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# get total requests by status code
awk '{print $9}' /var/log/nginx/access.log | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn
# get top requesters by IP
awk '{print $1}' /var/log/nginx/access.log | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head | awk -v OFS='\t' '{"host " $2 | getline ip; print $0, ip}'
# get top requesters by user agent
awk -F'"' '{print $6}' /var/log/nginx/access.log | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head
# get top requests by URL
awk '{print $7}' /var/log/nginx/access.log | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head
# get top IP addresses requesting non-existent content
awk '$9 ~ /404/ {print $1}' /var/log/nginx/access.log | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head | awk -v OFS='\t' '{"host " $2 | getline ip; print $0, ip}'
# get top URL returning 404 Not Found
awk '$9 ~ /404/ {print $7}' /var/log/nginx/access.log | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head
# get top user agents requesting non-existent content
awk '$9 ~ /404/' /var/log/nginx/access.log | awk -F'"' '{print $6}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head
# get top IP addresses causing backend errors
awk '$0 ~ /\[error\]/ && match($0, /(client: )(.*)(, server)/, arr) {print arr[2]}' /var/log/nginx/error.log | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | awk -v OFS='\t' '{"host " $2 | getline ip; print $0, ip}'
# get all request of last 10 minutes
awk -v date=$(date +[%d/%b/%Y:%H:%M --date="-10 minutes") '$4 > date' /var/log/nginx/access.log
# get frontend request statistics (total count, max time, min time, mean time, median time, and standard deviation)
awk 'match($0, /( rt=)(.*)( ua=)/, arr) {print arr[2]}' /var/log/nginx/access.log | datamash count 1 max 1 min 1 mean 1 median 1 pstdev 1
# get backend request statistics (total count, max time, min time, mean time, median time, and standard deviation)
awk 'match($0, /( ut=")([0-9]+\.[0-9]{3})(.*)(" ul=)/, arr) {print arr[2]}' /var/log/nginx/access.log | datamash count 1 max 1 min 1 mean 1 median 1 pstdev 1
# get slower requests by URL (ignoring requests using POST method)
awk -F'rt=' '$0 !~ /POST/ && substr($2,0,5) > 5' /var/log/nginx/access.log | awk '{print $7}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head
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