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How to install ImageMagick with HEIC and WEBP support on Ubuntu 20.04
# inspired by
# remove bundled ImageMagick
sudo apt remove imagemagick -y
# install base dependencies
sudo apt-get install -y \
libde265-dev \
libdjvulibre-dev \
libfftw3-dev \
libghc-bzlib-dev \
libgoogle-perftools-dev \
libgraphviz-dev \
libgs-dev \
libheif-dev \
libjbig-dev \
libjemalloc-dev \
libjpeg-dev \
liblcms2-dev \
liblqr-1-0-dev \
liblzma-dev \
libopenexr-dev \
libpango1.0-dev \
libraqm-dev \
libraw-dev \
libtiff-dev \
libwebp-dev \
libwmf-dev \
libzip-dev \
# installing
git clone --depth 1 --branch 7.1.0-39
cd ImageMagick
# options omitted from the configure
# --with-autotrace=yes \ # requires autotrace from the github, looks abandoned
# --with-dps=yes \ # ?
# --with-flif=yes \ # ?
# --with-fpx=yes \ # ?
# --with-jxl=yes \ # requires libjxl from the github
# --with-ltdl=no \ # ?
./configure \
--with-gcc-arch=native \
--with-bzlib=yes \
--with-djvu=yes \
--with-fftw=yes \
--with-fontconfig=yes \
--with-freetype=yes \
--with-gslib=yes \
--with-gvc=yes \
--with-heic=yes \
--with-jbig=yes \
--with-jemalloc=yes \
--with-jpeg=yes \
--with-lcms=yes \
--with-lqr=yes \
--with-lzma=yes \
--with-magick-plus-plus=yes \
--with-openexr=yes \
--with-openjp2=yes \
--with-pango=yes \
--with-perl=yes \
--with-png=yes \
--with-raqm=yes \
--with-raw=yes \
--with-rsvg=yes \
--with-tcmalloc=yes \
--with-tiff=yes \
--with-webp=yes \
--with-wmf=yes \
--with-x=yes \
--with-xml=yes \
--with-zip=yes \
--with-zlib=yes \
# ==============================================================================
# ImageMagick 7.1.0-10 is configured as follows. Please verify that this
# configuration matches your expectations.
# Host system type: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
# Build system type: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
# Option Value
# ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Shared libraries --enable-shared=yes yes
# Static libraries --enable-static=yes yes
# Build utilities --with-utilities=yes yes
# Module support --with-modules=no no
# GNU ld --with-gnu-ld=yes yes
# Quantum depth --with-quantum-depth=16 16
# High Dynamic Range Imagery
# --enable-hdri=yes yes
# Install documentation: yes
# Memory allocation library:
# JEMalloc --with-jemalloc=no no
# TCMalloc --with-tcmalloc=no no
# UMem --with-umem=no no
# Delegate library configuration:
# BZLIB --with-bzlib=yes yes
# Autotrace --with-autotrace=no no
# DJVU --with-djvu=yes yes
# DPS --with-dps=yes no
# FFTW --with-fftw=yes yes
# FLIF --with-flif=yes no
# FlashPIX --with-fpx=yes no
# FontConfig --with-fontconfig=yes yes
# FreeType --with-freetype=yes yes
# Ghostscript lib --with-gslib=yes yes
# Graphviz --with-gvc=yes yes
# HEIC --with-heic=yes yes
# JBIG --with-jbig=yes yes
# JPEG v1 --with-jpeg=yes yes
# JPEG XL --with-jxl=no no
# LCMS --with-lcms=yes yes
# LQR --with-lqr=yes yes
# LTDL --with-ltdl=no no
# LZMA --with-lzma=yes yes
# Magick++ --with-magick-plus-plus=yes yes
# OpenEXR --with-openexr=yes yes
# OpenJP2 --with-openjp2=yes yes
# PANGO --with-pango=yes yes
# PERL --with-perl=yes /usr/bin/perl
# PNG --with-png=yes yes
# RAQM --with-raqm=yes yes
# RAW --with-raw=yes yes
# RSVG --with-rsvg=yes yes
# TIFF --with-tiff=yes yes
# WEBP --with-webp=yes yes
# WMF --with-wmf=yes yes
# X11 --with-x=yes yes
# XML --with-xml=yes yes
# ZIP --with-zip=yes yes
# ZLIB --with-zlib=yes yes
# ZSTD --with-zstd=yes yes
# Delegate program configuration:
# GhostPCL None pcl6 (unknown)
# GhostXPS None gxps (unknown)
# Ghostscript None gs (9.50)
# Font configuration:
# Apple fonts --with-apple-font-dir=default
# Dejavu fonts --with-dejavu-font-dir=default none
# Ghostscript fonts --with-gs-font-dir=default /usr/share/fonts/type1/gsfonts/
# URW-base35 fonts --with-urw-base35-font-dir=default none
# Windows fonts --with-windows-font-dir=default none
# X11 configuration:
# X_LIBS =
# Options used to compile and link:
# PREFIX = /usr/local
# EXEC-PREFIX = /usr/local
# VERSION = 7.1.0-10
# CC = gcc
# CFLAGS = -I/usr/include/libxml2 -I/usr/include/cairo -I/usr/include/glib-2.0 -I/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/glib-2.0/include -I/usr/include/pixman-1 -I/usr/include/uuid -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/include/libpng16 -pthread -I/usr/include/librsvg-2.0 -I/usr/include/gdk-pixbuf-2.0 -I/usr/include/libmount -I/usr/include/blkid -I/usr/include/cairo -I/usr/include/glib-2.0 -I/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/glib-2.0/include -I/usr/include/pixman-1 -I/usr/include/uuid -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/include/libpng16 -I/usr/include/libraw -I/usr/include/libpng16 -I/usr/include/pango-1.0 -I/usr/include/fribidi -I/usr/include/harfbuzz -I/usr/include/cairo -I/usr/include/glib-2.0 -I/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/glib-2.0/include -I/usr/include/pixman-1 -I/usr/include/uuid -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/include/libpng16 -I/usr/include/OpenEXR -I/usr/include/lqr-1 -I/usr/include/glib-2.0 -I/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/glib-2.0/include -I/usr/include/openjpeg-2.3 -I/usr/include/graphviz -I/usr/include/harfbuzz -I/usr/include/glib-2.0 -I/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/glib-2.0/include -I/usr/include/fribidi -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/include/libpng16 -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/include/libpng16 -I/usr/include/uuid -I/usr/include/freetype2 -I/usr/include/libpng16 -pthread -fopenmp -Wall -g -O2 -mtune=core2 -fexceptions -pthread -DMAGICKCORE_HDRI_ENABLE=1 -DMAGICKCORE_QUANTUM_DEPTH=16
# LIBS = -ljbig -llcms2 -ltiff -lfreetype -lraqm -lfreetype -ljpeg -lgs -llqr-1 -lglib-2.0 -lpng16 -lz -ldjvulibre -lfftw3 -lfontconfig -lfreetype -lheif -lwebpmux -lwebpdemux -lwebp -lwebp -lwmflite -lXext -lXt -lSM -lICE -lX11 -llzma -lbz2 -lIlmImf -lImath -lHalf -lIex -lIexMath -lIlmThread -lpthread -lopenjp2 -lpangocairo-1.0 -lpango-1.0 -lgobject-2.0 -lglib-2.0 -lharfbuzz -lcairo -lraw_r -lstdc++ -fopenmp -llcms2 -lrsvg-2 -lm -lgio-2.0 -lgdk_pixbuf-2.0 -lgobject-2.0 -lglib-2.0 -lcairo -lxml2 -lgvc -lcgraph -lcdt -lz -L/usr//usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu -lzip -lm -lpthread
# CXX = g++
# CXXFLAGS = -pthread
# DELEGATES = bzlib djvu fftw fontconfig freetype gslib heic jbig jng jpeg lcms lqr lzma openexr openjp2 pango png ps raqm raw rsvg tiff video webp wmf x xml zip zlib zstd
make -j 8
sudo make install
sudo ldconfig /usr/local/lib
# check
identify --version
# Version: ImageMagick 7.1.0-10 Q16-HDRI x86_64 2021-10-03
# Copyright: (C) 1999-2021 ImageMagick Studio LLC
# License:
# Features: Cipher DPC HDRI OpenMP(4.5)
# Delegates (built-in): fontconfig freetype heic jp2 png webp x xml zlib
# Compiler: gcc (10.3)
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dietmar commented Nov 30, 2021

build-essential is also required of course; I suggest to add that to the apt-get call.

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hurricup commented Nov 30, 2021

@dietmar thank you. I have missed a lot of basic things probably. It's my dev machine and a lot of tools already installed in there. Worth trying to run in some clean docker container.

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iskrisis commented Feb 16, 2022

@hurricup thanks for this!

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SorinGFS commented Mar 21, 2022

First of all thanks for the job. I had to go deeper and I found the original documentation where I saw that about half of your configured modules are in fact already present by default. Here is a list of what is default extracted from the docs:

w/o Configure Option Arg Default
--enable- shared   FALSE
--disable- static   TRUE
--disable- installed   TRUE
--enable- ccmalloc   FALSE
--enable- prof   FALSE
--enable- gprof   FALSE
--enable- gcov   FALSE
--disable- openmp   TRUE
--disable- largefile   TRUE
--with- quantum-depth   FALSE
--enable- hdri   FALSE
--enable- osx-universal-binary   FALSE
--without- modules   TRUE
--with- cache   FALSE
--without- threads   TRUE
--with- frozenpaths   FALSE
--without- magick-plus-plus   TRUE
--without- perl   TRUE
--with- perl path FALSE
--with- perl-options parameters FALSE
--without- bzlib   TRUE
--without- dps   TRUE
--with- fpx   FALSE
--without- freetype   TRUE
--with- gslib   FALSE
--without- jbig   TRUE
--without- jpeg   TRUE
--without- jp2   TRUE
--without- lcms   TRUE
--without- lzma   TRUE
--without- png   TRUE
--without- tiff   TRUE
--without- wmf   TRUE
--with- fontpath path FALSE
--with- gs-font-dir path FALSE
--with- windows-font-dir path FALSE
--without- xml   TRUE
--without- zlib   TRUE
--without- x   TRUE
--with- share-path path FALSE
--with- libstdc path FALSE

So, about half of modules can be cutted off, and 6 dependencies too. Also, there is no need to specify --with-some-module=yes, --with-some-module has the same effect.

As for concern of this topic and for my needs I think the script can be resumed as:

# remove bundled ImageMagick
sudo apt remove imagemagick -y

# install base dependencies
sudo apt-get install -y libheif-dev libwebp-dev

# installing
git clone --depth 1 --branch 7.1.0-14
cd ImageMagick

./configure --with-heic --with-webp

make -j 8
sudo make install
sudo ldconfig /usr/local/lib

# check
identify --version

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hurricup commented Mar 22, 2022

@SorinGFS yes, but defaults may change from version to version, I've made this script independent from defaults. And some dependencies may not be installed for some reason. Even my script is incomplete, because I've had some of deps already.

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joelotz commented Apr 2, 2022

Worked great for me, thank you!

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rootwork commented Apr 23, 2022

This worked for me awhile back, but recently I tried it on a new machine running Linux Mint 20.3 (based on Ubuntu) and for some reason despite having removed the imagemagick package in the first step, identify --version at the end returned the old version number.

I did some digging and discovered that while magick was loading the new version, there were old versions of identify, convert and mogrify in my /usr/bin directory that were being called whenever I used those commands. The new ones were all in /usr/local/bin.

According to my $PATH, /usr/local/bin should override identical commands in /usr/bin, and I'm not sure why they didn't. But the quick fix was just to sudo rm the versions in /usr/bin.

In case anyone else encounters this...

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