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tput codes

This is the table from man 5 terminfo.

Do NOT hardcode terminal escape sequences. Use tput with the cap-names from the table below to get the right code for your terminal.

(P) indicates that padding may be specified
#[1-9] in the description field indicates that the string is passed through tparm with parms as given (#i).
(P*) indicates that padding may vary in proportion to the number of lines affected
(#i) indicates the ith parameter.
These are the boolean capabilities:
Cap-name Description
bw cub1 wraps from column 0 to last column
am terminal has automatic margins
bce screen erased with background color
ccc terminal can redefine existing colors
xhp standout not erased by overwriting (hp)
xhpa only positive motion for hpa/mhpa caps
cpix changing character pitch changes resolution
crxm using cr turns off micro mode
xt tabs destructive, magic so char (t1061)
xenl newline ignored after 80 cols (concept)
eo can erase overstrikes with a blank
gn generic line type
hc hardcopy terminal
chts cursor is hard to see
km Has a meta key (i.e., sets 8th-bit)
daisy printer needs operator to change character set
hs has extra status line
hls terminal uses only HLS color notation (Tektronix)
in insert mode distinguishes nulls
lpix changing line pitch changes resolution
da display may be retained above the screen
db display may be retained below the screen
mir safe to move while in insert mode
msgr safe to move while in standout mode
nxon padding will not work, xon/xoff required
xsb beehive (f1=escape, f2=ctrl C)
npc pad character does not exist
ndscr scrolling region is non-destructive
nrrmc smcup does not reverse rmcup
os terminal can overstrike
mc5i printer will not echo on screen
xvpa only positive motion for vpa/mvpa caps
sam printing in last column causes cr
eslok escape can be used on the status line
hz cannot print ~'s (hazeltine)
ul underline character overstrikes
xon terminal uses xon/xoff handshaking
These are the numeric capabilities:
Cap-name Description
cols number of columns in a line
it tabs initially every # spaces
lh rows in each label
lw columns in each label
lines number of lines on screen or page
lm lines of memory if > line. 0 means varies
xmc number of blank characters left by smso or rmso
ma maximum combined attributes terminal can handle
colors maximum number of colors on screen
pairs maximum number of color-pairs on the screen
wnum maximum number of defineable windows
ncv video attributes that cannot be used with colors
nlab number of labels on screen
pb lowest baud rate where padding needed
vt virtual terminal number (CB/unix)
wsl number of columns in status line
The following numeric capabilities are present in the SVr4.0 term structure,
but are not yet documented in the man page. They came in with SVr4's printer support.
Cap-name Description
bitwin number of passes for each bit-image row
bitype type of bit-image device
bufsz numbers of bytes buffered before printing
btns number of buttons on mouse
spinh spacing of dots horizontally in dots per inch
spinv spacing of pins vertically in pins per inch
maddr maximum value in micro_..._address
mjump maximum value in parm_..._micro
mcs character step size when in micro mode
mls line step size when in micro mode
npins numbers of pins in print-head
orc horizontal resolution in units per line
orhi horizontal resolution in units per inch
orl vertical resolution in units per line
orvi vertical resolution in units per inch
cps print rate in characters per second
widcs character step size when in double wide mode
These are the string capabilities:
Cap-name Description
acsc graphics charset pairs, based on vt100
cbt back tab (P)
bel audible signal (bell) (P)
cr carriage return (P*) (P*)
cpi Change number of characters per inch to #1
lpi Change number of lines per inch to #1
chr Change horizontal resolution to #1
cvr Change vertical resolution to #1
csr change region to line #1 to line #2 (P)
rmp like ip but when in insert mode
tbc clear all tab stops (P)
mgc clear right and left soft margins
clear clear screen and home cursor (P*)
el1 Clear to beginning of line
el clear to end of line (P)
ed clear to end of screen (P*)
hpa horizontal position #1, absolute (P)
cmdch terminal settable cmd character in prototype !?
cwin define a window #1 from #2,#3 to #4,#5
cup move to row #1 columns #2
cud1 down one line
home home cursor (if no cup)
civis make cursor invisible
cub1 move left one space
mrcup memory relative cursor addressing, move to row #1 columns #2
cnorm make cursor appear normal (undo civis/cvvis)
cuf1 non-destructive space (move right one space)
ll last line, first column (if no cup)
cuu1 up one line
cvvis make cursor very visible
defc Define a character #1, #2 dots wide, descender #3
dch1 delete character (P*)
dl1 delete line (P*)
dial dial number #1
dsl disable status line
dclk display clock
hd half a line down
enacs enable alternate char set
smacs start alternate character set (P)
smam turn on automatic margins
blink turn on blinking
bold turn on bold (extra bright) mode
smcup string to start programs using cup
smdc enter delete mode
dim turn on half-bright mode
swidm Enter double-wide mode
sdrfq Enter draft-quality mode
smir enter insert mode
sitm Enter italic mode
slm Start leftward carriage motion
smicm Start micro-motion mode
snlq Enter NLQ mode
snrmq Enter normal-quality mode
prot turn on protected mode
rev turn on reverse video mode
invis turn on blank mode (characters invisible)
sshm Enter shadow-print mode
smso begin standout mode
ssubm Enter subscript mode
ssupm Enter superscript mode
smul begin underline mode
sum Start upward carriage motion
smxon turn on xon/xoff handshaking
ech erase #1 characters (P)
rmacs end alternate character set (P)
rmam turn off automatic margins
sgr0 turn off all attributes
rmcup strings to end programs using cup
rmdc end delete mode
rwidm End double-wide mode
rmir exit insert mode
ritm End italic mode
rlm End left-motion mode
rmicm End micro-motion mode
rshm End shadow-print mode
rmso exit standout mode
rsubm End subscript mode
rsupm End superscript mode
rmul exit underline mode
rum End reverse character motion
rmxon turn off xon/xoff handshaking
pause pause for 2-3 seconds
hook flash switch hook
flash visible bell (may not move cursor)
ff hardcopy terminal page eject (P*)
fsl return from status line
wingo go to window #1
hup hang-up phone
is1 initialization string
is2 initialization string
is3 initialization string
if name of initialization file
iprog path name of program for initialization
initc initialize color #1 to (#2,#3,#4)
initp Initialize color pair #1 to fg=(#2,#3,#4), bg=(#5,#6,#7)
ich1 insert character (P)
il1 insert line (P*)
ip insert padding after inserted character
ka1 upper left of keypad
ka3 upper right of keypad
kb2 center of keypad
kbs backspace key
kbeg begin key
kcbt back-tab key
kc1 lower left of keypad
kc3 lower right of keypad
kcan cancel key
ktbc clear-all-tabs key
kclr clear-screen or erase key
kclo close key
kcmd command key
kcpy copy key
kcrt create key
kctab clear-tab key
kdch1 delete-character key
kdl1 delete-line key
kcud1 down-arrow key
krmir sent by rmir or smir in insert mode
kend end key
kent enter/send key
kel clear-to-end-of-line key
ked clear-to-end-of- screen key
kext exit key
kf0 F0 function key
kf1 F1 function key
kf10 F10 function key
kf11 F11 function key
kf12 F12 function key
kf13 F13 function key
kf14 F14 function key
kf15 F15 function key
kf16 F16 function key
kf17 F17 function key
kf18 F18 function key
kf19 F19 function key
kf2 F2 function key
kf20 F20 function key
kf21 F21 function key
kf22 F22 function key
kf23 F23 function key
kf24 F24 function key
kf25 F25 function key
kf26 F26 function key
kf27 F27 function key
kf28 F28 function key
kf29 F29 function key
kf3 F3 function key
kf30 F30 function key
kf31 F31 function key
kf32 F32 function key
kf33 F33 function key
kf34 F34 function key
kf35 F35 function key
kf36 F36 function key
kf37 F37 function key
kf38 F38 function key
kf39 F39 function key
kf4 F4 function key
kf40 F40 function key
kf41 F41 function key
kf42 F42 function key
kf43 F43 function key
kf44 F44 function key
kf45 F45 function key
kf46 F46 function key
kf47 F47 function key
kf48 F48 function key
kf49 F49 function key
kf5 F5 function key
kf50 F50 function key
kf51 F51 function key
kf52 F52 function key
kf53 F53 function key
kf54 F54 function key
kf55 F55 function key
kf56 F56 function key
kf57 F57 function key
kf58 F58 function key
kf59 F59 function key
kf6 F6 function key
kf60 F60 function key
kf61 F61 function key
kf62 F62 function key
kf63 F63 function key
kf7 F7 function key
kf8 F8 function key
kf9 F9 function key
kfnd find key
khlp help key
khome home key
kich1 insert-character key
kil1 insert-line key
kcub1 left-arrow key
kll lower-left key (home down)
kmrk mark key
kmsg message key
kmov move key
knxt next key
knp next-page key
kopn open key
kopt options key
kpp previous-page key
kprv previous key
kprt print key
krdo redo key
kref reference key
krfr refresh key
krpl replace key
krst restart key
kres resume key
kcuf1 right-arrow key
ksav save key
kBEG shifted begin key
kCAN shifted cancel key
kCMD shifted command key
kCPY shifted copy key
kCRT shifted create key
kDC shifted delete- character key
kDL shifted delete-line key
kslt select key
kEND shifted end key
kEOL shifted clear-to-end-of-line key
kEXT shifted exit key
kind scroll-forward key
kFND shifted find key
kHLP shifted help key
kHOM shifted home key
kIC shifted insert-character key
kLFT shifted left-arrow key
kMSG shifted message key
kMOV shifted move key
kNXT shifted next key
kOPT shifted options key
kPRV shifted previous key
kPRT shifted print key
kri scroll-backward key
kRDO shifted redo key
kRPL shifted replace key
kRIT shifted right-arrow key
kRES shifted resume key
kSAV shifted save key
kSPD shifted suspend key
khts set-tab key
kUND shifted undo key
kspd suspend key
kund undo key
kcuu1 up-arrow key
rmkx leave 'keyboard_transmit' mode
smkx enter 'keyboard_transmit' mode
lf0 label on function key f0 if not f0
lf1 label on function key f1 if not f1
lf10 label on function key f10 if not f10
lf2 label on function key f2 if not f2
lf3 label on function key f3 if not f3
lf4 label on function key f4 if not f4
lf5 label on function key f5 if not f5
lf6 label on function key f6 if not f6
lf7 label on function key f7 if not f7
lf8 label on function key f8 if not f8
lf9 label on function key f9 if not f9
fln label format
rmln turn off soft labels
smln turn on soft labels
rmm turn off meta mode
smm turn on meta mode (8th-bit on)
mhpa Like column_address in micro mode
mcud1 Like cursor_down in micro mode
mcub1 Like cursor_left in micro mode
mcuf1 Like cursor_right in micro mode
mvpa Like row_address #1 in micro mode
mcuu1 Like cursor_up in micro mode
nel newline (behave like cr followed by lf)
porder Match software bits to print-head pins
oc Set all color pairs to the original ones
op Set default pair to its original value
pad padding char (instead of null)
dch delete #1 characters (P*)
dl delete #1 lines (P*)
cud down #1 lines (P*)
mcud Like parm_down_cursor in micro mode
ich insert #1 characters (P*)
indn scroll forward #1 lines (P)
il insert #1 lines (P*)
cub move #1 characters to the left (P)
mcub Like parm_left_cursor in micro mode
cuf move #1 characters to the right (P*)
mcuf Like parm_right_cursor in micro mode
rin scroll back #1 lines (P)
cuu up #1 lines (P*)
mcuu Like parm_up_cursor in micro mode
pfkey program function key #1 to type string #2
pfloc program function key #1 to execute string #2
pfx program function key #1 to transmit string #2
pln program label #1 to show string #2
mc0 print contents of screen
mc5p turn on printer for #1 bytes
mc4 turn off printer
mc5 turn on printer
pulse select pulse dialing
qdial dial number #1 without checking
rmclk remove clock
rep repeat char #1 #2 times (P*)
rfi send next input char (for ptys)
rs1 reset string
rs2 reset string
rs3 reset string
rf name of reset file
rc restore cursor to position of last save_cursor
vpa vertical position #1 absolute (P)
sc save current cursor position (P)
ind scroll text up (P)
ri scroll text down (P)
scs Select character set, #1
sgr define video attributes #1-#9 (PG9)
setb Set background color #1
smgb Set bottom margin at current line
smgbp Set bottom margin at line #1 or (if smgtp is not given) #2 lines from bottom
sclk set clock, #1 hrs #2 mins #3 secs
scp Set current color pair to #1
setf Set foreground color #1
smgl set left soft margin at current column. See smgl. (ML is not in BSD termcap).
smglp Set left (right) margin at column #1
smgr set right soft margin at current column
smgrp Set right margin at column #1
hts set a tab in every row, current columns
smgt Set top margin at current line
smgtp Set top (bottom) margin at row #1
wind current window is lines #1-#2 cols #3-#4
sbim Start printing bit image graphics
scsd Start character set definition #1, with #2 characters in the set
rbim Stop printing bit image graphics
rcsd End definition of character set #1
subcs List of subscriptable characters
supcs List of superscriptable characters
ht tab to next 8-space hardware tab stop
docr Printing any of these characters causes CR
tsl move to status line, column #1
tone select touch tone dialing
uc underline char and move past it
hu half a line up
u0 User string #0
u1 User string #1
u2 User string #2
u3 User string #3
u4 User string #4
u5 User string #5
u6 User string #6
u7 User string #7
u8 User string #8
u9 User string #9
wait wait for dial-tone
xoffc XOFF character
xonc XON character
zerom No motion for subsequent character
The following string capabilities are present in the SVr4.0 term structure,
but were originally not documented in the man page.
Cap-name Description
scesa Alternate escape for scancode emulation
bicr Move to beginning of same row
binel Move to next row of the bit image
birep Repeat bit image cell #1 #2 times
csnm Produce #1'th item from list of character set names
csin Init sequence for multiple codesets
colornm Give name for color #1
defbi Define rectangualar bit image region
devt Indicate language/codeset support
dispc Display PC character #1
endbi End a bit-image region
smpch Enter PC character display mode
smsc Enter PC scancode mode
rmpch Exit PC character display mode
rmsc Exit PC scancode mode
getm Curses should get button events, parameter #1 not documented.
kmous Mouse event has occurred
minfo Mouse status information
pctrm PC terminal options
pfxl Program function key #1 to type string #2 and show string #3
reqmp Request mouse position
scesc Escape for scancode emulation
s0ds Shift to codeset 0 (EUC set 0, ASCII)
s1ds Shift to codeset 1
s2ds Shift to codeset 2
s3ds Shift to codeset 3
setab Set background color to #1, using ANSI escape
setaf Set foreground color to #1, using ANSI escape
setcolor Change to ribbon color #1
smglr Set both left and right margins to #1, #2. (ML is not in BSD termcap).
slines Set page length to #1 lines
smgtb Sets both top and bottom margins to #1, #2
The XSI Curses standard added these.
They are some post-4.1 versions of System V curses, e.g., Solaris 2.5 and IRIX 6.x.
The ncurses termcap names for them are invented; according to the XSI Curses standard,
they have no termcap names. If your compiled terminfo entries use these,
they may not be binary-compatible with System V terminfo entries after SVr4.1; beware!
Cap-name Description
ehhlm Enter horizontal highlight mode
elhlm Enter left highlight mode
elohlm Enter low highlight mode
erhlm Enter right highlight mode
ethlm Enter top highlight mode
evhlm Enter vertical highlight mode
sgr1 Define second set of video attributes #1-#6
slength YI Set page length to #1 hundredth of an inch
These are the boolean capabilities
Variable Cap-name TCap Code Description
auto_left_margin bw bw cub1 wraps from column 0 to last column
auto_right_margin am am terminal has automatic margins
back_color_erase bce ut screen erased with background color
can_change ccc cc terminal can redefine existing colors
ceol_standout_glitch xhp xs standout not erased by overwriting (hp)
col_addr_glitch xhpa YA only positive motion for hpa/mhpa caps
cpi_changes_res cpix YF changing character pitch changes resolution
cr_cancels_micro_mode crxm YB using cr turns off micro mode
dest_tabs_magic_smso xt xt tabs destructive, magic so char (t1061)
eat_newline_glitch xenl xn newline ignored after 80 cols (concept)
erase_overstrike eo eo can erase overstrikes with a blank
generic_type gn gn generic line type
hard_copy hc hc hardcopy terminal
hard_cursor chts HC cursor is hard to see
has_meta_key km km Has a meta key (i.e., sets 8th-bit)
has_print_wheel daisy YC printer needs operator to change character set
has_status_line hs hs has extra status line
hue_lightness_saturation hls hl terminal uses only HLS color notation (Tektronix)
insert_null_glitch in in insert mode distinguishes nulls
lpi_changes_res lpix YG changing line pitch changes resolution
memory_above da da display may be retained above the screen
memory_below db db display may be retained below the screen
move_insert_mode mir mi safe to move while in insert mode
move_standout_mode msgr ms safe to move while in standout mode
needs_xon_xoff nxon nx padding will not work, xon/xoff required
no_esc_ctlc xsb xb beehive (f1=escape, f2=ctrl C)
no_pad_char npc NP pad character does not exist
non_dest_scroll_region ndscr ND scrolling region is non-destructive
non_rev_rmcup nrrmc NR smcup does not reverse rmcup
over_strike os os terminal can overstrike
prtr_silent mc5i 5i printer will not echo on screen
row_addr_glitch xvpa YD only positive motion for vpa/mvpa caps
semi_auto_right_margin sam YE printing in last column causes cr
status_line_esc_ok eslok es escape can be used on the status line
tilde_glitch hz hz cannot print ~'s (hazeltine)
transparent_underline ul ul underline character overstrikes
xon_xoff xon xo terminal uses xon/xoff handshaking
These are the numeric capabilities
Variable Cap-name TCap Code Description
columns cols co number of columns in a line
init_tabs it it tabs initially every # spaces
label_height lh lh rows in each label
label_width lw lw columns in each label
lines lines li number of lines on screen or page
lines_of_memory lm lm lines of memory if > line. 0 means varies
magic_cookie_glitch xmc sg number of blank characters left by smso or rmso
max_attributes ma ma maximum combined attributes terminal can handle
max_colors colors Co maximum number of colors on screen
max_pairs pairs pa maximum number of color-pairs on the screen
maximum_windows wnum MW maximum number of defineable windows
no_color_video ncv NC video attributes that cannot be used with colors
num_labels nlab Nl number of labels on screen
padding_baud_rate pb pb lowest baud rate where padding needed
virtual_terminal vt vt virtual terminal number (CB/unix)
width_status_line wsl ws number of columns in status line
The following numeric capabilities are present in the SVr4.0 term structure,
but are not yet documented in the man page. They came in with SVr4's printer support.
Variable Cap-name TCap Code Description
bit_image_entwining bitwin Yo number of passes for each bit-image row
bit_image_type bitype Yp type of bit-image device
buffer_capacity bufsz Ya numbers of bytes buffered before printing
buttons btns BT number of buttons on mouse
dot_horz_spacing spinh Yc spacing of dots horizontally in dots per inch
dot_vert_spacing spinv Yb spacing of pins vertically in pins per inch
max_micro_address maddr Yd maximum value in micro_..._address
max_micro_jump mjump Ye maximum value in parm_..._micro
micro_col_size mcs Yf character step size when in micro mode
micro_line_size mls Yg line step size when in micro mode
number_of_pins npins Yh numbers of pins in print-head
output_res_char orc Yi horizontal resolution in units per line
output_res_horz_inch orhi Yk horizontal resolution in units per inch
output_res_line orl Yj vertical resolution in units per line
output_res_vert_inch orvi Yl vertical resolution in units per inch
print_rate cps Ym print rate in characters per second
wide_char_size widcs Yn character step size when in double wide mode
These are the string capabilities
Variable Cap-name TCap Code Description
acs_chars acsc ac graphics charset pairs, based on vt100
back_tab cbt bt back tab (P)
bell bel bl audible signal (bell) (P)
carriage_return cr cr carriage return (P*) (P*)
change_char_pitch cpi ZA Change number of characters per inch to #1
change_line_pitch lpi ZB Change number of lines per inch to #1
change_res_horz chr ZC Change horizontal resolution to #1
change_res_vert cvr ZD Change vertical resolution to #1
change_scroll_region csr cs change region to line #1 to line #2 (P)
char_padding rmp rP like ip but when in insert mode
clear_all_tabs tbc ct clear all tab stops (P)
clear_margins mgc MC clear right and left soft margins
clear_screen clear cl clear screen and home cursor (P*)
clr_bol el1 cb Clear to beginning of line
clr_eol el ce clear to end of line (P)
clr_eos ed cd clear to end of screen (P*)
column_address hpa ch horizontal position #1, absolute (P)
command_character cmdch CC terminal settable cmd character in prototype !?
create_window cwin CW define a window #1 from #2,#3 to #4,#5
cursor_address cup cm move to row #1 columns #2
cursor_down cud1 do down one line
cursor_home home ho home cursor (if no cup)
cursor_invisible civis vi make cursor invisible
cursor_left cub1 le move left one space
cursor_mem_address mrcup CM memory relative cursor addressing, move to row #1 columns #2
cursor_normal cnorm ve make cursor appear normal (undo civis/cvvis)
cursor_right cuf1 nd non-destructive space (move right one space)
cursor_to_ll ll ll last line, first column (if no cup)
cursor_up cuu1 up up one line
cursor_visible cvvis vs make cursor very visible
define_char defc ZE Define a character #1, #2 dots wide, descender #3
delete_character dch1 dc delete character (P*)
delete_line dl1 dl delete line (P*)
dial_phone dial DI dial number #1
dis_status_line dsl ds disable status line
display_clock dclk DK display clock
down_half_line hd hd half a line down
ena_acs enacs eA enable alternate char set
enter_alt_charset_mode smacs as start alternate character set (P)
enter_am_mode smam SA turn on automatic margins
enter_blink_mode blink mb turn on blinking
enter_bold_mode bold md turn on bold (extra bright) mode
enter_ca_mode smcup ti string to start programs using cup
enter_delete_mode smdc dm enter delete mode
enter_dim_mode dim mh turn on half-bright mode
enter_doublewide_mode swidm ZF Enter double-wide mode
enter_draft_quality sdrfq ZG Enter draft-quality mode
enter_insert_mode smir im enter insert mode
enter_italics_mode sitm ZH Enter italic mode
enter_leftward_mode slm ZI Start leftward carriage motion
enter_micro_mode smicm ZJ Start micro-motion mode
enter_near_letter_quality snlq ZK Enter NLQ mode
enter_normal_quality snrmq ZL Enter normal-quality mode
enter_protected_mode prot mp turn on protected mode
enter_reverse_mode rev mr turn on reverse video mode
enter_secure_mode invis mk turn on blank mode (characters invisible)
enter_shadow_mode sshm ZM Enter shadow-print mode
enter_standout_mode smso so begin standout mode
enter_subscript_mode ssubm ZN Enter subscript mode
enter_superscript_mode ssupm ZO Enter superscript mode
enter_underline_mode smul us begin underline mode
enter_upward_mode sum ZP Start upward carriage motion
enter_xon_mode smxon SX turn on xon/xoff handshaking
erase_chars ech ec erase #1 characters (P)
exit_alt_charset_mode rmacs ae end alternate character set (P)
exit_am_mode rmam RA turn off automatic margins
exit_attribute_mode sgr0 me turn off all attributes
exit_ca_mode rmcup te strings to end programs using cup
exit_delete_mode rmdc ed end delete mode
exit_doublewide_mode rwidm ZQ End double-wide mode
exit_insert_mode rmir ei exit insert mode
exit_italics_mode ritm ZR End italic mode
exit_leftward_mode rlm ZS End left-motion mode
exit_micro_mode rmicm ZT End micro-motion mode
exit_shadow_mode rshm ZU End shadow-print mode
exit_standout_mode rmso se exit standout mode
exit_subscript_mode rsubm ZV End subscript mode
exit_superscript_mode rsupm ZW End superscript mode
exit_underline_mode rmul ue exit underline mode
exit_upward_mode rum ZX End reverse character motion
exit_xon_mode rmxon RX turn off xon/xoff handshaking
fixed_pause pause PA pause for 2-3 seconds
flash_hook hook fh flash switch hook
flash_screen flash vb visible bell (may not move cursor)
form_feed ff ff hardcopy terminal page eject (P*)
from_status_line fsl fs return from status line
goto_window wingo WG go to window #1
hangup hup HU hang-up phone
init_1string is1 i1 initialization string
init_2string is2 is initialization string
init_3string is3 i3 initialization string
init_file if if name of initialization file
init_prog iprog iP path name of program for initialization
initialize_color initc Ic initialize color #1 to (#2,#3,#4)
initialize_pair initp Ip Initialize color pair #1 to fg=(#2,#3,#4), bg=(#5,#6,#7)
insert_character ich1 ic insert character (P)
insert_line il1 al insert line (P*)
insert_padding ip ip insert padding after inserted character
key_a1 ka1 K1 upper left of keypad
key_a3 ka3 K3 upper right of keypad
key_b2 kb2 K2 center of keypad
key_backspace kbs kb backspace key
key_beg kbeg @1 begin key
key_btab kcbt kB back-tab key
key_c1 kc1 K4 lower left of keypad
key_c3 kc3 K5 lower right of keypad
key_cancel kcan @2 cancel key
key_catab ktbc ka clear-all-tabs key
key_clear kclr kC clear-screen or erase key
key_close kclo @3 close key
key_command kcmd @4 command key
key_copy kcpy @5 copy key
key_create kcrt @6 create key
key_ctab kctab kt clear-tab key
key_dc kdch1 kD delete-character key
key_dl kdl1 kL delete-line key
key_down kcud1 kd down-arrow key
key_eic krmir kM sent by rmir or smir in insert mode
key_end kend @7 end key
key_enter kent @8 enter/send key
key_eol kel kE clear-to-end-of-line key
key_eos ked kS clear-to-end-of- screen key
key_exit kext @9 exit key
key_f0 kf0 k0 F0 function key
key_f1 kf1 k1 F1 function key
key_f10 kf10 k; F10 function key
key_f11 kf11 F1 F11 function key
key_f12 kf12 F2 F12 function key
key_f13 kf13 F3 F13 function key
key_f14 kf14 F4 F14 function key
key_f15 kf15 F5 F15 function key
key_f16 kf16 F6 F16 function key
key_f17 kf17 F7 F17 function key
key_f18 kf18 F8 F18 function key
key_f19 kf19 F9 F19 function key
key_f2 kf2 k2 F2 function key
key_f20 kf20 FA F20 function key
key_f21 kf21 FB F21 function key
key_f22 kf22 FC F22 function key
key_f23 kf23 FD F23 function key
key_f24 kf24 FE F24 function key
key_f25 kf25 FF F25 function key
key_f26 kf26 FG F26 function key
key_f27 kf27 FH F27 function key
key_f28 kf28 FI F28 function key
key_f29 kf29 FJ F29 function key
key_f3 kf3 k3 F3 function key
key_f30 kf30 FK F30 function key
key_f31 kf31 FL F31 function key
key_f32 kf32 FM F32 function key
key_f33 kf33 FN F33 function key
key_f34 kf34 FO F34 function key
key_f35 kf35 FP F35 function key
key_f36 kf36 FQ F36 function key
key_f37 kf37 FR F37 function key
key_f38 kf38 FS F38 function key
key_f39 kf39 FT F39 function key
key_f4 kf4 k4 F4 function key
key_f40 kf40 FU F40 function key
key_f41 kf41 FV F41 function key
key_f42 kf42 FW F42 function key
key_f43 kf43 FX F43 function key
key_f44 kf44 FY F44 function key
key_f45 kf45 FZ F45 function key
key_f46 kf46 Fa F46 function key
key_f47 kf47 Fb F47 function key
key_f48 kf48 Fc F48 function key
key_f49 kf49 Fd F49 function key
key_f5 kf5 k5 F5 function key
key_f50 kf50 Fe F50 function key
key_f51 kf51 Ff F51 function key
key_f52 kf52 Fg F52 function key
key_f53 kf53 Fh F53 function key
key_f54 kf54 Fi F54 function key
key_f55 kf55 Fj F55 function key
key_f56 kf56 Fk F56 function key
key_f57 kf57 Fl F57 function key
key_f58 kf58 Fm F58 function key
key_f59 kf59 Fn F59 function key
key_f6 kf6 k6 F6 function key
key_f60 kf60 Fo F60 function key
key_f61 kf61 Fp F61 function key
key_f62 kf62 Fq F62 function key
key_f63 kf63 Fr F63 function key
key_f7 kf7 k7 F7 function key
key_f8 kf8 k8 F8 function key
key_f9 kf9 k9 F9 function key
key_find kfnd @0 find key
key_help khlp %1 help key
key_home khome kh home key
key_ic kich1 kI insert-character key
key_il kil1 kA insert-line key
key_left kcub1 kl left-arrow key
key_ll kll kH lower-left key (home down)
key_mark kmrk %2 mark key
key_message kmsg %3 message key
key_move kmov %4 move key
key_next knxt %5 next key
key_npage knp kN next-page key
key_open kopn %6 open key
key_options kopt %7 options key
key_ppage kpp kP previous-page key
key_previous kprv %8 previous key
key_print kprt %9 print key
key_redo krdo %0 redo key
key_reference kref &1 reference key
key_refresh krfr &2 refresh key
key_replace krpl &3 replace key
key_restart krst &4 restart key
key_resume kres &5 resume key
key_right kcuf1 kr right-arrow key
key_save ksav &6 save key
key_sbeg kBEG &9 shifted begin key
key_scancel kCAN &0 shifted cancel key
key_scommand kCMD *1 shifted command key
key_scopy kCPY *2 shifted copy key
key_screate kCRT *3 shifted create key
key_sdc kDC *4 shifted delete- character key
key_sdl kDL *5 shifted delete-line key
key_select kslt *6 select key
key_send kEND *7 shifted end key
key_seol kEOL *8 shifted clear-to-end-of-line key
key_sexit kEXT *9 shifted exit key
key_sf kind kF scroll-forward key
key_sfind kFND *0 shifted find key
key_shelp kHLP #1 shifted help key
key_shome kHOM #2 shifted home key
key_sic kIC #3 shifted insert-character key
key_sleft kLFT #4 shifted left-arrow key
key_smessage kMSG %a shifted message key
key_smove kMOV %b shifted move key
key_snext kNXT %c shifted next key
key_soptions kOPT %d shifted options key
key_sprevious kPRV %e shifted previous key
key_sprint kPRT %f shifted print key
key_sr kri kR scroll-backward key
key_sredo kRDO %g shifted redo key
key_sreplace kRPL %h shifted replace key
key_sright kRIT %i shifted right-arrow key
key_srsume kRES %j shifted resume key
key_ssave kSAV !1 shifted save key
key_ssuspend kSPD !2 shifted suspend key
key_stab khts kT set-tab key
key_sundo kUND !3 shifted undo key
key_suspend kspd &7 suspend key
key_undo kund &8 undo key
key_up kcuu1 ku up-arrow key
keypad_local rmkx ke leave 'keyboard_transmit' mode
keypad_xmit smkx ks enter 'keyboard_transmit' mode
lab_f0 lf0 l0 label on function key f0 if not f0
lab_f1 lf1 l1 label on function key f1 if not f1
lab_f10 lf10 la label on function key f10 if not f10
lab_f2 lf2 l2 label on function key f2 if not f2
lab_f3 lf3 l3 label on function key f3 if not f3
lab_f4 lf4 l4 label on function key f4 if not f4
lab_f5 lf5 l5 label on function key f5 if not f5
lab_f6 lf6 l6 label on function key f6 if not f6
lab_f7 lf7 l7 label on function key f7 if not f7
lab_f8 lf8 l8 label on function key f8 if not f8
lab_f9 lf9 l9 label on function key f9 if not f9
label_format fln Lf label format
label_off rmln LF turn off soft labels
label_on smln LO turn on soft labels
meta_off rmm mo turn off meta mode
meta_on smm mm turn on meta mode (8th-bit on)
micro_column_address mhpa ZY Like column_address in micro mode
micro_down mcud1 ZZ Like cursor_down in micro mode
micro_left mcub1 Za Like cursor_left in micro mode
micro_right mcuf1 Zb Like cursor_right in micro mode
micro_row_address mvpa Zc Like row_address #1 in micro mode
micro_up mcuu1 Zd Like cursor_up in micro mode
newline nel nw newline (behave like cr followed by lf)
order_of_pins porder Ze Match software bits to print-head pins
orig_colors oc oc Set all color pairs to the original ones
orig_pair op op Set default pair to its original value
pad_char pad pc padding char (instead of null)
parm_dch dch DC delete #1 characters (P*)
parm_delete_line dl DL delete #1 lines (P*)
parm_down_cursor cud DO down #1 lines (P*)
parm_down_micro mcud Zf Like parm_down_cursor in micro mode
parm_ich ich IC insert #1 characters (P*)
parm_index indn SF scroll forward #1 lines (P)
parm_insert_line il AL insert #1 lines (P*)
parm_left_cursor cub LE move #1 characters to the left (P)
parm_left_micro mcub Zg Like parm_left_cursor in micro mode
parm_right_cursor cuf RI move #1 characters to the right (P*)
parm_right_micro mcuf Zh Like parm_right_cursor in micro mode
parm_rindex rin SR scroll back #1 lines (P)
parm_up_cursor cuu UP up #1 lines (P*)
parm_up_micro mcuu Zi Like parm_up_cursor in micro mode
pkey_key pfkey pk program function key #1 to type string #2
pkey_local pfloc pl program function key #1 to execute string #2
pkey_xmit pfx px program function key #1 to transmit string #2
plab_norm pln pn program label #1 to show string #2
print_screen mc0 ps print contents of screen
prtr_non mc5p pO turn on printer for #1 bytes
prtr_off mc4 pf turn off printer
prtr_on mc5 po turn on printer
pulse pulse PU select pulse dialing
quick_dial qdial QD dial number #1 without checking
remove_clock rmclk RC remove clock
repeat_char rep rp repeat char #1 #2 times (P*)
req_for_input rfi RF send next input char (for ptys)
reset_1string rs1 r1 reset string
reset_2string rs2 r2 reset string
reset_3string rs3 r3 reset string
reset_file rf rf name of reset file
restore_cursor rc rc restore cursor to position of last save_cursor
row_address vpa cv vertical position #1 absolute (P)
save_cursor sc sc save current cursor position (P)
scroll_forward ind sf scroll text up (P)
scroll_reverse ri sr scroll text down (P)
select_char_set scs Zj Select character set, #1
set_attributes sgr sa define video attributes #1-#9 (PG9)
set_background setb Sb Set background color #1
set_bottom_margin smgb Zk Set bottom margin at current line
set_bottom_margin_parm smgbp Zl Set bottom margin at line #1 or (if smgtp is not given) #2 lines from bottom
set_clock sclk SC set clock, #1 hrs #2 mins #3 secs
set_color_pair scp sp Set current color pair to #1
set_foreground setf Sf Set foreground color #1
set_left_margin smgl ML set left soft margin at current column. See smgl. (ML is not in BSD termcap).
set_left_margin_parm smglp Zm Set left (right) margin at column #1
set_right_margin smgr MR set right soft margin at current column
set_right_margin_parm smgrp Zn Set right margin at column #1
set_tab hts st set a tab in every row, current columns
set_top_margin smgt Zo Set top margin at current line
set_top_margin_parm smgtp Zp Set top (bottom) margin at row #1
set_window wind wi current window is lines #1-#2 cols #3-#4
start_bit_image sbim Zq Start printing bit image graphics
start_char_set_def scsd Zr Start character set definition #1, with #2 characters in the set
stop_bit_image rbim Zs Stop printing bit image graphics
stop_char_set_def rcsd Zt End definition of character set #1
subscript_characters subcs Zu List of subscriptable characters
superscript_characters supcs Zv List of superscriptable characters
tab ht ta tab to next 8-space hardware tab stop
these_cause_cr docr Zw Printing any of these characters causes CR
to_status_line tsl ts move to status line, column #1
tone tone TO select touch tone dialing
underline_char uc uc underline char and move past it
up_half_line hu hu half a line up
user0 u0 u0 User string #0
user1 u1 u1 User string #1
user2 u2 u2 User string #2
user3 u3 u3 User string #3
user4 u4 u4 User string #4
user5 u5 u5 User string #5
user6 u6 u6 User string #6
user7 u7 u7 User string #7
user8 u8 u8 User string #8
user9 u9 u9 User string #9
wait_tone wait WA wait for dial-tone
xoff_character xoffc XF XOFF character
xon_character xonc XN XON character
zero_motion zerom Zx No motion for subsequent character
The following string capabilities are present in the SVr4.0 term structure,
but were originally not documented in the man page.
Variable Cap-name TCap Code Description
alt_scancode_esc scesa S8 Alternate escape for scancode emulation
bit_image_carriage_return bicr Yv Move to beginning of same row
bit_image_newline binel Zz Move to next row of the bit image
bit_image_repeat birep Xy Repeat bit image cell #1 #2 times
char_set_names csnm Zy Produce #1'th item from list of character set names
code_set_init csin ci Init sequence for multiple codesets
color_names colornm Yw Give name for color #1
define_bit_image_region defbi Yx Define rectangualar bit image region
device_type devt dv Indicate language/codeset support
display_pc_char dispc S1 Display PC character #1
end_bit_image_region endbi Yy End a bit-image region
enter_pc_charset_mode smpch S2 Enter PC character display mode
enter_scancode_mode smsc S4 Enter PC scancode mode
exit_pc_charset_mode rmpch S3 Exit PC character display mode
exit_scancode_mode rmsc S5 Exit PC scancode mode
get_mouse getm Gm Curses should get button events, parameter #1 not documented.
key_mouse kmous Km Mouse event has occurred
mouse_info minfo Mi Mouse status information
pc_term_options pctrm S6 PC terminal options
pkey_plab pfxl xl Program function key #1 to type string #2 and show string #3
req_mouse_pos reqmp RQ Request mouse position
scancode_escape scesc S7 Escape for scancode emulation
set0_des_seq s0ds s0 Shift to codeset 0 (EUC set 0, ASCII)
set1_des_seq s1ds s1 Shift to codeset 1
set2_des_seq s2ds s2 Shift to codeset 2
set3_des_seq s3ds s3 Shift to codeset 3
set_a_background setab AB Set background color to #1, using ANSI escape
set_a_foreground setaf AF Set foreground color to #1, using ANSI escape
set_color_band setcolor Yz Change to ribbon color #1
set_lr_margin smglr ML Set both left and right margins to #1, #2. (ML is not in BSD termcap).
set_page_length slines YZ Set page length to #1 lines
set_tb_margin smgtb MT Sets both top and bottom margins to #1, #2
The XSI Curses standard added these.
They are some post-4.1 versions of System V curses, e.g., Solaris 2.5 and IRIX 6.x.
The ncurses termcap names for them are invented; according to the XSI Curses standard,
they have no termcap names. If your compiled terminfo entries use these,
they may not be binary-compatible with System V terminfo entries after SVr4.1; beware!
Variable Cap-name TCap Code Description
enter_horizontal_hl_mode ehhlm Xh Enter horizontal highlight mode
enter_left_hl_mode elhlm Xl Enter left highlight mode
enter_low_hl_mode elohlm Xo Enter low highlight mode
enter_right_hl_mode erhlm Xr Enter right highlight mode
enter_top_hl_mode ethlm Xt Enter top highlight mode
enter_vertical_hl_mode evhlm Xv Enter vertical highlight mode
set_a_attributes sgr1 sA Define second set of video attributes #1-#6
set_pglen_inch slength sL YI Set page length to #1 hundredth of an inch
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