Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

Embed
What would you like to do?
一个python守护进程的例子
#! /usr/bin/env python2.7
#encoding:utf-8
#@description:一个python守护进程的例子
#@tags:python,daemon
import sys
import os
import time
import atexit
from signal import SIGTERM
class Daemon:
"""
A generic daemon class.
Usage: subclass the Daemon class and override the run() method
"""
def __init__(self, pidfile, stdin='/dev/null', stdout='/dev/null', stderr='/dev/null'):
self.stdin = stdin
self.stdout = stdout
self.stderr = stderr
self.pidfile = pidfile
def daemonize(self):
"""
do the UNIX double-fork magic, see Stevens' "Advanced
Programming in the UNIX Environment" for details (ISBN 0201563177)
http://www.erlenstar.demon.co.uk/unix/faq_2.html#SEC16
"""
try:
pid = os.fork()
if pid > 0:
# exit first parent
sys.exit(0)
except OSError, e:
sys.stderr.write("fork #1 failed: %d (%s)\n" % (e.errno, e.strerror))
sys.exit(1)
# decouple from parent environment
os.chdir("/")
os.setsid()
os.umask(0)
# do second fork
try:
pid = os.fork()
if pid > 0:
# exit from second parent
sys.exit(0)
except OSError, e:
sys.stderr.write("fork #2 failed: %d (%s)\n" % (e.errno, e.strerror))
sys.exit(1)
# redirect standard file descriptors
sys.stdout.flush()
sys.stderr.flush()
si = file(self.stdin, 'r')
so = file(self.stdout, 'a+')
se = file(self.stderr, 'a+', 0)
os.dup2(si.fileno(), sys.stdin.fileno())
os.dup2(so.fileno(), sys.stdout.fileno())
os.dup2(se.fileno(), sys.stderr.fileno())
# write pidfile
atexit.register(self.delpid)
pid = str(os.getpid())
file(self.pidfile,'w+').write("%s\n" % pid)
def delpid(self):
os.remove(self.pidfile)
def start(self):
"""
Start the daemon
"""
# Check for a pidfile to see if the daemon already runs
try:
pf = file(self.pidfile,'r')
pid = int(pf.read().strip())
pf.close()
except IOError:
pid = None
if pid:
message = "pidfile %s already exist. Daemon already running?\n"
sys.stderr.write(message % self.pidfile)
sys.exit(1)
# Start the daemon
self.daemonize()
self.run()
def stop(self):
"""
Stop the daemon
"""
# Get the pid from the pidfile
try:
pf = file(self.pidfile,'r')
pid = int(pf.read().strip())
pf.close()
except IOError:
pid = None
if not pid:
message = "pidfile %s does not exist. Daemon not running?\n"
sys.stderr.write(message % self.pidfile)
return # not an error in a restart
# Try killing the daemon process
try:
while 1:
os.kill(pid, SIGTERM)
time.sleep(0.1)
except OSError, err:
err = str(err)
if err.find("No such process") > 0:
if os.path.exists(self.pidfile):
os.remove(self.pidfile)
else:
print str(err)
sys.exit(1)
def restart(self):
"""
Restart the daemon
"""
self.stop()
self.start()
def run(self):
"""
You should override this method when you subclass Daemon. It will be called after the process has been
daemonized by start() or restart().
"""
class MyDaemon(Daemon):
def run(self):
while True:
time.sleep(60)
print 'daemon runing'
if __name__ == "__main__":
daemon = MyDaemon("/var/run/demodaemon.pid")
if len(sys.argv) >= 2:
if 'start' == sys.argv[1]:
daemon.start()
elif 'stop' == sys.argv[1]:
daemon.stop()
elif 'restart' == sys.argv[1]:
daemon.restart()
else:
print "Unknown command"
sys.exit(2)
sys.exit(0)
else:
print "usage: %s start|stop|restart" % sys.argv[0]
sys.exit(2)
@nicozhang

This comment has been minimized.

Copy link

commented Aug 8, 2016

作者你好,为什么要fork两次 ?

@ghost

This comment has been minimized.

Copy link

commented Aug 9, 2016

@nicozhang
类unix系统的要求,fork两次变为守护进程,失去和原进程的关系。
可参考unix高级编程

@xtceetg

This comment has been minimized.

Copy link

commented Apr 7, 2017

大侠,你好,我把你代码复制下来,重写了run方法,为什么run方法感觉没有执行呢

Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment
You can’t perform that action at this time.