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Docker Compose Cheatsheet
title subtitle author date source
Docker Compose Cheatsheet
Quick reference for Docker Compose commands and config files
Jon LaBelle
April 7, 2019

Basic config example

# docker-compose.yml
version: '3'

services:
  web:
    build: .
    # build from Dockerfile
    context: ./Path
    dockerfile: Dockerfile
    ports:
     - "5000:5000"
    volumes:
     - .:/code
  redis:
    image: redis

Common commands

# Starts existing containers for a service.
docker-compose start

# Stops running containers without removing them.
docker-compose stop

# Pauses running containers of a service.
docker-compose pause

# Unpauses paused containers of a service.
docker-compose unpause

# Lists containers.
docker-compose ps

# Builds, (re)creates, starts, and attaches to containers for a service.
docker-compose up

# Stops containers and removes containers, networks, volumes, and images created by up.
docker-compose down

Config file reference

Building

web:
  # build from Dockerfile
  build: .
  # build from custom Dockerfile
  build:
    context: ./dir
    dockerfile: Dockerfile.dev
  # build from image
  image: ubuntu
  image: ubuntu:14.04
  image: tutum/influxdb
  image: example-registry:4000/postgresql
  image: a4bc65fd

Ports

ports:
  - "3000"
  - "8000:80"  # guest:host
# expose ports to linked services (not to host)
expose: ["3000"]

Commands

# command to execute
command: bundle exec thin -p 3000
command: [bundle, exec, thin, -p, 3000]

# override the entrypoint
entrypoint: /app/start.sh
entrypoint: [php, -d, vendor/bin/phpunit]

Environment variables

# environment vars
environment:
  RACK_ENV: development
environment:
  - RACK_ENV=development

# environment vars from file
env_file: .env
env_file: [.env, .development.env]

Dependencies

# makes the `db` service available as the hostname `database`
# (implies depends_on)
links:
  - db:database
  - redis

# make sure `db` is alive before starting
depends_on:
  - db

Other options

# make this service extend another
extends:
  file: common.yml  # optional
  service: webapp
volumes:
  - /var/lib/mysql
  - ./_data:/var/lib/mysql

Advanced features

Labels

services:
  web:
    labels:
      com.example.description: "Accounting web app"

DNS servers

services:
  web:
    dns: 8.8.8.8
    dns:
      - 8.8.8.8
      - 8.8.4.4

Devices

services:
  web:
    devices:
      - "/dev/ttyUSB0:/dev/ttyUSB0"

External links

services:
  web:
    external_links:
      - redis_1
      - project_db_1:mysql

Hosts

services:
  web:
    extra_hosts:
      - "somehost:192.168.1.100"

Network

# creates a custom network called `frontend`
networks:
  frontend:

External network

# join a preexisting network
networks:
  default:
    external:
      name: frontend

References

Based off cheatsheet from https://devhints.io/docker-compose.

@VINODLAXMI
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VINODLAXMI commented May 31, 2022

Docker Compose is used for configuring and starting multiple Docker containers on the same host–so you don't have to start each container separately. Docker swarm is a container orchestration tool that allows you to run and connect containers on multiple hosts.

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