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How to resize a qcow2 disk image on Linux

How to resize a qcow2 disk image on Linux

This example takes olddisk.qcow2 and resizes it into newdisk.qcow2, extending one of the guest's partitions to fill the extra space.

1. qcow2 format

1.1. Verify the filesystems of olddisk.qcow2

virt-filesystems --long -h --all -a olddisk.qcow2
# Name       Type        VFS   Label            MBR  Size  Parent
# /dev/sda1  filesystem  ntfs  System Reserved  -    50M   -
# /dev/sda2  filesystem  ntfs  -                -    39G   -
# /dev/sda3  filesystem  ntfs  -                -    513M  -
# /dev/sda1  partition   -     -                07   50M   /dev/sda
# /dev/sda2  partition   -     -                07   39G   /dev/sda
# /dev/sda3  partition   -     -                27   513M  /dev/sda
# /dev/sda   device      -     -                -    60G   -

Tip: On ArchLinux the virt-filesystems tool is under the libguestfs package. So just try a sudo pacman -Sy libguestfs

1.2. Create a newdisk.qcow2 disk image with the new size (E.g 50GB)

qemu-img create -f qcow2 -o preallocation=metadata newdisk.qcow2 50G

1.3. Perform the resizing from old disk image to newdisk.qcow2

Note: "/dev/sda2" is a partition inside the olddisk.qcow2 file which we want to resize.

virt-resize --expand /dev/sda2 olddisk newdisk.qcow2

Done! Enjoy your new space!

2. Raw format (optional alternative)

If you want to create a raw disk instead of a qcow2 try following steps.

2.1. Extend the size of olddisk.qcow2 to the specified size (E.g +10GB)

Note: This will create a new image newdisk.qcow2 with the given size.

truncate -r olddisk.qcow2 newdisk.qcow2
truncate -s +10G newdisk.qcow2

2.2. Apply resizing

Note: "/dev/sda2" is a partition inside the olddisk.qcow2 file which we want to resize.

virt-resize --expand /dev/sda2 olddisk.qcow2 newdisk.qcow2

2.3. Quick inspection of new disk image

qemu-img info newdisk.qcow2
# image: newdisk.qcow2
# file format: raw
# virtual size: 50 GiB (53693907968 bytes)
# disk size: 36 GiB

2.4. Verify that the filesystems have grown as expected

virt-filesystems --long -h --all -a newdisk.qcow2
# Name       Type        VFS   Label            MBR  Size  Parent
# /dev/sda1  filesystem  ntfs  System Reserved  -    50M   -
# /dev/sda2  filesystem  ntfs  -                -    49G   -
# /dev/sda3  filesystem  ntfs  -                -    513M  -
# /dev/sda1  partition   -     -                07   50M   /dev/sda
# /dev/sda2  partition   -     -                07   49G   /dev/sda
# /dev/sda3  partition   -     -                27   513M  /dev/sda
# /dev/sda   device      -     -                -    50G   -

For more details and examples please take a look at the official documentation: https://libguestfs.org/virt-resize.1.html

@pehden
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pehden commented Jul 8, 2022

sudo: virt-filesystems: command not found

@gabrielsond
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gabrielsond commented Aug 15, 2022

sudo: virt-filesystems: command not found

On Arch, https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/guestfs-tools includes virt-filesystems

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