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irisデータのロードとプロット
from sklearn import datasets
import numpy as np
from sklearn.cross_validation import train_test_split
from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler
from sklearn.linear_model import Perceptron
from sklearn.metrics import accuracy_score
# Irisデータセットをロード
iris = datasets.load_iris()
# 3,4列目の特徴量を抽出
X = iris.data[:, [2, 3]]
# クラスラベルを取得
y = iris.target
# print('Class labels:', np.unique(y))
# テストデータの分離
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.3, random_state=0)
# 特徴量のスケーリング
sc = StandardScaler()
# トレーニングデータの平均と標準偏差を計算
sc.fit(X_train)
# 平均と標準偏差を用いて標準化
X_train_std = sc.transform(X_train)
X_test_std = sc.transform(X_test)
from matplotlib.colors import ListedColormap
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import warnings
def versiontuple(v):
return tuple(map(int, (v.split("."))))
def plot_decision_regions(X, y, classifier, test_idx=None, resolution=0.02):
# setup marker generator and color map
markers = ('s', 'x', 'o', '^', 'v')
colors = ('red', 'blue', 'lightgreen', 'gray', 'cyan')
cmap = ListedColormap(colors[:len(np.unique(y))])
# plot the decision surface
x1_min, x1_max = X[:, 0].min() - 1, X[:, 0].max() + 1
x2_min, x2_max = X[:, 1].min() - 1, X[:, 1].max() + 1
xx1, xx2 = np.meshgrid(np.arange(x1_min, x1_max, resolution),
np.arange(x2_min, x2_max, resolution))
Z = classifier.predict(np.array([xx1.ravel(), xx2.ravel()]).T)
Z = Z.reshape(xx1.shape)
plt.contourf(xx1, xx2, Z, alpha=0.4, cmap=cmap)
plt.xlim(xx1.min(), xx1.max())
plt.ylim(xx2.min(), xx2.max())
for idx, cl in enumerate(np.unique(y)):
plt.scatter(x=X[y == cl, 0],
y=X[y == cl, 1],
alpha=0.6,
c=cmap(idx),
edgecolor='black',
marker=markers[idx],
label=cl)
# highlight test samples
if test_idx:
# plot all samples
if not versiontuple(np.__version__) >= versiontuple('1.9.0'):
X_test, y_test = X[list(test_idx), :], y[list(test_idx)]
warnings.warn('Please update to NumPy 1.9.0 or newer')
else:
X_test, y_test = X[test_idx, :], y[test_idx]
plt.scatter(X_test[:, 0],
X_test[:, 1],
c='',
alpha=1.0,
edgecolor='black',
linewidths=1,
marker='o',
s=55, label='test set')
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