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My simply Git Cheatsheet

Using Git

Global Settings

Reminder

Press minus + shift + s and return to chop/fold long lines!

Show folder content: ls -la

Notes

Do not put (external) dependencies in version control!

Setup

See where Git is located: which git

Get the version of Git: git --version

Create an alias (shortcut) for git status: git config --global alias.st status

Help

Help: git help

General

Initialize Git: git init

Get everything ready to commit: git add .

Get custom file ready to commit: git add index.html

Commit changes: git commit -m "Message"

Commit changes with title and description: git commit -m "Title" -m "Description..."

Add and commit in one step: git commit -am "Message"

Remove files from Git: git rm index.html

Update all changes: git add -u

Remove file but do not track anymore: git rm --cached index.html

Move or rename files: git mv index.html dir/index_new.html

Undo modifications (restore files from latest commited version): git checkout -- index.html

Restore file from a custom commit (in current branch): git checkout 6eb715d -- index.html

Reset

Go back to commit: git revert 073791e7dd71b90daa853b2c5acc2c925f02dbc6

Soft reset (move HEAD only; neither staging nor working dir is changed): git reset --soft 073791e7dd71b90daa853b2c5acc2c925f02dbc6

Undo latest commit: git reset --soft HEAD~

Mixed reset (move HEAD and change staging to match repo; does not affect working dir): git reset --mixed 073791e7dd71b90daa853b2c5acc2c925f02dbc6

Hard reset (move HEAD and change staging dir and working dir to match repo): git reset --hard 073791e7dd71b90daa853b2c5acc2c925f02dbc6

Update & Delete

Test-Delete untracked files: git clean -n

Delete untracked files (not staging): git clean -f

Unstage (undo adds): git reset HEAD index.html

Update most recent commit (also update the commit message): git commit --amend -m "New Message"

Branch

Show branches: git branch

Create branch: git branch branchname

Change to branch: git checkout branchname

Create and change to new branch: git checkout -b branchname

Rename branch: git branch -m branchname new_branchname or: git branch --move branchname new_branchname

Show all completely merged branches with current branch: git branch --merged

Delete merged branch (only possible if not HEAD): git branch -d branchname or: git branch --delete branchname

Delete not merged branch: git branch -D branch_to_delete

Merge

True merge (fast forward): git merge branchname

Merge to master (only if fast forward): git merge --ff-only branchname

Merge to master (force a new commit): git merge --no-ff branchname

Stop merge (in case of conflicts): git merge --abort

Stop merge (in case of conflicts): git reset --merge // prior to v1.7.4

Merge only one specific commit: git cherry-pick 073791e7

Rebase: git checkout branchname » git rebase master or: git merge master branchname (The rebase moves all of the commits in master onto the tip of branchname.)

Cancel rebase: git rebase --abort

Squash multiple commits into one: git rebase -i HEAD~3 (source)

Stash

Put in stash: git stash save "Message"

Show stash: git stash list

Show stash stats: git stash show stash@{0}

Show stash changes: git stash show -p stash@{0}

Use custom stash item and drop it: git stash pop stash@{0}

Use custom stash item and do not drop it: git stash apply stash@{0}

Delete custom stash item: git stash drop stash@{0}

Delete complete stash: git stash clear

Gitignore & Gitkeep

About: https://help.github.com/articles/ignoring-files

Useful templates: https://github.com/github/gitignore

Add or edit gitignore: nano .gitignore

Track empty dir: touch dir/.gitkeep

Log

Show commits: git log

Show oneline-summary of commits: git log --oneline

Show oneline-summary of commits with full SHA-1: git log --format=oneline

Show oneline-summary of the last three commits: git log --oneline -3

Show only custom commits: git log --author="Sven" git log --grep="Message" git log --until=2013-01-01 git log --since=2013-01-01

Show only custom data of commit: git log --format=short git log --format=full git log --format=fuller git log --format=email git log --format=raw

Show changes: git log -p

Show every commit since special commit for custom file only: git log 6eb715d.. index.html

Show changes of every commit since special commit for custom file only: git log -p 6eb715d.. index.html

Show stats and summary of commits: git log --stat --summary

Show history of commits as graph: git log --graph

Show history of commits as graph-summary: git log --oneline --graph --all --decorate

Compare

Compare modified files: git diff

Compare modified files and highlight changes only: git diff --color-words index.html

Compare modified files within the staging area: git diff --staged

Compare branches: git diff master..branchname

Compare branches like above: git diff --color-words master..branchname^

Compare commits: git diff 6eb715d git diff 6eb715d..HEAD git diff 6eb715d..537a09f

Compare commits of file: git diff 6eb715d index.html git diff 6eb715d..537a09f index.html

Compare without caring about spaces: git diff -b 6eb715d..HEAD or: git diff --ignore-space-change 6eb715d..HEAD

Compare without caring about all spaces: git diff -w 6eb715d..HEAD or: git diff --ignore-all-space 6eb715d..HEAD

Useful comparings: git diff --stat --summary 6eb715d..HEAD

Blame: git blame -L10,+1 index.html

Releases & Version Tags

Show all released versions: git tag

Show all released versions with comments: git tag -l -n1

Create release version: git tag v1.0.0

Create release version with comment: git tag -a v1.0.0 -m 'Message'

Checkout a specific release version: git checkout v1.0.0

Collaborate

Show remote: git remote

Show remote details: git remote -v

Add remote upstream from GitHub project: git remote add upstream https://github.com/user/project.git

Add remote upstream from existing empty project on server: git remote add upstream ssh://root@123.123.123.123/path/to/repository/.git

Fetch: git fetch upstream

Fetch a custom branch: git fetch upstream branchname:local_branchname

Merge fetched commits: git merge upstream/master

Remove origin: git remote rm origin

Show remote branches: git branch -r

Show all branches: git branch -a

Create and checkout branch from a remote branch: git checkout -b local_branchname upstream/remote_branchname

Compare: git diff origin/master..master

Push (set default with -u): git push -u origin master

Push: git push origin master

Force-Push: `git push origin master --force

Pull: git pull

Pull specific branch: git pull origin branchname

Fetch a pull request on GitHub by its ID and create a new branch: git fetch upstream pull/ID/head:new-pr-branch

Clone to localhost: git clone https://github.com/user/project.git or: git clone ssh://user@domain.com/~/dir/.git

Clone to localhost folder: git clone https://github.com/user/project.git ~/dir/folder

Clone specific branch to localhost: git clone -b branchname https://github.com/user/project.git

Delete remote branch (push nothing): git push origin :branchname or: git push origin --delete branchname

Archive

Create a zip-archive: git archive --format zip --output filename.zip master

Export/write custom log to a file: git log --author=sven --all > log.txt

Troubleshooting

Ignore files that have already been committed to a Git repository: http://stackoverflow.com/a/1139797/1815847

Security

Hide Git on the web via .htaccess: RedirectMatch 404 /\.git (more info here: http://stackoverflow.com/a/17916515/1815847)

Large File Storage

Website: https://git-lfs.github.com/

Install: brew install git-lfs

Track *.psd files: git lfs track "*.psd" (init, add, commit and push as written above)

@yolayne

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yolayne commented Jan 27, 2015

Small typo under "General" section:

Get verything ready to commit: git add .

@wreckday

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wreckday commented Feb 11, 2015

good one!

@Bhavik3

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Bhavik3 commented Feb 12, 2015

it helps a lot for me ....thanks

@hofmannsven

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Owner

hofmannsven commented Feb 16, 2015

Thanks, also updated the typo 😊

@boonchu

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boonchu commented Feb 16, 2015

I thought about quick manual for git. You did it. Thanks.

@ghost

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ghost commented Mar 17, 2015

Great work. Any of the branch stuff work for releases? When migrating for example, I am able to run (in Unix) for remote ingit branch -r | grep -v '->'; do git branch --track $remote; done and then upon a push, get all of my branches to the new repo. Any shortcuts for the releases?

@SekharBeri

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SekharBeri commented Mar 31, 2015

Great work it helps me lot thank you

@ryrych

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ryrych commented May 1, 2015

Thanks for the info how to chop long files! It is especially useful for generated translations.js - every time you make a little change in a translation first you get hundreds of lines before and then the same amount of lines after (as there's only one line in the file)

@jfmercer

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jfmercer commented Jun 5, 2015

Great work. Thanks.

@adampmoss

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adampmoss commented Aug 18, 2015

Thanks for this. Bookmarked.

@tomer-ben-david

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tomer-ben-david commented Sep 7, 2015

Best git cheatsheet, bookmarked.

@tomer-ben-david

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tomer-ben-david commented Sep 8, 2015

I tend to use this alot, do you as well?

Show working tree status and ignore untracked files:
git status -uno

@boobiebewbs

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boobiebewbs commented Sep 23, 2015

how do I set myself as a normal branch not a master branch?

@NZOzzDeveloper

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NZOzzDeveloper commented Jan 28, 2016

thanks for the cheat sheet :)

@baluragala

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baluragala commented Feb 2, 2016

Superb !!! Great Cheatsheet..

@jsroyal

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jsroyal commented Feb 6, 2016

Awesome!!

@kropiv

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kropiv commented May 23, 2016

thanks a lot!

@developersamim

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developersamim commented Jun 28, 2016

very helpful... awesome tutorial

@mhdphp

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mhdphp commented Jul 3, 2016

Excellent... thanks!

@kishorboddu

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kishorboddu commented Jul 4, 2016

thanks a lot, very helpful

@adharjain

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adharjain commented Jul 12, 2016

Awsome Help!

@tiennv90

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tiennv90 commented Aug 8, 2016

thank you very much for making this script

@rjangheldotcom

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rjangheldotcom commented Aug 8, 2016

nice work, thanks.

@Brentophillips

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Brentophillips commented Oct 12, 2016

Best list I've found, thanks! I have a large folder in a GitHub repo master branch with too many pngs inside to delete manually online. Any chance you can go through the steps, in order and for a beginner, showing how, after I've cloned my repo on my desktop, I can delete a folder and return the repo?

@Nzalo

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Nzalo commented Oct 18, 2016

thanks for this 👍

@phaniapsr

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phaniapsr commented Nov 11, 2016

Covered all basic commands.. Thanks alot

@stevexyz

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stevexyz commented Dec 5, 2016

Get everything ready to commit including deletion and renaming: git add -A .

@stevexyz

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stevexyz commented Dec 5, 2016

See the last actions on the repo: "git reflog"

@khalidrizvi

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khalidrizvi commented Jan 25, 2017

very helpful

@srinivas1787

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srinivas1787 commented Jan 27, 2017

Awesome Sir.... Really very help ful :)

@fazlearefin

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fazlearefin commented Feb 4, 2017

Get everything ready to commit: git add .

If you are not in the base of the git repo, this command does not add all files to staging area. Better to use

git add -A

@Rongcong

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Rongcong commented Feb 8, 2017

It's brilliant. Thanks for your contribution!

@jackbraj

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jackbraj commented Feb 14, 2017

There is a typo in "Merge to master (forc a new commit): git merge --no-ff branchname".
It should be force?

@SARAN-thala

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SARAN-thala commented Feb 19, 2017

Nice one.
It's very useful for beginners to Git.

@JaharshKotha

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JaharshKotha commented Feb 23, 2017

What about going to different versions in the log ?

@mohammedfouad90

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mohammedfouad90 commented Mar 16, 2017

Good work man .. Thanks :)

@ileontiuc

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ileontiuc commented Mar 31, 2017

Hi! very nice overview!
do you know if there a way of checking whether the changes from a specific commit are still maintained in another commit? (via git terminal)

@imusman

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imusman commented Apr 12, 2017

@sipoma

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sipoma commented Apr 28, 2017

Well Done!!! Very Very Useful

@KateGH

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KateGH commented May 12, 2017

Thank you for sharing, really useful!!

@wiseosho

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wiseosho commented May 30, 2017

Thank you for sharing!.

@huoxudong125

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huoxudong125 commented Jul 14, 2017

@edwinpopham

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edwinpopham commented Aug 9, 2017

Cool easy place to get a reminder about some commands

@parameshnalla

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parameshnalla commented Aug 21, 2017

Great work. Thank you

@michaeljwiebe

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michaeljwiebe commented Sep 11, 2017

Awesome, thanks for this resource! Just one question here, this seems like it can't be right since its the same command...

Commit to most recent commit: git commit --amend -m "Message"
Update most recent commit message: git commit --amend -m "New Message"

@JerryKacmar

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JerryKacmar commented Sep 11, 2017

Great list, thanks for this.

I would add:
Show history of changes for one file: gitk [filename]

@amoljore751986

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amoljore751986 commented Sep 22, 2017

Thanks, Very helpful

@MuraraAllan

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MuraraAllan commented Sep 22, 2017

Thank you!

@count48

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count48 commented Oct 9, 2017

This will be there on my bookmarks forever , thanks for putting this together @hofmannsven

@yh2n

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yh2n commented Oct 17, 2017

Very helpful, thanks!

@AwakenedOne

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AwakenedOne commented Nov 6, 2017

Thanks. A huge time saver and very helpful.

@rajops

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rajops commented Nov 9, 2017

Nice that you but together most of the Git commands, thanks 👍

@sanyog96

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sanyog96 commented Nov 11, 2017

Thanks

@JimmyCDChen

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JimmyCDChen commented Nov 20, 2017

Thanks!

@Arkangel17

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Arkangel17 commented Nov 30, 2017

awesome. thanks!

@hoangthach252

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hoangthach252 commented Dec 5, 2017

The best cheat sheets. Thanks !

@huoxudong125

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huoxudong125 commented Dec 20, 2017

Thanks

@abdelaziz321

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abdelaziz321 commented Jan 30, 2018

Very helpful 👍

@Valentina9091

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Valentina9091 commented Feb 11, 2018

Thanks a lot, very helpful

@pksjw

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pksjw commented Feb 26, 2018

This is handy, thanks!

@cavrilionis

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cavrilionis commented Mar 1, 2018

Thanks for this. Bookmarked.

@Joshhortt

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Joshhortt commented Mar 11, 2018

Awesome Cheatsheet, Thanks buddy!

@tech0909

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tech0909 commented Mar 12, 2018

Nice!

@bestorw01

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bestorw01 commented Mar 12, 2018

Nice! one

@LambertStrategy

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LambertStrategy commented Apr 4, 2018

Useful! Thanks.

@jviaches

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jviaches commented Apr 4, 2018

Useful list. Well done !

@albannurkollari

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albannurkollari commented Apr 5, 2018

Huge thanks and appreciation. Helpful utmost!

@tripit-qe

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tripit-qe commented Apr 6, 2018

Thanks for all the info. I do have a question if this is the right forum to discuss or post it. Apologize in advance if it is.
Question: How to subtract multiple scattered commit from my local branch?
Story behind it: I have created a branch B out of another branch A which is in review pending. But I need my other branch A data to just refer while working on branch B. Now I am done with branch B and about to create a pull request. While reviewing I felt I need to omit branch A commit from my current branch B. Do I have to use cherry - pick command or how would I trash branch A data from my branch B?

@trevorrd

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trevorrd commented Apr 12, 2018

Thank you! I will need to print this out, but this helped me a lot! Thanks for taking the time to document it and give examples! :) Cheers!

@ConnerAiken

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ConnerAiken commented Apr 14, 2018

Yes, thank you!

@christopher-paul-shaw

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christopher-paul-shaw commented Apr 26, 2018

On security section, dont use git repositories for serving websites, rather keep the source in the repository but have a deployment system to prepare the code and copy just the website over to the server,

@noelinetb

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noelinetb commented May 3, 2018

Thanks for this!

@evermoreg

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evermoreg commented May 8, 2018

emmm it is really helpful. well explained!

@davewilsondev

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davewilsondev commented May 9, 2018

Thanks :)

@ajernejcic

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ajernejcic commented May 11, 2018

very helpful, thank you

@dhrumilshah7491

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dhrumilshah7491 commented Jun 4, 2018

I have committed all my changes to one branch and checkout that branch so I have all codes to my local repo. Now when I will do another commit while checking out I want only modified files into my local repo. what command I can use Or how I can get only modified files in my local repo?

Any help will be appreciated. Thanks

@devanandjha

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devanandjha commented Jun 21, 2018

Simply awesome...very helpful

@ankurloriya

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ankurloriya commented Jul 17, 2018

awesome. Thank you

@urjaramaniVC

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urjaramaniVC commented Aug 1, 2018

This is very helpful to me. But,
What is the command if i want to fetch one specific remote branch?

@KuthumiPepple

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KuthumiPepple commented Aug 8, 2018

Very helpful. Thanks

@cacad101

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cacad101 commented Sep 13, 2018

Thanks!

@sachin8516

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sachin8516 commented Oct 31, 2018

very helpful 👍

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