Install a new Ruby with rbenv on Mac OS (and make yourself a superhero)
If you're doing stuff with Ruby on a Mac, e.g. installling Jekyll or something, by default you'll end up having to use the
sudo command to do stuff, since the permission to modify the default config is not available to your user account.
This sucks and should be avoided. Here's how to fix that.
Installing a new Ruby
A word of warning: you will have to use Terminal to install this stuff. If you are uncomfortable with text, words, and doing stuff with your computer beyond pointing and hoping, this may not work well for you. But if that's the case, I'm not sure why you were trying to use Ruby in the first place.
First, install Homebrew
Homebrew (or just brew, since that's the name of the command you'll use), is a package manager for Mac OS. It make installing all sorts of cool tools easy.
Open terminal and command your Mac to do your bidding with the following command:
$ ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.github.com/Homebrew/homebrew/go/install)"
This little bit of magic will download the Homebrew install script and walk you through the install process. It's not too scary, and should only take a couple of minutes. Accept all defaults.
Once that's done, your system will be all set up to use Homebrew, and its superhappyfuncommand,
brew. Let's try it out by installing a helpful little utility,
$ brew install tree
Once you do that, run the
tree utility like this:
You should get a pretty ASCII picture of your current directory structure.
Once you have Homebrew, your powers are much greater and you can install all sorts of stuff without ever having to invoke
sudo or mess with permissions. And you'll have harnessed the work of thousands of developers who are working in caves and darkend alcoves crafting Homebrew install packages just for you.
Second, install rbenv and a new Ruby
Ok, Homebrew is installed and you now have some new super powers. Let's use them to get you a new Ruby. We'll start by installing rbenv and it's ruby-build plugin. rbenv is a Ruby version manager that lets you change with Ruby you're currently using, and ruby-build helps you install a custom Ruby. Seriously, when you're done with this, you'll be like some sort new X-Men team member, with the mutant power to install new Rubies with a thought.
Let's start by install the tools:
$ brew install rbenv ruby-build
Assuming that all went to plan, you have just upgraded yourself and your Mac. But you can't quite use your new capabilities yet. You need to hook up rbenv so it can do some stuff. If you want to know what that stuff is, good for you! Go read the documentation. For now, here's what you need to do:
WARNING: If you use a shell other than bash, like zsh, you'll need a slightly different command set up the rbenv environment stuff. If you don't know what I'm talking about, you're probably fine. If you do, then you can figure this out on your own.
$ echo 'eval "$(rbenv init -)"' >> ~/.bash_profile
To make this apply to your current Terminal session, do this:
$ source ~/.bash_profile
Now it's time to install a new Ruby. We'll choose a fairly modern version of the 1.9 family of Rubies. It's not as shiny as the newer Ruby 2.0 stuff, but it's more familiar to most folks, like your favorite pair of socks. Or something
$ rbenv install 1.9.3-p547
That'll take a few minutes. Once it's done, you have a shiny new toy. But to play with it, you need to do a couple of other things. First, make the new Ruby the default for your system:
$ rbenv global 1.9.3-p547
After that, you should install the most useful too for Ruby, Bundler. I am asking you to do this not because it's required, but because I care deeply and profound about you. Really, I do.
$ gem install bundler
I did ask you to install Bundler because of my need to ensure you wellbeing. I also did it to demontrate that, if all went well, you've accomplised the task this little guide was supposed to help you do, installing a new Ruby on your Mac that you have control over, a Ruby sans
Please enjoy your new Ruby responsibly.
Like Spider-Man, you have now been granted great power. And with great power comes the need to read some documentation.
Really, if you want to leverage Homebrew and rbenv–and you really should want to–go read their documentation. You'll learn how to find new things to install and other interesting facts, like why Unicorns vomit rainbows.
Ok, maybe you won't learn anything about that last bit. But you'll be able to do more with the expensive hunk of processed sand on your desk.
Good luck. And ping me on Twitter (@stonehippo) if you need help, or if something here doesn't work. I wrote this in a few minutes to help out Andy Clarke, and I am may have missed something, so beware and all that.
*Ok, maybe not a snap. But it won't hurt too bad.