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ubuntu passenger nginx init.d script
sudo cp nginx /etc/init.d/
sudo update-rc.d nginx defaults
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx
/etc/init.d/nginx start
#! /bin/sh
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides: nginx
# Required-Start: $remote_fs $syslog
# Required-Stop: $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Start: 2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: nginx init.d dash script for Ubuntu <=9.10.
# Description: nginx init.d dash script for Ubuntu <=9.10.
### END INIT INFO
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# nginx - this Debian Almquist shell (dash) script, starts and stops the nginx
# daemon for ubuntu 9.10 and lesser version numbered releases.
#
# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server. This \
# script will manage the initiation of the \
# server and it's process state.
#
# processname: nginx
# config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
# pidfile: /acronymlabs/server/nginx.pid
# Provides: nginx
#
# Author: Jason Giedymin
# <jason.giedymin AT gmail.com>.
#
# Version: 2.0 02-NOV-2009 jason.giedymin AT gmail.com
# Notes: nginx init.d dash script for Ubuntu <=9.10.
#
# This script's project home is:
# http://code.google.com/p/nginx-init-ubuntu/
#
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# MIT X11 License
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# Copyright (c) 2009 Jason Giedymin, http://Amuxbit.com formerly
# http://AcronymLabs.com
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
# a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
# "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
# without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
# distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
# permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
# the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
# included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
# EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
# MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
# NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE
# LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION
# OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION
# WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Functions
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
. /lib/lsb/init-functions
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Consts
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/opt/nginx/sbin
DAEMON=/opt/nginx/sbin/nginx
PS="nginx"
PIDNAME="nginx" #lets you do $PS-slave
PIDFILE=$PIDNAME.pid #pid file
PIDSPATH=/var/run
DESCRIPTION="Nginx Server..."
RUNAS=root #user to run as
SCRIPT_OK=0 #ala error codes
SCRIPT_ERROR=1 #ala error codes
TRUE=1 #boolean
FALSE=0 #boolean
lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
NGINX_CONF_FILE="/opt/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Simple Tests
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#test if nginx is a file and executable
test -x $DAEMON || exit 0
# Include nginx defaults if available
if [ -f /etc/default/nginx ] ; then
. /etc/default/nginx
fi
#set exit condition
#set -e
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Functions
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
setFilePerms(){
if [ -f $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE ]; then
chmod 400 $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE
fi
}
configtest() {
$DAEMON -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}
getPSCount() {
return `pgrep -f $PS | wc -l`
}
isRunning() {
if [ $1 ]; then
pidof_daemon $1
PID=$?
if [ $PID -gt 0 ]; then
return 1
else
return 0
fi
else
pidof_daemon
PID=$?
if [ $PID -gt 0 ]; then
return 1
else
return 0
fi
fi
}
#courtesy of php-fpm
wait_for_pid () {
try=0
while test $try -lt 35 ; do
case "$1" in
'created')
if [ -f "$2" ] ; then
try=''
break
fi
;;
'removed')
if [ ! -f "$2" ] ; then
try=''
break
fi
;;
esac
#echo -n .
try=`expr $try + 1`
sleep 1
done
}
status(){
isRunning
isAlive=$?
if [ "${isAlive}" -eq $TRUE ]; then
echo "$PIDNAME found running with processes: `pidof $PS`"
else
echo "$PIDNAME is NOT running."
fi
}
removePIDFile(){
if [ $1 ]; then
if [ -f $1 ]; then
rm -f $1
fi
else
#Do default removal
if [ -f $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE ]; then
rm -f $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE
fi
fi
}
start() {
log_daemon_msg "Starting $DESCRIPTION"
isRunning
isAlive=$?
if [ "${isAlive}" -eq $TRUE ]; then
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR
else
start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --chuid $RUNAS --pidfile $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON \
-- -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
setFilePerms
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
fi
}
stop() {
log_daemon_msg "Stopping $DESCRIPTION"
isRunning
isAlive=$?
if [ "${isAlive}" -eq $TRUE ]; then
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --pidfile $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE
wait_for_pid 'removed' $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE
if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR
else
removePIDFile
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
fi
else
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR
fi
}
reload() {
configtest || return $?
log_daemon_msg "Reloading (via HUP) $DESCRIPTION"
isRunning
if [ $? -eq $TRUE ]; then
`killall -HUP $PS` #to be safe
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
else
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR
fi
}
quietupgrade() {
log_daemon_msg "Peforming Quiet Upgrade $DESCRIPTION"
isRunning
isAlive=$?
if [ "${isAlive}" -eq $TRUE ]; then
kill -USR2 `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE`
kill -WINCH `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin`
isRunning
isAlive=$?
if [ "${isAlive}" -eq $TRUE ]; then
kill -QUIT `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin`
wait_for_pid 'removed' $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin
removePIDFile $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
else
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR
log_daemon_msg "ERROR! Reverting back to original $DESCRIPTION"
kill -HUP `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE`
kill -TERM `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin`
kill -QUIT `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin`
wait_for_pid 'removed' $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin
removePIDFile $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ok
fi
else
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR
fi
}
terminate() {
log_daemon_msg "Force terminating (via KILL) $DESCRIPTION"
PIDS=`pidof $PS` || true
[ -e $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE ] && PIDS2=`cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE`
for i in $PIDS; do
if [ "$i" = "$PIDS2" ]; then
kill $i
wait_for_pid 'removed' $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE
removePIDFile
fi
done
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
}
destroy() {
log_daemon_msg "Force terminating and may include self (via KILLALL) $DESCRIPTION"
killall $PS -q >> /dev/null 2>&1
log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
}
pidof_daemon() {
PIDS=`pidof $PS` || true
[ -e $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE ] && PIDS2=`cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE`
for i in $PIDS; do
if [ "$i" = "$PIDS2" ]; then
return 1
fi
done
return 0
}
case "$1" in
start)
start
;;
stop)
stop
;;
restart|force-reload)
stop
sleep 1
start
;;
reload)
$1
;;
status)
status
;;
configtest)
$1
;;
quietupgrade)
$1
;;
terminate)
$1
;;
destroy)
$1
;;
*)
FULLPATH=/etc/init.d/$PS
echo "Usage: $FULLPATH {start|stop|restart|force-reload|status|configtest|quietupgrade|terminate|destroy}"
echo " The 'destroy' command should only be used as a last resort."
exit 1
;;
esac
exit 0

pollcaz commented Mar 26, 2014

Excelent, thanks a lot!

dennmart commented Apr 3, 2014

Thanks a lot for this, it definitely was a time-saver!

One thing to note, at least from my setup - when installing Nginx using the latest version of Passenger (4.0.40) on Ubuntu 13.10, the PID file was being created by default in /opt/nginx/logs/, while this script is looking for it in /var/run. So I had to modify my nginx.conf (pid /var/run/nginx.pid;) for this script to work properly. Just wanted to include that here in case someone ran into the same issue.

Using this code, I'm getting a time-out error. I'm somewhat of a novice so I probably just did something wrong. Any ideas?

this is what I get:

"Job for nginx.service failed because a timeout was exceeded.
See "systemctl status nginx.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.
failed!"

systemctl status nginx.service returns:

"● nginx.service - LSB: nginx init.d dash script for Ubuntu <=9.10.
Loaded: loaded (/etc/init.d/nginx; generated; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: failed (Result: timeout) since Mon 2017-10-23 15:29:24 UTC; 1min 56s ago
Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8)
Process: 18627 ExecStart=/etc/init.d/nginx start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
CGroup: /system.slice/nginx.service
├─473 Passenger watchdog
├─481 Passenger core
├─494 nginx: master process /opt/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /opt/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
└─495 nginx: worker process

Oct 23 15:24:25 raspberrypi nginx[18627]: nginx: [emerg] bind() to 0.0.0.0:80 failed (98: Address already in use)
Oct 23 15:24:26 raspberrypi nginx[18627]: nginx: [emerg] bind() to 0.0.0.0:80 failed (98: Address already in use)
Oct 23 15:24:26 raspberrypi nginx[18627]: nginx: [emerg] bind() to 0.0.0.0:80 failed (98: Address already in use)
Oct 23 15:24:27 raspberrypi nginx[18627]: nginx: [emerg] still could not bind()
Oct 23 15:24:27 raspberrypi nginx[18627]: .
Oct 23 15:24:27 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: PID file /acronymlabs/server/nginx.pid not readable (yet?) after start: No such file or directory
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Start operation timed out. Terminating.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: Failed to start LSB: nginx init.d dash script for Ubuntu <=9.10..
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Unit entered failed state.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Failed with result 'timeout'."

and journalctl -xe returns: "
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi sudo[18618]: pam_unix(sudo:session): session closed for user root
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi sudo[18110]: pam_unix(sudo:session): session closed for user root
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi systemd-logind[343]: Removed session c4.
-- Subject: Session c4 has been terminated
-- Defined-By: systemd
-- Support: https://www.debian.org/support
-- Documentation: http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/multiseat

-- A session with the ID c4 has been terminated.
Oct 23 15:26:10 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Registered Authentication Agent for unix-process:18944:235091 (system bus name :1.43 [/usr/bin/pkttyagent --notify-
Oct 23 15:26:15 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Operator of unix-process:18944:235091 successfully authenticated as unix-user:pi to gain ONE-SHOT authorization for
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Start operation timed out. Terminating.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: Failed to start LSB: nginx init.d dash script for Ubuntu <=9.10..
-- Subject: Unit nginx.service has failed
-- Defined-By: systemd
-- Support: https://www.debian.org/support

-- Unit nginx.service has failed.

-- The result is failed.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Unit entered failed state.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Failed with result 'timeout'.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Unregistered Authentication Agent for unix-process:18944:235091 (system bus name :1.43, object path /org/freedeskto
lines 1761-1783/1783 (END)
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi sudo[18618]: pam_unix(sudo:session): session closed for user root
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi sudo[18110]: pam_unix(sudo:session): session closed for user root
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi systemd-logind[343]: Removed session c4.
-- Subject: Session c4 has been terminated
-- Defined-By: systemd
-- Support: https://www.debian.org/support
-- Documentation: http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/multiseat

-- A session with the ID c4 has been terminated.
Oct 23 15:26:10 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Registered Authentication Agent for unix-process:18944:235091 (system bus name :1.43 [/usr/bin/pkttyagent --notify-fd 5 --fallback], object path /org/fr
Oct 23 15:26:15 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Operator of unix-process:18944:235091 successfully authenticated as unix-user:pi to gain ONE-SHOT authorization for action org.freedesktop.systemd1.mana
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Start operation timed out. Terminating.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: Failed to start LSB: nginx init.d dash script for Ubuntu <=9.10..
-- Subject: Unit nginx.service has failed
-- Defined-By: systemd
-- Support: https://www.debian.org/support

-- Unit nginx.service has failed.

-- The result is failed.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Unit entered failed state.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Failed with result 'timeout'.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Unregistered Authentication Agent for unix-process:18944:235091 (system bus name :1.43, object path /org/freedesktop/PolicyKit1/AuthenticationAgent, loc
lines 1761-1783/1783 (END)
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi sudo[18618]: pam_unix(sudo:session): session closed for user root
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi sudo[18110]: pam_unix(sudo:session): session closed for user root
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi systemd-logind[343]: Removed session c4.
-- Subject: Session c4 has been terminated
-- Defined-By: systemd
-- Support: https://www.debian.org/support
-- Documentation: http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/multiseat

-- A session with the ID c4 has been terminated.
Oct 23 15:26:10 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Registered Authentication Agent for unix-process:18944:235091 (system bus name :1.43 [/usr/bin/pkttyagent --notify-fd 5 --fallback], object path /org/freedesktop/PolicyKit1/Aut
Oct 23 15:26:15 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Operator of unix-process:18944:235091 successfully authenticated as unix-user:pi to gain ONE-SHOT authorization for action org.freedesktop.systemd1.manage-units for system-bus-
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Start operation timed out. Terminating.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: Failed to start LSB: nginx init.d dash script for Ubuntu <=9.10..
-- Subject: Unit nginx.service has failed
-- Defined-By: systemd
-- Support: https://www.debian.org/support

-- Unit nginx.service has failed.

-- The result is failed.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Unit entered failed state.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Failed with result 'timeout'.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Unregistered Authentication Agent for unix-process:18944:235091 (system bus name :1.43, object path /org/freedesktop/PolicyKit1/AuthenticationAgent, locale en_GB.UTF-8) (discon
lines 1761-1783/1783 (END)
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi sudo[18618]: pam_unix(sudo:session): session closed for user root
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi sudo[18110]: pam_unix(sudo:session): session closed for user root
Oct 23 15:25:53 raspberrypi systemd-logind[343]: Removed session c4.
-- Subject: Session c4 has been terminated
-- Defined-By: systemd
-- Support: https://www.debian.org/support
-- Documentation: http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/multiseat

-- A session with the ID c4 has been terminated.
Oct 23 15:26:10 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Registered Authentication Agent for unix-process:18944:235091 (system bus name :1.43 [/usr/bin/pkttyagent --notify-fd 5 --fallback], object path /org/freedesktop/PolicyKit1/AuthenticationAgent, locale en_GB.UTF-8)
Oct 23 15:26:15 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Operator of unix-process:18944:235091 successfully authenticated as unix-user:pi to gain ONE-SHOT authorization for action org.freedesktop.systemd1.manage-units for system-bus-name::1.44 [/bin/systemctl --no-pager start nginx.service] (owned by unix-user:pi)
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Start operation timed out. Terminating.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: Failed to start LSB: nginx init.d dash script for Ubuntu <=9.10..
-- Subject: Unit nginx.service has failed
-- Defined-By: systemd
-- Support: https://www.debian.org/support

-- Unit nginx.service has failed.

-- The result is failed.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Unit entered failed state.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi systemd[1]: nginx.service: Failed with result 'timeout'.
Oct 23 15:29:24 raspberrypi polkitd(authority=local)[692]: Unregistered Authentication Agent for unix-process:18944:235091 (system bus name :1.43, object path /org/freedesktop/PolicyKit1/AuthenticationAgent, locale en_GB.UTF-8) (disconnected from bus)"

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