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@jart jart/pbkdf2.c
Created Sep 13, 2011

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Justine's PBKDF2
/* gcc -O3 --std=gnu99 -o pbkdf2 pbkdf2.c sha256.c && time ./pbkdf2 password salt 100000 */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include "sha256.h"
#define DIGEST_SIZE 32
#define BLOCK_SIZE 64
static const int hlen = DIGEST_SIZE;
static const int dklen = DIGEST_SIZE;
void print_digest(uint8_t digest[DIGEST_SIZE])
{
int n;
for (n = 0; n < DIGEST_SIZE; n++) {
printf("%02x", digest[n]);
}
printf("\n");
}
void hmac_sha256(const uint8_t *key, size_t keylen,
const uint8_t *msg, size_t msglen,
uint8_t res[DIGEST_SIZE])
{
sha256_context ctx[1];
uint8_t buf[BLOCK_SIZE];
int n;
if (keylen > BLOCK_SIZE) {
sha256_starts(ctx);
sha256_update(ctx, key, keylen);
sha256_finish(ctx, buf);
memset(buf + DIGEST_SIZE, 0, BLOCK_SIZE - DIGEST_SIZE);
} else {
memcpy(buf, key, keylen);
memset(buf + keylen, 0, BLOCK_SIZE - keylen);
}
for (n = 0; n < BLOCK_SIZE; n++) {
buf[n] ^= 0x36;
}
sha256_starts(ctx);
sha256_update(ctx, buf, BLOCK_SIZE);
sha256_update(ctx, msg, msglen);
sha256_finish(ctx, res);
for (n = 0; n < BLOCK_SIZE; n++) {
buf[n] ^= 0x36 ^ 0x5c;
}
sha256_starts(ctx);
sha256_update(ctx, buf, BLOCK_SIZE);
sha256_update(ctx, res, DIGEST_SIZE);
sha256_finish(ctx, res);
}
void pbkdf2(const uint8_t *pass, size_t passlen,
const uint8_t *salt, size_t saltlen,
int iter, uint8_t res[DIGEST_SIZE])
{
int i, n;
uint8_t buf[DIGEST_SIZE];
uint8_t init[saltlen + 4];
memcpy(init, salt, saltlen);
init[saltlen + 0] = 0;
init[saltlen + 1] = 0;
init[saltlen + 2] = 0;
init[saltlen + 3] = 1;
hmac_sha256(pass, passlen, init, saltlen + 4, buf);
memcpy(res, buf, DIGEST_SIZE);
for (i = 1; i < iter; i++) {
hmac_sha256(pass, passlen, res, DIGEST_SIZE, buf);
for (n = 0; n < DIGEST_SIZE; n++) {
res[n] ^= buf[n];
}
}
}
int main(int argc, const char *argv[])
{
const char *pass = argv[1];
const char *salt = argv[2];
const int iter = atoi(argv[3]);
size_t passlen = strlen(pass);
size_t saltlen = strlen(salt);
uint8_t res[DIGEST_SIZE];
pbkdf2((uint8_t *)pass, passlen, (uint8_t *)salt, saltlen, iter, res);
print_digest(res);
return 0;
}
/*
* FIPS-180-2 compliant SHA-256 implementation
*
* Copyright (C) 2001-2003 Christophe Devine
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
*/
#include <string.h>
#include "sha256.h"
#define GET_UINT32(n,b,i) \
{ \
(n) = ( (uint32) (b)[(i) ] << 24 ) \
| ( (uint32) (b)[(i) + 1] << 16 ) \
| ( (uint32) (b)[(i) + 2] << 8 ) \
| ( (uint32) (b)[(i) + 3] ); \
}
#define PUT_UINT32(n,b,i) \
{ \
(b)[(i) ] = (uint8) ( (n) >> 24 ); \
(b)[(i) + 1] = (uint8) ( (n) >> 16 ); \
(b)[(i) + 2] = (uint8) ( (n) >> 8 ); \
(b)[(i) + 3] = (uint8) ( (n) ); \
}
void sha256_starts( sha256_context *ctx )
{
ctx->total[0] = 0;
ctx->total[1] = 0;
ctx->state[0] = 0x6A09E667;
ctx->state[1] = 0xBB67AE85;
ctx->state[2] = 0x3C6EF372;
ctx->state[3] = 0xA54FF53A;
ctx->state[4] = 0x510E527F;
ctx->state[5] = 0x9B05688C;
ctx->state[6] = 0x1F83D9AB;
ctx->state[7] = 0x5BE0CD19;
}
void sha256_process( sha256_context *ctx, const uint8 data[64] )
{
uint32 temp1, temp2, W[64];
uint32 A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H;
GET_UINT32( W[0], data, 0 );
GET_UINT32( W[1], data, 4 );
GET_UINT32( W[2], data, 8 );
GET_UINT32( W[3], data, 12 );
GET_UINT32( W[4], data, 16 );
GET_UINT32( W[5], data, 20 );
GET_UINT32( W[6], data, 24 );
GET_UINT32( W[7], data, 28 );
GET_UINT32( W[8], data, 32 );
GET_UINT32( W[9], data, 36 );
GET_UINT32( W[10], data, 40 );
GET_UINT32( W[11], data, 44 );
GET_UINT32( W[12], data, 48 );
GET_UINT32( W[13], data, 52 );
GET_UINT32( W[14], data, 56 );
GET_UINT32( W[15], data, 60 );
#define SHR(x,n) ((x & 0xFFFFFFFF) >> n)
#define ROTR(x,n) (SHR(x,n) | (x << (32 - n)))
#define S0(x) (ROTR(x, 7) ^ ROTR(x,18) ^ SHR(x, 3))
#define S1(x) (ROTR(x,17) ^ ROTR(x,19) ^ SHR(x,10))
#define S2(x) (ROTR(x, 2) ^ ROTR(x,13) ^ ROTR(x,22))
#define S3(x) (ROTR(x, 6) ^ ROTR(x,11) ^ ROTR(x,25))
#define F0(x,y,z) ((x & y) | (z & (x | y)))
#define F1(x,y,z) (z ^ (x & (y ^ z)))
#define R(t) \
( \
W[t] = S1(W[t - 2]) + W[t - 7] + \
S0(W[t - 15]) + W[t - 16] \
)
#define P(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,x,K) \
{ \
temp1 = h + S3(e) + F1(e,f,g) + K + x; \
temp2 = S2(a) + F0(a,b,c); \
d += temp1; h = temp1 + temp2; \
}
A = ctx->state[0];
B = ctx->state[1];
C = ctx->state[2];
D = ctx->state[3];
E = ctx->state[4];
F = ctx->state[5];
G = ctx->state[6];
H = ctx->state[7];
P( A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, W[ 0], 0x428A2F98 );
P( H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, W[ 1], 0x71374491 );
P( G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F, W[ 2], 0xB5C0FBCF );
P( F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E, W[ 3], 0xE9B5DBA5 );
P( E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D, W[ 4], 0x3956C25B );
P( D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C, W[ 5], 0x59F111F1 );
P( C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B, W[ 6], 0x923F82A4 );
P( B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A, W[ 7], 0xAB1C5ED5 );
P( A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, W[ 8], 0xD807AA98 );
P( H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, W[ 9], 0x12835B01 );
P( G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F, W[10], 0x243185BE );
P( F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E, W[11], 0x550C7DC3 );
P( E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D, W[12], 0x72BE5D74 );
P( D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C, W[13], 0x80DEB1FE );
P( C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B, W[14], 0x9BDC06A7 );
P( B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A, W[15], 0xC19BF174 );
P( A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, R(16), 0xE49B69C1 );
P( H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, R(17), 0xEFBE4786 );
P( G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F, R(18), 0x0FC19DC6 );
P( F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E, R(19), 0x240CA1CC );
P( E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D, R(20), 0x2DE92C6F );
P( D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C, R(21), 0x4A7484AA );
P( C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B, R(22), 0x5CB0A9DC );
P( B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A, R(23), 0x76F988DA );
P( A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, R(24), 0x983E5152 );
P( H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, R(25), 0xA831C66D );
P( G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F, R(26), 0xB00327C8 );
P( F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E, R(27), 0xBF597FC7 );
P( E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D, R(28), 0xC6E00BF3 );
P( D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C, R(29), 0xD5A79147 );
P( C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B, R(30), 0x06CA6351 );
P( B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A, R(31), 0x14292967 );
P( A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, R(32), 0x27B70A85 );
P( H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, R(33), 0x2E1B2138 );
P( G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F, R(34), 0x4D2C6DFC );
P( F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E, R(35), 0x53380D13 );
P( E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D, R(36), 0x650A7354 );
P( D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C, R(37), 0x766A0ABB );
P( C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B, R(38), 0x81C2C92E );
P( B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A, R(39), 0x92722C85 );
P( A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, R(40), 0xA2BFE8A1 );
P( H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, R(41), 0xA81A664B );
P( G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F, R(42), 0xC24B8B70 );
P( F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E, R(43), 0xC76C51A3 );
P( E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D, R(44), 0xD192E819 );
P( D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C, R(45), 0xD6990624 );
P( C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B, R(46), 0xF40E3585 );
P( B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A, R(47), 0x106AA070 );
P( A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, R(48), 0x19A4C116 );
P( H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, R(49), 0x1E376C08 );
P( G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F, R(50), 0x2748774C );
P( F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E, R(51), 0x34B0BCB5 );
P( E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D, R(52), 0x391C0CB3 );
P( D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C, R(53), 0x4ED8AA4A );
P( C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B, R(54), 0x5B9CCA4F );
P( B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A, R(55), 0x682E6FF3 );
P( A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, R(56), 0x748F82EE );
P( H, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, R(57), 0x78A5636F );
P( G, H, A, B, C, D, E, F, R(58), 0x84C87814 );
P( F, G, H, A, B, C, D, E, R(59), 0x8CC70208 );
P( E, F, G, H, A, B, C, D, R(60), 0x90BEFFFA );
P( D, E, F, G, H, A, B, C, R(61), 0xA4506CEB );
P( C, D, E, F, G, H, A, B, R(62), 0xBEF9A3F7 );
P( B, C, D, E, F, G, H, A, R(63), 0xC67178F2 );
ctx->state[0] += A;
ctx->state[1] += B;
ctx->state[2] += C;
ctx->state[3] += D;
ctx->state[4] += E;
ctx->state[5] += F;
ctx->state[6] += G;
ctx->state[7] += H;
}
void sha256_update( sha256_context *ctx, const uint8 *input, uint32 length )
{
uint32 left, fill;
if( ! length ) return;
left = ctx->total[0] & 0x3F;
fill = 64 - left;
ctx->total[0] += length;
ctx->total[0] &= 0xFFFFFFFF;
if( ctx->total[0] < length )
ctx->total[1]++;
if( left && length >= fill )
{
memcpy( (void *) (ctx->buffer + left),
(void *) input, fill );
sha256_process( ctx, ctx->buffer );
length -= fill;
input += fill;
left = 0;
}
while( length >= 64 )
{
sha256_process( ctx, input );
length -= 64;
input += 64;
}
if( length )
{
memcpy( (void *) (ctx->buffer + left),
(void *) input, length );
}
}
static uint8 sha256_padding[64] =
{
0x80, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
};
void sha256_finish( sha256_context *ctx, uint8 digest[32] )
{
uint32 last, padn;
uint32 high, low;
uint8 msglen[8];
high = ( ctx->total[0] >> 29 )
| ( ctx->total[1] << 3 );
low = ( ctx->total[0] << 3 );
PUT_UINT32( high, msglen, 0 );
PUT_UINT32( low, msglen, 4 );
last = ctx->total[0] & 0x3F;
padn = ( last < 56 ) ? ( 56 - last ) : ( 120 - last );
sha256_update( ctx, sha256_padding, padn );
sha256_update( ctx, msglen, 8 );
PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[0], digest, 0 );
PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[1], digest, 4 );
PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[2], digest, 8 );
PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[3], digest, 12 );
PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[4], digest, 16 );
PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[5], digest, 20 );
PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[6], digest, 24 );
PUT_UINT32( ctx->state[7], digest, 28 );
}
#ifdef TEST
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
/*
* those are the standard FIPS-180-2 test vectors
*/
static char *msg[] =
{
"abc",
"abcdbcdecdefdefgefghfghighijhijkijkljklmklmnlmnomnopnopq",
NULL
};
static char *val[] =
{
"ba7816bf8f01cfea414140de5dae2223" \
"b00361a396177a9cb410ff61f20015ad",
"248d6a61d20638b8e5c026930c3e6039" \
"a33ce45964ff2167f6ecedd419db06c1",
"cdc76e5c9914fb9281a1c7e284d73e67" \
"f1809a48a497200e046d39ccc7112cd0"
};
int main( int argc, char *argv[] )
{
FILE *f;
int i, j;
char output[65];
sha256_context ctx;
unsigned char buf[1000];
unsigned char sha256sum[32];
if( argc < 2 )
{
printf( "\n SHA-256 Validation Tests:\n\n" );
for( i = 0; i < 3; i++ )
{
printf( " Test %d ", i + 1 );
sha256_starts( &ctx );
if( i < 2 )
{
sha256_update( &ctx, (uint8 *) msg[i],
strlen( msg[i] ) );
}
else
{
memset( buf, 'a', 1000 );
for( j = 0; j < 1000; j++ )
{
sha256_update( &ctx, (uint8 *) buf, 1000 );
}
}
sha256_finish( &ctx, sha256sum );
for( j = 0; j < 32; j++ )
{
sprintf( output + j * 2, "%02x", sha256sum[j] );
}
if( memcmp( output, val[i], 64 ) )
{
printf( "failed!\n" );
return( 1 );
}
printf( "passed.\n" );
}
printf( "\n" );
}
else
{
if( ! ( f = fopen( argv[1], "rb" ) ) )
{
perror( "fopen" );
return( 1 );
}
sha256_starts( &ctx );
while( ( i = fread( buf, 1, sizeof( buf ), f ) ) > 0 )
{
sha256_update( &ctx, buf, i );
}
sha256_finish( &ctx, sha256sum );
for( j = 0; j < 32; j++ )
{
printf( "%02x", sha256sum[j] );
}
printf( " %s\n", argv[1] );
}
return( 0 );
}
#endif
#ifndef _SHA256_H
#define _SHA256_H
#include <stdint.h>
#ifndef uint8
#define uint8 uint8_t
#endif
#ifndef uint32
#define uint32 uint32_t
#endif
typedef struct
{
uint32 total[2];
uint32 state[8];
uint8 buffer[64];
}
sha256_context;
void sha256_starts( sha256_context *ctx );
void sha256_update( sha256_context *ctx, const uint8 *input, uint32 length );
void sha256_finish( sha256_context *ctx, uint8 digest[32] );
#endif /* sha256.h */
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