Skip to content

Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.

Show Gist options
  • Save jonmagic/e79d0321c55edcb48829be47fc0c45e7 to your computer and use it in GitHub Desktop.
Save jonmagic/e79d0321c55edcb48829be47fc0c45e7 to your computer and use it in GitHub Desktop.
Useful Pandas Snippets
# List unique values in a DataFrame column
# h/t @makmanalp for the updated syntax!
df['Column Name'].unique()
# Convert Series datatype to numeric (will error if column has non-numeric values)
# h/t @makmanalp
pd.to_numeric(df['Column Name'])
# Convert Series datatype to numeric, changing non-numeric values to NaN
# h/t @makmanalp for the updated syntax!
pd.to_numeric(df['Column Name'], errors='coerce')
# Grab DataFrame rows where column has certain values
valuelist = ['value1', 'value2', 'value3']
df = df[df.column.isin(valuelist)]
# Grab DataFrame rows where column doesn't have certain values
valuelist = ['value1', 'value2', 'value3']
df = df[~df.column.isin(value_list)]
# Delete column from DataFrame
del df['column']
# Select from DataFrame using criteria from multiple columns
# (use `|` instead of `&` to do an OR)
newdf = df[(df['column_one']>2004) & (df['column_two']==9)]
# Rename several DataFrame columns
df = df.rename(columns = {
'col1 old name':'col1 new name',
'col2 old name':'col2 new name',
'col3 old name':'col3 new name',
# Lower-case all DataFrame column names
df.columns = map(str.lower, df.columns)
# Even more fancy DataFrame column re-naming
# lower-case all DataFrame column names (for example)
df.rename(columns=lambda x: x.split('.')[-1], inplace=True)
# Loop through rows in a DataFrame
# (if you must)
for index, row in df.iterrows():
print index, row['some column']
# Much faster way to loop through DataFrame rows
# if you can work with tuples
# (h/t hughamacmullaniv)
for row in df.itertuples():
# Next few examples show how to work with text data in Pandas.
# Full list of .str functions:
# Slice values in a DataFrame column (aka Series)
# Lower-case everything in a DataFrame column
df.column_name = df.column_name.str.lower()
# Get length of data in a DataFrame column
# Sort dataframe by multiple columns
df = df.sort_values(['col1','col2','col3'],ascending=[1,1,0])
# Get top n for each group of columns in a sorted dataframe
# (make sure dataframe is sorted first)
top5 = df.groupby(['groupingcol1', 'groupingcol2']).head(5)
# Grab DataFrame rows where specific column is null/notnull
newdf = df[df['column'].isnull()]
# Select from DataFrame using multiple keys of a hierarchical index
df.xs(('index level 1 value','index level 2 value'), level=('level 1','level 2'))
# Change all NaNs to None (useful before
# loading to a db)
df = df.where((pd.notnull(df)), None)
# More pre-db insert cleanup...make a pass through the dataframe, stripping whitespace
# from strings and changing any empty values to None
# (not especially recommended but including here b/c I had to do this in real life one time)
df = df.applymap(lambda x: str(x).strip() if len(str(x).strip()) else None)
# Get quick count of rows in a DataFrame
# Pivot data (with flexibility about what what
# becomes a column and what stays a row).
# Syntax works on Pandas >= .14
index=['col1', 'col2', 'col3'], #these stay as columns; will fail silently if any of these cols have null values
columns=['col4']) #data values in this column become their own column
# Change data type of DataFrame column
df.column_name = df.column_name.astype(np.int64)
# Get rid of non-numeric values throughout a DataFrame:
for col in refunds.columns.values:
refunds[col] = refunds[col].replace('[^0-9]+.-', '', regex=True)
# Set DataFrame column values based on other column values (h/t: @mlevkov)
df.loc[(df['column1'] == some_value) & (df['column2'] == some_other_value), ['column_to_change']] = new_value
# Clean up missing values in multiple DataFrame columns
df = df.fillna({
'col1': 'missing',
'col2': '99.999',
'col3': '999',
'col4': 'missing',
'col5': 'missing',
'col6': '99'
# Concatenate two DataFrame columns into a new, single column
# (useful when dealing with composite keys, for example)
# (h/t @makmanalp for improving this one!)
df['newcol'] = df['col1'].astype(str) + df['col2'].astype(str)
# Doing calculations with DataFrame columns that have missing values
# In example below, swap in 0 for df['col1'] cells that contain null
df['new_col'] = np.where(pd.isnull(df['col1']),0,df['col1']) + df['col2']
# Split delimited values in a DataFrame column into two new columns
df['new_col1'], df['new_col2'] = zip(*df['original_col'].apply(lambda x: x.split(': ', 1)))
# Collapse hierarchical column indexes
df.columns = df.columns.get_level_values(0)
# Convert Django queryset to DataFrame
qs = DjangoModelName.objects.all()
q = qs.values()
df = pd.DataFrame.from_records(q)
# Create a DataFrame from a Python dictionary
df = pd.DataFrame(list(a_dictionary.items()), columns = ['column1', 'column2'])
# Get a report of all duplicate records in a dataframe, based on specific columns
dupes = df[df.duplicated(['col1', 'col2', 'col3'], keep=False)]
# Set up formatting so larger numbers aren't displayed in scientific notation (h/t @thecapacity)
pd.set_option('display.float_format', lambda x: '%.3f' % x)
# To display with commas and no decimals
pd.options.display.float_format = '{:,.0f}'.format
Sign up for free to join this conversation on GitHub. Already have an account? Sign in to comment