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Debug PHP in Docker with PHPStorm and Xdebug

Debug your PHP in Docker with Intellij/PHPStorm and Xdebug

  1. For your local dev, create a Dockerfile that is based on your production image and simply install xdebug into it. Exemple:
FROM php:5

RUN yes | pecl install xdebug \
    && echo "zend_extension=$(find /usr/local/lib/php/extensions/ -name xdebug.so)" > /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/xdebug.ini \
    && echo "xdebug.remote_enable=on" >> /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/xdebug.ini \
    && echo "xdebug.remote_autostart=off" >> /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/xdebug.ini
  1. Get you local IP address (ip -o -4 addr list ${MY_NETWORK_INTERFACE:-eth0} | awk '{print $4}' | cut -d/ -f1)
  2. Start your container with the following environment variables: XDEBUG_CONFIG="remote_host={{YOUR_IP_ADDRESS}}"
  • Simple docker run: docker run -e XDEBUG_CONFIG="remote_host={{YOUR_IP_ADDRESS}}" your-image

  • With docker-compose:

    # docker-compose.yml
    foo:
      build: path/to/Dockerfile
      environment:
        XDEBUG_CONFIG: "remote_host={{YOUR_IP_ADDRESS}}"
        PHP_IDE_CONFIG: "serverName=my.local"
  1. In Intellij/PHPStorm go to: Languages & Frameworks > PHP > Servers > and set the following settings:

  • Name: name of your server, should be equal to value in PHP_IDE_CONFIG variable

Then you're all set and can start listening for PHP Debug connections from your IDE.

Happy debugging!

@martinbutt

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martinbutt commented Jun 17, 2016

If you are using docker-machine with VirtualBox, you can skip step two and just use

XDEBUG_CONFIG: "remote_host=10.0.2.2"
@mitramejia

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mitramejia commented Aug 10, 2016

Followed steps to the letter, I've been spinning my head against this for hours. I'm using Docker for Mac.
php_ini_-wordpress-___google_drive_proyects_city-fc_website_wordpress

@Magarusu

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Magarusu commented Sep 9, 2016

I am getting the same error as mitramejia. For some reason I think that server name is not used in the xdebug request.
Did anyone found a solution for this?

@sorinstanila

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sorinstanila commented Sep 25, 2016

The path from your docker files is /var/www/html and not /var/www. Change in Phpstorm and will be fine.

@bscheshirwork

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bscheshirwork commented Oct 16, 2016

for the CLI application use a similar way and set HOST to "localhost" (of course PHP_IDE_CONFIG: "serverName=localhost")
https://sandro-keil.de/blog/2015/10/05/docker-php-xdebug-cli-debugging/

@brice

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brice commented Jul 20, 2017

Hello,

I followed your tutorial but i'm stuck. I start to listening PHP Debug Connection, i add a key with XDEBUG_SESSION_START on my host (ex : http://localhost/?XDEBUG_SESSION_START=phpstorm-xdebug) with breakpoint on my code and nothing happens.

I even add a die(); near my breakpoint to be sure code is evaluated and it is.

What can i do to debug things and find why it's nor working.

Edit : I get it. So i add a remote_log option in order to find what happened. I saw a timeout error. After a while, i realised that i have a firewall on my system. After opening the TCP port 9000 it works perfectly.

@firecentaur

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firecentaur commented Nov 29, 2018

I need someone to help we with this, can you please reach me on skype at eslteacherlink.com (thats my skype id)

@oscaralencar

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oscaralencar commented Dec 12, 2018

Worked for me! Thanks!

@lucasctd

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lucasctd commented Jul 1, 2019

Love you so much. I have been struggling a lot trying to make it working. Finally I got it working haha thx.

@mbaric

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mbaric commented Jul 25, 2019

Thank you for this tutorial.

I just want to help out a bit how I managed to set it up with my client's docker. Just a few points on the above tutorial.

To get the IP I used this syntax:

    docker-composer exec <container-name> hostname -I

Real example on my computer:

mbaric@i7 /var/www/html/jobsoutsource (dev) $ docker-compose exec fpm hostname -I
172.22.0.9 

I started changing files fpm.docker:

FROM php:7.1.18-fpm

# Set to keep file permissions same as host for mounted volume
RUN useradd -m -u 1000 ubuntu

#RUN printf "deb http://archive.debian.org/debian/ jessie main\ndeb-src http://archive.debian.org/debian/ jessie main\ndeb http://security.debian.org jessie/updates main\ndeb-src http://security.debian.org jessie/updates main" > /etc/apt/sources.list

# Install GD
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y libfreetype6-dev libjpeg-dev libpng-dev libfontconfig1 libxrender1 git libmcrypt-dev  zip mysql-client && \
    docker-php-ext-configure gd \
          --enable-gd-native-ttf \
          --with-freetype-dir=/usr/include/freetype2 \
          --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/lib \
    && docker-php-ext-install gd


# Install MySQL
RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo_mysql

# Install Other Dependencies
RUN docker-php-ext-install bcmath
RUN docker-php-ext-install zip
RUN docker-php-ext-install exif
RUN docker-php-ext-install mbstring
RUN docker-php-ext-install mcrypt

# Install Composer
RUN apt-get install -y curl && \
    curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php && \
    mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer && \
    composer self-update && \
    apt-get remove --purge curl -y && \
    apt-get clean

# Install Xdebug
RUN yes | pecl install xdebug \
    && echo "zend_extension=$(find /usr/local/lib/php/extensions/ -name xdebug.so)" > /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/xdebug.ini \
    && echo "xdebug.remote_enable=on" >> /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/xdebug.ini \
    && echo "xdebug.remote_autostart=off" >> /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/xdebug.ini \
    && echo "xdebug.idekey=PHPSTORM" >> /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/xdebug.ini \
    && echo "xdebug.remote_port=9000" >> /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/xdebug.ini \
    && echo "xdebug.remote_connect_back=1" >> /usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/xdebug.ini \
    && docker-php-ext-enable xdebug

WORKDIR /var/www

Take a note at the _ Install Xdebug_ section.

In the end, I went straight to docker-compose.yml and changed this:

  fpm:
    build:
      context: ./
      dockerfile: fpm.docker
    links:
      - mysql
      - memcached
      - beanstalkd
      - slanger
    volumes:
      - ./:/var/www
    environment:
      - "DB_PORT=3306"
      - "DB_HOST=mysql"
      - XDEBUG_CONFIG="remote_host=172.19.0.9"
      - PHP_IDE_CONFIG="serverName=jo"
    user: ubuntu

In the PHPStorm small changes were required the server needed to be renamed to jo and the mappings to /var/www/ since we are in the container not on my local machine anymore.

Finally for all of you guys there when you make changes to docker files or docker-compose.yml you need to rebuild it with this:

docker-compose up --build

Just one more thing, on all of you curios how I debug xdebug is with simple phpinfo().

Here are those images that I wanted to share:

image
image
image
image

Hope it will help somebody.

Thanks again to all for this.

@patricknelson

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patricknelson commented Sep 6, 2019

Actually the solution is extremely simple now: Just set remote_host to the new special DNS name host.docker.internal. For example:

xdebug.remote_host = host.docker.internal

This now works with Docker for Windows or Docker for Mac (not Docker Toolbox) starting from version 18.03 and later. I just tried it and it worked perfectly for me. See documentation: Windows and Mac.

The nice thing about this elegant solution is that it fully abstracts away the magic behind the scenes associated with figuring out the IP address of your host development machine. IMHO, it should be Docker's responsibility to figure that out for you anyway, not the other way around.

EDIT: I've created my own Gist outlining this in detail from scratch here: https://gist.github.com/patricknelson/57ae24986cb13613314fb1f3c00a95d7

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