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Mac Terminal Cheat Sheet


Key/Command Description
Tab Auto-complete files and folder names
Ctrl + A Go to the beginning of the line you are currently typing on
Ctrl + E Go to the end of the line you are currently typing on
Ctrl + U Clear the line before the cursor
Ctrl + K Clear the line after the cursor
Ctrl + W Delete the word before the cursor
Ctrl + T Swap the last two characters before the cursor
Esc + T Swap the last two words before the cursor
Ctrl + R Lets you search through previously used commands
Ctrl + L or Command + K Clears the Screen
Ctrl + C Kill whatever you are running
Ctrl + D Exit the current shell


cd Home directory
cd [folder] Change directory
cd ~ Home directory, e.g. ‘cd ~/folder/’
cd / Root of drive
ls Short listing
ls -l Long listing
ls -a Listing incl. hidden files
ls -lh Long listing with Human readable file sizes
ls -R Entire content of folder recursively
sudo [command] Run command with the security privileges of the superuser (Super User DO)
open [file] Opens a file
open . Opens the directory
top Displays active processes. Press q to quit
nano [file] Opens the Terminal it’s editor
pico [file] Opens the Terminal it’s editor
q Exit
clear Clear screen


history n Shows the stuff typed – add a number to limit the last n items
ctrl-r Interactively search through previously typed commands
![value] Execute the last command typed that starts with ‘value’
!! Execute the last command typed


touch [file] Create new file
pwd Full path to working directory
.. Parent/enclosing directory, e.g.
ls -l .. Long listing of parent directory
cd ../../ Move 2 levels up
. Current folder
cat Concatenate to screen
rm [file] Remove a file, e.g. rm [file] [file]
rm -i [file] Remove with confirmation
rm -r [dir] Remove a directory and contents
rm -f [file] Force removal without confirmation
rm -i [file] Will display prompt before
cp [file] [newfile] Copy file to file
cp [file] [dir] Copy file to directory
mv [file] [new filename] Move/Rename, e.g. mv -v [file] [dir]


mkdir [dir] Create new directory
mkdir -p [dir]/[dir] Create nested directories
rmdir [dir] Remove directory ( only operates on empty directories )
rm -R [dir] Remove directory and contents

PIPES – Allows to combine multiple commands that generate output

more Output content delivered in screensize chunks
> [file] Push output to file, keep in mind it will get overwritten
>> [file] Append output to existing file
< Tell command to read content from a fi


[command] -h Offers help
[command] —help Offers help
[command] help Offers help
reset Resets the terminal display
man [command] Show the help for ‘command’
whatis [command] Gives a one-line description of ‘command’
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Keybase proof

I hereby claim:

  • I am bluebuddah on github.
  • I am ewh2085 ( on keybase.
  • I have a public key ASCYXex4tlXNlSz-O4BMTgXAy3RKBtpi1j6XYvGS_QprSwo

To claim this, I am signing this object:

  "body": {
    "key": {
      "eldest_kid": "0120b43e34d2a86152f4e84e274652b68e3fd27d09c22f464dfb19dbee2f07c6bac30a",
      "host": "",
      "kid": "0120985dec78b655cd952cfe3b804c4e05c0cb744a06da62d63e9762f192fd0a6b4b0a",
      "uid": "ccbe220ddee72953ca067a109f5ecd19",
      "username": "ewh2085"
    "merkle_root": {
      "ctime": 1598319087,
      "hash": "87f6b7fff3063d701df671f85cca917d3fd541a21c59693eb02d8c248447ab7891b0cc857482a80b009065080c68f040f1a50389ea57785a9b2b9f7fc51be6d2",
      "hash_meta": "1684bced3fc76124f04d1348982178e001bb9d8d039a4d0aad243ab2bdff3d4a",
      "seqno": 17374172
    "service": {
      "entropy": "55rlSr7A0Jvi5df2S0Xj/b9x",
      "name": "github",
      "username": "bluebuddah"
    "type": "web_service_binding",
    "version": 2
  "client": {
    "name": " go client",
    "version": "5.5.0"
  "ctime": 1598319109,
  "expire_in": 504576000,
  "prev": "0293e57488477cc8d5fc95d223bb686bee7020ded3df07e28a17badafda7a15b",
  "seqno": 69,
  "tag": "signature"

with the key ASCYXex4tlXNlSz-O4BMTgXAy3RKBtpi1j6XYvGS_QprSwo, yielding the signature:


And finally, I am proving ownership of the github account by posting this as a gist.

My publicly-auditable identity:

From the command line:

Consider the keybase command line program.

# look me up
keybase id ewh2085

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Serves the purpose.

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aficici commented Sep 8, 2020

Thank you. Very simple and informative.

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I believe most of the commands mentioned on mac and the exact same for linux

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Thanks very useful

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ghost commented Nov 20, 2020

Screen Shot 2020-11-20 at 11 59 06 AM

I am getting this update message, only to be told file is corrupted when trying to update, then it reminds me the next day. I searched online and found a --ignore command for Terminal, but that doesn't seem to work in Big Sur? So I'm not sure how to remove this update as the application is nowhere to be found on my laptop.

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Thank you!

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Awesome and thank you! :neckbeard:

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thanhpl commented Jan 9, 2021

Thank you <3

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Huge help. Thanks!

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