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Simple message passing between cluster master and workers in Node.js
var cluster = require('cluster');
if (cluster.isWorker) {
console.log('Worker ' + process.pid + ' has started.');
// Send message to master process.
process.send({msgFromWorker: 'This is from worker ' + process.pid + '.'})
// Receive messages from the master process.
process.on('message', function(msg) {
console.log('Worker ' + process.pid + ' received message from master.', msg);
});
}
if (cluster.isMaster) {
console.log('Master ' + process.pid + ' has started.');
// Fork workers.
for (var i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
var worker = cluster.fork();
// Receive messages from this worker and handle them in the master process.
worker.on('message', function(msg) {
console.log('Master ' + process.pid + ' received message from worker ' + this.pid + '.', msg);
});
// Send a message from the master process to the worker.
worker.send({msgFromMaster: 'This is from master ' + process.pid + ' to worker ' + worker.pid + '.'});
}
// Be notified when worker processes die.
cluster.on('death', function(worker) {
console.log('Worker ' + worker.pid + ' died.');
});
}
@adrianseeley

thanks! great ref.

@jnovack
jnovack commented Aug 7, 2013

This won't work. var inside for?

worker will hold the last worker forked, not each one (specially inside the event callback).

@dazld
dazld commented Feb 5, 2014

should work fine, as the variable is only being used inside that particular block. if it was leaking outside the block, then yes, it would be a problem (and should be in a closure, or have some kind of binding). nice example, thanks!

@ynkm169
ynkm169 commented Aug 25, 2014

how do u pass message between workers.....pass message to master makes master a bottleneck..............

@CubixSystem

Good example.
Need to replace this.pid for this.process.pid on newer Node versions.
Same for worker.pid

@chbdetta
chbdetta commented Aug 2, 2015

Great example. Thanks a lot!

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