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Last active Feb 19, 2020
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Packer Ubuntu 18.04 setup for Virtual Box and AWS AMI
set -e
echo "The user is: $SUDO_USER"
# System Updates
apt-get update
DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get dist-upgrade -yq
apt-get update
DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get upgrade -yq
apt-get install -y curl htop language-pack-en
apt-get autoremove -y
# Configure salt
curl -o -L
sed -i -e 's/#file_client:.*/file_client: local/g' /etc/salt/minion
ln -sf "/home/$SUDO_USER/salt" "/srv/salt"
ln -sf "/home/$SUDO_USER/pillar" "/srv/pillar"
# Run masterless salt
systemctl restart salt-minion
salt-call --local state.apply
# Clean up salt
rm -rf "/home/$SUDO_USER/salt" /srv/salt "/home/$SUDO_USER/pillar" /srv/pillar
sed -i -e '/^file_client:/ d' /etc/salt/minion
choose-mirror-bin mirror/http/proxy string
d-i base-installer/kernel/override-image string linux-server
d-i clock-setup/utc boolean true
d-i clock-setup/utc-auto boolean true
d-i finish-install/reboot_in_progress note
d-i grub-installer/only_debian boolean true
d-i grub-installer/with_other_os boolean true
d-i partman-auto/disk string /dev/sda
d-i partman-auto-lvm/guided_size string max
d-i partman-auto/choose_recipe select atomic
d-i partman-auto/method string lvm
d-i partman-lvm/confirm boolean true
d-i partman-lvm/confirm boolean true
d-i partman-lvm/confirm_nooverwrite boolean true
d-i partman-lvm/device_remove_lvm boolean true
d-i partman/choose_partition select finish
d-i partman/confirm boolean true
d-i partman/confirm_nooverwrite boolean true
d-i partman/confirm_write_new_label boolean true
d-i pkgsel/include string openssh-server cryptsetup build-essential libssl-dev libreadline-dev zlib1g-dev linux-source dkms nfs-common
d-i pkgsel/install-language-support boolean false
d-i pkgsel/update-policy select none
d-i pkgsel/upgrade select full-upgrade
d-i time/zone string UTC
tasksel tasksel/first multiselect standard, ubuntu-server
d-i console-setup/ask_detect boolean false
d-i keyboard-configuration/layoutcode string uk
d-i keyboard-configuration/modelcode string pc105
d-i debian-installer/locale string en_GB
# Create vagrant user account.
d-i passwd/user-fullname string vagrant
d-i passwd/username string vagrant
d-i passwd/user-password password vagrant
d-i passwd/user-password-again password vagrant
d-i user-setup/allow-password-weak boolean true
d-i user-setup/encrypt-home boolean false
d-i passwd/user-default-groups vagrant sudo
d-i passwd/user-uid string 900
"builders": [
"type": "virtualbox-iso",
"boot_command": [
" auto",
" console-setup/ask_detect=false",
" console-setup/layoutcode=uk",
" console-setup/modelcode=pc105",
" debconf/frontend=noninteractive",
" debian-installer=en_GB",
" fb=false",
" initrd=/install/initrd.gz",
" kbd-chooser/method=uk",
" keyboard-configuration/layout=UK",
" keyboard-configuration/variant=UK",
" locale=en_GB",
" netcfg/get_domain=vm",
" netcfg/get_hostname=vagrant",
" grub-installer/bootdev=/dev/sda",
" noapic",
" preseed/url=http://{{ .HTTPIP }}:{{ .HTTPPort }}/preseed.cfg",
" -- <wait>",
"boot_wait": "10s",
"disk_size": 81920,
"guest_os_type": "Ubuntu_64",
"headless": false,
"http_directory": "http",
"iso_urls": [
"iso_checksum_type": "sha256",
"iso_checksum": "a5b0ea5918f850124f3d72ef4b85bda82f0fcd02ec721be19c1a6952791c8ee8",
"ssh_username": "vagrant",
"ssh_password": "vagrant",
"ssh_port": 22,
"ssh_wait_timeout": "10000s",
"shutdown_command": "echo 'vagrant'|sudo -S shutdown -P now",
"guest_additions_path": "VBoxGuestAdditions_{{.Version}}.iso",
"virtualbox_version_file": ".vbox_version",
"vm_name": "packer-ubuntu-18.04-amd64",
"vboxmanage": [
"type": "amazon-ebs",
"access_key": "{{user `aws_access_key`}}",
"secret_key": "{{user `aws_secret_key`}}",
"region": "eu-west-1",
"instance_type": "t2.nano",
"ssh_username": "ubuntu",
"source_ami_filter": {
"filters": {
"name": "ubuntu/images/hvm-ssd/ubuntu-bionic-18.04-amd64-server-*"
"most_recent": true,
"owners": ["099720109477"]
"ami_name": "ubuntu-1804 {{timestamp}}",
"associate_public_ip_address": true,
"tags": {
"Name": "Ubuntu 18.04",
"Project": "Core",
"Commit": "unknown"
"provisioners": [
"type": "file",
"source": "../salt/salt",
"destination": "~/salt"
"type": "shell",
"execute_command": "echo 'vagrant' | {{.Vars}} sudo -S -E bash '{{.Path}}'",
"scripts": [
"post-processors": [
"output": "builds/{{.Provider}}",
"type": "vagrant"
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