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Bash script to automatically provision LAMP sites
#!/bin/bash
# Bash script to set up local site using LAMP on Ubuntu
# Requires Apache2, MySQL, mkcert (https://github.com/FiloSottile/mkcert)
# See also sitedrop.sh https://gist.github.com/jonathanbossenger/4950e107b0004a8ee82aae8b123cce58
HOME_USER=jonathan
SSL_CERTS_DIRECTORY=/home/jonathan/ssl-certs
SITES_DIRECTORY=/home/jonathan/development/websites
SITE_NAME=$1
MYSQL_DATABASE=$(echo $SITE_NAME | sed 's/[^a-zA-Z0-9]//g')
SITE_CONFIG_PATH=/etc/apache2/sites-available/$SITE_NAME.conf
SSL_SITE_CONFIG_PATH=/etc/apache2/sites-available/$SITE_NAME-ssl.conf
MKCERT_EXECUTABLE=/home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew/bin/mkcert
echo "Creating websites directory"
mkdir $SITES_DIRECTORY/"$SITE_NAME"
chown -R $HOME_USER:$HOME_USER $SITES_DIRECTORY/"$SITE_NAME"
echo "Setting up virtual hosts..."
VIRTUAL_HOST="<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerName $SITE_NAME.test
Redirect / https://$SITE_NAME.test
</VirtualHost>"
echo "$VIRTUAL_HOST" | sudo tee -a "$SITE_CONFIG_PATH"
SSL_VIRTUAL_HOST="<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
<VirtualHost _default_:443>
ServerName $SITE_NAME.test
ServerAdmin webmaster@$SITE_NAME.test
DocumentRoot $SITES_DIRECTORY/$SITE_NAME
<Directory \"$SITES_DIRECTORY/$SITE_NAME\">
#Require local
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
AllowOverride all
# New directive needed in Apache 2.4.3:
Require all granted
</Directory>
ErrorLog \${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/$SITE_NAME-error.log
CustomLog \${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/$SITE_NAME-access.log combined
SSLEngine on
SSLCertificateFile $SSL_CERTS_DIRECTORY/$SITE_NAME.test.pem
SSLCertificateKeyFile $SSL_CERTS_DIRECTORY/$SITE_NAME.test-key.pem
<FilesMatch \"\.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php)\$\">
SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
</FilesMatch>
<Directory /usr/lib/cgi-bin>
SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
</Directory>
</VirtualHost>
</IfModule>"
echo "$SSL_VIRTUAL_HOST" | sudo tee -a "$SSL_SITE_CONFIG_PATH"
echo "Enabling virtual hosts..."
a2ensite "$SITE_NAME".conf
a2ensite "$SITE_NAME"-ssl.conf
echo "Add hosts record.."
echo "127.0.0.1 $SITE_NAME.test" >> /etc/hosts
echo "Creating database.."
mysql -uroot -ppassword --execute="CREATE DATABASE $MYSQL_DATABASE;"
echo "Add certs.."
runuser -l jonathan -c "cd $SSL_CERTS_DIRECTORY && $MKCERT_EXECUTABLE $SITE_NAME.test"
echo "Restarting Apache..."
service apache2 restart
echo "Done."
@haydar
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haydar commented Sep 19, 2020

mkdir -p should be instead of mkdir on line 19 because mkdir creates only a directory. You need a few subdirectory.

@haydar
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haydar commented Sep 20, 2020

Also, I had some changes for everybody to use. Maybe you could interest : My Version

@jonathanbossenger
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jonathanbossenger commented Feb 9, 2021

Changed Port 80 virtual host file to only have a config that directs all traffic to HTTPS

<VirtualHost *:80>
   ServerName www.yourdomain.com
   Redirect / https://www.yourdomain.com
</VirtualHost>

Update mkcert call to point to physical path /home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew/bin/mkcert as from Ubuntu 20.10 onwards this seems required.

@jonathanbossenger
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jonathanbossenger commented Feb 20, 2021

Todo, add a switch/option for altering public webroot (eg for Laravel projects)

@jonathanbossenger
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jonathanbossenger commented Aug 4, 2021

Updated to use MYSQL_DATABASE variable, in case site name has a hyphen

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