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hardening script for an alpine docker container
set -x
set -e
# Docker build calls this script to harden the image during build.
# NOTE: To build on CircleCI, you must take care to keep the `find`
# command out of the /proc filesystem to avoid errors like:
# find: /proc/tty/driver: Permission denied
# lxc-start: The container failed to start.
# lxc-start: Additional information can be obtained by \
# setting the --logfile and --logpriority options.
adduser -D -s /bin/sh -u 1000 user
sed -i -r 's/^user:!:/user:x:/' /etc/shadow
# Avoid error `Only root may specify -c or -f` when using
# ForceCommand with `-f` option at non-root ssh login.
chmod u-s /usr/sbin/login_duo
# /etc/duo/login_duo.conf must be readable only by user 'user'.
chown user:user /etc/duo/login_duo.conf
chmod 0400 /etc/duo/login_duo.conf
# Ensure strict ownership and perms.
chown root:root /usr/bin/github_pubkeys
chmod 0555 /usr/bin/github_pubkeys
# Be informative after successful login.
echo -e "\n\nApp container image built on $(date)." > /etc/motd
# Improve strength of diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256 (Custom DH with SHA2).
# See
# Columns in the moduli file are:
# Time Type Tests Tries Size Generator Modulus
# This file is provided by the openssh package on Fedora.
if [[ -f ${moduli} ]]; then
cp ${moduli} ${moduli}.orig
awk '$5 >= 2000' ${moduli}.orig > ${moduli}
rm -f ${moduli}.orig
# Remove existing crontabs, if any.
rm -fr /var/spool/cron
rm -fr /etc/crontabs
rm -fr /etc/periodic
# Remove all but a handful of admin commands.
find /sbin /usr/sbin ! -type d \
-a ! -name login_duo \
-a ! -name nologin \
-a ! -name setup-proxy \
-a ! -name sshd \
-a ! -name \
# Remove world-writable permissions.
# This breaks apps that need to write to /tmp,
# such as ssh-agent.
find / -xdev -type d -perm +0002 -exec chmod o-w {} +
find / -xdev -type f -perm +0002 -exec chmod o-w {} +
# Remove unnecessary user accounts.
sed -i -r '/^(user|root|sshd)/!d' /etc/group
sed -i -r '/^(user|root|sshd)/!d' /etc/passwd
# Remove interactive login shell for everybody but user.
sed -i -r '/^user:/! s#^(.*):[^:]*$#\1:/sbin/nologin#' /etc/passwd
# Remove apk configs.
find $sysdirs -xdev -regex '.*apk.*' -exec rm -fr {} +
# Remove crufty...
# /etc/shadow-
# /etc/passwd-
# /etc/group-
find $sysdirs -xdev -type f -regex '.*-$' -exec rm -f {} +
# Ensure system dirs are owned by root and not writable by anybody else.
find $sysdirs -xdev -type d \
-exec chown root:root {} \; \
-exec chmod 0755 {} \;
# Remove all suid files.
find $sysdirs -xdev -type f -a -perm +4000 -delete
# Remove other programs that could be dangerous.
find $sysdirs -xdev \( \
-name hexdump -o \
-name chgrp -o \
-name chmod -o \
-name chown -o \
-name ln -o \
-name od -o \
-name strings -o \
-name su \
\) -delete
# Remove init scripts since we do not use them.
rm -fr /etc/init.d
rm -fr /lib/rc
rm -fr /etc/conf.d
rm -fr /etc/inittab
rm -fr /etc/runlevels
rm -fr /etc/rc.conf
# Remove kernel tunables since we do not need them.
rm -fr /etc/sysctl*
rm -fr /etc/modprobe.d
rm -fr /etc/modules
rm -fr /etc/mdev.conf
rm -fr /etc/acpi
# Remove root homedir since we do not need it.
rm -fr /root
# Remove fstab since we do not need it.
rm -f /etc/fstab
# Remove broken symlinks (because we removed the targets above).
find $sysdirs -xdev -type l -exec test ! -e {} \; -delete
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