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Utility class to handle checked exceptions from
/**
* Utility class to handle checked exceptions in lambdas.
* <p>
* From <a href="http://stackoverflow.com/questions/27644361/how-can-i-throw-checked-exceptions-from-inside-java-8-streams">How can I throw CHECKED exceptions from inside Java 8 streams?</a>.
* This class helps to handle checked exceptions with lambdas. Example, with Class.forName method, which throws checked exceptions:
* </p>
* <pre>
* Stream.of("java.lang.Object", "java.lang.Integer", "java.lang.String")
* .map(rethrowFunction(Class::forName))
* .collect(Collectors.toList());
* </pre>
*
* @author http://stackoverflow.com/users/3411681/marcg
*/
public final class LambdaExceptionUtil {
@FunctionalInterface
public interface Consumer_WithExceptions<T, E extends Exception> {
void accept(T t) throws E;
}
@FunctionalInterface
public interface BiConsumer_WithExceptions<T, U, E extends Exception> {
void accept(T t, U u) throws E;
}
@FunctionalInterface
public interface Function_WithExceptions<T, R, E extends Exception> {
R apply(T t) throws E;
}
@FunctionalInterface
public interface Supplier_WithExceptions<T, E extends Exception> {
T get() throws E;
}
@FunctionalInterface
public interface Runnable_WithExceptions<E extends Exception> {
void run() throws E;
}
/** .forEach(rethrowConsumer(name -> System.out.println(Class.forName(name)))); or .forEach(rethrowConsumer(ClassNameUtil::println)); */
public static <T, E extends Exception> Consumer<T> rethrowConsumer(Consumer_WithExceptions<T, E> consumer) {
return t -> {
try { consumer.accept(t); }
catch (Exception exception) { throwAsUnchecked(exception); }
};
}
public static <T, U, E extends Exception> BiConsumer<T, U> rethrowBiConsumer(BiConsumer_WithExceptions<T, U, E> biConsumer) {
return (t, u) -> {
try { biConsumer.accept(t, u); }
catch (Exception exception) { throwAsUnchecked(exception); }
};
}
/** .map(rethrowFunction(name -> Class.forName(name))) or .map(rethrowFunction(Class::forName)) */
public static <T, R, E extends Exception> Function<T, R> rethrowFunction(Function_WithExceptions<T, R, E> function) {
return t -> {
try { return function.apply(t); }
catch (Exception exception) { throwAsUnchecked(exception); return null; }
};
}
/** rethrowSupplier(() -> new StringJoiner(new String(new byte[]{77, 97, 114, 107}, "UTF-8"))), */
public static <T, E extends Exception> Supplier<T> rethrowSupplier(Supplier_WithExceptions<T, E> function) {
return () -> {
try { return function.get(); }
catch (Exception exception) { throwAsUnchecked(exception); return null; }
};
}
/** uncheck(() -> Class.forName("xxx")); */
public static void uncheck(Runnable_WithExceptions t) {
try { t.run(); }
catch (Exception exception) { throwAsUnchecked(exception); }
}
/** uncheck(() -> Class.forName("xxx")); */
public static <R, E extends Exception> R uncheck(Supplier_WithExceptions<R, E> supplier) {
try { return supplier.get(); }
catch (Exception exception) { throwAsUnchecked(exception); return null; }
}
/** uncheck(Class::forName, "xxx"); */
public static <T, R, E extends Exception> R uncheck(Function_WithExceptions<T, R, E> function, T t) {
try { return function.apply(t); }
catch (Exception exception) { throwAsUnchecked(exception); return null; }
}
@SuppressWarnings ("unchecked")
private static <E extends Throwable> void throwAsUnchecked(Exception exception) throws E {
throw (E)exception;
}
}
public class LambdaExceptionUtilTest {
@Test
public void test_Consumer_with_checked_exceptions() throws IllegalAccessException {
Stream.of("java.lang.Object", "java.lang.Integer", "java.lang.String")
.forEach(rethrowConsumer(className -> System.out.println(Class.forName(className))));
Stream.of("java.lang.Object", "java.lang.Integer", "java.lang.String")
.forEach(rethrowConsumer(System.out::println));
}
@Test
public void test_Function_with_checked_exceptions() throws ClassNotFoundException {
List<Class> classes1
= Stream.of("Object", "Integer", "String")
.map(rethrowFunction(className -> Class.forName("java.lang." + className)))
.collect(Collectors.toList());
List<Class> classes2
= Stream.of("java.lang.Object", "java.lang.Integer", "java.lang.String")
.map(rethrowFunction(Class::forName))
.collect(Collectors.toList());
}
@Test
public void test_Supplier_with_checked_exceptions() throws ClassNotFoundException {
Collector.of(
rethrowSupplier(() -> new StringJoiner(new String(new byte[]{77, 97, 114, 107}, "UTF-8"))),
StringJoiner::add, StringJoiner::merge, StringJoiner::toString);
}
@Test
public void test_uncheck_exception_thrown_by_method() {
Class clazz1 = uncheck(() -> Class.forName("java.lang.String"));
Class clazz2 = uncheck(Class::forName, "java.lang.String");
}
@Test (expected = ClassNotFoundException.class)
public void test_if_correct_exception_is_still_thrown_by_method() {
Class clazz3 = uncheck(Class::forName, "INVALID");
}
}
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