key:'b'},
c={key:'c'};
a[b]=123;
a[c]=456;
console.log(a[b]);
17. Callback, Promise, Observable, Generators
18. Design a game eg. tic tac toe etc.
19. How can I get the depth of the deepest li tag in an unordered list?
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/22248432/calculate-depth-of-unordered-list
20. How will you do dfs in html nodes?
21. Write a function to get factorial and cache the result. If it's called next time, return from cache.
a. How can you improve the performance of factorial using memoization?
b. How can you improve memoization approach since it takes more space?
c. We can ask which one is better recursive or iterative version of factorial?
22. lib.add(10).sub(20).mul(2).div(1) - Implement a function with use of closure
23. How will you handle cross site scripting, sanitization etc.?
24. How will you handle date - time in your product?
25. What is Cross-site request forgery(CSRF) and How will you save site from Cross-site request forgery?
26. How declare static variable and function and what's the use?
27. What will be output of below:
X = [1,2]
X.push(X)
console.log(X)
28. How will you replace backslash in a string?
29. Wha will be output of following:
var a = '1';
var b = 'c';
console.log(a + b); //1c
console.log(a - b); //NaN
console.log(a * b); //NaN
console.log(a / b); //NaN
var a = 1;
var b = '2';
console.log(a + b); //12
console.log(a - b); //-1
console.log(a * b); //2
console.log(a / b); //.5
30. JavaScript is pass by value or pass by reference?
//Primitive type (string, number, etc.) are passed by value and objects are passed by reference
31. What is the output of following? What is the reason for output, how many closures are created in following example?
for(var i = 1; i <= 5; i++) {
setTimeout(function () {
console.log(i);
}, 1000*i);
}
Fix:
for(var i = 1; i <= 5; i++) {
(function (i) {
setTimeout(function () {
console.log(i);
}, 1000*i);
})(i);
}
32. Output of following
(function() {
x = 1;
function x() {};
var x;
console.log('var x => ', x);
})()
33. Question on static function:
function A() {}
// Static
A.getSmth = function() {
return 1;
}
// Public
A.prototype.getAnother = function() {
return 2;
}
var a = new A();
try {
console.log(a.getSmth());
} catch(e) {
console.log('a.getSmth() TypeError => ', e.constructor.name);
}
34. Output of following:
var head = {};
var newNode = {};
head.next = newNode;
newNode.next = head;
head = null;
console.log('newNode.next => ', newNode.next);
35. Difference between reflow and repaint? How to avoid it? What is RequestAnimationFrame?
36. How to handle images in responsive website - srcset, sizes, base64, blurring effect using canvas etc.
37. Server side rendering vs client side rendering and its effect on SEO and performence
38. Progressive Web App
39. All type of ajax request, headers, options call, CORS etc.
40. Two way data binding vs one way data binding
41. OAuth implementation
42. CSS 3.0 - Animation and other props
43. Lazy loading implementation
44. Chrome dev tool - e.g. profiler etc.
45. How will you implement 2 way data binding
46. debounce and throttle method
47. Implementation of state management in react
48. Implement generic curry function:
function getVolume(l, h, w) {
console.log('voulume: ' + (l * h * w));
}
function curryFun(fn) {
var arrLength = fn.length;
return (function repeat() {
var mem = [].slice.apply(arguments);
return function() {
var next = mem.concat([].slice.apply(arguments));
return next.length >= arrLength ? fn.apply(null, next) : repeat.apply(null, next);
}
}());
}
var curry = curryFun(getVolume);
curry(2)(3)(4);
49. CSS Questions - Box Model (margin-collapse rules, box-sizing),
float (clear etc., effect of display: block),
position, overflow-hidden: what it does,
Ways to align the item center,
flex box, grid layout, box-shadow
50. setInterval and clearInterval using setTimeout and clearTimeout
51. CSS Interview questions: https://css-tricks.com/interview-questions-css/
52. function curry(fn) {
if(fn.length === 0) {
return fn.apply();
}
function nest(N, args) {
return function() {
var arg = [].slice.apply(arguments);
if(N - arg.length <= 0) {
return fn.apply(null, args.concat(arg));
}
args = args.concat(arg);
return nest(N - args.length, args);
}
}
return nest(fn.length, []);
}
var sum = function (x, y, z) {
return x + y + z;
}
var result = curry(sum);
console.log(result(1)(2)(3));
console.log(result(1, 2)(3));
console.log(result(1)(2, 3));
53. Write Poly-fill of Promise? https://brunoscopelliti.com/lets-write-a-promise-polyfill/
54. Difference between get, post, put, delete
55. How to use Memoize to cache JavaScript function results and speed up your code
https://medium.freecodecamp.org/understanding-memoize-in-javascript-51d07d19430e
56. How can I display just a portion of an image in HTML/CSS?
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/57725/how-can-i-display-just-a-portion-of-an-image-in-html-css
57. Middelware design pattern: https://gist.github.com/darrenscerri/5c3b3dcbe4d370435cfa
58. Develop progress bar component
59. Web components, npm modules
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