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Iteration and Recursive Iteration Examples Code
<?php
/*
* Iteration and Recursive Iteration Examples Code
*
* @link http://stackoverflow.com/questions/12077177/how-does-recursiveiteratoriterator-works-in-php
* @author hakre <http://hakre.wordpress.com>
*/
### To have these examples to work, a directory with subdirectories is needed,
### I named mine "tree":
$path = 'tree';
/**
* Example 1: DirectoryIterator
*/
$dir = new DirectoryIterator($path);
echo "[$path]\n";
foreach ($dir as $file) {
echo " ├ $file\n";
}
/**
* Example 2: IteratorIterator
*/
$files = new IteratorIterator($dir);
echo "[$path]\n";
foreach ($files as $file) {
echo " ├ $file\n";
}
/**
* Example 3: RecursiveDirectoryIterator
*/
$dir = new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($path);
echo "[$path]\n";
foreach ($dir as $file) {
echo " ├ $file\n";
}
/**
* Example 4: RecursiveIteratorIterator
*/
$files = new RecursiveIteratorIterator($dir);
echo "[$path]\n";
foreach ($files as $file) {
echo " ├ $file\n";
}
/**
* Example 5: Meta-Information
*/
echo "[$path]\n";
foreach ($files as $file) {
$indent = str_repeat(' ', $files->getDepth());
echo $indent, " ├ $file\n";
}
/**
* Example 6: Recursion Mode
*/
$dir = new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($path, RecursiveDirectoryIterator::SKIP_DOTS);
$files = new RecursiveIteratorIterator($dir, RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);
echo "[$path]\n";
foreach ($files as $file) {
$indent = str_repeat(' ', $files->getDepth());
echo $indent, " ├ $file\n";
}
/**
* Appendix: Nicely Formatted Directory Listings (as used in the answer)
*/
$unicodeTreePrefix = function(RecursiveTreeIterator $tree)
{
$prefixParts = [
RecursiveTreeIterator::PREFIX_LEFT => ' ',
RecursiveTreeIterator::PREFIX_MID_HAS_NEXT => '│ ',
RecursiveTreeIterator::PREFIX_END_HAS_NEXT => '├ ',
RecursiveTreeIterator::PREFIX_END_LAST => '└ '
];
foreach ($prefixParts as $part => $string) {
$tree->setPrefixPart($part, $string);
}
};
$dir = new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($path, RecursiveDirectoryIterator::KEY_AS_FILENAME | RecursiveDirectoryIterator::SKIP_DOTS);
$tree = new RecursiveTreeIterator($dir);
$unicodeTreePrefix($tree);
### non-recursive and recursive listing
foreach ([0, -1] as $level) {
$tree->setMaxDepth($level);
echo "[$path]\n";
foreach ($tree as $filename => $line) {
echo $tree->getPrefix(), $filename, "\n";
}
}
/**
* Appendix: Do It Yourself: Make the `RecursiveTreeIterator` Work Line by Line.
*/
$dir = new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($path, RecursiveDirectoryIterator::SKIP_DOTS);
$lines = new RecursiveTreeIterator($dir);
$unicodeTreePrefix($lines);
echo "[$path]\n", implode("\n", iterator_to_array($lines));
echo "
/// Solution Suggestion ///
";
@include('recursive-directory-iterator-solution.php');
$lines = new RecursiveTreeIterator(
new DiyRecursiveDecorator($dir)
);
$unicodeTreePrefix($lines);
echo "[$path]\n", implode("\n", iterator_to_array($lines));
@digitaldreams

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@digitaldreams digitaldreams commented Nov 11, 2014

well done bro

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