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Deploy nodejs app with gitlab.com and pm2

Deploy nodejs app with gitlab.com and pm2

This manual is about setting up an automatic deploy workflow using nodejs, PM2, nginx and GitLab CI. It is tested on:

  • Target server: Ubuntu 16.04 x64. This is suitable for Ubuntu 14.x.
  • Windows 10 on my PC to work.

I use Alpine Linux in Docker container (gitlab) to speed up deployment.

What do we need:

  • Account on gitlab.com
  • New virtual server with Ubuntu 16.04 x64 (or 14.x) to run application (i will call it the "target server")

Configure target server

1. Create new sudo-user

Login with SSH user "root " and run:

adduser ubuntu
usermod -aG sudo ubuntu

To check sudo access run:

su ubuntu
sudo ls -la /root

2. Install nodejs and npm

You can find official instruction here.

For Ubuntu 16.04 run:

curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_6.x | sudo -E bash -
sudo apt-get install -y nodejs

To check an installation run:

node -v
npm -v

3. Install process manager pm2

PM2 is a beautiful production process manager for nodejs. It will observe, log and automatically restart your application if it fall. Run now:

sudo npm install -g pm2@latest

To enable auto start pm2 on reboot run:

pm2 startup

then (!important) follow the instructions on your screen (run displayed command).

4. Install git

sudo apt-get install git -y

If you haven't deploy git keys yet, you should run:

ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "your_email@example.com"

This command will generate private (/home/ubuntu/.ssh/id_rsa) and public (/home/ubuntu/.ssh/id_rsa.pub) key. Print public key:

cat /home/ubuntu/.ssh/id_rsa.pub

copy it clipboard and paste to gitlab (Repo settings / Tab "Repository" / Deploy Keys).

Check ssh access to repository:

ssh -T git@gitlab.com

On the question "The authenticity of host...?" answer "yes". If all is okay, you should see string like "Welcome to GitLab, yourUsername!".

5. Generate SSH keys for current server

Now we should generate SSH keys to access current server without password. Run next command again, but set file path to /home/ubuntu/access:

ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "your_email@example.com"

This command will generate private (/home/ubuntu/access) and public (/home/ubuntu/access.pub) key. Move new generated key to authorized_keys:

cat /home/ubuntu/access.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

You must copy and save private key on your computer. To print this key on screen use:

cat ~/access

6. Install nginx

sudo apt-get install nginx -y
sudo rm /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default

Open nginx config:

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/app

and replace it with:

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name app;
  location / {
    proxy_set_header  X-Real-IP  		$remote_addr;
	proxy_set_header  X-Forwarded-For 	$proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header  Host       		$http_host;
	proxy_set_header  X-NginX-Proxy 	true;
    proxy_pass        http://127.0.0.1:3000;
	proxy_redirect off;
    proxy_buffering off;
  }
}

Then run:

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/app /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/app
sudo systemctl restart nginx
# Note: for Ubuntu 14.x run instead: sudo service nginx restart

And check nginx status (it should be "active"):

sudo systemctl status nginx

Configure deployment with Gitlab CI

1. Create file ecosystem.config.jsin root directory of your project:

// Target server hostname or IP address
const TARGET_SERVER_HOST = process.env.TARGET_SERVER_HOST ? process.env.TARGET_SERVER_HOST.trim() : '';
// Target server username
const TARGET_SERVER_USER = process.env.TARGET_SERVER_USER ? process.env.TARGET_SERVER_USER.trim() : '';
// Target server application path
const TARGET_SERVER_APP_PATH = `/home/${TARGET_SERVER_USER}/app`;
// Your repository
const REPO = 'git@gitlab.com:yourUsername/test-server.git';

module.exports = {
  /**
   * Application configuration section
   * http://pm2.keymetrics.io/docs/usage/application-declaration/
   */
  apps: [
    {
      name: 'testApp',
      script: 'index.js',
      env: {
        NODE_ENV: 'development'
      },
      env_production: {
        NODE_ENV: 'production',
        PORT: 3000
      }
    }
  ],

  /**
   * Deployment section
   * http://pm2.keymetrics.io/docs/usage/deployment/
   */
  deploy: {
    production: {
      user: TARGET_SERVER_USER,
      host: TARGET_SERVER_HOST,
      ref: 'origin/master',
      repo: REPO,
      ssh_options: 'StrictHostKeyChecking=no',
      path: TARGET_SERVER_APP_PATH,
      'post-deploy': 'npm install --production'
        + ' && pm2 startOrRestart ecosystem.config.js --env=production'
        + ' && pm2 save'
    }
  }
};

2. Add secret variables in gitlab:

Go to gitlab.com -> Your project -> "Settings" -> "CI/CD" -> "Secret variables". Add some variables:

Variable Description
TARGET_SERVER_HOST Target server host like 127.0.0.1 or your.host.com
TARGET_SERVER_USER SSH username for login. Example ubuntu
TARGET_SERVER_SECRET_KEY_BASE64 Base64 encoded private RSA key to login target server. Make it protected

3. Create file .gitlab-ci.yml in root directory of project:

image: keymetrics/pm2:6

stages:
  - deploy

deploy_prod:
  stage: deploy
  script:
    - echo "====== Deploy to production server ======"
    - apk update && apk upgrade
    - apk add git openssh bash
    # Add target server`s secret key
    - mkdir ~/.ssh
    - echo $TARGET_SERVER_SECRET_KEY_BASE64 | base64 -d > ~/.ssh/id_rsa
    - chmod 700 ~/.ssh && chmod 600 ~/.ssh/*
    - echo "Test ssh connection"
    - ssh -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -T "ubuntu@$TARGET_SERVER_HOST"
    # Delploy
    - echo "Setup tagget server directories"
    - pm2 deploy ecosystem.config.js production setup 2>&1 || true
    - echo "make deploy"
    - pm2 deploy ecosystem.config.js production
  environment:
    name: deploying
  only:
  - master

If all is okay, your project will be automatically deployed every push and merge to master branch.

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