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Traefik Configuration and Setup
version: "3.3"
services:
################################################
#### Traefik Proxy Setup #####
###############################################
traefik:
image: traefik:v2.0
restart: always
container_name: traefik
ports:
- "80:80" # <== http
- "8080:8080" # <== :8080 is where the dashboard runs on
- "443:443" # <== https
command:
#### These are the CLI commands that will configure Traefik and tell it how to work! ####
## API Settings - https://docs.traefik.io/operations/api/, endpoints - https://docs.traefik.io/operations/api/#endpoints ##
- --api.insecure=true # <== Enabling insecure api, NOT RECOMMENDED FOR PRODUCTION
- --api.dashboard=true # <== Enabling the dashboard to view services, middlewares, routers, etc...
- --api.debug=true # <== Enabling additional endpoints for debugging and profiling
## Log Settings (options: ERROR, DEBUG, PANIC, FATAL, WARN, INFO) - https://docs.traefik.io/observability/logs/ ##
- --log.level=DEBUG # <== Setting the level of the logs from traefik
## Provider Settings - https://docs.traefik.io/providers/docker/#provider-configuration ##
- --providers.docker=true # <== Enabling docker as the provider for traefik
- --providers.docker.exposedbydefault=false # <== Don't expose every container to traefik, only expose enabled ones
- --providers.file.filename=/dynamic.yaml # <== Referring to a dynamic configuration file
- --providers.docker.network=web # <== Operate on the docker network named web
## Entrypoints Settings - https://docs.traefik.io/routing/entrypoints/#configuration ##
- --entrypoints.web.address=:80 # <== Defining an entrypoint for port :80 named web
- --entrypoints.web-secured.address=:443 # <== Defining an entrypoint for https on port :443 named web-secured
## Certificate Settings (Let's Encrypt) - https://docs.traefik.io/https/acme/#configuration-examples ##
- --certificatesresolvers.mytlschallenge.acme.tlschallenge=true # <== Enable TLS-ALPN-01 to generate and renew ACME certs
- --certificatesresolvers.mytlschallenge.acme.email=theafkdeveloper@gmail.com # <== Setting email for certs
- --certificatesresolvers.mytlschallenge.acme.storage=/letsencrypt/acme.json # <== Defining acme file to store cert information
volumes:
- ./letsencrypt:/letsencrypt # <== Volume for certs (TLS)
- /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock # <== Volume for docker admin
- ./dynamic.yaml:/dynamic.yaml # <== Volume for dynamic conf file, **ref: line 27
networks:
- web # <== Placing traefik on the network named web, to access containers on this network
labels:
#### Labels define the behavior and rules of the traefik proxy for this container ####
- "traefik.enable=true" # <== Enable traefik on itself to view dashboard and assign subdomain to view it
- "traefik.http.routers.api.rule=Host(`monitor.example.com`)" # <== Setting the domain for the dashboard
- "traefik.http.routers.api.service=api@internal" # <== Enabling the api to be a service to access
################################################
#### Site Setup Container #####
##############################################
wordpress: # <== we aren't going to open :80 here because traefik is going to serve this on entrypoint 'web'
## :80 is already exposed from within the container ##
image: wordpress
restart: always
container_name: wp
environment:
WORDPRESS_DB_HOST: db
WORDPRESS_DB_USER: exampleuser
WORDPRESS_DB_PASSWORD: examplepass
WORDPRESS_DB_NAME: exampledb
volumes:
- wordpress:/var/www/html
networks:
- web
- backend
labels:
#### Labels define the behavior and rules of the traefik proxy for this container ####
- "traefik.enable=true" # <== Enable traefik to proxy this container
- "traefik.http.routers.nginx-web.rule=Host(`example.com`)" # <== Your Domain Name goes here for the http rule
- "traefik.http.routers.nginx-web.entrypoints=web" # <== Defining the entrypoint for http, **ref: line 30
- "traefik.http.routers.nginx-web.middlewares=redirect@file" # <== This is a middleware to redirect to https
- "traefik.http.routers.nginx-secured.rule=Host(`example.com`)" # <== Your Domain Name for the https rule
- "traefik.http.routers.nginx-secured.entrypoints=web-secured" # <== Defining entrypoint for https, **ref: line 31
- "traefik.http.routers.nginx-secured.tls.certresolver=mytlschallenge" # <== Defining certsresolvers for https
################################################
#### DB Container not on traefik #####
##############################################
db:
image: mysql:5.7
restart: always
environment:
MYSQL_DATABASE: exampledb
MYSQL_USER: exampleuser
MYSQL_PASSWORD: examplepass
MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD: '1'
volumes:
- db:/var/lib/mysql
networks:
- backend
networks:
web:
external: true
backend:
external: false
volumes:
wordpress:
external: true
db:
external: true
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