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Slightly hacky rails middleware for serving up precompiled gzipped assets
require 'action_dispatch/middleware/static'
module Middleware
class FileHandler < ActionDispatch::FileHandler
def initialize(root, assets_path, cache_control)
@assets_path = assets_path.chomp('/') + '/'
super(root, cache_control)
end
def match?(path)
path.start_with?(@assets_path) && super(path)
end
end
class CompressedStaticAssets
def initialize(app, path, assets_path, cache_control=nil)
@app = app
@file_handler = FileHandler.new(path, assets_path, cache_control)
end
def call(env)
if env['REQUEST_METHOD'] == 'GET'
request = Rack::Request.new(env)
encoding = Rack::Utils.select_best_encoding(
%w(gzip identity), request.accept_encoding)
if encoding == 'gzip'
pathgz = env['PATH_INFO'] + '.gz'
if match = @file_handler.match?(pathgz)
# Get the filehandler to serve up the gzipped file,
# then strip the .gz suffix
env["PATH_INFO"] = match
status, headers, body = @file_handler.call(env)
path = env["PATH_INFO"] = env["PATH_INFO"].chomp('.gz')
# Set the Vary HTTP header.
vary = headers["Vary"].to_s.split(",").map { |v| v.strip }
unless vary.include?("*") || vary.include?("Accept-Encoding")
headers["Vary"] = vary.push("Accept-Encoding").join(",")
end
headers['Content-Encoding'] = 'gzip'
headers['Content-Type'] =
Rack::Mime.mime_type(File.extname(path), 'text/plain')
headers.delete('Content-Length')
return [status, headers, body]
end
end
end
@app.call(env)
end
end
end
# Serve pre-gzipped static assets
middleware.insert_after(
'Rack::Cache', Middleware::CompressedStaticAssets,
paths["public"].first, config.assets.prefix, config.static_cache_control)
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neersighted Sep 26, 2012

This is awesome! Mind if I gemify it?

This is awesome! Mind if I gemify it?

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EduBcn Dec 2, 2012

Hi! Newbie question here: Where do I put the first file? I created a folder "app/middleware" but I'm getting an "uninitialized constant error Middleware" in production.rb...

EduBcn commented Dec 2, 2012

Hi! Newbie question here: Where do I put the first file? I created a folder "app/middleware" but I'm getting an "uninitialized constant error Middleware" in production.rb...

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theo-bittencourt Feb 10, 2013

@EduBcn - Try config/initializers/

@EduBcn - Try config/initializers/

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loicginoux Feb 23, 2013

I have an error when startng the app:
"/app/config/environments/staging.rb:33:in `block in <top (required)>': uninitialized constant Middleware (NameError)"

any idea?

I have an error when startng the app:
"/app/config/environments/staging.rb:33:in `block in <top (required)>': uninitialized constant Middleware (NameError)"

any idea?

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bensheldon Feb 24, 2013

FYI - this functionality can now be achieved by using the heroku-deflater gem.

FYI - this functionality can now be achieved by using the heroku-deflater gem.

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marcgg Feb 26, 2013

@bensheldon the gem doesn't seem very followed and is maintained by a person and not an organization. Are you sure about it? Have you used it in production?

marcgg commented Feb 26, 2013

@bensheldon the gem doesn't seem very followed and is maintained by a person and not an organization. Are you sure about it? Have you used it in production?

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luizfonseca Mar 31, 2013

Hey @marcgg, I'm using it in production and yep, it works like a charm. Some pages went from 2mb/1mb when cached to 12kb when properly cached.

Hey @marcgg, I'm using it in production and yep, it works like a charm. Some pages went from 2mb/1mb when cached to 12kb when properly cached.

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mattolson Apr 2, 2013

@bensheldon @marcgg FYI the heroku-deflater gem is slightly different than this gist. The gem will use Rack::Deflater for every response, but tell it to skip binary files via the no-transform Cache-control directive. This gist takes advantage of the higher compression ratio for precompiled assets by serving up the .gz version, but by itself doesn't do anything with other types of requests. I think a combination of the two approaches is the ideal.

@bensheldon @marcgg FYI the heroku-deflater gem is slightly different than this gist. The gem will use Rack::Deflater for every response, but tell it to skip binary files via the no-transform Cache-control directive. This gist takes advantage of the higher compression ratio for precompiled assets by serving up the .gz version, but by itself doesn't do anything with other types of requests. I think a combination of the two approaches is the ideal.

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mattolson Apr 3, 2013

@guyboltonking @neersighted @bensheldon @marcgg @runeroniek I have taken the liberty of gemifying this code (with changes to make it play nice with Rack::Deflate). It is available here. It's been working well for me. Let me know if you have any questions.

@guyboltonking @neersighted @bensheldon @marcgg @runeroniek I have taken the liberty of gemifying this code (with changes to make it play nice with Rack::Deflate). It is available here. It's been working well for me. Let me know if you have any questions.

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eliotsykes Jul 21, 2013

Another option for serving gzipped assets using Rack::Rewrite https://gist.github.com/eliotsykes/6049536

Another option for serving gzipped assets using Rack::Rewrite https://gist.github.com/eliotsykes/6049536

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