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Parse a .env (dotenv) file directly using BASH
# Pass the env-vars to MYCOMMAND
eval $(egrep -v '^#' .env | xargs) MYCOMMAND
# … or ...
# Export the vars in .env into your shell:
export $(egrep -v '^#' .env | xargs)
@ChrisGibb
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ChrisGibb commented Jul 22, 2021

What about this

# save the existing environment variables
prevEnv=$(env)

# if the .env file exists, source it
[ -f .env ] && . .env

# re-export all vars from the env so they override what ever was set in .env
for e in $prevEnv
do
    export $e
done

@wieczorek1990
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wieczorek1990 commented Jan 21, 2022

I wrote my own because was using forbidden symbols in envs.

This basically adds apostrophes so that all variables will be treated as strings. This way you can use your Docker env files and source them with source envs.sh

import sys


def main(input_path, postfix='.sh'):
    with open(input_path, 'r') as file_handle:
        lines = file_handle.readlines()
        envs = {}
        for line in lines:
            try:
                parts = line.split('=')
                name = parts[0]
                value = ''.join(parts[1:]).rstrip('\n')
            except ValueError:
                pass
            else:
                envs[name] = value

    output_path = f'{input_path}{postfix}'
    with open(output_path, 'w') as file_handle:
        lines = []
        for name, value in envs.items():
            line = f'{name}=\'{value}\'\n'
            lines.append(line)
        file_handle.writelines(lines)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    # Passes first argument as input path.
    main(sys.argv[1])

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