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Yet another attempt at a sane emacs config

Requirements for a sane emacs config for social scientists

Requirements

Emacs is many things to many people, being perhaps the most configurable text editor ever created. However, there are some common tools that social scientists often make use of that are not accessible in emacs by default. It is therefore desirable to create a base configuration that enables the features that social scientists are likely to find useful. The table below lists some of these requirements, and describes how they can be made available in emacs.

RequirementCategoriesRequesterSolutionNotes
LaTeX editing/compilationDocument prepGary[fn:1]AucTeX/RefTeXInstalled and turned on
Font lockingLook-n-feelGaryfont-lock-modeBuilt-in, turned on
Spell checkingConvenienceGaryispell/flyspellBuilt-in, turned on
Outline/structure editingConvenienceGaryoutline-minor-modeBuilt-in, turned on
Revision controlVersion managementGaryVC-modeBuilt-in, turned on
Edit/evaluate R/Stata/SASData analysisIstaESSInstalled and activated
Easier file/buffer/accessConvenienceIstaidoBuilt-in, turned on
Reproducible researchData analysisIstaorg-mode, polymodeInstalled, polymode (Melpa) not working on RCE
Copy/paste with other appsConvenienceIstax-selectBuilt-in, turned on
Word wrappingLook-n-feelIstavisual-line-modeBuilt-in, turned on

It will be hard to avoid the temptation for feature-creep; every emacs user has certain things they really like, but we don’t want this to turn into a super-set of all the things that anyone likes. The table below list some things that would be nice to have but are controversial, trivial, or not widely used.

RequirementCategoriesRequesterSolutionNotes
Command hinting/completionConvenienceIstaSmexInstalled and turned on
Programming auto-completionConvenienceIstaAutocompleteInstalled and turned on
Keep backup files out of the wayConvenienceIstabackup-directory-alistBuilt-in, turned on
Quieter startupLook-n-feelIstainhibit-startup*Built-in, off by default
Cleaner interfaceLook-n-feelIstatool-bar-modeBuilt-in, off by default
Highlight matched/mismatched parenConvenienceIstashow-paren-modeBuilt-in, turned on

Implementation options

Implementation of the requirements listed in the previous section can be approached from a few different starting places.
  1. We can start from the default emacs and add the required functionality.
  2. We can start from a meta-package (probably http://kieranhealy.org/resources/emacs-starter-kit/ but other options exist) and (optionally) remove things we don’t need.
  3. We can start with specialized emacs distributions for different operating systems and add required functionality.

In my experience option 1 (building up from default Gnu emacs) works well on Linux, so-so on Mac, and is a real pain on Windows. Option 2 (the meta-package approach) tends to result in un-maintainable, complicated configurations that the user doesn’t understand and can’t configure. Therefore I suggest that we encourage people to start with OS-specific emacs distributions, and that we write relatively minimal config files that sets up the basics, along with documentation and comments explaining how to add related functionality. See Cross platform issues for recommended emacs versions for Windows and OS X.

Suggested external programs

Some of the requirements listed in Requirements make use of software that must be installed outside of emacs. While it is theoretically possible to try to automate the installation of these external dependencies, it is probably easier and safer to simply provide documentation instructing users on how to install these prerequisites.

Cross-platform issues

Ideally emacs configuration will “just work” regardless of the operating system (Windows, OSX, Linux, etc.) emacs is running on. In practice there are some tweaks required to get things working on Mac, and especially, Windows. These platform-specific issues can be largely avoided by starting with platform-specific versions of emacs.

Emacs for Windows
http://vgoulet.act.ulaval.ca/en/emacs/
Emacs for OS X
http://vgoulet.act.ulaval.ca/en/emacs/
Emacs for Linux
Use your package manager, or see http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/

Note for Linux users: Emacs version $\geq$ 24 is required. If your Linux distro ships old and busted emacs you need to figure out how to install a recent version.

Implementation

The emacs configuration in the sections below implements the Requirements listed above.

Preamble

;;; COMMENTARY

;; This emacs configuration file sets some convenient defaults and activates 
;; emacs functionality useful to social scientists. 


;; NOTE FOR RCE USERS: RCE Emacs has some strange system configuration
;; settings. To use this init file on the RCE you need to start emacs with
;; emacs --no-site-file --no-site-lisp. This is a temporary requirement that
;; will eventually be resolved in cooperation with the RCE team.

Install useful packages

;;; Install required packages

;; load the package manager
(require 'package)

;; Add additional package sources
(add-to-list 'package-archives 
             '("org" . "http://orgmode.org/elpa/") t)
(add-to-list 'package-archives 
             '("melpa" . "http://melpa.milkbox.net/packages/") t)

;; Make a list of the packages you want
(setq package-list '(smex
                     ido-ubiquitous
                     outline-magic
                     smooth-scroll
                     auto-complete
                     auctex
                     ess 
                     org-plus-contrib
                     markdown-mode 
                     polymode))

;; Activate package autoloads
(package-initialize)

;; Fetch the list of packages available
(when (not package-archive-contents)
  (package-refresh-contents))

;; Install packages in package-list if they are not already installed
(dolist (package package-list)
  (when (not (package-installed-p package))
    (package-install package)))

Spell checking

;; enable on-the-fly spell checking
(add-hook 'text-mode-hook
          (lambda ()
            (flyspell-mode 1)))

;; prevent flyspell from finding mistakes in the code
(add-hook 'prog-mode-hook
          (lambda ()
            ;; `ispell-comments-and-strings'
            (flyspell-prog-mode)))

Minibuffer hints and completion

;;; Completion hints for files and buffers buffers
(setq ido-file-extensions-order '(".tex" ".bib" ".org" ".txt" ".html" 
                                ".py" ".emacs" ".xml" ".el" ".pdf" 
                                ".png" ".ini" ".cfg" ".conf"))
(require 'ido)
(ido-mode 1)
(require 'ido-ubiquitous)
(ido-ubiquitous 1)

;;; Completion hints for emacs functions
;; Horrible work-around to make smex work with emacs < 24.3:
;; remove this part when emacs is updated.
;; Check if Smex is supported
(when (equal (cons 1 1)
             (ignore-errors
               (subr-arity (symbol-function 'execute-extended-command))))
  (defun execute-extended-command (prefixarg &optional command-name)
    "Read function name, then read its arguments and call it."
    (interactive (list current-prefix-arg (read-extended-command)))
    (if (null command-name)
        (setq command-name (let ((current-prefix-arg prefixarg)) ; for prompt
                             (read-extended-command))))
    (let* ((function (and (stringp command-name) (intern-soft command-name)))
           (binding (and suggest-key-bindings
                         (not executing-kbd-macro)
                         (where-is-internal function overriding-local-map t))))
      (unless (commandp function)
        (error "`%s' is not a valid command name" command-name))
      (setq this-command function)
      (setq real-this-command function)
      (let ((prefix-arg prefixarg))
        (command-execute function 'record))
      (when binding
        (let* ((waited
                (sit-for (cond
                          ((zerop (length (current-message))) 0)
                          ((numberp suggest-key-bindings) suggest-key-bindings)
                          (t 2)))))
          (when (and waited (not (consp unread-command-events)))
            (with-temp-message
                (format "You can run the command `%s' with %s"
                        function (key-description binding))
              (sit-for (if (numberp suggest-key-bindings)
                           suggest-key-bindings
                         2)))))))))
;; end horrible hack

(smex-initialize)
(global-set-key (kbd "M-x") 'smex)
(global-set-key (kbd "M-X") 'smex-major-mode-commands)
;; This is your old M-x.
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c C-c M-x") 'execute-extended-command)

Auto-complete configuration

;;; Auto-complete

;; Set up autocomplete sources
(require 'auto-complete-config)
(ac-config-default)

;; use tab for completion instead of return
(define-key ac-completing-map "\t" 'ac-complete)
(define-key ac-completing-map "\r" nil)
(define-key ac-completing-map [tab] 'ac-complete)
(define-key ac-completing-map [return] nil)

Outline-magic

;;; Configure outline minor modes
;; Less crazy key bindings for outline-minor-mode
(setq outline-minor-mode-prefix "\C-c\C-o")
;; load outline-magic along with outline-minor-mode
(add-hook 'outline-minor-mode-hook 
          (lambda () 
            (require 'outline-magic)
            (define-key outline-minor-mode-map "\C-c\C-o\t" 'outline-cycle)))
;; turn on for some modes:
(add-hook 'LaTeX-mode-hook 'outline-minor-mode t)
(add-hook 'prog-mode-hook 'outline-minor-mode t)

Major modes configuration

LaTeX-mode

;;; AucTeX config
;; turn on math mode and and index to imenu
(add-hook 'LaTeX-mode-hook 
          '(lambda ()
             (turn-on-reftex)
             (TeX-PDF-mode t)
             (LaTeX-math-mode)
             (imenu-add-to-menubar "Index")
;; Allow paragraph filling in tables
             (setq LaTeX-indent-environment-list
                   (delq (assoc "table" LaTeX-indent-environment-list)
                         LaTeX-indent-environment-list))
             (setq LaTeX-indent-environment-list
                   (delq (assoc "table*" LaTeX-indent-environment-list)
                         LaTeX-indent-environment-list))))
;; Misc. latex settings
(setq TeX-parse-self t
      TeX-auto-save t)
(setq-default TeX-master nil)
;; Add beamer frames to outline list
(setq TeX-outline-extra
      '(("\\\\begin{frame}\n\\|\\\\begin{frame}.*{.*}\\|[       ]*\\\\frametitle\\b" 3)))
;; reftex settings
(setq reftex-enable-partial-scans t)
(setq reftex-save-parse-info t)
(setq reftex-use-multiple-selection-buffers t)
(setq reftex-plug-into-AUCTeX t)
(add-hook 'bibtex-mode-hook
          '(lambda ()
             (define-key bibtex-mode-map "\M-q" 'bibtex-fill-entry)))

Markdown mode

;;; markdown mode

;; Use markdown-mode for files with .markdown or .md extensions
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.markdown\\'" . markdown-mode))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.md\\'" . markdown-mode))

Org-mode

;;; Org-mode

;; Make sure org-mode is loaded
(require 'org)

;; Load additional export formats
;; (require 'ox-odt)
;; (require 'ox-md)
;; (require 'ox-freemind)
;; (require 'ox-bibtex)

;; Update images from babel code blocks automatically
(add-hook 'org-babel-after-execute-hook 'org-display-inline-images)

;; Enable common programming language support in org-mode
(org-babel-do-load-languages
 'org-babel-load-languages
 '((R . t)
   (python . t)
   (matlab . t)
   (emacs-lisp . t)
   ;; (sh . t)
   ;; (dot . t)
   ;; (latex . t)
   ;; (octave . t)
   ;; (ditaa . t)
   ;; (org . t)
   ;; (perl . t)
))

;; Set sensible mode for editing dot files
(add-to-list 'org-src-lang-modes '("dot" . graphviz-dot))

;; Fontify code blocks in org-mode
(setq org-src-fontify-natively t)
(setq org-src-tab-acts-natively t)

Emacs Speaks Statistics

  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ;;;;  Emacs Speaks Statistics (ESS) ;;;
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

;; Start R in the working directory by default
(setq ess-ask-for-ess-directory nil)

;; Scroll down when R generates output
(setq comint-scroll-to-bottom-on-input t)
(setq comint-scroll-to-bottom-on-output t)
(setq comint-move-point-for-output t)

;; Make sure ESS is loaded
(require 'ess-site)

Polymode

;;; polymode

;; polymode requires emacs >= 24.3, does not work on the RCE. 
(when (>= (string-to-number 
           (concat 
            (number-to-string emacs-major-version) 
            "." 
            (number-to-string emacs-minor-version)))
          24.3)
  ;; Activate polymode for files with the .md extension
  (add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.md" . poly-markdown-mode))
  ;; Activate polymode for R related modes
  (add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Snw" . poly-noweb+r-mode))
  (add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Rnw" . poly-noweb+r-mode))
  (add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Rmd" . poly-markdown+r-mode))
  (add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.rapport" . poly-rapport-mode))
  (add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Rhtml" . poly-html+r-mode))
  (add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Rbrew" . poly-brew+r-mode))
  (add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Rcpp" . poly-r+c++-mode))
  (add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.cppR" . poly-c++r-mode)))

Miscellaneous

;;; Misc. Conveniences
(global-set-key (kbd "C-s") 'isearch-forward-regexp)
(global-set-key (kbd "C-r") 'isearch-backward-regexp)

;; Use spaces for indentation
(setq-default indent-tabs-mode nil)

;; Make sure copy-and-paste works with other programs
(setq x-select-enable-clipboard t
      x-select-enable-primary t
      save-interprogram-paste-before-kill t)

;; Text pasted with mouse should be inserted at cursor position
(setq mouse-yank-at-point t)

;; Mouse scrolling behavior
  (setq mouse-wheel-scroll-amount '(1 ((shift) . 1))) ;; one line at a time
  (setq mouse-wheel-follow-mouse 't) ;; scroll window under mouse

;; Put backups in a separate folder
(setq backup-directory-alist `(("." . ,(concat user-emacs-directory
                                               "backups"))))

;; Apropos commands should search everything
(setq apropos-do-all t)

;; Store the places file in the emacs user directory
(setq save-place-file (concat user-emacs-directory "places"))


;; better naming of duplicate buffers
(require 'uniquify)
(setq uniquify-buffer-name-style 'forward)

;; put cursor in last used position when re-opening file
(require 'saveplace)
(setq-default save-place t)

;; Use y/n instead of yes/no
(fset 'yes-or-no-p 'y-or-n-p)

(transient-mark-mode 1) ; makes the region visible
(line-number-mode 1)    ; makes the line number show up
(column-number-mode 1)  ; makes the column number show up

(setq global-font-lock-mode 1) ; everything should use fonts
(setq font-lock-maximum-decoration t) ;; decorate as much as possible
(show-paren-mode t) ;; highlight matching paren

;; smooth scrolling with C-up/C-down
(require 'smooth-scroll)
(smooth-scroll-mode)
(global-set-key [(control down)] 'scroll-up-1)
(global-set-key [(control up)] 'scroll-down-1)
(global-set-key [(control left)] 'scroll-right-1)
(global-set-key [(control right)] 'scroll-left-1)

;; visual line mode
(global-visual-line-mode 1) 

;; don't require two spaces for sentence end.
(setq sentence-end-double-space nil)

;; Use CUA mode only for handy rectangle features
(cua-selection-mode t)

;; windmove is nice but hard to find free key-binding...
(windmove-default-keybindings 'super)

;; The beeping can be annoying--turn it off
(set-variable 'visible-bell t)






;;; Things only Gary wants
(set-face-attribute 'default nil :height 150)

;; save settings made using the customize interface to a sparate file
(setq custom-file "~/.emacs.d/custom.el")
(load custom-file 'noerror)

Implementation issues

The version of Emacs on the RCE is old and configured in a non-standard way that makes it difficult to implement a sane user config.

Part of the problem is that RCE does not run the latest released emacs; another problem is that a site-wide configuration file activates the package system, adds third-party package repositories, and installs some packages. Normally the package system is not activated until after the users init file, doing it in the reverse order (as is currently done on the RCE) causes problems. These issues cause breakages for the command-hinter smex, the literate programming support provided by polymode, and interfere with the installation of the latest org-mode.

Both the “old emacs” and “strange emacs configuration” problems need to be corrected at the system admin level on the RCE. For the moment if you want to use this configuration on the RCE you need to start emacs with emacs --no-site-file --no-site-lisp so that the latest org-mode can be installed. The emacs configuration implemented here includes a dirty hack to make smex work on older emacs, so the only remaining issue is that polymode will not work on the RCE until the emacs installed there is updated. The configuration simply checks the emacs version and only activates polymode if it is supported.

Next steps

The next steps are to 1) review the requirements list to add/delete requirements needed, 2) update the configuration file to add any additional requirements added in step 2, and 3) test/evaluate the configuration and revise until it performs as desired.

Scratch

Footnotes

[fn:1] See ticket 179621.

;;; COMMENTARY
;; This emacs configuration file sets some convenient defaults and activates
;; emacs functionality useful to social scientists.
;; NOTE FOR RCE USERS: RCE Emacs has some strange system configuration
;; settings. To use this init file on the RCE you need to start emacs with
;; emacs --no-site-file --no-site-lisp. This is a temporary requirement that
;; will eventually be resolved in cooperation with the RCE team.
;;; Install required packages
;; load the package manager
(require 'package)
;; Add additional package sources
(add-to-list 'package-archives
'("org" . "http://orgmode.org/elpa/") t)
(add-to-list 'package-archives
'("melpa" . "http://melpa.milkbox.net/packages/") t)
;; Make a list of the packages you want
(setq package-list '(smex
ido-ubiquitous
outline-magic
smooth-scroll
auto-complete
auctex
ess
org-plus-contrib
markdown-mode
polymode))
;; Activate package autoloads
(package-initialize)
;; Fetch the list of packages available
(when (not package-archive-contents)
(package-refresh-contents))
;; Install packages in package-list if they are not already installed
(dolist (package package-list)
(when (not (package-installed-p package))
(package-install package)))
;; enable on-the-fly spell checking
(add-hook 'text-mode-hook
(lambda ()
(flyspell-mode 1)))
;; prevent flyspell from finding mistakes in the code
(add-hook 'prog-mode-hook
(lambda ()
;; `ispell-comments-and-strings'
(flyspell-prog-mode)))
;;; Completion hints for files and buffers buffers
(setq ido-file-extensions-order '(".tex" ".bib" ".org" ".txt" ".html"
".py" ".emacs" ".xml" ".el" ".pdf"
".png" ".ini" ".cfg" ".conf"))
(require 'ido)
(ido-mode 1)
(require 'ido-ubiquitous)
(ido-ubiquitous 1)
;;; Completion hints for emacs functions
;; Horrible work-around to make smex work with emacs < 24.3:
;; remove this part when emacs is updated.
;; Check if Smex is supported
(when (equal (cons 1 1)
(ignore-errors
(subr-arity (symbol-function 'execute-extended-command))))
(defun execute-extended-command (prefixarg &optional command-name)
"Read function name, then read its arguments and call it."
(interactive (list current-prefix-arg (read-extended-command)))
(if (null command-name)
(setq command-name (let ((current-prefix-arg prefixarg)) ; for prompt
(read-extended-command))))
(let* ((function (and (stringp command-name) (intern-soft command-name)))
(binding (and suggest-key-bindings
(not executing-kbd-macro)
(where-is-internal function overriding-local-map t))))
(unless (commandp function)
(error "`%s' is not a valid command name" command-name))
(setq this-command function)
(setq real-this-command function)
(let ((prefix-arg prefixarg))
(command-execute function 'record))
(when binding
(let* ((waited
(sit-for (cond
((zerop (length (current-message))) 0)
((numberp suggest-key-bindings) suggest-key-bindings)
(t 2)))))
(when (and waited (not (consp unread-command-events)))
(with-temp-message
(format "You can run the command `%s' with %s"
function (key-description binding))
(sit-for (if (numberp suggest-key-bindings)
suggest-key-bindings
2)))))))))
;; end horrible hack
(smex-initialize)
(global-set-key (kbd "M-x") 'smex)
(global-set-key (kbd "M-X") 'smex-major-mode-commands)
;; This is your old M-x.
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c C-c M-x") 'execute-extended-command)
;;; Auto-complete
;; Set up autocomplete sources
(require 'auto-complete-config)
(ac-config-default)
;; use tab for completion instead of return
(define-key ac-completing-map "\t" 'ac-complete)
(define-key ac-completing-map "\r" nil)
(define-key ac-completing-map [tab] 'ac-complete)
(define-key ac-completing-map [return] nil)
;;; Configure outline minor modes
;; Less crazy key bindings for outline-minor-mode
(setq outline-minor-mode-prefix "\C-c\C-o")
;; load outline-magic along with outline-minor-mode
(add-hook 'outline-minor-mode-hook
(lambda ()
(require 'outline-magic)
(define-key outline-minor-mode-map "\C-c\C-o\t" 'outline-cycle)))
;; turn on for some modes:
(add-hook 'LaTeX-mode-hook 'outline-minor-mode t)
(add-hook 'prog-mode-hook 'outline-minor-mode t)
;;; AucTeX config
;; turn on math mode and and index to imenu
(add-hook 'LaTeX-mode-hook
'(lambda ()
(turn-on-reftex)
(TeX-PDF-mode t)
(LaTeX-math-mode)
(imenu-add-to-menubar "Index")
;; Allow paragraph filling in tables
(setq LaTeX-indent-environment-list
(delq (assoc "table" LaTeX-indent-environment-list)
LaTeX-indent-environment-list))
(setq LaTeX-indent-environment-list
(delq (assoc "table*" LaTeX-indent-environment-list)
LaTeX-indent-environment-list))))
;; Misc. latex settings
(setq TeX-parse-self t
TeX-auto-save t)
(setq-default TeX-master nil)
;; Add beamer frames to outline list
(setq TeX-outline-extra
'(("\\\\begin{frame}\n\\|\\\\begin{frame}.*{.*}\\|[ ]*\\\\frametitle\\b" 3)))
;; reftex settings
(setq reftex-enable-partial-scans t)
(setq reftex-save-parse-info t)
(setq reftex-use-multiple-selection-buffers t)
(setq reftex-plug-into-AUCTeX t)
(add-hook 'bibtex-mode-hook
'(lambda ()
(define-key bibtex-mode-map "\M-q" 'bibtex-fill-entry)))
;;; markdown mode
;; Use markdown-mode for files with .markdown or .md extensions
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.markdown\\'" . markdown-mode))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.md\\'" . markdown-mode))
;;; Org-mode
;; Make sure org-mode is loaded
(require 'org)
;; Load additional export formats
;; (require 'ox-odt)
;; (require 'ox-md)
;; (require 'ox-freemind)
;; (require 'ox-bibtex)
;; Update images from babel code blocks automatically
(add-hook 'org-babel-after-execute-hook 'org-display-inline-images)
;; Enable common programming language support in org-mode
(org-babel-do-load-languages
'org-babel-load-languages
'((R . t)
(python . t)
(matlab . t)
(emacs-lisp . t)
;; (sh . t)
;; (dot . t)
;; (latex . t)
;; (octave . t)
;; (ditaa . t)
;; (org . t)
;; (perl . t)
))
;; Set sensible mode for editing dot files
(add-to-list 'org-src-lang-modes '("dot" . graphviz-dot))
;; Fontify code blocks in org-mode
(setq org-src-fontify-natively t)
(setq org-src-tab-acts-natively t)
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;;;; Emacs Speaks Statistics (ESS) ;;;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;; Start R in the working directory by default
(setq ess-ask-for-ess-directory nil)
;; Scroll down when R generates output
(setq comint-scroll-to-bottom-on-input t)
(setq comint-scroll-to-bottom-on-output t)
(setq comint-move-point-for-output t)
;; Make sure ESS is loaded
(require 'ess-site)
;;; polymode
;; polymode requires emacs >= 24.3, does not work on the RCE.
(when (>= (string-to-number
(concat
(number-to-string emacs-major-version)
"."
(number-to-string emacs-minor-version)))
24.3)
;; Activate polymode for files with the .md extension
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.md" . poly-markdown-mode))
;; Activate polymode for R related modes
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Snw" . poly-noweb+r-mode))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Rnw" . poly-noweb+r-mode))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Rmd" . poly-markdown+r-mode))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.rapport" . poly-rapport-mode))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Rhtml" . poly-html+r-mode))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Rbrew" . poly-brew+r-mode))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.Rcpp" . poly-r+c++-mode))
(add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.cppR" . poly-c++r-mode)))
;;; Misc. Conveniences
(global-set-key (kbd "C-s") 'isearch-forward-regexp)
(global-set-key (kbd "C-r") 'isearch-backward-regexp)
;; Use spaces for indentation
(setq-default indent-tabs-mode nil)
;; Make sure copy-and-paste works with other programs
(setq x-select-enable-clipboard t
x-select-enable-primary t
save-interprogram-paste-before-kill t)
;; Text pasted with mouse should be inserted at cursor position
(setq mouse-yank-at-point t)
;; Mouse scrolling behavior
(setq mouse-wheel-scroll-amount '(1 ((shift) . 1))) ;; one line at a time
(setq mouse-wheel-follow-mouse 't) ;; scroll window under mouse
;; Put backups in a separate folder
(setq backup-directory-alist `(("." . ,(concat user-emacs-directory
"backups"))))
;; Apropos commands should search everything
(setq apropos-do-all t)
;; Store the places file in the emacs user directory
(setq save-place-file (concat user-emacs-directory "places"))
;; better naming of duplicate buffers
(require 'uniquify)
(setq uniquify-buffer-name-style 'forward)
;; put cursor in last used position when re-opening file
(require 'saveplace)
(setq-default save-place t)
;; Use y/n instead of yes/no
(fset 'yes-or-no-p 'y-or-n-p)
(transient-mark-mode 1) ; makes the region visible
(line-number-mode 1) ; makes the line number show up
(column-number-mode 1) ; makes the column number show up
(setq global-font-lock-mode 1) ; everything should use fonts
(setq font-lock-maximum-decoration t) ;; decorate as much as possible
(show-paren-mode t) ;; highlight matching paren
;; smooth scrolling with C-up/C-down
(require 'smooth-scroll)
(smooth-scroll-mode)
(global-set-key [(control down)] 'scroll-up-1)
(global-set-key [(control up)] 'scroll-down-1)
(global-set-key [(control left)] 'scroll-right-1)
(global-set-key [(control right)] 'scroll-left-1)
;; visual line mode
(global-visual-line-mode 1)
;; don't require two spaces for sentence end.
(setq sentence-end-double-space nil)
;; Use CUA mode only for handy rectangle features
(cua-selection-mode t)
;; windmove is nice but hard to find free key-binding...
(windmove-default-keybindings 'super)
;; The beeping can be annoying--turn it off
(set-variable 'visible-bell t)
;;; Things only Gary wants
(set-face-attribute 'default nil :height 150)
;; save settings made using the customize interface to a sparate file
(setq custom-file "~/.emacs.d/custom.el")
(load custom-file 'noerror)
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