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[Automatically set attributes from __init__ args in Pyhon] #python #args #init #constructor
# Also check data classes and collections for this
import inspect
import functools
def autoargs(*include,**kwargs):
def _autoargs(func):
attrs,varargs,varkw,defaults=inspect.getargspec(func)
def sieve(attr):
if kwargs and attr in kwargs['exclude']: return False
if not include or attr in include: return True
else: return False
@functools.wraps(func)
def wrapper(self,*args,**kwargs):
# handle default values
for attr,val in zip(reversed(attrs),reversed(defaults)):
if sieve(attr): setattr(self, attr, val)
# handle positional arguments
positional_attrs=attrs[1:]
for attr,val in zip(positional_attrs,args):
if sieve(attr): setattr(self, attr, val)
# handle varargs
if varargs:
remaining_args=args[len(positional_attrs):]
if sieve(varargs): setattr(self, varargs, remaining_args)
# handle varkw
if kwargs:
for attr,val in kwargs.iteritems():
if sieve(attr): setattr(self,attr,val)
return func(self,*args,**kwargs)
return wrapper
return _autoargs
# Example:
class Foo(object):
@autoargs()
def __init__(self,x,path,debug=False,*args,**kw):
pass
foo=Foo('bar','/tmp',True, 100, 101,verbose=True)
print(foo.x)
# bar
print(foo.path)
# /tmp
print(foo.debug)
# True
print(foo.args)
# (100, 101)
print(foo.verbose)
# True
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