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Export-VMTemplate
#requires -version 2.0
param (
[parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
$VM,
[parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
[string]
$TemplateName,
$VMMServer,
[parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
$LibraryServer,
[switch]
$PassThru
)
$ErrorActionPreference = 'Stop'
Set-StrictMode -Version Latest
Add-PSSnapin -Name Microsoft.SystemCenter.VirtualMachineManager -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
if (-not $VMMServer) {
$VMMServer = [Microsoft.SystemCenter.VirtualMachineManager.Remoting.ServerConnection]::ActiveConnection
} elseif ($VMMServer -is [string]) {
$VMMServer = Get-VMMServer -ComputerName $VMMServer
} elseif ($VMMServer -isnot [Microsoft.SystemCenter.VirtualMachineManager.Remoting.ServerConnection]) {
throw 'VMMServer parameter must be a string or ServerConnection'
}
if ($VM -is [string]) {
$VM = Get-VM -Name $VM
} elseif ($VM -isnot [Microsoft.SystemCenter.VirtualMachineManager.VM]) {
throw 'VM parameter must be a string or VM'
}
if ($LibraryServer -is [string]) {
$LibraryServer = Get-LibraryServer -ComputerName $LibraryServer
} elseif ($LibraryServer -isnot [Microsoft.SystemCenter.VirtualMachineManager.LibraryServer]) {
throw 'LibraryServer parameter must be a string or LibraryServer'
}
# Check VM Additions are installed
if (-not $VM.HasVMAdditions) {
throw 'VM must have VM Additions installed'
}
$Response = Read-Host -Prompt "Does the local Administrator account for $($VM.Name) have a blank password?"
if ($Response -notlike 'y*') {
throw 'Set the local Administrator account password to blank before creating a template.'
}
$WasRunning = $VM.Status -eq 'Running'
if ($VM.Status -ne 'PowerOff') {
Write-Host 'Shutting down VM...'
$VM | Shutdown-VM | Out-Null
}
Write-Host 'Dismounting DVD drives...'
$VM.VirtualDVDDrives |
Where-Object {
$_.Connection -ne 'None'
} |
ForEach-Object {
$_ | Set-VirtualDVDDrive -NoMedia | Out-Null
}
$VMPath = $VM.VMHost.VMPaths | Select-Object -First 1
$SharePath = Get-LibraryShare |
Where-Object {
$_.LibraryServer -eq $LibraryServer
} |
Select -First 1 -ExpandProperty Path
Write-Host 'Cloning VM...'
$CloneVM = New-VM -VM $VM -VMHost $VM.VMHost -Name $TemplateName -Path $VMPath
Write-Host 'Creating template...'
$Template = New-Template -Name $TemplateName -VM $CloneVM -LibraryServer $LibraryServer -SharePath $SharePath
if ($WasRunning) {
Write-Host 'Restarting VM...'
$VM | Start-VM | Out-Null
}
if ($PassThru) {
Write-Output $Template
}
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